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R
Raaby B. - Laboratory identification of healthcare-associated and community-associated MRSA strains using SCCmec Evigene
Rabarova L. - Genotypic and phenotypic resistance to reverse transcriptase inhibitors among 102 Cambodian children with AIDS treated with HAART
Rachina S. - Efficacy of novel formulation of josamycin for 7 and 10 days in paediatric patients with acute tonsillopharyngitis: results of multicentre study in Russia
Radej K. - Direct detection of triazole resistance in A.fumigatus from airway secretions
Radhakrishnan K. - Clinico-epidemiologic and molecular characteristics of extended-spectrum lactamase-producing Escherichia coli, Klebsiellaspp. and Enterobacterspp. causing infections at five Indian hospitals, 20072009
Radjenovic D. - Comparing conventional identification of bacteria to identification with MALDITOF in a routine clinical setting
Radosevic N. - The impact of educational campaign on public attitudes towards antibiotics
Rafai Far A. - Evaluation of oritavancin efficacy and pharmacokinetic profile in the hamster model of Clostridium difficile infection
Rafailidis P. - Effectiveness and safety of neuraminidase inhibitors in reducing influenza complications: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Rafecas A. - Diagnosis of tuberculosis infection in patients awaiting transplantation
Rafeiner P. - Timing of antibiotic prophylaxis influences the incidence of surgical site infection rates after colon surgery
Rafiei A. - sCD30: a novel prognostic factor for chronic brucellosis?
Raftogiannis M. - Inhibition of the inflammasome is a component of immunoparalysis in Gram-negative sepsis
Raga X. - Evolution of serotype distribution of pneumococcal infections among children in the region of Tarragona, Spain, 20022008
Raglio A. - Insights in Staphylococcus aureus strains from bacteraemia and infective endocarditis in Italy
Ragnhildstveit E. - Emergence of OXA-carbapenemase and ArmA-producing Acinetobacter baumannii isolates of European clonal lineages IandII in Norway
Ragone E. - Correlates and prognostic value of hepatitisC virus core antigen serum levels during chronic infection and treatment
Rahal E.A. - The modulatory effect of rifampicin and gentamicin on expression of virulence factors in Escherichia coliO157:H7
Rahbar H. - Impact of empiric cefepime therapy on mortality among patients with bloodstream infections due to extended-spectrum lactamase-producing pathogens
Raherison S. - A semi-mechanistic pharmacokineticpharmacodynamic model with adaptation development for invitro activity of ciprofloxacin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Rahib D. - Epidemiological and microbiological characteristics of Clostridium difficile infections, France, 2009: a national, multicentre, prospective survey
Rahimi M. - Multiple mutations in the katG encoding catalase proxidase in isoniazid-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates correlate with high level of resistance in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis in Iran
Rahimi Forushani A. - Molecular typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in animal origin foods
Raimondo M. - Comparison of the Avidity Index method with two 4thgeneration HIVassays
Raiola A. - Usefulness of galactomannan testing in broncoalveolar lavage fluid for diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis in HSCT recipients
Ramadani S. - Aetiology of diarrhoea in patients at a university hospital in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ramdani-Bouguessa N. - Occurrence of PMQR determinants and ESBL in clinical Enterobacteriaceae isolates from an Algerian hospital
  - Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Stapylococcus aureus carrying the Panton-Valentine genes in invasive infections in Algiers
Ramesh R. - Detection of Leptospira by PCR and comparison of different methods for early diagnosis of leptospirosis
Ramezani A. - Distribution of pertussis antibodies among Iranian children of different age groups
  - Prevalence of secondary drug-resistant mutations to antiretroviral drugs in Iranian HIV-infected patients
  - Mutations in the S gene region of hepatitisB virus in high-risk patients with occult HBV infection
Ramharter M. - Paediatric drug formulations of artemisinin combination therapies: is there evidence for improvement of patient management in the treatment of children suffering from malaria? A systematic review and meta-analysis
Ramia S. - HIV and viral hepatitis (HBV and HCV) among four vulnerable groups in Lebanon
Ramirez M. - Antimicrobial resistance among invasive Streptococcus pyogenes isolates in Portugal
  - Molecular characterization of levofloxacin resistance in Streptococcus dysgalactiae ssp. equisimilis isolates from Portugal
  - Pili distribution among invasive pneumococci in Portugal after 7valent conjugate vaccine
  - Evidence for capsular switching in Streptococcus agalactiae
Ramirez L.E. - Genetic characterization of Trypanosoma cruzi isolated from HIV patients with reactivation and its correlation with kDNA profiles and LTCD4+ counts
Ramirez M. - Phenotypic and molecular characterization of Streptococcus pyogenes isolated from scarlet fever patients
Ramírez E. - Long-term control of endemic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a tertiary centre: a segmented regression analysis of a stepwise approach
Ramirez M. - Infrequent deletion of the chromosomal genes speB and speF in GAS clinical isolates
Ramirez Aguilar F.J. - Continue active transmission foci of VEEV activity in coastal areas of Chiapas, Mexico
Ramos H. - Molecular diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis a 4year experience
Ramos A. - Clonal diversity of OXA-23 producing Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Ramos T. - Characteristics of longitudinal oropharyngeal asymptomatic colonization and of multicolonizaton by different strains of groupA streptococci from Portugal
Ramos E. - Prophylaxis vs. pre-emptive therapy for cytomegalovirus disease in (D+/R) liver transplant recipients
Ramos-Jimenez J. - Molecular epidemiological surveillance of Streptococcus pneumoniae: 19982009 in Monterrey, Mexico
Ramshev K. - Prevalence of viral hepatitis among inmates of Bulgarian prisons
Ramsheva Z. - Prevalence of viral hepatitis among inmates of Bulgarian prisons
Rangaiah J. - Community-onset Clostridium difficile infection in eastern London
  - Salmonella enterica bloodstream infections in eastern London: trends in antimicrobial resistance
Ranin J. - Clinical experience in Serbia concerning the effect of antiretroviral therapy on immunological and virological outcome in AIDS patents with terminal immunodeficiency
