Author Index

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

 

R
Raad I.I. - Efficacy and safety of caspofungin monotherapy in cancer patients with candidaemia
Raboud J. - Severe disease due to influenza in adults in Toronto, Canada, 2005–2007: impact of antiviral therapy
Racil Z. - Trends in bacterial isolates from blood cultures and their resistance in relation to the antibiotic consumption at the haemato-oncological department in the period 2000–2006
  - Confirmation of positive galactomannan results in serum by detection of 1,3-beta-D-glucan could eliminate false positive results of the test
Raciny M. - First detection of Chilean clone in clinical isolates of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the Colombian-Caribbean region
Radice C. - Application of molecular techniques for the diagnosis of community-acquired bacterial meningitis in nine Spanish hospitals
  - Is cotrimoxazole prophylaxis still reliable for the prevention of nocardiosis?
Radice A. - Usage of carbapenems significantly increase the rate of new colonisation due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitalised patients
Radji N. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection and antimicrobial susceptibility in hospital patients, Setif, Algeria
  - Urinary tract infection pathogens and their susceptibility to antimicrobials at a university hospital, Setif, Algeria: a 7-year study (2000–2006)
Radnai M. - Effect of fluoride content of the oral biofilm on the surface structure of titanium
Radu S. - Relevance of A 2 phospholipases and matrix-metalloproteases in the assessment of the inflammatory process evolution in periodontal disease
Radulescu A. - Relevance of A 2 phospholipases and matrix-metalloproteases in the assessment of the inflammatory process evolution in periodontal disease
  - Clinical epidemiology and microbiological spectrum of nosocomial endocarditis
  - Bacteriological assessment of intravascular catheter-related bloodstream infections versus colonisations
  - Epidemiological and bacteriological profile of community-acquired infective endocarditis
Raeisi A. - Polymorphism of merozoite surface protein-3a gene of Plasmodium vivax in isolates in Iran
Rafai Far A. - A new approach towards the prevention and treatment of osteomyelitis: synthesis and in vitro studies of bisphosphonated rifamycin prodrugs
  - New osteotropic prodrugs prevent bone infection in a rat model of osteomyelitis
  - Quantitative determination and pharmacokinetics of oritavancin in rabbit serum and tibia
Rafailidis P. - Short versus long course antibiotic therapy for acute pyelonephritis in adults: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
  - Statins for infection and sepsis – A systematic review of the clinical evidence
  - Pandrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii infections: characteristics and outcomes in a series of 28 patients
  - Risk factors associated with the isolation of colistin-resistant Gram-negative bacteria: a matched case-control study
  - Use of ACE inhibitors and risk of community-acquired pneumonia
Rafalski V. - Single-dose azithromycin vs 7 days doxycycline for Chlamydia trachomatis urethritis in men: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials
Rafati S. - Evaluation of pro/anti inflammatory responses after rectal administration of Mycobacterium bovis BCG
Raffi F. - Non-AIDS defining non-HAART-related severe clinical events have a high incidence in HIV-patients on HAART and are associated with virological failure: a 7-years follow-up cohort study (ANRS CO8)
Raftopoulos V. - Evaluation of a rapid antigen detection test for the diagnosis of Streptococcal pharyngitis in children and its impact on antibiotic prescribing
Ragab N. - Detection of Helicobacter pylori DNA in liver tissue samples from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma
Raglio A. - Spread of CTX-M extended-spectrum b-lactamases among Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in Italian long-term care facilities: results of the first nationwide prevalence study
Rahbarian N. - Identification of Leishmania species isolated from human cutaneous leishmaniasis in Gonbad-e Qabus using a PCR method
Rahbarimanesh A. - Electrophoretic RNA genomic profiles of rotavirus strains prevailing among hospitalised children with acute gastroenteritis in Tehran, Iran
Rahi A. - Healthcare workers' exposure to blood-borne pathogens in Lebanon
Rahimi F. - Amoebic keratitis in Iran (1997–2007)
Rahmani-badi A. - Evaluation of active efflux in multidrug-resistant isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii
Rahnavardi M. - Antibody response to influenza immunisation in kidney transplant recipients receiving either azathioprine or mycophenolate: a controlled trial
Rahpeyma M. - Laboratory diagnosis of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in Iran in the year 2007
Rainer J. - Pathogenic fungi produce proteases to degrade cerebral immune proteins and to evade immune attack
Rainer T. - Viral aetiology of hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia in Hong Kong
Raitsiou B. - Emergence of a linezolid-resistant Staphylococcus cohnii after exposure to this drug
Rajabnia R. - Heat-shock response in Brucella abortus
Rajagopalan S. - Mortality, hospital stay and costs associated with candidaemia in major oesophagus, stomach, duodenum and small and large intestinal procedures
  - Economic evaluation of posaconazole compared with other systemic fungal therapies in patients with refractory invasive aspergillosis in Canada
Rajakumar K. - The Acinetobacter baumannii ATPase gene in diverse strains is frequently occupied by integrated genomic islands
Rajasekariah P. - Specific detection of hepatitis C virus in clinical samples using a novel simplification strategy
Rajendra Y. - Emergence of metallo-b-lactamase producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Scandinavia
Rak S. - Antiviral effect of a novel inhibitor of influenza virus haemagglutinin on influenza A (H5N1) virus
  - Comparative study of the efficacy of low- and high-molecular inhibitors of influenza virus haemagglutinin
Rakonczay Z. - Effect of fluoride content of the oral biofilm on the surface structure of titanium
Ramalheira E. - First report of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants qnrA, qnrB and qnrS among Gram-negative clinical isolates from Aveiro, Portugal
  - Prevalence of In99 among Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from a central region of Portugal (Aveiro) since 2003
Ramalho P. - High Prevalence of Giardia in dogs from Portugal: genetic characterisation of isolates by sequencing analysis of beta-giardin gene locus
Rambach G. - Pathogenic fungi produce proteases to degrade cerebral immune proteins and to evade immune attack
  - Gliotoxin is an important virulence factor in cerebral aspergillosis
Ramboer I. - High prevalence of "livestock-associated" meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 in swine and pig farmers in Belgium
Ramirez M. - Pili distribution among Streptococcus pneumoniae associated with invasive disease in Portugal
Ramirez P. - Genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis MDR and XDR strains in Lima, Peru
  - Clinical and management utility of Candida albicans germ tube antibody detection in critically ill patients. Influence on mortality
Ramirez M. - Bacterial multistrain genomotyping arrays: optimal choice of control in two-colour experiments
  - Decrease in macrolide resistance and clonal instability among Streptococcus pyogenes in spite of increased macrolide consumption
  - Comparison of pneumococci isolated from invasive and non-invasive disease in pre-school children
Ramirez C. - Evaluation of three immunochromatographic assays for detection of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 antigen in urine
Ramirez M. - Characterisation of an emm12/T12 GAS clone associated with paediatric invasive disease in Portugal
Ramirez S. - Genetic characterisation of G3 rotaviruses detected in an Italian infantile population in 1993–2005
Ramirez P. - Is Bartonella bacilliformis, endemic pathogen of the Andean areas, intrinsically resistant to quinolones?
Ramirez M. - Characterisation of a Streptococcus agalactiae serotype Ia lineage with enhanced invasiveness
Ramon S. - Biofilm production and antimicrobial susceptibility of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli causing traveller's diarrhoea
Ramos B. - Phylogenetic analysis of a rubella outbreak in Madrid, Spain in 2004/2005
Ramos H. - Switching populations: establishment of OXA-40-producing Acinetobacter baumannii within a hospital setting
Ramos P. - Rapid PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method to differentiate among Campylobacter clinical isolates
Ramos A. - Is venous access port inner surface colonisation related with port obstruction?
  - Septum sonication of removed ports for diagnosis of related bloodstream infections
Ramos A.J. - Usefulness of urinary Streptococcus pneumoniae test for early aetiologic diagnostic of community-acquired pneumonia admitted to a regional hospital (ATHENAS Study)
Ramos N. - A carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii outbreak in ICU. Diagnostic value of rep-PCR for a rapid characterisation of different genotypes, Montevideo, Uruguay
Ramos M.H. - Sequence-based bacterial identification from clinical samples: one year experience
Ramos S. - Fungal infections at a Coimbra burns unit: 2003–2007
Ramparichan W. - Genotyping of Giardia lamblia by multilocus sequence typing
Randall L.P. - Development and validation of a novel media (CHROMagar ECC CTX-M) for isolation of CTX-M producing Enterobacteriacae whilst inhibiting ampC producing organisms
Randolph S. - Are emerging infections driven by climate change?
