Patients' perception about rational use of antibiotics
Abstract number: P1508
Keuleyan E., Benchev R., Yovchevski P., Smilov N., Valentinova M., Tete S., Anakieva T.
Objectives: On the occasion of 18 November 2009 the day of antibiotics, an inquiry was performed at the Medical Institute Ministry of the Interior, aimed to know the current patients' perception about antibiotic usage.
Methods: A questionnaire of 11 questions with multiple choice answers was developed by a multi-disciplinary equip and was distributed on 10 and 11 November 2009 among in-patients and out-patients of our 350-bed national multi-profile hospital. The inquiry was anonymous. Correct answers were announced on 18 November 2009.
Results: Ninety four forms were returned out of 149 distributed (63%). Probably, because of coincidence with grippe epidemics, 71% of patients (Ps) responded that antibiotics (AB) were created both against bacterial and viral infections. Majority (84%) considered AB indispensable to treat severe infections, e.g. pneumonia, peritonitis, but only 40% mentioned AB important in severe pandemics, e.g. plague, anthrax. Only 2% considered AB should be used in common cold and uncomplicated diarrhea. Top answers to the question: "What are the most frequent reasons for failure of AB therapy, were: "the duration of treatment was not respected" (60%) and "microorganisms are not susceptible" (53%). Replies to the question "Why AB should be prescribed only upon special considerations" showed that Ps are informed about AB resistance (83% responded, because the overuse of AB is followed by development of AB resistance, and 27% were aware about emergence of pan-resistant bacteria). Almost all (96%) responded that one should not take AB without prescription. Patients' perception about possibilities doctors to limit AB resistance was revealed as follow: "to prescribe the most appropriate AB in most appropriate regimen" 64% and "to prescribe AB on specific occasions and after antibiogramme" 62%. As to the control of infections, majority of Ps acknowledged the role of hand washing (78%), but only 36% considered the importance of vaccines.
Conclusions: This investigation revealed that majority of patients was aware about antibiotic resistance and was against the self-medication. At the same time it showed area for further education, e.g. accent on the importance of prophylaxis of infections through immunizations.
|Session name:||Abstracts 20th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases|
|Location:||Vienna, Austria, 10 - 13 April 2010|
|Back to top|