Ranjbar R. - Characterization of Shigella sonnei isolated from hospitalized children in Tehran, Iran
Ranno S. - A MALDITOF assay for the rapid identification of Aspergillus and Candida sp. in clinical samples
  - Value of multiplex-PCR (SeptiFast) for the diagnosis of bacterial and fungal pathogens in newborns and children with suspected sepsis
Rao C. - Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as the cause of healthcare-associated infection: experience from an Indian tertiary hospital
Raoult D. - High throughput sequencing and proteomics to identify immunogenic proteins of a new pathogen: the dirty genome approach
Raoux D. - Infections due to Candidaspp. with reduced susceptibility to caspofungin in France
Rappuoli R. - Bacterial evolution in the face of immunological pressure
Rashid M. - Effect of ceftobiprole on the normal human intestinal microflora
Rasigade J-P. - Protective effect of daptomycin and rifampicin on osteoblast-like cells bearing intracellular Staphylococcus aureus
  - Methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus belonging to clonal lineage ST398: animal and human prevalence, human clinical impact in France
Raskin M. - Cotrimoxazole versus vancomycin for the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia aretrospective cohort study
Rasmussen M. - Biofilm formation is important for Propionibacterium acnes pathogenesis and antibiotic susceptibility
Rasmussen R.V. - Linezolid in infective endocarditis itseems to work
Rasmussen G. - Polyclonal outbreak in a low-endemic area of CC17 genogroup vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium containing vanB2-Tn5382 and axe-txe plasmid addiction system on pRUM-like transferable plasmid
Rasmussen A. - Laboratory identification of healthcare-associated and community-associated MRSA strains using SCCmec Evigene
Rasoolinejad M. - Frequency of CCR5 delta 32 polymorphism and its relation to disease progression in Iranian HIV1 positive individuals
Rassu M. - First detection in Europe of plasmid-mediated fluoroquinolone resistance qnrD determinant
Rastogi N. - Molecular typing of clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex obtained in Bogot (Colombia) based on Spoligotyping and MIRU-VNTRs
  - Molecular genetic analysis of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Bulgaria
Ratat C. - Quantification of PVL production by PVL-MRSA isolated in England and Wales
Ratchina S. - Role of atypical pathogens in hospitalized adults with community-acquired pneumonia
Ratnam I. - Incidence of influenza, dengue and Japanese encephalitis in Australian travellers visiting South and south-eastern Asia
Ratnayake L. - Successful control of an outbreak of diarrhoea in a vascular surgery unit caused by a high-level clindamycin-resistant Clostridium difficile PCR ribotype106
Rato M. - Assessment of macrolide and tetracycline resistance phenotypesgenotypes among streptococci isolates from bovine subclinical mastitis
Rätsep M. - Quantitative evaluation of Clostridium difficile and intestinal lactobacilli in patients with antibiotic associated diarrhoea
Rautemaa-Richardson R. - A two-centre retrospective study on the microbiology of bisphosphonate associated osteonecrosis of the jaws
  - Complex nature of locally invasive odontogenic infections in patients requiring intensive care
Ravuru M. - The role and pathogenicity of non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae in invasive and mucosal respiratory diseases
Rawal B. - Invitro susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from cystic fibrosis patients to aztreonam and tobramycin in a biofilm susceptibility test panel
Rawlins M. - Multicentre evaluation of the CMV IgM assay on the family of Access immunoassay systems
Raza M.M. - Use of interferon-gamma release assay in the United Kingdom: compliance with national guidance
  - HIV testing in tuberculosis patients in the United Kingdom
Razaghi M. - Evaluation of Quantiferon-gold (tuberculin skin test) for the identification of latent tuberculosis infection in would-be transplant recipient patients referring to an Iranian transplant clinic from September 2007 to December 2008
Razavi M. - Cross-reactivity evaluation of Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A and B outer membrane vesicles as a method to induce cross-immunity against both serogroups
  - Biological and immunological characteristics of a new lipopolysaccharide-based conjugate vaccine for brucellosis
Razdolskaya N. - Study of Trichomonas vaginalis polymorphism in conditions of invitro infection
Razzazi-Fazeli E. - Rapid species identification and differentiation of Arcobacter, Helicobacter and Campylobacter by MALDITOFMS analysis and its clinical application
Read R. - Molecular diagnosis of meningococcal meningitis; factors influencing genomic Neisseria meningitidis bacterial load within cerebrospinal fluid
  - Fluoroquinolone-resistant Salmonella Typhimurium has decreased intracellular survival in macrophages
Rebelou D. - An outbreak of Plasmodium vivax malaria in Lakonia, southern Greece, August-October 2009
Rebersek Gorisek J. - Comparison of Clostridium difficile genotypes isolated from patients, environment and animals
Rebic D. - The role of IFN receptor in the control and clearance of Legionella micdadei from its experimental murine host
Rebollo I. - Invasive pneumococcal disease in a Spanish university hospital from 2007 to 2009: epidemiology and serotypes
Redden J. - Identification of common fungal pathogens in a single sample
Reddy S.N. - The role of Clostridium difficile culture in colo-rectal surgery
Reddy S. - Salmonella enterica bloodstream infections in eastern London: trends in antimicrobial resistance
Redman R. - Activity of doripenem in patients with baseline bacteraemia in 6 pooled phaseIII pivotal studies
Reechaipichitkul W. - Antibacterial resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae from 4 centres in Thailand: results from the Survey of Antibiotic Resistance (SOAR), 20072009
Reed S. - A comparative study of antibiotic gradient devices for meropenem, ceftriaxone and clindamycin against CLSI and BSAC reference methods
Regazzi M. - Pharmacokinetic evaluation of intravenous colistin following two different dose regimens in multidrug-resistant infections
Regen T. - The viral TLR3 agonist poly(I:C) stimulates phagocytosis and intracellular killing of Escherichia coli by microglial cells
Regine V. - Comparison of the Avidity Index method with two 4thgeneration HIVassays
Régis C. - Influenza like illness syndromes in an acute care geriatric unit in Edouard Herriot Hospital, Lyon, France during 5 seasons
Regueiro B.J. - Occurrence of acquired AmpC lactamases and clonal relationship among Proteus mirabilis at a university hospital complex in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, 20062009
  - Genotypic analysis of invasive resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae by semi-automated repetitive-element PCR
Reichardt C. - Increase of alcoholic handrub consumption in 1261 German non-ICU units within one year
Reichmuth M. - Fungal spores in the air of a hospital environment: seasonal variability of baseline data
Reid N. - MRSA complicated skin and skin structure infections in Glasgow; evaluation of hospital management and potential for earlier discharge
Reiger Z. - Evaluation of Streptococcus agalactiae positive newborn cases
Reijans M. - Innovative multiplex diagnostics for Candidaspp. using MLPA
Reimnitz P. - Efficacy and safety of moxifloxacin vs. ertapenem in complicated intra-abdominal infections: results of the PROMISE study
  - Efficacy of IV/PO moxifloxacin and IV piperacillintazobactam followed by PO amoxicillinclavulanate in the treatment of diabetic foot infections: results of the RELIEF study
Reinert R. - Immunization with the 7valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in children leads to herd immunity among adults in Germany
  - Temporal variations among invasive pneumococcal disease serotypes in children and adults and pneumococcal vaccine coverages in Germany from 1992 to 2008
Reinhart K. - Relevance of PCR-based pathogen detection assay in critically ill patients
Reinthaler F.F. - Comparison of ESBL genes from extended-spectrum lactamase carrying Escherichia coli from sewage sludge and human urinary tract infection
Reischl U. - Differentiation between human epidemic and animal associated MRSA strains by LightCycler melting curve analysis
Reisman A. - Efficacy and safety of linezolid compared with vancomycin for treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus complicated skin and skin structure infections in patients from long-term care facilities
  - Predictors of clinical failure in patients with complicated skin and skin structure infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by diabetes mellitus status: results from 3 randomized controlled trials of linezolid and vancomycin
Reisner A. - Conjugation-mediated protein translocation as a novel strategy to combat biofilm-associated infections
  - A model system for genetic analysis of biofilm formation during catheter-associated urinary tract infections
Reithmeier-Rost D. - Yersinia Vantigen binds to recombinant CD14 and TLR2
Rekatsina P.D. - Invitro interactions of colistin in combination with meropenem or ertapenem or piperacillintazobactam against metallo-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates
Rekliti N. - Detection of a KPC2 carbapenemase producing Serratia marcescens isolate in a pleural fluid sample: acasereport
  - Bacillus pumilus bacteraemia in a term neonate
Rello J. - Effectiveness and safety of neuraminidase inhibitors in reducing influenza complications: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Renda V. - Antiretroviral treatment and expression of the mRNA levels for Pgp, MRP1, MRP4 and MRP5 in HIV antiretroviral nave patients. Follow-up at 48 weeks
Renko M. - Hospital-associated infections in children a prospective international multicentre post-discharge follow-up study
  - Changes in infectious disease mortality in children, 19692004
Rennie R. - Evaluation of silver-based disinfectant designed for use on non-porous hard surfaces in healthcare facilities
  - Quality management of Streptococcus pyogenes detection by Gen-Probe in a regional hospital
  - Invitro susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from cystic fibrosis patients to aztreonam and tobramycin in a biofilm susceptibility test panel
Renteria M. - Gram-negative anaerobe susceptibility rates in six European countries, 20072009
Resch B. - Differences in intestinal colonization of term and pre-term born neonates hospitalized at a neonatal intensive care unit
  - Failure of oral colistin to prevent colonization with extended-spectrum lactamase-producing enterobacteria in newborns hospitalized at a neonatal intensive care unit
Retore P. - Evaluation of the Immunocard Stat! Campy for detection of Campylobacter: a routine laboratory perspective
Rettedal S. - Characterization of CTX-M15-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae associated with an outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit. Afollowup study shows long-term faecal colonization and transmission to family members
Rettenmund G. - Timing of antibiotic prophylaxis influences the incidence of surgical site infection rates after colon surgery
  - MRSA admission screening much ado about nothing?
Reus Bañuls S. - Evaluation of safety and tolerability of daptomycin in the treatment of osteomyelitis: results from a European Registry
Reuter G. - Detection and characterization of kobuviruses (in family Picornaviridae) in human and in new host species in Hungary
Reverdy M.E. - Microarray analysis and antibiotic susceptibility patterns among 131 Staphylococcus aureus causing infective endocarditis in France in 2008
  - Bacterial identification by Axima Saramis SirWeb MALDITOFMS: application in a clinical routine laboratory
Revest M. - Continuing changing profile of infective endocarditis results of a repeat one-year population-based survey in France, 2008
Rey E. - Intracellular penetration capacity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug-resistant isolates using a murine macrophage model
  - Synergistic activity of three antituberculous drug combinations against clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistant to different drugs
Rey J.F. - A new automated test on the Vidas instrument to detect Escherichia coli O157 in human stool without enrichment
Rey-Cao S. - Neoscytalidium spp. superficial infections in Madrid
Reyes R.C. - Comparison of high-resolution melting curves analysis of the short-sequence repeat region of the proteinA, spa sequencing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis for the investigation of an outbreak due to MRSA
Reyes-Arellano A. - Imidazolines as non-classical bioisosteres of Nacyl homoserine lactones and Quorum sensing inhibitors
Reyes-Gonzalez L. - Molecular characterization of Shigella sonnei biotypeG strains harbouring class 2 integrons isolated from faecal samples in Mexico City
Rey-Joly C. - Are respiratory infections related to immunological and genetic data in common variable immunodeficiency, IgG subclass deficiency and IgA deficiency?
Reynolds R. - Stabilization in prevalence of ESBLs and ciprofloxacin non-susceptibility in Enterobacteriaceae from blood in the United Kingdom and Ireland
  - Resistance in agents of hospital-acquired respiratory infection in the United Kingdom and Ireland, 20082009
Rhomberg P. - Potent activity of ceftazidime/NXL104 tested against Enterobacteriaceae isolates carrying multiple lactamase enzymes
  - Activity of ceftaroline against recent (2009) and multidrug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from Europe and the United States
Ribes S. - The viral TLR3 agonist poly(I:C) stimulates phagocytosis and intracellular killing of Escherichia coli by microglial cells
Ricagni L. - Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates in paediatric population: evaluation of emerging serotypes in the era of 7valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and their antibiotic susceptibility
Ricart M.J. - Epidemiology and outcome of Gram-positive bloodstream infection in solid organ transplant recipients
Riccardo F. - EpiSouth: a new voice in communicable disease epidemiology in the Mediterranean and Balkans
Riccio G. - Multifocal detection of KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Italian hospitals
  - Evaluation of safety and tolerability of daptomycin in the treatment of osteomyelitis: results from a European Registry
Ricciotti G. - Colonization or infection? Acasereport of Nocardia isolation in a patient with cystic fibrosis
Richards M. - Incidence of influenza, dengue and Japanese encephalitis in Australian travellers visiting South and south-eastern Asia
Richeldi L. - Interferon-gamma release assays for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection in patients with rheumatic diseases
  - Role of the interferon-gamma assay in the diagnosis of active tuberculosis
Richet H. - Hand hygiene promotion worldwide: strategies and achievements of the WHO First Global Patient Safety Challenge
Richter S. - Emerging resistance mechanisms in ESBL-producing strains
Ricketts A. - Identification of common fungal pathogens in a single sample
Rico R. - Surveillance of invasive pneumococcal disease in adults in Asturias, Spain
Rico P. - Clinical features and prognosis of prosthetic joint infection: a multicentre cohort in Andalusia, Spain
Rico A. - Antimicrobial stewardship programs in Spanish hospitals: a nationwide survey
Riederer B. - High throughput sequencing and proteomics to identify immunogenic proteins of a new pathogen: the dirty genome approach
Rieg S. - Transoesophageal echocardiography in Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia when is it dispensable?
Riegel P. - Use of tubes equipped of separating gels for MALDITOF assisted bacterial identification in blood cultures
Riera E. - Molecular characterization and antimicrobial phenotypes in clinical isolates of Clostridium difficile in a tertiary care hospital, Mallorca
Riera M. - Incidence of and risk factors for nosocomial infection in a medical ward
Riesbeck K. - The humoral immune response of infants to potential vaccine candidates of Moraxella catarrhalis
Rietveld A. - Epidemiology and control of Qfever in the Netherlands, 20072009
Riffelmann M. - Antibodies to Bordetella pertussis antigens measured in saliva
  - How long after the last vaccine dose can pertussis serology not be used?
Rigaki K. - An outbreak of Plasmodium vivax malaria in Lakonia, southern Greece, August-October 2009
Riggio M. - Identification and sensitivity testing of Bacteroides species from blood cultures
Rigothier C. - Prevalence of hyperphosphaturia and of proximal renal tubular dysfunction and their associated factors in HIV-infected patients, ANRS CO3 Aquitaine Cohort, 2009
Rijnders B.J. - Prevention of catheter-related bacteraemia with a daily ethanol-lock in haematology patients with tunnelled catheters. Randomized placebo-controlled trial
Rill D. - Efficacy of tigecycline versus ampicillinsulbactam or amoxicillinclavulanate to treat complicated skin and skin structure infections study900
Rimoldi S.G. - Mono and mixed gastrointestinal paediatric infection: epidemiological and clinical features
Rimoldi S. - Relation between E6/E7 transcripts expression and clinical and viro-immunolgical parameters in HIV/HPV co-infected women
  - E6/E7 expression in the triage of HIV-HPV co-infected patients
Ringberg H. - Natural history of MRSA colonization a 4year experience from southern Sweden
Ringstad J. - Clinical prediction score for community-acquired Legionella pneumonia
Risch L. - Comparing conventional identification of bacteria to identification with MALDITOF in a routine clinical setting
Risch M. - Comparing conventional identification of bacteria to identification with MALDITOF in a routine clinical setting
Ristevska D. - Mumps infection in the period 20072009
Ritchie J. - Multicentre evaluation of the CMV IgM assay on the family of Access immunoassay systems
Riva E. - Human metapneumovirus: interferon sensitivity and production in airway epithelial cells
Rivera V. - Quantification of CMV DNA in plasma by real-time PCR for management of allogenic stem cell transplant recipients
Rivera F. - Serotypes, virulence genes, and PFGE patterns of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli isolated from Peruvian children
Rivera-Morales L.G. - Molecular epidemiological surveillance of Streptococcus pneumoniae: 19982009 in Monterrey, Mexico
Rivera-Morales I.M. - Molecular epidemiological surveillance of Streptococcus pneumoniae: 19982009 in Monterrey, Mexico
Rivera-Olivero I.A. - Pneumococcal carriage in the Warao Amerindians from Venezuela: high colonization rates and frequent serotype sharing among mothers and children
Rivero Pérez B. - New typing assay based on PCR amplification of IS257-ileS2 junctions for tracking high-level mupirocin resistance dissemination in staphylococci
Rizos D. - Antimicrobial effects of different wound dressings: an invitro study
Rizzetto M. - SLC29A1 706G>C predict haemoglobin decrease in patients with hepatitisC treated with interferon and ribavirin
Rizzi M. - Clinical characteristics and B cell immunology in patients with functional or anatomic asplenia
Rizzo G. - Utility of molecular biology in the diagnosis of mycobacterial infections
Rizzo B. - Antiretroviral treatment and expression of the mRNA levels for Pgp, MRP1, MRP4 and MRP5 in HIV antiretroviral nave patients. Follow-up at 48 weeks
  - Virological diagnosis of respiratory virus infection in patients attending an emergency department during the influenza season
