Figures

Figure 7.9   The iridium (Ir) spike and fern spike, as recorded in continental sediments in York Canyon, New Mexico. The Ir spike, measured in parts per trillion (ppt), an enhancement of 10,000 times normal background levels, is generally interpreted as evidence for a massive extraterrestrial impact. The fern spike indicates sudden loss of the angiosperm fl ora, and replacement by ferns. (Based on Orth et al. 1981.)

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