Range N. - The diagnostic performance of an interferon-gamma assay in HIV- and tuberculosis endemic population
Ranheim T. - MRSA screening – Comparison of chromogenic agar and enrichment broths
Ranin L. - emm-types distribution and susceptibility pattern of group A streptococci isolated from pharyngitis patients in Serbia
Ranjbar M. - Polymorphism of merozoite surface protein-3a gene of Plasmodium vivax in isolates in Iran
Ranjbar R. - Genetic relatedness among isolates of Shigella sonnei carrying class 2 integrons in Tehran, Iran, 2002–2003
Ransjö U. - Klebsiella pneumoniae ESBL, a protracted outbreak
Ransley L. - Levels of anti-Haemophilus influenzae type B antibody in Turkey before routine vaccination
Rantala S. - Group G streptococcal bacteraemia and emm types
Rantala M. - Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in horses and horse personnel at the Finnish veterinary teaching hospital, 2006–2007
  - Characteristics of clinical extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing isolates from companion animals in Finland
Raoult D. - Tick-borne rickettsiosis in the Altai region of Russia
  - A new real-time quantitative PCR to detect Coxiella burnetii DNA
Raoux D. - Comparison of antifungal MICs for yeasts obtained using EUCAST in a reference laboratory and Etest in ten different hospital laboratories
Raptis G. - Estimation of tuberculin status among school children on a Greek island
Rasaee M. - Immunological evaluation of recombinant human serum albumin–L7/L12 (Brucella abortus ribosomal protein) fusion protein in animal model
Rashed M. - Detection of Helicobacter pylori DNA in liver tissue samples from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma
Rasheed J.K. - Variability of Inc group of conjugative plasmids and CTX-M gene environments in Enterobacteriaceae nosocomial strains isolated from Russia
Rasmussen A.K.I. - Rapid detection of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus directly from swab culture using EVIGENE
Rasmussen L. - Comparison of the Etest and the Neo-Sensitabs method for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Helicobacter pylori
Rasoolinejad M. - Brucella endocarditis in Iran, a treatable disease
Rastegar Lari A. - Genetic diversity of Vibrio pathogenicity island in Vibrio cholerae isolates of clinical origin in Iran
Rastogi N. - Use of MIRU-VNTR typing to differentiate Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Bulgaria and comparison with IS6110-RFLP typing and spoligotyping
Ratchina S. - Unlicensed and off-label antibiotic use in a paediatric city hospital in Russia
  - Efficacy and safety of novel amoxicillin/clavulanic acid formulation versus originator film-coated tablets in adult patients with lower respiratory tract infections
Rathe M. - Vancomycin-resistant enterococci: validation of susceptibility testing and in vitro activity of novel antibiotics
Rathod J. - Protothecal endocarditis in a dialysis dependent patient
Ratkiewicz J. - Prospective evaluation of rapid antigen tests for diagnosis of respiratory syncytial virus and human metapneumovirus infections
Rato M. - Molecular epidemiology and macrolide resistance traits of Streptococcus agalactiae and Streptococcus uberis from bovine mastitis
Rätsep M. - Antibiotic susceptibility pattern and tetracycline resistance of Lactobacillus strains of different origin
Rattenbury S. - Evaluation of an acromopeptidase based extraction method and use of the Rotor-Gene to improve the BD GeneOhm IDI MRSA assay
Raut I. - New thioureides of 2-(4-methyl-phenoxymethyl) benzoic acid with antimicrobial activity
Rautemaa R. - C-reactive protein in predicting the need for reoperation in odontogenic maxillofacial infections requiring hospital care
  - Activity of echinocandins against Candida albicans strains with decreased susceptibility to fluconazole isolated from APECED patients
Ravanshad M. - A novel Gap-PCR for detection and differentiation of BK and JC virus infections
Ravn P. - A comparison between QuantiFERON and tuberculin skin test during screening for tuberculosis infection in a contact investigation among students
  - The diagnostic performance of an interferon-gamma assay in HIV- and tuberculosis endemic population
  - RD-1 antigen based in vitro diagnosis of TB infection: IP-10/CXCL10 is a novel potent biomarker with comparable performance to the Quantiferon In Tube test
Razeghi M. - Cloning and expression of HpaA protein of Helicobacter pylori
  - Association of Ureaplasma urealyticum infection with varicocele-related infertility
Re M.C. - HIV-1 induces apoptosis in primary osteoblasts and HOBIT cells through TNF-a activation
Read R.C. - Wristwatches as potential sources of hospital-acquired infection
Read R. - Serum bactericidal antibody response to polysaccharide meningococcal vaccination in common variable immunodeficiency and its clinical implications
  - Role of virulence, antimicrobial resistance and host susceptibility for the outcome of meningococcal disease
Real B.E. - Cross-transmission of a multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clone produced endemic nosocomial bacteraemia and one outbreak in a Mexican Hospital
Rebersek J.G. - Diagnostic significance of procalcitonin in assesing septic complications after major gynaecological surgery
Rebesco B. - Trends in incidence of candidaemia in ICU: an eight-year experience
Reboli A. - An evaluation of hospital length of stay in intensive care patients with invasive candidiasis treated with anidulafungin versus fluconazole
Reboux G. - Hypersensitivity pneumonitis due to Pseudozyma sp. in a liver-transplanted child
Recasens Recasens A. - Pertussis surveillance in one geographic area of Catalonia, 2003–2007
  - Salmonella typhimurium and norovirus food-borne outbreak in a restaurant
  - Measles and mumps epidemic outbreaks in two geographic areas of Catalonia, 2007
Recher M. - Late port-a-cath infection with Enterobacter amnigenus – An example of Gram-negative port-a-cath infection
Recio S. - Clinical isolates of aspergillus are still fully susceptible to voriconazole in the POSTVORI era
  - Rapid determination of the antifungal susceptibility of Candida isolates using direct samples of blood from patients with fungaemia: the role of the Etest
Recule C. - In vivo selection of carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii mediated by ISAba1 mobilisation upstream of the blaOXA-51 natural oxacillinase gene
Reddy S.N. - Clostridium difficile in the paediatric population
Reddy R. - New osteotropic prodrugs prevent bone infection in a rat model of osteomyelitis
  - A new approach towards the prevention and treatment of osteomyelitis: synthesis and in vitro studies of bisphosphonated rifamycin prodrugs
Redlberger M. - Near-patient diagnosis of influenza virus infection in adult patients
Redman R. - Genotyping of Gram-negative uropathogens isolated pre and post-treatment from subjects in a doripenem clinical trial for complicated urinary tract infections
Reece K. - Comparison between rep-PCR-based DNA fingerprint and sequence analyses of clinically relevant Nocardia species
  - Establishing a rep-PCR DNA fingerprinting library for moulds
Reese C. - The search and destroy strategy does prevent spread and long-term carriage of MRSA; results from household screening following a ST22 (E-MRSA 15) outbreak
Regattin L. - Spread of CTX-M extended-spectrum b-lactamases among Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in Italian long-term care facilities: results of the first nationwide prevalence study
Regazzi M. - Pharmacokinetics of lopinavir combined with rifabutin in a clinical setting
Regine V. - Prevalence and determinants of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among young women (14–24 years) in Turin, Italy
Regis C. - Transmission of influenza virus within a French university hospital during three influenza seasons, from October 2004 to April 2007
Régnier B. - Epidemiology, management and risk factors for death of invasive Candida infections in critical care units: a multicentre, prospective, observational study in France (2005–2006)
Rêgo L. - Travel medicine surveillance in northeastern, Brazil
Regueiro B.J. - Comparison between AST-N058 card (VITEK 2) and UNMIC/ID-62 panels (BD Phoenix) ESBL test for detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamases in E. coli and K. pneumoniae
Regueiro B. - Trend of prevalence of human immunodefiency virus type 1(HIV-1) non-B aubtypes in Galicia, northwestern Spain
Regueiro J. - Relevance of testing for microbial DNA in critically ill patients
Regueiro B. - Molecular diagnostic of sepsis: episodes vs. cases
Regueiro B.J. - Influence of p38 MAPK isoforms (alpha, beta, gamma and delta) in apoptosis induced by HIV-1 in CD4+ T lymphocyte-based cell lines
Reichardt C. - Costs of nosocomial Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea
Reichert D. - Efficacy of caspofungin compared to itraconazole as secondary antifungal prophylaxis: a multinational case registry
  - Caspofungin use in daily clinical practice for treatment of invasive aspergillosis: results of a prospective observational registry
Reichert P. - Microbiological surveillance of Clostridium difficile infections in Luxembourg, 2006–2007
Reid G. - Molecular evaluation of Brazilian vaginal lactobacilli microbiota and the role of hydrogen peroxide-producing isolates
Reijans M. - Rapid detection of pathogenic Clostridium difficile strains and recognition of PCR ribotypes 017 and 027
Reinert R. - emm-types distribution and susceptibility pattern of group A streptococci isolated from pharyngitis patients in Serbia
  - Distribution of the macrolide resistance genes mefA, mefE, and erm in S. pneumoniae and S. pyogenes in Germany from 2005 to 2006
Reinhart K. - Relevance of testing for microbial DNA in critically ill patients
Reinvartova G. - Kinetics of HIV-specific CD8+ T-cells in HIV-infected adults: one-year follow-up
Reis L. - Diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from extrapulmonary specimens with real-time PCR
Reller L. - Investigative use only test card using the VITEK 2 system as compared to broth microdilution
Rello J. - Nosocomial pneumonia in the critical care setting
  - Epidemiology, guidelines, processes of care and clinical experience in severe community-acquired pneumonia
Relvas L. - Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection in an immunosuppressed patient with a nephrotic syndrome
Renaud F.N.R. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains DNA typing by semi-automated repetitive-sequence-based PCR
Renault A. - Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum endocarditis in metropolitan France
Renko M. - Biofilm formation of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from nasopharynx and middle-ear effusion
Rennie R. - Comparison of Oxoid M.I.C.Evaluator™ device with broth micro-dilution and Etest® device from AB Biodisk for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of staphylococci, streptococci and enterococci
  - Clinical evaluation of a preservative impregnated sponge to stabilise urine samples transported for microbiological culture
  - Comparison of Oxoid M.I.C.Evaluator™ device with broth micro-dilution and Etest® device from AB Biodisk for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Enterobacteriaceae
  - Surveillance of Staphylococcus aureus susceptibility to fusidic acid in five Canadian laboratories
  - Caspofungin Etest endpoint for Aspergillus shows poor essential agreement with the reference minimum effective concentration
Renois F. - Clinical, epidemiological and virological features of an aseptic meningitis outbreak in northeastern France, 2005
  - Human Bocavirus quantitative DNA detection and phylogenetic analysis in children hospitalised for acute bronchiolitis
Renwick L. - A two-centre study to determine possible geographic differences in the prevalence of Clostridium difficile ribotypes in Scotland
Resende L.A. - Heart rate variability in AIDS-patients co-infected with T. cruzi
Resende M. - Impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy and Candida spp. oral colonisation in AIDS patients in a Brazilian tertiary-care university hospital
Reshetnikov V. - Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in low-risk and high-risk female population in Novosibirsk, Russia
  - Seroprevalence of HIV in Russia (1987–2006)
Respaldiza N. - Pneumocystis jirovecii colonisation in young people with HIV infection
  - Smoking influence in Pneumocystis jirovecii colonisation from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  - DHPS genotypes in Pneumocystis jirovecii infected patients from Spain
Reuben J. - Evaluation of the BD Phoenix™ Automated Microbiology System to detect inducible-macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B resistance in Staphylococcus species
Reuter S. - Efficacy of caspofungin compared to itraconazole as secondary antifungal prophylaxis: a multinational case registry
Reuter G. - Ten-years surveillance of norovirus in outbreaks of gastroenteritis in Hungary: molecular epidemiology, genetic diversity and evolution
Reverdy M. - Factors associated with the severity of Clostridium difficile-associated disease: a one-year prospective study in a Lyon university hospital, France
Reverdy M.E. - Trends of incidence of Clostridium difficile-associated disease in a French university hospital between 2002 and 2006
  - Effect of antibiotics, alone and in association, on Panton-Valentine leukocidin production by Staphylococcus aureus
Revillo M.J. - Review of vulvovaginal candidiasis isolated in a Spanish hospital in a two-year period (2005–2007)
Revuelto-Rey J. - Effect of delay in the administration of adequate antibiotic treatment in Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteraemia
Rey-Cao S. - Comparative evaluation of performance and convenience of the RapID NH (OXOID™) with the API-NH (BioMérieux™)
Reyes M. - Comparison of Klebsiella pneumoniae virulence in mammalian and non-mammalian animal models
  - Incidence of human papillomavirus genotypes and estimated repercussion of quadrivalent vaccine in Cadiz, Spain
Reyes O. - Detection of human papillomavirus in HIV-positive Venezuelan patients
Rey-Joly C. - Prospective study on chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia in patients with solid neoplasm in the era of risk stratification
  - Should Legionella urinary antigen test be applied in any case of community-acquired pneumonia?
Reynders M. - Evaluation of the Cica-Beta Test for routine detection of AmpC cephalosporinase hyperproduction and extended-spectrum b-lactamase production
Reynes J. - Epidemiology, management and risk factors for death of invasive Candida infections in critical care units: a multicentre, prospective, observational study in France (2005–2006)
Reynolds R. - Unsuitability of MIC50, MIC90 for comparison of antibiotic potency
Reyrolle M. - Evolution of endemic clones of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 in France from 1995 to 2007
Rezaee A. - Immunological evaluation of recombinant human serum albumin–L7/L12 (Brucella abortus ribosomal protein) fusion protein in animal model
Rezaei N. - Serum bactericidal antibody response to polysaccharide meningococcal vaccination in common variable immunodeficiency and its clinical implications
  - Comparative study of serum bactericidal activity to serogroup C and serogroup A polysaccharide meningococcal vaccination
Rezaei Yazdi H. - Prevalence and detection of metallo-b-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains from clinical isolates in Iran.
Rezaeian M. - Amoebic keratitis in Iran (1997–2007)
Rezoudi F. - Resistance to carbapenems and phenotypic detection of metallo-b-lactamases in P. aeruginosa clinical isolates
  - Detection of metallo-b-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae clinical isolates
Rezusta A. - Review of vulvovaginal candidiasis isolated in a Spanish hospital in a two-year period (2005–2007)
Rhomberg P. - Daptomycin activity and spectrum when tested against Gram-positive species responsible for bloodstream infections in European medical centres
  - Enhanced activity of daptomycin and vancomycin combined with imipenem or oxacillin against community-acquired MRSA isolates
  - Rapid emergence and dissemination of blaCTX-M among Enterobacteriaceae in USA medical centres: report from the MYSTIC Program (2007)
  - Acquired carbapenemase-encoding genes among Gram-negative isolates in USA medical centres: report from the MYSTIC Program (2007)
Rhys-Williams W. - XF-73: a novel antimicrobial with broad-ranging Gram-positive antibacterial activity
  - XF-73: a novel antimicrobial – Investigation of the change in MIC against multiple MRSA strains during a 55-passage study
  - XF-73, a novel anti-staphylococcal antimicrobial with very rapid bactericidal activity
Rialp G. - Retrospective, multicentre, pharmaco-epidemiological study of the administration of liposomal amphotericin B in patients admitted to intensive care units
Ribadeau-Dumas F. - Infective endocarditis in children: a single cohort study of 51 cases in a French university hospital
Ribeiro A. - Multidrug and extensive drug-resistant tuberculosis in Lisbon, Portugal: molecular epidemiology and resistance mechanisms
  - Prevalence of embB306 mutations among ethambutol-resistant and susceptible isolates: correlation with ethambutol and multidrug resistance
  - Therapeutic immunisation with Streptococcus sobrinus enolase protects against dental caries in rats
Ribeiro G. - First report of a Morganella morganii clinical isolate producing VIM-2 carbapenemase
Ribeiro J. - Emergence of a XDR-OXA-23-producing Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolate
Ribeiro de Souza da Cunha M.L. - Evaluation of the resistance profile and detection of virulence genes in Staphylococcus aureus isolates from clinical and surveillance samples collected at a Brazilian teaching hospital
Ribes S. - Toll-like receptor agonists stimulate phagocytosis of Escherichia coli by murine microglial cells
  - Efficacy of fosfomycin alone or combined with imipenem, linezolid and vancomycin, in vitro and in a murine peritonitis model due to two strains of GISA
Ricanek P. - Are mycobacteria present in colon biopsies from patients with early inflammatory bowel disease?
Ricart M.J. - Combination antifungal therapy for invasive aspergillosis in solid organ transplant recipients
Riccardo F. - Sustained mumps transmission in a highly vaccinated population
Rice B. - VIDAS C. difficile toxin A&B assay performance evaluation and epidemiological analysis of samples collected in UK and US
Rich M. - An investigation into clostridia toxins as a cause of gastro-intestinal disease in companion animals
  - The prevalence of fluroquinolone resistance amongst staphylococci isolated from houshold pets
  - Biocide and antibiotic resistance in staphylococcal isolates from household pets
Richard P. - REPEVAX® can be safely administered as a booster one month after tetanus, diphtheria and poliomyelitis vaccination: an option for managing increasing incidence of Bordetella pertussis (whooping cough) infection
Richards G.A. - The role of antimicrobial susceptibility testing of anaerobic bacteria from clinically significant isolates
Richardson M. - Activity of echinocandins against Candida albicans strains with decreased susceptibility to fluconazole isolated from APECED patients
Richter H. - In vitro activity of a mixture of mustard oils (isothiocyanates) against antimicrobial and multidrug-resistant bacteria
Ridgeway G. - Evaluation of four nucleic acid amplification tests for Chlamydia trachomatis in urine specimens
Riegel P. - Evaluation of the new VITEK-2 ANC identification card in a clinical laboratory
Riera M. - Measles outbreak and serological testing of healthcare workers in a Spanish hospital
  - Healthcare-associated bacteraemic pneumonia: aetiology, severity of disease and outcomes
Rietveld A. - Outbreak investigation of a Q fever outbreak in a rural setting in the Netherlands
Riffard S. - Optimisation and evaluation of an immunomagnetic separation method using a monoclonal anti-LPS antibody for the detection of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 in environmental water samples
Riggio D. - Impact of a new perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis policy on the antimicrobial resistance: experience in a comprehensive cancer centre
Rihs J. - US survey on resistance among the Bacteroides species for 2005–2007
Riis A. - Diabetes, glycaemic control and risk of hospitalisation with pneumonia: a population-based case-control study
Rijnders M.I.A. - The population structure of Staphylococcus aureus isolates of ICU patients in the Netherlands between 1996 and 2006
Rijnsburger M. - Diversilab typing for management of Enterobacter cloacae outbreaks at a neonatal ICU
Rijnsburger M.C. - First detection of transferable metallo-b-lactamases in the Netherlands
Rijs A.J.M.M. - Azole resistant clinical Aspergillus fumigatus isolates are genetically clustered
  - Environmental Aspergillus fumigatus isolates resistant to triazoles are genetically related to resistant clinical isolates
Riley T. - Clostridium difficile at a teaching hospital in Western Australia: providing insight into community acquisition
Rincon G. - Faropenem pharmacokinetics in AOM children following oral administration of faropenem medoxomil
Ringertz S.H. - A controlled intervention study to improve antibiotic use in a Russian paediatric hospital
Rio Y. - Dalbavancin (DECIDE) tested against indicated Gram-positive species in European medical centres: results from France
Ripa S. - Effect of upstream regulatory regions and growth conditions on erm(B)-mediated constitutive MLS resistance in Group A Streptococci
Ripa C. - Analysis of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from catheter infections isolated in a large Italian hospital
Ripa S. - Analysis of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from catheter infections isolated in a large Italian hospital
Ripani P. - Novel methods for the diagnosis of HPV infection
Ripoll A. - A quantitative-PCR based method to estimate the fitness cost of antibiotic resistance in competition experiments
  - Relative fitness of different plasmids carrying blaCTX-M-15 gene
Riquelme E. - A 4-year study on paediatric vulvovaginitis
  - Clostridium difficile-associated diseases: a 2-year study
Rirerm U. - Differentiating Pseudomonas aeruginosa from common enteric bacteria by digital tinctorial properties
Risggits A. - Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus in healthcare workers in a general hospital in Komotini, Greece
  - An outbreak of hepatitis A in northeastern Greece
Rissoan J. - Optimisation and evaluation of an immunomagnetic separation method using a monoclonal anti-LPS antibody for the detection of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 in environmental water samples
Rius C. - Outbreak of measles in Catalonia (Spain): importance of laboratory confirmation
Rivas N.R. - Predictive factors for typhlitis in paediatric oncology patients with neutropenia and abdominal focus
Rivera J. - Parasitaemia with Plasmodium falciparum in a patient after cardiac surgery and blood transfusion in a non-endemic country
Rivera C. - Expression of phagocyte Fcg receptors during anti-tuberculous treatment
Rivera-Olivero I. - Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in healthy Venezuelan children
  - Pneumococcal carriage in a geographically isolated indigenous community in Venezuela before, during and after an outbreak of acute respiratory tract infection
Rivero L. - Pneumocystis jirovecii colonisation in young people with HIV infection
  - Smoking influence in Pneumocystis jirovecii colonisation from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  - DHPS genotypes in Pneumocystis jirovecii infected patients from Spain
Rivero-Pérez B. - Variable number tandem repeat assay for typing meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  - Genotypic characterisation of Staphylococcus lugdunensis
Rizk N. - Genetic diversity of metallo-b-lactamases produced by carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  - Detection of Helicobacter pylori DNA in liver tissue samples from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma
Rizzardini G. - HPV genotypes in anal samples from Italian and foreign-born males attending an STD unit in Milan, Italy
Rizzo C. - Use of the recombinant k39 immunochromatographic strip-test for serological diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis: experience from Apulia, southern Italy
Roach P. - Bacterial membrane drug efflux and receptor proteins
Roana J. - Regional trends in telithromycin and azithromycin resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates
Robbins M. - XF-73: a novel antimicrobial – Investigation of the change in MIC against multiple MRSA strains during a 55-passage study
  - XF-73: a novel antimicrobial with broad-ranging Gram-positive antibacterial activity
Robert-Gangneux F. - Role of invariant NKT lymphocytes in the hepatic granulomatous response to Leishmania donovani infection
  - Comparison of two real-time PCR targets (B1 and REP 529) for Toxoplasma gondii DNA detection for the diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis
Roberts I. - Collagen-like proteins from the enterohaemorrhagic E. coli strain O157:H7
Robinson O. - Emergence and dissemination of USA300 MRSA in Australia
Robotham J.V. - The influence of patient heterogeneities on healthcare-associated infection, epidemic behaviour and control
Robres P. - Diagnosis of tuberculosis infection in HIV-infected patients: an interferon-gamma assay versus tuberculin skin test
Rocha J. - Aquatic environment contamination with an epidemic Escherichia coli clone harbouring blaCTX-M-15, blaOXA-1, blaTEM-1, and aac(6')-Ib-cr in Portugal
  - Environmental emergence of multiresistant Enterobacteriaceae harbouring blaCTX-M-15, and aac(6')-Ib-cr in Portugal
Rochat I. - Hypersensitivity pneumonitis due to Pseudozyma sp. in a liver-transplanted child
Rodepeter S. - First description of Staphylococcus lugdunensis internalisation into epithelial cells
Roder J. - Detection of Aspergillus DNA by a nested PCR assay with high sensitivity and specificity rates is able to improve the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis in paediatric patients
Rodgers R. - A rapid, fully-automated PCR system for sample processing, diagnosis, and rifampin resistance detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Rodicio M.R. - Diversity of the virulence and genomic backgrounds in clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus collected in a Spanish hospital 1992 to 2006
Rodier M.H. - Fusarium oxysporum and free-living amoebae
Rodier M-H. - In vitro anti-biofilm activity of micafungin in a lock strategy
Rodier M.H. - Relationships between Candida albicans and free-living amoebae
Rodionova N. - Prevalence of Giardia intestinalis lamblia among children with allergies from Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Rodloff A.C. - Differentiation of Prevotella intermedia and Prevotella nigrescens by MALDI-TOF-MS
Rodrigo C. - Clinical features and prognosis factors of community-acquired acute bacterial meningitis in Spain
  - Evaluation of a real-time PCR (GeneXperTSystem) for the diagnosis of intrapartum group B Streptococcus colonisation
  - Evaluation of new enzyme immunoassays for the detection of meta-pneumovirus infection in a paediatric population
  - Changes in invasive pneumococcal disease among children after the introduction of the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
Rodrigues V. - Clonality and presence of fimbrial adhesin genes of Escherichia coli isolated in recurrent cystitis from a 48-year-old female
Rodrigues L. - Simple methods to screen efflux pump activity and efflux pump inhibitors in multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli
  - Intrinsic drug resistance of M. aviumM. intracellulare complex: the role played by efflux pumps
  - Response of regulatory, efflux pump transporter and Omp genes during prolonged antibiotic stress and development of MDR in Gram-negative bacteria
Rodriguez M.C. - Hyperexpression of MexXY-OprM and MexCD-OprJ in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with decreased susceptibility to cefepime
Rodriguez C. - Hyperexpression of MexXY-OprM and MexCD-OprJ in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with decreased susceptibility to cefepime
Rodriguez V. - Use of a new PCR to identify Candida species isolated directly from a positive blood culture
Rodriguez E. - blaVIM-2-carrying integron among Enterobacteriaceae isolates in Mexico: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program
Rodríguez F. - Re-evaluation by microdilution of Etest method to determine tigecycline susceptibility in Acinetobacter
Rodríguez J.M. - Enterocin C, a two-peptide bacteriocin produced by a Enterococcus faecalis strain isolated from human colostrum
  - Microbial analysis of breast milk as a tool to differentiate infectious mastitis and Raynaud's syndrome during lactation
  - Oral administration of a genetically-labelled Enterococcus faecium strain to pregnant mice leads to its presence in foetal meconium
Rodriguez D. - Clinical features and prognosis factors of community-acquired acute bacterial meningitis in Spain
Rodríguez E. - Epidemiology of imported malaria to Catalonia (Spain): 2001–2006
Rodriguez M.C. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa producing VIM-2 metallo-b-lactamase in Cantabria, Spain.
Rodriguez C. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa producing VIM-2 metallo-b-lactamase in Cantabria, Spain.
Rodríguez I. - Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolates from animal origin encoding blaCTX-M1 and harbouring a non-common integron profile related to a Salmonella Genomic Island 1 variant
Rodríguez R. - Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa among hospitalised patients: risk and prognosis factors
Rodriguez D. - Community-acquired acute bacterial meningitis in older people in Spain
Rodríguez M. - Serological screening of Chagas' disease in pregnant immigrant women proceeding from endemic areas in Spain
Rodríguez R. - Characteristics of fungaemias in western Malaga over a period of six years
Rodriguez G. - Polymicrobial bacteraemia in cancer patients
Rodriguez Aranda A. - Incidence and risk factors of recurrent bacteraemia due to Escherichia coli
  - Clonal spread of linezolid and teicoplanin-resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus in intensive care unit patients in a tertiary hospital
Rodriguez Lay L. - Hepatitis E in Cuba: the case report of an infected pregnant woman
Rodriguez Nava V. - Molecular identification of clinical isolates of Nocardia and related Actinomycetes in the French Observatory for Nocardiosis (OFN) – New epidemiology data of nocardiosis in France between 2000 and 2007
Rodríguez Pérez M. - Leptospirosis: prognostic factors associated with mortality
Rodriguez-Aranda A. - Heteroresistant vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus is associated to recurrent bacteraemia with the same strain
Rodríguez-Avial I. - Comparative activity of various antimicrobial agents against Bacteroides fragilis group strains
Rodríguez-Baño J. - Epidemiological and clinical features associated with the colonisation/infection by Acinetobacter baumannii heteroresistant to carbapenems
  - Prevailing occurrence of SHV-12-producing E. coli isolates in retail raw meat samples in southern Spain
  - Predisposing factors for CTX-M or SHV extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in community-acquired infections
Rodriguez-Baños M. - Qualitative and quantitative composition of gut microbiota from cystic fibrosis patients
  - vanB2-Tn5382 typing in enterococcal clones disseminated around 16 hospitals in Chile
Rodriguez-Calviño J. - Trend of prevalence of human immunodefiency virus type 1(HIV-1) non-B aubtypes in Galicia, northwestern Spain
Rodriguez-Carballeira M. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa in sputum at admission in hospitalised patients for acute COPD exacerbation: prognostic implications
  - Healthcare-associated bacteraemic pneumonia: aetiology, severity of disease and outcomes
  - Measles outbreak and serological testing of healthcare workers in a Spanish hospital
Rodriguez-Creixems M. - Evolution of Campylobacter bacteraemia before and in the era of highly active anti-retroviral therapy
Rodríguez-Créixems M. - Rapid determination of the antifungal susceptibility of Candida isolates using direct samples of blood from patients with fungaemia: the role of the Etest
Rodríguez-Domínguez M. - Relative fitness of different plasmids carrying blaCTX-M-15 gene
Rodriguez-Dominguez M. - A quantitative-PCR based method to estimate the fitness cost of antibiotic resistance in competition experiments
Rodríguez-Guardado A. - Leptospirosis: prognostic factors associated with mortality
  - Usefulness of polymerase chain reaction in the diagnosis of asymptomatic Plasmodium infection
  - Serological screening of Chagas' disease in pregnant immigrant women proceeding from endemic areas in Spain
Rodriguez-Lera M.J. - Risk factors for hospital admission in patients with occult Escherichia coli bacteraemia discharged from the emergency department
Rodríguez-Martínez J.M. - Evolution of quinolone resistance mediated by genetic changes in qnrA, qnrB and qnrS genes
Rodriguez-Morales A. - Seroprevalence of blood-borne infections among blood donors in Venezuela, 2001–2002
  - Preliminary analysis of the molecular phylogenetics of Toxocara canis (Nematoda: Ascaridoidea) using nuclear ribosomal second internal transcribed spacer sequences
Rodríguez-Mulero M.D. - Risk factors for nosomial infections in an intensive care unit
Rodriguez-Noriega E. - Metallo-b-lactamases type IMP associated with loss expression of OprD porins in nosocomial isolates of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  - Cross-transmission of a multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clone produced endemic nosocomial bacteraemia and one outbreak in a Mexican Hospital
Rodriguez-Otero L. - Trend of prevalence of human immunodefiency virus type 1(HIV-1) non-B aubtypes in Galicia, northwestern Spain
  - Incidence of candidaemia: 5-year results from emerging infections in patients from the intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital
  - A Trichuris vulpis parasitosis: an unexpected discovery
  - Risk factors associated to mortality in intensive care unit patients with candidaemia
Rodríguez-Plata M. - Community-acquired meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a reference childrens' hospital in Spain
Rodriguez-Plata M.T. - Rapid diagnosis of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 1 by real-time PCR
Rodríguez-Salvanés F. - Evolution of glycopeptide MICs in MRSA and MSSA isolates in a Spanish hospital between 2002 and 2006
Rodriguez-Tudela J.L. - In vitro susceptibility of clinical isolates of Candida kefyr
Rodríguez-Tudela J. - In vitro susceptibility of clinical isolates of Dipodascus capitatus
Rodriguez-Villalobos H. - Comparison of 4 commercial methods for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of temocillin
Rodulfo H. - Risk factors and epidemiology of malaria in endemic zones of Venezuela
Rodvold K.A. - Use of pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic principles for decision support for short-course oritavancin dosing regimens for complicated skin and skin structure infections
Rogers T. - Molecular characterisation of antimicrobial resistant bacteraemic Escherichia coli isolates from an Irish hospital
  - Molecular characterisation of antimicrobial resistance mechanisms and genotype of Irish Enterobacteriacae
  - Antimicrobial resistance mechanisms in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  - Implementation of an intravenous to oral switch policy for antimicrobials in a secondary care setting
Rogers J. - Absence of MRSA in clinical mastitis samples recovered from dairy cattle across England and Wales
Rogstad K.E. - Sex, sun, sea and sexually transmitted infections
Rogues A.M. - Determinants of antibiotic use in surgical wards and in intensive care units in southwestern France
  - Healthcare workers' knowledge of their patients' meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage
Roh K.H. - Comparison of toxigenic status and PCR ribotype of Clostridium difficile in three university teaching hospitals in Korea
Rohner P. - Incidence of newer antifungal consumption and incidence of Candidaemia in an adult intensive care unit
Rohrbach J. - Effect of vancomycin versus rifampicin in combination with ceftriaxone on inflammation and hearing loss in experimental pneumococcal meningitis
  - The host response in pneumococcal meningitis: differential transcriptome analysis in cerebral cortex and hippocampus
Roidova A. - Fungaemia in Slovakia: a prospective, national study
Roig J. - Inhaled corticosteroids increase the risk of pneumonia? A further step in a population-based study
Roig E. - Combination antifungal therapy for invasive aspergillosis in solid organ transplant recipients
Roilides E. - Fungal biomass is a key factor affecting polymorphonuclear leukocyte-induced hyphal damage of filamentous fungi
  - Correlation between antifungal drug susceptibility and morphological changes of Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis biofilms
  - Difference in susceptibility to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) between Aspergillus fumigatus and Fusarium solani
  - Cytokine production by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes in response to different zygomycetes
  - Analysis of pharmacodynamic interactions between antifungal drugs against Aspergillus fumigatus using the fractional inhibitory concentration index
  - Biofilm-forming capacity and biofilm antifungal drug resistance of Candida bloodstream isolates
Roiz M.P. - Risk factors for hospital admission in patients with occult Escherichia coli bacteraemia discharged from the emergency department
  - Susceptibility to tigecycline by Etest against extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing and AmpC-hyperproducing isolates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp.
  - Time-to-positivity of blood cultures in patients with Klebsiella spp. bacteraemia
Rojo-Conejo P. - Emergence of a single ST-8 clone of Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an ambulatory paediatric population, Madrid, Spain
Rolain J. - A new real-time quantitative PCR to detect Coxiella burnetii DNA
Rolland D. - VIDAS C. difficile toxin A&B assay performance evaluation and epidemiological analysis of samples collected in UK and US
Rollwagen L. - The Toll-like receptor 2 agonist Pam3CSK4 induces microglia-mediated neuronal cell death in vitro
Rolo D. - Diversity of pneumococcal surface protein A among prevalent clones causing invasive disease in adult patients in Barcelona (1997–2006)
  - Comparison of macrolide-resistant and macrolide-susceptible populations of group A streptococci from asymptomatic oropharyngeal colonisation in Portugal
  - Changes in the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease in adults after introduction of PCV7 in children, Barcelona, Spain
  - Molecular epidemiology and macrolide resistance traits of Streptococcus agalactiae and Streptococcus uberis from bovine mastitis
Rolston K. - Polymicrobial bacteraemia in cancer patients
  - Pneumonia in patients with cancer
Román F. - Decreasing b-lactamase production and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resistance in Haemophilus influenzae in Spain (1997–2007)
  - Mechanisms of amoxicillin resistance in Haemophilus influenzae in Spain
Romand J. - Incidence of newer antifungal consumption and incidence of Candidaemia in an adult intensive care unit
Romani C. - Cluster of human listeriosis cases traced by molecular typing to taleggio cheese, Italy
Romanik M. - Local immune response in women infected with HPV and Chlamydia trachomatis
Romano R. - Preliminary study on possible risk co-factors in the transmission route of HHV-8 with promoter blood sucking arthropods. Survey through questionnaires in two sub-Saharan African countries: Cameroon and Senegal
Romanos K. - Study of community-acquired bacteraemias managed in a medical department
Rombini S. - Effect of upstream regulatory regions and growth conditions on erm(B)-mediated constitutive MLS resistance in Group A Streptococci
Romero S.P. - HIV-related morbidity in the HAART era
  - Neoplasia in patients with HIV infection: effect of HAART
Romero M. - Invasive pneumococcal disease in children after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
Romero A. - Evaluation of disc diffusion in susceptibility testing of anidulafungin against Aspergillus isolates
Romero C. - Phagocyte Fcg receptors expression in bacteraemia
  - Quantification of Brucella melitensis DNA in patients with brucellosis
Romero M. - Whooping cough in Catalonia, Spain
Romero M.J. - Usefulness of urinary Streptococcus pneumoniae test for early aetiologic diagnostic of community-acquired pneumonia admitted to a regional hospital (ATHENAS Study)
Romero S.P. - Bone mineral density in HIV infection
Romero-Jung P. - Influence of p38 MAPK isoforms (alpha, beta, gamma and delta) in apoptosis induced by HIV-1 in CD4+ T lymphocyte-based cell lines
Romero-Jung P.A. - Comparison between AST-N058 card (VITEK 2) and UNMIC/ID-62 panels (BD Phoenix) ESBL test for detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamases in E. coli and K. pneumoniae
Romero-Jung P. - Trend of prevalence of human immunodefiency virus type 1(HIV-1) non-B aubtypes in Galicia, northwestern Spain
Romero-Yuste S. - Influence of p38 MAPK isoforms (alpha, beta, gamma and delta) in apoptosis induced by HIV-1 in CD4+ T lymphocyte-based cell lines
Romo M. - Molecular typing of the resistance plasmids of a vancomycin-resistant enterococci nosocomial outbreak in Spain
  - Identification of enterococcal plasmids by multiplex-PCR-based relaxase typing
Ronco E. - Optimising the flow of ID-AST information between microbiology laboratory and intensive care unit with the new feature of EpiCenter version 5.5 connected to the BD Phoenix system
Roncucci G. - Staphylococcus aureus biofilm eradication: a new approach by phodynamic therapy
Rooney S.J. - Prospective, randomised clinical trial to compare the efficacy of two 70% (v/v) isopropyl alcohol solutions containing either 0.5% (w/v) chlorhexidine gluconate or 2% (w/v) CHG for skin antisepsis during coronary artery bypass grafting
Rooney P. - Comparison of the VITEK®2 AST-N054 test card with MASTDISCS® manual disc testing for the detection of extended spectrum b-lactamase production in Escherichia coli with CTX-M phenotypes
Roovers A. - Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli carrying stx2f as an emerging cause of diarrhoea in the Netherlands
Ropero F. - Characteristics of fungaemias in western Malaga over a period of six years
  - Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa among hospitalised patients: risk and prognosis factors
Roque-Cuellar M.C. - Evaluation of the cytomegalovirus reactivation after solid organ transplant
Ros A. - Routine-based evaluation through a 3-year survey of the commercial Chlamylege assay for direct identification by multiplex PCR of Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila and Legionella spp. in human respiratory infection
Ros J. - Usefulness of enzyme immunoassay as a screening method in syphilis serology
Rosales-Pantoja P. - Evaluation of the sporicidal and tuberculocidal activity of the ``high level disinfectant'' lauryl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide
Rosario D. - Myocarditis outbreak with fatal cases associated to Adenovirus subgenera C among children, Havana City, 2005
Rose Y. - A new approach towards the prevention and treatment of osteomyelitis: synthesis and in vitro studies of bisphosphonated rifamycin prodrugs
Rose C.M. - Daptomycin monotherapy in the treatment of vancomycin-resistant enterococcal bacteraemia
Roselló E. - Use of a new PCR to identify Candida species isolated directly from a positive blood culture
Rosenberg A. - Prevalence for serological markers of hepatotropic viruses A, B, and C, and hepatitis A and B vaccination needs in a prospective cohort of patients with chronic liver diseases awaiting liver transplantation
Rosenblatt J. - US survey on resistance among the Bacteroides species for 2005–2007
Rosenheim M. - Epidemiology, management and risk factors for death of invasive Candida infections in critical care units: a multicentre, prospective, observational study in France (2005–2006)
Roses S. - Evaluation of a Latex Agglutination test for the detection of Helicobacter pylori in stool specimens
Rosety M. - Expression of phagocyte Fcg receptors during anti-tuberculous treatment
  - Phagocyte Fcg receptors expression in bacteraemia
Rosini S. - Novel methods for the diagnosis of HPV infection
Ross T. - Establishing a rep-PCR DNA fingerprinting library for moulds
  - Comparison between rep-PCR-based DNA fingerprint and sequence analyses of clinically relevant Nocardia species
Rossi M. - Management of bacteraemia due to carbapenem resistant non-carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae
Rossi V. - Antibiotic susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm to ulifloxacin and other fluoroquinolones
Rossi K. - Evaluation of the Etest GRD strip for identification of hGISA
Rossi F. - Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of inducible Enterobacteriaceae isolated from intra-abdominal infections worldwide: results from SMART 2006
Rossini G. - Preliminary evaluation of a commercially available rapid immunochromatographic method for the detection of IgM antibody response to chikungunya and dengue viruses
Rosso C. - Prevalence and determinants of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among young women (14–24 years) in Turin, Italy
Rossolini G. - Management of bacteraemia due to carbapenem resistant non-carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae
Rossolini G.M. - Isolation of carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas otitidis from a patient with chronic otitis media
  - Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes in extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae, Italy
Rossolini G. - Nosocomial outbreak caused by multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa producing IMP-13 metallo-b-lactamase in France
Rossolini G.M. - Activity of ertapenem and other agents against clinical isolates of Proteeae producing extended-spectrum or AmpC-type b-lactamases
  - First detection of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii producing the OXA-24 carbapenemase in Italy
Rossolini G. - Usage of carbapenems significantly increase the rate of new colonisation due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitalised patients
Rostami M. - Demographic, clinical and laboratory data in 232 typhoid fever cases