Rizzo G. - Distribution of SGI1 among clinical multidrug-resistant strains of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium from Southern Italy, 20062008
Roana J. - Different erythromycin-resistant phenotypes of Streptococcus pyogenes do not prevent human polymorphonuclear cells from their antibacterial activity
Robert L. - Fine needle aspiration biopsy in the diagnosis of lymphadenopathy in children in a hospital, Kampala, Uganda
Robert-Gangneux F. - Immune reconstitution syndrome associated with hip septic arthritis after successful treatment of visceral leishmaniasis: analysis of the immunomodulatory environment
Roberts M. - The impact of strain typing method on assessing the relationship of paired nares and wound isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Roberts A.P. - Diversity of CTn6000 among enterococci from different ecological niches
Roberts T. - Effect of weak organic acids on biofilms as observed by scanning electronmicroscopy
Roberts C.H. - Features of non-tuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary infections in an eight-year cohort of non-HIV-infected patients
Robertson M. - Pharmacokinetics and tolerability of NXL104 in normal subjects and patients with varying degrees of renal insufficiency
Robledo O. - Oral lactam activity against recent (November2008June2009) penicillin non-susceptible serotype19A Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates in Spain
Robles M. - Human Mycobacterium bovis infection in Buenos Aires: epidemiology, microbiology and clinical presentation
Robotham J.V. - Modelling the cost-effectiveness of screening and decolonization in the control of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Rocchegiani E. - Vibrio-associated gastroenteritis in Italy, 20062008
Rocco S. - Hospitalized cancer patients with severe infections due to the novel influenzaA (H1N1) in Brazil
Roch N. - Recent emergence of tularaemia in the region of Burgundy (France): usefulness of real-time PCR for diagnosis of atypical presentations
Rocha A. - Epidemiological survey of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in the north-eastern region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Rocha S. - Role of EspFu/Tccp in the establishment of the attaching and effacing lesion caused by atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli displaying different interactions with epithelial cells invitro
Rock C. - Implications of universal childhood pneumococcal vaccination on invasive pneumococcal disease in HIV population areview of current infecting serotypes
Rock K. - Implications of universal childhood pneumococcal vaccination on invasive pneumococcal disease in HIV population areview of current infecting serotypes
Rock C. - Variable serological response to PPV in HIV-positive patients aneed to review pneumococcal boost-prime strategies?
Rodella A. - Comparison of the Avidity Index method with two 4thgeneration HIVassays
Røder B. - Emergence of ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Danish hospitals: this is in part explained by spread of one CTX-M15 clone in Zealand
Rodloff A.C. - Direct PCR detection and identification of oral streptococci from carious dentin samples
  - Activity of the investigational fluoroquinolone, finafloxacin and seven other antimicrobial agents against 114 obligately anaerobic bacteria
  - The performance of MALDITOFMS in the identification of Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates
Rodrigo S. - Quantification of CMV DNA in plasma by real-time PCR for management of allogenic stem cell transplant recipients
Rodrigues H. - Paediatric faecal colonization with extended-spectrum lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae in northern Portugal
Rodrigues K. - Molecular diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis a 4year experience
Rodrigues A.G. - Correlation between azole resistance and virulence attributes displayed by C.parapsilosis
Rodriguez F. - A novel DNA vaccine against toxoplasmosis induces sporozoite specific protective immune response through nonapoptotic cells
Rodríguez C. - Expansion of CC2 Enterococcus faecalis lineage in a Spanish tertiary hospital and its surrounding area
Rodriguez C. - Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of outpatients with influenza-like illness during influenzaA H1N1 pandemic in Buenos Aires, Argentina
Rodríguez A. - Daptomycin in the treatment of bacteraemia: clinical experience in Europe
Rodriguez M. - Prevalence of hepatitisE (HEV) infection in pregnant women and clinical features associated to the detection of antibodies to HEV in Spain
Rodriguez J. - Proposition of an algorithm for the toxigenic C.difficile diagnosis
Rodríguez M. - Pneumococcal carriage in the Warao Amerindians from Venezuela: high colonization rates and frequent serotype sharing among mothers and children
Rodriguez V. - Impact of empiric cefepime therapy on mortality among patients with bloodstream infections due to extended-spectrum lactamase-producing pathogens
Rodríguez M.E. - High diversity of HHV8 molecular subtypes in AIDS-KS Cuban individuals and its relation with HHV8 load: evidence of subtypeB expansion
Rodriguez M.J. - Prevention of cytomegalovirus disease in transplant recipients. Evaluation of real-time PCR CMV, clinic correlation and cutoff determination of pre-emptive therapy
Rodríguez-Baño J. - Antimicrobial stewardship programs in Spanish hospitals: a nationwide survey
  - Epidemiology and clinical features of extended-spectrum lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in neonates and adults in Spain: a multicentre study (GEIH BLEE 2006)
Rodriguez-Baño J. - Biofilm formation by Acinetobacterspp. in the airliquid and solidliquid interphases
Rodríguez-Baño J. - Molecular analysis of extended-spectrum lactamase dissemination in Escherichia coli within families
  - Clinical features and prognosis of prosthetic joint infection: a multicentre cohort in Andalusia, Spain
  - Multidrug-resistant Klebsiella oxytoca carrying blaIMP8 associated to OXY-hyperproduction isolated in an intensive care unit from a community Spanish hospital
  - ESBL-producing enterobacteria beyond carbapenems
  - Long-term control of endemic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a tertiary centre: a segmented regression analysis of a stepwise approach
Rodríguez-Créixems M. - Low prevalence of azole-resistant isolates causing fungaemia in patients admitted to intensive care units
