1. What are the TWO major approaches to treatment of psychological disorders?
2. Until the late eighteenth century, people suffering from a psychological disorder were thought to be possessed by demons or evil spirits. Treatment was designed to alter the body in order to let out the spirits or make it an inhospitable habitat for them, and among the earliest of these was a technique in which part of the skull bone was removed to allow evil spirits out. But what was this technique called?
3. A very controversial treatment for severe depression is ____________.
4. What are the primary limitations of drug therapy to treat psychological disorders?
5. Anti-psychotics can have some potent side-effects. But which of the following is NOT a major side-effect of these drugs?
6. In the placebo effect:
7. Which of the following is not a form of psychotherapy used to treat psychological disorders?
8. Free association, interpretation and analysis of transference are treatment techniques in which model of psychotherapy?
9. Why is it difficult to evaluate the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic treatments?
10. Which form of psychotherapy has been shown to significantly decrease the relapse rate of patients with depression when administered after successful drug treatment?
11. Which is true? Behaviour therapy:
12. Although it is generally recommended to begin with psychotherapy first to treat psychological disorders, for which group of patients would it be most beneficial to begin with drug treatments instead of psychotherapeutic treatments?
13. Flooding, reciprocal inhibition and covert sensitization are examples of techniques used in which type of psychotherapy?
14. Which TWO of the following definitions of key features of Aaron Beck’s cognitive therapy are accurate?
15. Demonstrating unconditional positive regard toward patients is a critical component for which type of therapy?
16. In client-centred therapy, the importance of affirming the worth of the client is achieved by the exercise of which THREE therapeutic attitudes?
17. Which of the following criticisms of family and couples therapies are valid?
18. What are possible reasons given to explain why 5–10% of patients deteriorate after ending psychotherapy?
19. Is psychotherapy effective?
20. According to research on psychotherapy’s effectiveness, at what point into psychotherapy can 50 percent of clients begin to experience beneficial effects?