1. By the early years of the twentieth century, Sigmund Freud had begun to write about psychoanalysis, which he described as ‘a theory of the mind or personality, a method of investigation of unconscious process, and a method of treatment’ (1923/62). Identify the true statement from those given below, in relation to his psychoanalytic theories:
2. Which of the following statements relating to the stages in Freud’s psychogenetic model of development matches up with Freud’s suggestions?
3. According to Freud, fixation at which stage of development is associated with sarcasm, criticalness, overeating and nail-biting in adults?
4. Which is FALSE? Humanistic theories of personality:
5. Which of the following are true of personal construct theory?
6. Who developed a model of personality based on 16 trait dimensions?
7. Which of the following is true of traits?
8. Which of the following is NOT one of the dimensions in Cattell’s 18 Personality Factors Questionnaire (18PF)?
9. Which of the following traits is not part of the five-factor model of personality?
10. The nomothetic approach to personality emphasizes that people are __________ whereas the idiographic approach to personality emphasizes that people are __________.
11. Recent work in behavioural genetics has examined the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to human behaviour. But which of the four assertions below is NOT true?
12. Which of the following are commonly accepted dimensions of attribution? (Please highlight all correct answers.)
13. According to Mischel and Shoda’s (1995) cognitive-affective units in the personality system, what category refers to how processes such as selective attention, interpretation, and categorization of events affect personality?
14. Identify the FALSE statement relating to affects, from those given below:
15. Students who experience a persistent depressed mood after failing an exam probably have which type of attributional style?
16. The extent to which people believe that they can bring about an outcome is referred to as _________.
17. Which dimension of personality can predict individual preferences for study areas, number of study breaks and performance on long vigilance tasks?
18. According to Higgins’ self-discrepancy theory, what are individuals motivated to do?
19. Defensive pessimists set low expectations and ruminate over the worst possible outcomes; however, research has shown that they perform similarly in terms of academic performance compared to which group of people?
20. Which, if any, of the following statements about self-consciousness is INCORRECT?