Rostami Baroei M. - Evaluation of pro/anti inflammatory responses after rectal administration of Mycobacterium bovis BCG
  - Antimycobacterial activity of two Berberis species used as traditional medicine in Iran
Rostaminejad M. - Genetic variability of hepatitis B virus "a" determinant in Iranian isolates
Rotar A. - Clinical epidemiology and microbiological spectrum of nosocomial endocarditis
  - Epidemiological and bacteriological profile of community-acquired infective endocarditis
Rotas E. - Time changes in microbiology of diabetic foot ulcers in a diabetes clinic, Athens, Greece
Rothen M. - Late port-a-cath infection with Enterobacter amnigenus – An example of Gram-negative port-a-cath infection
Rotimi V. - Role of tigecycline in the control of outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infections in an intensive care unit, Kuwait
Rotstein C. - An evaluation of hospital length of stay in intensive care patients with invasive candidiasis treated with anidulafungin versus fluconazole
Rottiers S. - Clonal distribution of meticillin-resistant and susceptible Staphylococcus aureus invasive isolates in Belgium, EARSS/ SeqNet study, 2006–2007
  - International external quality assessment programme for the molecular detection of Legionella pneumophila in respiratory samples: results from 2006 and 2007
Rottman M. - Optimising the flow of ID-AST information between microbiology laboratory and intensive care unit with the new feature of EpiCenter version 5.5 connected to the BD Phoenix system
Roure S. - Should Legionella urinary antigen test be applied in any case of community-acquired pneumonia?
  - Trends in listeriosis in a university hospital (1983–2007)
Roure sobas C. - Performance of five commercial immunoblots for serological confirmation of syphilis
Rourke T.L. - SIV-specific CD8+ T-cells mediated protection from uncontrolled viral replication after vaginal challenge in live-attenuated immunised rhesus macaques
Rousseau F. - Characterisation of an outbreak of nosocomial infection caused by a multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii producing OXA-30 type-b-lactamase
Roussel S. - Emergence of azole cross-resistance in Candida glabrata following exposure to azole antifungals in a surgical intensive care unit
Roussel-Delvallez M. - Comparative activity of meropenem, imipenem and piperacillin / tazobactam against 1118 bacteria involved in hospital infections: a French multicentre study
  - Trends in nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae among children attending daycare centres in France: 1999–2006
  - In vitro bactericidal effect of imipenem, meropenem and piperacillin/tazobactam against b-lactam-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains and ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae
  - Trends in antibiotic prescription among children attending daycare centres in France: 1999–2006
  - Dalbavancin (DECIDE) tested against indicated Gram-positive species in European medical centres: results from France
Roux A-L. - Optimising the flow of ID-AST information between microbiology laboratory and intensive care unit with the new feature of EpiCenter version 5.5 connected to the BD Phoenix system
Rovers M.M. - Ventilator-associated pneumonia and attributable mortality: a systematic review of observational studies
Rovira N. - Chronic in utero exposition to nevirapine does not cause hepatotoxicity in HIV-uninfected healthy infants
Roy A. - What is the impact of a Tuberculosis National Knowledge Week?
  - Information overload or under load! How national knowledge weeks can help busy professionals
Royuela E. - Importance of molecular detection for diagnosis and monitoring mumps-virus infection
Rozalski A. - Intracellular crystallisation caused by Proteus mirabilis plays a significant role in recurrent urolithiasis
Rozborskaya O. - Quantitative determination and pharmacokinetics of oritavancin in rabbit serum and tibia
Rozé J.C. - Usefulness of denaturing high-pressure liquid chromatography to assess in situ gut microbiota in neonates
Rozemeijer W. - Abiotrophia defectiva infection of a total hip arthroplasty diagnosed by 16S r RNA sequencing
Rozentale B. - Diphtheria in Latvia – Still important healthcare problem
Rozgonyi F. - Epidemiological survey of invasive pneumococci in Hungary
  - In vivo bactericidal effect of a new proline-rich peptide A3-APO on an ESBL-producing Escherichia coli strain
  - Comparison of Austrian, Hungarian and Macedonian meticillin-resistant and meticillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus strains in relation to accessory gene regulator type
Rozi P. - Dissemination of VIM-1- and VIM-4-producing Acinetobacter baumannii clones in an intensive care unit
Roznovsky L. - Long-term follow-up of new-borns of HBsAg positive mothers vaccinated against hepatitis B
Rozsypal H. - Kinetics of HIV-specific CD8+ T-cells in HIV-infected adults: one-year follow-up
Rozynek E. - Multiple antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter spp. isolated from hospitalised children in Poland during 2002–2007
Rubenhagen B. - Comparison of standard test for bacterial endotoxin detection with a rapid slide method
Rubino C.M. - Use of pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic principles for decision support for short-course oritavancin dosing regimens for complicated skin and skin structure infections
Rubino L. - QuantiFERON®-TB Gold test in homeless shelter staff: preliminary results
Rubinstein E. - Telavancin for hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia: the ATTAIN studies
Rubio M.C. - Molecular characterisation of quinolone-resistance in erythromycin-resistant Streptococcus agalactiae clinical isolates
  - Analysis of structural alterations in the regulatory region of the erm(TR) gene of Streptococcus agalactiae with constitutively expressed MLSB resistance
Rubio C. - Salmonella enterica producing extended-spectrum b-lactamases in Zaragoza, Spain, 2001 to 2005
Rubio-Terrés C. - Cost of bacteraemia caused by meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Spain
Rubtsova M. - Rapid extended-spectrum b-lactamases detection using DNA chips
Rucevic M. - Granzyme K levels and NK cell lytic activity in experimental mice challenged with LPS and/or IL-2+IL-12
Rudakov N. - Tick-borne rickettsiosis in the Altai region of Russia
Rüden H. - E. faecalis and P. aeruginosa are useful epidemiological markers for the analysis of transmission events on intensive care units
Rudenko N. - Detection of Borrelia bissettii in the South Bohemia region of the Czech Republic: cases of single and multiple infections in humans
  - A new (14th) member of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex
Rudinsky B. - National 14-year survey of nosocomial meningitis in children and comparison of two periods, 1993–1998 to 1999–2006
Rudolph K. - The epidemiology of invasive group A streptococcal infection in the North American Arctic, 2000–2006
Rudolph M. - Efficient automated purification and accurate quantification of cytomegalovirus DNA
Rudzite D. - Use of GenoType® Enterococcus test to improve enterococci detection correctness
Rueden H. - Outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii carrying the carbapenemase OXA-23 in a German university medical centre
Ruef C. - Comparison of antifungal therapy in intensive care unit and oncological patients
Rueping M.J. - Fungiscope – the Global Rare Fungal Infection Registry
Ruggeri F.M. - Aetiology of paediatric viral gastroenteritis in Bulgaria
Ruhwald M. - A comparison between QuantiFERON and tuberculin skin test during screening for tuberculosis infection in a contact investigation among students
  - RD-1 antigen based in vitro diagnosis of TB infection: IP-10/CXCL10 is a novel potent biomarker with comparable performance to the Quantiferon In Tube test
Ruijs G.J.H.M. - Evaluation and implementation of a chromogenic agar medium for the detection of Salmonella in stool in routine laboratory diagnostics
  - Implementing molecular detection of gastro-intestinal protozoa and implications for an algorithm for complete parasitological diagnostics in the microbiological laboratory routine
  - Association between group A beta-haemolytic streptococci and vulvovaginitis in adult women: a case control study
Ruimy R. - The carriage population of Staphylococcus aureus from Mali is composed of a combination of pandemic clones and the divergent genotype ST 152
Ruiz E. - Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of antimicrobial resistance in faecal enterococci of healthy humans and animals
Ruiz J. - Frequency and molecular epidemiology of integron-carrying Salmonella enterica ser Typhimurium isolates from the health region of Terres de l'Ebre, northeastern Spain
  - Is Bartonella bacilliformis, endemic pathogen of the Andean areas, intrinsically resistant to quinolones?
