Figures

Figure 7.2   Mass extinctions through the past 600 myr include the enormous end-Permian event 251 Ma, which killed two or three times as many families, genera and species (50% of families and up to 96% of species) as the “intermediate” events. These were global in extent, and involved losses of 20% of families and 75–85% of species. Some of the minor mass extinctions were perhaps global in extent, causing losses of 10% of families and up to 50% of species, but many may have been regional in extent, or limited taxonomically or ecologically.

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