Rodríguez-Gascón A. - Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analysis using Monte Carlo simulation to evaluate cumulative fraction of response of doripenem against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacteriaceae
Rodríguez-Hernández M.J. - Incidence, aetiology and chronology of urinary tract infections after renal transplantation
Rodríguez-Martínez J.M. - Effect of qnrA, qnrB and qnrS on the invivo activity of fluoroquinolones
Rodríguez-Tudela J.L. - AmphotericinB mediates killing in C.neoformans through induction of oxidative burst rather than through pore formation at the membrane
Rodriguez-Villalobos H. - Emergence and spread of GES-type-expressing Acinetobacter baumannii in Belgian hospitals
  - Analysis of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants among ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Belgium
Roebben E. - Rapid identification of coagulase negative staphylococci by MALDITOFMS in a clinical lab
Roede B.M. - Rapid increase of antimicrobial-resistant Gram-negative pathogens in Europe
Roehr H. - Chip-calorimetric evaluation of the efficacy of antibiotics and bacteriophages
Roelofsen E. - The first carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae strains in the Netherlands are associated with international travel
Roest H.J. - Epidemiology and control of Qfever in the Netherlands, 20072009
Roger T. - Histones in sepsis
Rogers T. - The transcriptome of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli in response to human serum
  - Sensitivity, specificity and inter-test agreement of interferon-gamma release assays for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection in HIV-infected individuals with advanced immunodeficiency
Rogowski O. - C-reactive protein serum levels as an early predictor of outcome in patients with pandemic H1N1 influenzaA virusinfection
Rogues A.M. - Antibiotic stewardship programmes: national recommendations, public release of structure and process indicator and practical implementation in south-western French hospitals, 20052008
  - Surveillance of antibiotic consumption in 861 French hospitals: lessons from a nationwide network, 2008
Rohde H. - Different biofilm types contribute to resistance of Staphylococcus epidermidis against uptake by macrophages
  - Rapid identification of bacteria from positive blood culture bottles by MALDITOFMS fingerprinting
Roig R. - Risk factors for microbiological contamination in allografts
Roig E. - Epidemiology and outcome of Gram-positive bloodstream infection in solid organ transplant recipients
Roilides E. - Emergence of vancomycin intermediate resistance in community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Roisin S. - Evaluation of Liaison toxoplasma IgG and IgM: comparison with Vidia and Architect assays
Roiz M. - Bloodstream infections due to Escherichia coli and Klebsiellaspp. producing extended-spectrum lactamase: factors influencing adequacy and mortality
Rojas González A. - Preliminary evaluation of a rapid oligochromatographic assay for the detection of Bordetella sp. in respiratory samples
Rolo D. - Characteristics of longitudinal oropharyngeal asymptomatic colonization and of multicolonizaton by different strains of groupA streptococci from Portugal
  - PBPs and MurM variations in invasive lactam-resistant 19A Streptococcus pneumoniae ST320, ST81 and ST276 clones from Spain, 19972007
Romanko E. - Recombinant groupB streptococcal peptides as protection against broad range of pathogens
Romeiro L. - Characteristics of longitudinal oropharyngeal asymptomatic colonization and of multicolonizaton by different strains of groupA streptococci from Portugal
Romeo M.A. - Cross-transmission of Klebsiella pneumoniae in intensive care units: interhospital and intrahospital spread
Romero A. - Comparative evaluation of a new commercial method Vitek2 vs. CLSI M38-A2 reference method for susceptibility testing of antifungal agents against filamentous fungi
Romero B. - Prevalence of human papillomavirus in anal samples of homosexual men
  - Prevalence of hepatitisE (HEV) infection in pregnant women and clinical features associated to the detection of antibodies to HEV in Spain
Romero A. - Clinical features and prognosis of prosthetic joint infection: a multicentre cohort in Andalusia, Spain
Romero-Candau F. - Evaluation of safety and tolerability of daptomycin in the treatment of osteomyelitis: results from a European Registry
Romero-Gomez M.P. - Prevalence of papillomavirus in HIV-positive patients
Romero-Gómez M.P. - Antimicrobial stewardship programs in Spanish hospitals: a nationwide survey
Romney M. - Increasing vancomycin and daptomycin minimum inhibitory concentrations in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus blood isolates from a Canadian inner-city hospital
Romo M. - Prevalence of faecal carriage of vancomycin and ampicillin-resistant enterococci among healthy people in Cantabria, Spain
  - Prevalence of colonization with vancomycin-resistant and ampicillin-resistant Enterococcus faecium in a university hospital in northern Spain
Roohvand F. - Prevalence of HBV Lamivudine-resistance mutations in a cohort of Iranian HBV-infected patients with and without HIV co-infection
Rooijakkers S. - The structure of the cell wall polysaccharide of Enterococcus faecalis is critical for evasion of complement deposition by the lectin pathway
Roos-Weil D. - Norovirus-related severe and chronic diarrhoea in renal transplant adult recipients
Ros J. - HBV infection in immigrant population in Barcelona, Spain. Immune tolerant phase and description of an atypical serological pattern
Rosanova S. - Molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant and methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus invasive isolates in Russia
Rosario P. - Daptomycin in the treatment of osteomyelitis caused by MRSA. A comparative observational study
Rose W. - Activity of daptomycin, vancomycin and moxifloxacin alone or in combination with clarithromycin or rifampicin in a novel invitro model of Staphylococcus aureus biofilm
Rosenau A. - New insight in Streptococcus agalactiae phylogeny provided by multilocus sequence typing in comparison with multilocus enzyme electrophoresis
  - Molecular typing of Streptococcus agalactiae by multiple locus variable-number of tandem-repeat analysis
Rosenblatt J.E. - Increasing resistance of Bacteroides fragilis and related species to carbapenems: aUSsurvey, 20062008
Rosenfeldt V. - Uninfected children born to HIV-infected mothers: no evidence of impaired immune function at 15 months of age
Rosentul D. - Genetic variants of dectin1 and susceptibility to infections with Candidaspp.