Ruiz M. - Infectious complications of short-term ventricular assist devices
Ruiz P. - Expression of phagocyte Fcg receptors during anti-tuberculous treatment
Ruiz J. - Nosocomial fungaemias at a general hospital: the change of epidemiological and clinical characteristics. A comparative study of 2 cohorts (1993–8 vs. 2002–05)
Ruiz L. - Community-acquired pneumonia occurring in immunocompromised older patients: incidence, causative organisms, and outcome
Ruiz B. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa producing VIM-2 metallo-b-lactamase in Cantabria, Spain.
Ruiz J. - Antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of Shigella spp. and Salmonella spp. isolated from children <5 years of age with diarrhoea in southern Mozambique
Ruiz E. - Characterisation of an unusual class 1 integron in Escherichia coli isolates of animal origin
Ruiz J. - Biofilm production and antimicrobial susceptibility of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli causing traveller's diarrhoea
  - Genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis MDR and XDR strains in Lima, Peru
  - Molecular epidemiology and mechanisms of b-lactam resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates with reduced susceptibility to amoxicillin-clavulanate from a chronic-care hospital
  - Mechanism of resistance to antimicrobial agents in Shigella strains isolated from stools among children under 5 years of age in southern Mozambique
  - High levels of antimicrobial resistance of diarrhoegenic Escherichia coli in Peruvian infants
Ruiz P. - Genotype MTBDRplus for detection of rifampin and isoniacid resistance in clinical specimens of M. tuberculosis
  - Phagocyte Fcg receptors expression in bacteraemia
Ruiz de Gopegui E. - Phylogenetic background and virulence profile of Escherichia coli causing neonatal disease
Ruiz Manzano J. - Usefulness of MTBDRplus assay for rapid genotypic detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistant to isoniazid and rifampicin directly in clinical specimens
Ruíz-Barba J.L. - Enterocin C, a two-peptide bacteriocin produced by a Enterococcus faecalis strain isolated from human colostrum
Ruíz-Garbajosa P. - Population structure of Enterococcus isolates from Portugal
Ruiz-Garbajosa P. - Increased mutation frequency among Enterococcus faecium belonging to clonal complex 17
Ruíz-Garbajosa P. - Plasmid characterisation of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis strains from different continents (1989–2004)
Ruiz-Larrea F. - Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of antimicrobial resistance in faecal enterococci of healthy humans and animals
  - Characterisation of an unusual class 1 integron in Escherichia coli isolates of animal origin
Ruíz-Martínez P. - Twenty-six years review to M. tuberculosis resistance in Córdoba
Ruiz-Santana S. - Value of antibodies to the C. albicans enolase for the diagnosis of invasive candidiasis in non-neutropenic critically ill patients
Ruohola A. - Respiratory swab sampling for bacteria: comparisons of swab material, sampling site, and sample processing
  - Evolution of nasopharyngeal bacterial populations during acute and convalescent phase of otitis media
Ruppitsch W. - Mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units typing reveals high genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Austria
  - High resolution melting curve analysis and strain-specific SNPs: a new method for differentiation of the Ames strain from other Bacillus anthracis strains
  - Outbreak of acute gastroenteritis caused by Staphylococcal enterotoxins affecting an Austrian school centre
Rupprecht L. - Population pharmacokinetic analysis of moxifloxacin in patients undergoing cardiac surgery
  - Penetration of moxifloxacin into the tissue of heart and aortic root of patients
Rusan M. - Fusobacterium necrophorum in acute severe ear, nose and throat infections
Ruscio M. - Comparison of automated immunoassay LIAISON®Borrelia and ELISA Enzygnost® Borreliosi for the diagnosis of Lyme disease
Russell I. - European survey and consensus on infection control standards and performance indicators
Russo C. - Development of two combined real-time quantitative OCEANII PCR assays to detect Toxoplasma gondii in amniotic fluids and sera
Russo G. - Preliminary study on possible risk co-factors in the transmission route of HHV-8 with promoter blood sucking arthropods. Survey through questionnaires in two sub-Saharan African countries: Cameroon and Senegal
Russo C. - Pulmonary multiple colonisation of distinct genotypes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a patient admitted to an intensive care cardiology unit: use of a combined fingerprinting approach by rep-PCR and f-AFLP
Rusu C. - Re-emergence of infectious syphilis in Constanta county, Romania
Ruta S. - Human papillomavirus genotyping before the introduction of quadrivalent vaccine against HPV on the Romanian population
Rutherford C. - Use of quality indicators by clinical bacteriology laboratories in Ontario, Canada – External quality assessment survey by Quality Management Program–Laboratory Services
Ruutu P. - Epidemiology of nosocomial Candidaemia in a Finnish tertiary care hospital, 1987–2004
  - Trends in incidence of and serotypes causing invasive pneumococcal disease in Finland during 1995–2007: implications for introduction of conjugate vaccine
Ruzek D. - Detection of Borrelia bissettii in the South Bohemia region of the Czech Republic: cases of single and multiple infections in humans
Ru[zcaron]ic Sabljic E. - Three different approaches for detection of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato antibodies in routine laboratory diagnostics
Ruzic-Sabljic E. - Protein expression of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato strains during long-term in vitro cultivation
Ruzza M.L. - Human Metapneumovirus and human Bocavirus in hospitalised children with acute respiratory infections
Rvatcheva A. - Long-term course of clarithromycin for the treatment of stage II COPD patients with frequent exacerbations
Ryabchikova E. - Comparative study of the efficacy of low- and high-molecular inhibitors of influenza virus haemagglutinin
Ryang D. - CgCDR1, CgCDR2, and CgERG11 gene expression in Candida glabrata biofilms formed by bloodstream isolates
  - Multilocus sequence typing for Candida albicans strains from patients with candidaemia
Rybak B. - Alert patogeny among patients in a medical university hospital, Gdansk
Rybak M. - Evaluation of the Etest GRD strip for identification of hGISA
Rybak B. - ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae among neonates in an academic clinical centre, Gdansk, Poland
Rybak M. - Evaluation of vancomycin and daptomycin against MRSA and hVISA in an in vitro PKPD model with simulated endocardial vegetations
Rybak B. - Comparison of VITEK 2 generated extended spectrum b-lactamase phenotypes to double-disc test results in Enterobacteriaceae
Rybka K. - Detection of active polyomaviruses JC and BK in HIV-1-infected patients
  - CCR and HERV polymorphism in HIV-1 infection: Polish population analysis
Rydberg J. - Emergence of metallo-b-lactamase producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Scandinavia
Rye S.Y. - Risk factors for human infection with scrub typhus
Rye A. - Daptomycin is superior to penicillin for treatment of murine soft tissue infections caused by group A streptococci (Streptococcus pyogenes)
  - Daptomycin therapy is associated with less demonecrosis compared with vancomycin therapy in a murine soft tissue infection model caused by community-associated isolates of Staphylococcus aureus
Ryzhikov A. - Comparative study of the efficacy of low- and high-molecular inhibitors of influenza virus haemagglutinin
  - Antiviral effect of a novel inhibitor of influenza virus haemagglutinin on influenza A (H5N1) virus