1. Which behaviours provide evidence for memory in humans?
2. Cued recall involves which one of the following?
3. Priming measures how people:
4. How would a constructivist approach to memory explain the differences in two people’s reported memories for the same (shared) event?
5. Suppose that two groups of people are asked to learn 20 words in a list and then are tested after a 30-minute delay. The words and procedure for the two groups are identical except for the following difference. One group listens to the words being read aloud slowly; they recall 10 words when tested. The other group listens to the same words being read aloud at the same rate, but they also write down each word as it is read aloud. This group recalls 15 words when tested. What does this experiment tell us about memory?
6. Memory for personally experienced events is referred to as _________ whereas memory for abstract knowledge irrespective of the circumstances under which it was required is referred to as _________.
7. We know that a common distinction is made between explicit and implicit memory. But which one of the following does NOT accurately reflect one of these terms?
8. Sperling’s partial report procedure:
9. Why is it so difficult to make generalizations about memory and the brain? Select the answer that is NOT correct.
10. How is the encoding specificity principle related to test-taking situations?
11. Information about how to approach familiar situations such as a day at school, washing clothes or ordering in a restaurant is organized into knowledge structures referred to as __________.
12. Which memory store holds information for the shortest duration?
13. Which of the following was NOT the case in Bower et al.’s (1969) research into the role of organized hierarchical information in memory?
14. Which combination of methods of learning and remembering information can be practiced to significantly improve transfer of information into our long-term memory store?
15. When some participants read an ambiguous passage about a woman, Nancy, in a doctor’s office, which psychological factor reduced the accuracy of their recall of the information from the passage?
16. Which one of the following statements corresponds with how Johnson and Raye (11681) distinguished between external memories and internally generated ones?
17. Retrieval-induced forgetting refers to which memory-based phenomenon?
18. The most recent addition to Baddeley’s working memory model describes a component that integrates and manipulates material in working memory. This component is referred to as the ___________.
19. The improved recall of items presented at the end of a list compared to the middle of a list is referred to as the ____________.
20. Identify the INCORRECT characteristic of expanding retrieval practice. Expanding retrieval practice: