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Healthcare personnels' experiences with sharps/needle-stick injuries and preventive measures

Abstract number: P2017

Altiok M., Kuyurtar F., Karacorlu S., Ersoz G., Erdogan S., Gokce H.

Objective: In today's work environment health care personnel are at risk for infectious diseases from sharp instruments and needle sticks contaminated with patients' body fluids.

This study was planned for the purpose of determining hospital and public health clinic health care personnels' experiences with sharps/needle stick injuries and the preventive measures they take when injured.

Methods: The population of this descriptive and cross-sectional study was all 2532 health care personnel who worked at one university hospital, two state hospitals, and 54 public primary health care clinics in Mersin province. Using a random sampling method stratified by health care professions the goal was to reach all professional groups (357 physicians, 578 nurses/midwives, and 78 laboratory technicians). Data were collected by having the participants personally complete a data collection form. The forms were collected and Chi square test was used in the statistical analysis.

Results: A total of 956 (%37.7) of the health care personnel in hospitals and public health care clinics were interviewed. In our study the injury rate was %79.1; %60.9 of those were injured by instruments contaminated by blood and the most (%89.2) had experienced needle sticks. The majority of the injuries occurred at the patient's bedside; a significant percentage had been injured using incorrect practices of recapping a needle and removing a needle from a syringe and while disposing of sharps/needles in the sharps container. Injuries occurring while disposing in the sharps container happened the most often in public health clinics. In our study the most injuries occurred in nurses/midwives; the percentage of personnel having received the hepatitis B vaccination was similar in physicians and nurses/midwives and was low in laboratory technicians (P = 0.006, c2 = 10.378). Only %12.7 of the health care personnel had reported their injury.

Conclusion: In this research a high percentage of blood contaminated sharps/needle stick injuries was found, a low percentage of injuries were reported, and a high percentage of personnel had received the Hepatitis B vaccination. Although the level of vaccination was encouraging the injuries from incorrect practices and low level of injury reporting shows the need for regular continuing education on this subject.

Session Details

Date: 16/05/2009
Time: 00:00-00:00
Session name: 19th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Subject:
Location: Helsinki, Finland, 16 - 19 May 2009
Presentation type:
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