Rosin C. - Daptomycin against highly resistant Enterococcus faecium invasive infections
Rosingh A.W. - Serotype coverage of present and future pneumococcal vaccines
  - Patients with 2009 influenzaA/H1N1 virus in a tertiary hospital in Spain, April-October 2009
  - Serotype distribution of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from patients with invasive pneumococcal disease in 2008
  - Congenital and neonatal cytomegalovirus infection in pre-term neonates
Rositas-Noriega F. - Molecular epidemiological surveillance of Streptococcus pneumoniae: 19982009 in Monterrey, Mexico
Rosoiu N. - Effect of different environmental parameters upon the expression of certain virulence factors and resistance features in Escherichia coli aquatic strains
Ross J. - Eight-year (20022009) summary of the Zyvox Annual Appraisal of Potency and Spectrum Programme in European countries
  - Report of linezolid resistance from the Zyvox Annual Appraisal of Potency and Spectrum Programme (Europe, Latin America, Asia-Pacific)
Rossau R. - Genetic analysis of pattern recognition receptors links a functional polymorphism in the gene for CD14 to susceptibility for meningococcal septic shock
Rosseel P. - Rapid identification of coagulase negative staphylococci by MALDITOFMS in a clinical lab
  - Identification of Campylobacter isolates by MALDITOFMS
  - Use of MALDITOFMS for species identification of Bacteroides and parabacteroides clinical isolates
Rossen J.W. - Comparison of DNA extraction and real-time PCR methods for the detection of Coxiella burnetii
Rossetto K. - Prevalence of Clostridium difficile in retail meat products in north-eastern Italy
Rossi I. - HepatitisD in Switzerland: a silent epidemic
Rossi K. - Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Staphylococcus aureus isolates collected in 2008 at a Detroit medical centre
Rossi M. - Risk factors for precocious mechanical ventilation in pneumococcal meningitis: a 12-year experience
Rossini A. - Molecular epidemiology of Gram-negative bacteria resistant to newer generation lactams in a rehabilitation centre
Rossney A. - Molecular characterization of sporadically-occurring nosocomial methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from Ireland
  - Improved discrmination of highly-clonal ST22-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-IV isolates achieved by combining spa, dru and pulsed field gel electrophoresis typing data
Rossolini G.M. - Increasing occurrence of CMY-producing Proteus mirabilis causing bloodstream infections
  - Multifocal detection of KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Italian hospitals
  - Multifocal spreading of an OXA-23-producing Acinetobacter baumannii clone in different Italian clinical settings
  - Susceptibility and molecular characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus isolates associated with glycopeptide treatment failures
  - Emergence of Escherichia coli isolates producing metallo-lactamase VIM1 in Italy
  - Community and healthcare associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: observational study in a large tertiary-care Italian hospital
Rostaing L. - Xpert VanA/VanB for managing an outbreak of VRE
Roth Dit Bettoni R. - Surveillance of antibiotic resistance in leprosy by a new molecular test, the GenoType LepraeDR
Rothan-Tondeur M. - Nursing home-associated infections in France: Delphi consensus guidelines for prevention
Rothberg M. - Herpes zoster: is there a role for vaccination?
Rotimi V.O. - Analysis of carbapenem resistance genes in Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from Kuwait hospitals
Rotolo V. - Astrovirus in Italy, emergence of a novel 2c lineage
Rotstein C. - Impact of area-under-the-inhibitory-curve on clinical and microbiologic outcomes in fluconazole treated candidaemia
Rotterdam B.J. - Epidemiology and control of Qfever in the Netherlands, 20072009
Rottiers S. - Dynamic pattern and genotypic diversity of Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage in healthy kindergarten children
Röttig M. - Shedding of enterococci and environment contamination in patients with diarrhoea
Rougé C. - Impact of antenatal antibiotic or corticosteroid treatment on the implantation of the neonatal intestinal microbiota
Roumbelaki M. - Incidence and microbiology of intensive care unit acquired infections in the region of Crete in Greece
Rousseau S. - Evaluation of the efficacy of anti-staphylococcal human therapies in a severe PVL pneumonia model
Rousseau F. - Molecular characterization of clinical isolates of vancomycin and teicoplanin-resistant Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis from any hospitals located in the Picardie region, France
Rousseau C. - Epidemiological study of Clostridium difficile isolates in a French university hospital, during a 4 year-period from 2006 to 2009
Roussel B. - Performance of the Access CMV IgM assay
Roussel C. - Performance evaluation of the Access HCVAbPlus and the Access HIV1/2. New assays performed on the UniCel DxI800 in a virology laboratory
Roussel-Delvallez M. - Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae non-vaccine serotypes among children attending day-care centres in France: 19992008 after the introduction of the 7Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate vaccine
  - Skin and soft tissue infections due to Staphylococcus aureus producing Panton-Valentine leukocidin toxin in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region, northern France, 20042008
Rousset J. - Air flow modellization by computational fluid dynamics for optimizing control for airborne microbial contamination in an intensive care room for severely burned patients
Roussos N. - Vancomycin for the treatment of patients with Gram-positive infections: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Roversi P. - Interferon-gamma release assays for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection in patients with rheumatic diseases
  - Role of the interferon-gamma assay in the diagnosis of active tuberculosis
Rovida F. - Emergence of influenzaA H1N1v oseltamivir-resistant strain in a 2 year-old child with acute lymphatic leukaemia
Roy C.R. - Cell microbiology
Rozborskaya O. - Evaluation of oritavancin efficacy and pharmacokinetic profile in the hamster model of Clostridium difficile infection
Rozé J.C. - Impact of antenatal antibiotic or corticosteroid treatment on the implantation of the neonatal intestinal microbiota
Rozemeijer W. - Kinetics of bacterial DNA in blood during endovascular infections with Staphylococcus aureus
Rozentale B. - Aetiology and cerebrospinal fluid findings in aseptic meningitis
Rozgonyi F. - Frequency and antibiotic susceptibility of Ureaplasma urealyticum isolated from the genital tract of sexually active individuals
Rozsypal H. - Anti-HCV negative viral hepatitisC in HIV-infected patients from AIDS centre, Prague
Rubino C. - Population pharmacokinetics and pharmacokineticpharmacodynamic metrics for delafloxacin
Rubino S. - Typhoid fever in Jordan
Rubinovitch B. - Individual risk factors for colonization with carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae among residents in post-acute-care facilities in Israel: a matched casecontrol study
Rubinstein E. - Vancomycin serum trough levels and outcomes in patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia due to Staphylococcus aureus: the ATTAIN study
Ruckdeschel K. - Different biofilm types contribute to resistance of Staphylococcus epidermidis against uptake by macrophages
Rudnick W. - Trends in antimicrobial resistance in Canadian strains of S.pneumoniae, 1993 to 2009
Rueda A. - Surveillance of invasive pneumococcal disease in adults in Asturias, Spain
Ruggeri F. - Mono and mixed gastrointestinal paediatric infection: epidemiological and clinical features
Ruh E. - Determination of Staphylococcus aureus and presence of staphylococcal enterotoxinA by molecular and microbiological methods in meatball meals cooked by two-bedded treatment institutions
Ruimy R. - Methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus belonging to clonal lineage ST398: animal and human prevalence, human clinical impact in France
Ruiz J. - What is the impact of a rapid-diagnostic test (Etest) in the treatment of patients with Gram-negative bacteraemia?
