Acta Zoologica 2003, 67 ( 3 ), Parent article DOI: 10.1046/j.1463-6395.2003.00147.x

Supplementary material

The following supplementary material is available for this article:

Fig. S1a.  Summary of distribution of the various mouthpart functional tools observed in adults across a higher phylogenetic schema of the examined clades of Staphylinoidea. The distributions are specified for various mouthpart units belonging to the complexes of labrum/epipharynx and labium/hypopharynx, and maxillae and mandibles (See below). Taxa marked with an asterisk contain obligatory spore (pollen-) feeders, whereas underlined taxa are considered non-sporophagous. The taxon (Tachyporini) with a dashed underline contains both spore feeders and non-spore feeders. All the other taxa contain facultative spore feeders. The different colors indicate the different functional contexts in which the mouthpart functional tools are used, i.e. black: removing and gathering spores; red: transporting spores towards the mouth opening; blue: channelling and concentrating spores; green: crushing and grinding spores. Question marks indicate that the presence of functional "tools" has not been investigated in those taxon + structure combinations. For a description of the various mouthpart functional tools see text. Abbreviations: Excav., Excavator; NC, Nipple-carpet; part., partim; RS, Ridge-studded; TC, Thorn-carpet.. Download here.

Fig. S1b.  Summary of distribution of the various mouthpart functional tools observed in adults across a higher phylogenetic schema of the examined clades of Staphylinoidea. The distributions are specified for various mouthpart units belonging to the complexes of maxillae and mandibles. Download here.

Fig. S2.  Summary of distribution of the various mouthpart functional tools established in larvae across a higher phylogenetic schema of the examined clades of Staphylinoidea. Symbols and conventions as in Figure S1.. Download here.

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