Molecular Ecology 2002, 11 (11), 2195-2212 . DOI: 10.1046/j.0962-1083.2002.01613.x

Extra pair paternity in birds: a review of interspecific variation and adaptive function

Supplementary material to Griffith S. C., Owens I. P. F., Thuman K. A. Extra pair paternity in birds: a review of interspecific variation and adaptive function. Molecular Ecology 2002; 11 (11): 2195-2212

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Appendix I

Table A1.   Species-specific estimates of the rate of extra-pair paternity at both the individual offspring level (% EPP offspring) and the percentage of broods that contain at least one extra-pair chick (% EPP broods). The sample sizes on which the estimates of offspring (No. of offspring) and brood (No. of broods) are also given. Where more than one estimate exists for a single species a single estimate has been calculated using the mean of the different estimates, weighted by their sample size. Breeding system is defined; 1 social monogamy or polygyny, 2 Social polyandry, 3 social polygynandry, 4 cooperative breeder, 5 no social association. Cooperative breeders are often difficult to assign to a particular breeding system and therefore we have not distinguished between them. For cooperative breeders EPP refers to extra-group paternity. References show the sources for data on the rate of EPP. Missing data (.) indicates that the estimate is not available from published sources. Studies included are limited to those published in the refereed primary literature (excluding non-refereed reports and book chapters; unpublished theses; and personal communications). Note. some values will vary from those with which people may be familiar, this will be due to our criteria for compiling the appendix which is fully explained in the main text.

Appendix II

Table A2.  Species estimates reported in the literature that have been excluded from the unambiguous database (Appendix I) for the reasons given. The reference given is either the primary source or, * the primary source in which they have been reported unsupported.