  - Serotypes, virulence genes, and PFGE patterns of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli isolated from Peruvian children
Ruíz A. - Clinical features and prognosis of prosthetic joint infection: a multicentre cohort in Andalusia, Spain
Ruiz J. - Carbapenem and multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii colonization/infection: epidemiology and factors associated to infection
Ruiz P. - Evolution of hepatitisB virus mutation during nucleoside/tide analogues long-term therapy in chronic hepatitisB patients
Ruiz J. - Predictor factors of ESBL versus non-ESBL E.coli bacteraemia at a university hospital, 20062007
Ruiz E. - Are respiratory infections related to immunological and genetic data in common variable immunodeficiency, IgG subclass deficiency and IgA deficiency?
Ruiz de Alegría C. - Epidemiology and clinical features of extended-spectrum lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in neonates and adults in Spain: a multicentre study (GEIH BLEE 2006)
Ruiz del Castillo B. - Typing of plasmids of multi-resistant E.coli producing or not extended-spectrum lactamases using two different assays: replicon typing and relaxase detection
Ruiz-Garbajosa P. - Outburst emergence of blaKPC-3-Tn4401a in Madrid (Spain) is associated with a pKPN3/4-like plasmid carried by a newly epidemic ST384-Klebsiella pneumoniae clone
  - Expansion of CC2 Enterococcus faecalis lineage in a Spanish tertiary hospital and its surrounding area
Ruiz-González A. - Causes and risk factors of poor outcome in patients with non-severe community-acquired pneumonia
Ruiz-Larrea F. - Characterization of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus isolates recovered in a Spanish hospital, 20032008
  - Staphylococcus aureus carriage in healthy humans in Spain: antibiotic resistance mechanisms, virulence traits and genetic lineages
  - Typing and characterization of antimicrobial resistance in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 from pigs including detection of clindamycin resistance mediated by linA gene
Ruíz-Mesa J.D. - Clinical features and prognosis of Escherichia coli vertebral osteomyelitis. Adescriptive study of 28cases
Ruiz-Palacios G. - Molecular characterization of Shigella sonnei biotypeG strains harbouring class 2 integrons isolated from faecal samples in Mexico City
Rumpianesi F. - Interferon-gamma release assays for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection in patients with rheumatic diseases
  - Insights in Staphylococcus aureus strains from bacteraemia and infective endocarditis in Italy
  - Role of the interferon-gamma assay in the diagnosis of active tuberculosis
Rupnik M. - Comparison of Clostridium difficile genotypes isolated from patients, environment and animals
  - Final results of the first pan-European Clostridium difficile infection survey
Rupp J. - Impact of a hypoxic environment on the efficacy of antimicrobials to intracellular pathogens
Ruppitsch W. - Differentiation of Austrian Salmonella serotypes using high-resolution melting curve analysis
  - Fast detection of frequent multidrug resistance conferring mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates using a duplex high-resolution melting curve assay
Russo C. - A MALDITOF assay for the rapid identification of Aspergillus and Candida sp. in clinical samples
Russo G. - Analysis of the mutations associated to integrase inhibitor resistance in subtypeB and nonB human immunodeficiency virus type1
Ruthazer R. - Increasing resistance of Bacteroides fragilis and related species to carbapenems: aUSsurvey, 20062008
Ruzicka F. - Virulence factors of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from catheterized patients
Ruzzi D. - Predictors of clinical failure in patients with complicated skin and skin structure infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by diabetes mellitus status: results from 3 randomized controlled trials of linezolid and vancomycin
Rybak M. - Activity of daptomycin, vancomycin and moxifloxacin alone or in combination with clarithromycin or rifampicin in a novel invitro model of Staphylococcus aureus biofilm
  - Cost and outcome implications of the newly developed high-dose vancomycin consensus guidelines
  - Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Staphylococcus aureus isolates collected in 2008 at a Detroit medical centre
  - Evaluation of vancomycin and oxacillin combination against mecA positive vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) and heterogenous VISA with varying oxacillin susceptibility
  - High-dose daptomycin for infective endocarditis
  - Pharmacodynamics of anti-staphylococcal antibiotics implications for clinical management
Ryder L. - Uninfected children born to HIV-infected mothers: no evidence of impaired immune function at 15 months of age