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D
Da Silva G.J. - First report of a Morganella morganii clinical isolate producing VIM-2 carbapenemase
da Silva G. - Identification of an OXA-58 carbapenemase in an unusual Portuguese Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolate
Da Silva G.J. - Occurrence and molecular characterisation of class 1 integrons in Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates collected from 1995 to 2006 in Portugal
da Silva Filho L..V. - Antibody response of cystic fibrosis patients with S. maltophilia infection/colonisation to the S. maltophilia fimbria SMF-1
Dabiri H. - CagA and other key genes in the cag pathogenicity island of Helicobacter pylori isolated from dyspepsia patients
D'Abramo M. - Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in young dogs and their owners
Dabrowska M.M. - Relationships between urinary IL-18, MMP-9 and BMP-7 concentration and renal lesion in HIV-1 infected patients
Dabrowska M. - Apoptosis of T lymphocytes in the culture of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with late Lyme arthritis
Dabrowska MM. - Epidemic typhus with concomitant Staphylococcus hominis bacteraemia in an immunocompetant patient after tourist trip to India and Nepal: case report.
Dagan R. - Procalcitonin in the diagnosis of acute bacterial otitis media
  - To determine the efficacy and safety of different doses of faropenem medoxomil in acute otitis media as measured by double tympanocentesis
  - Role of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in protecting adults from disease and antibiotic resistance
  - Faropenem pharmacokinetics in AOM children following oral administration of faropenem medoxomil
Dagci H. - Subtyping Blastocystis hominis: is subtype 2 responsible for asymptomatic infections?
Dagorne C. - Clinical qualitative evaluation of the diagnosis of acute otitis media in general practice
Dagwadordsch U. - Identification rate and susceptiblity of Candida isolates from blood cultures
Dahl E. - Infections and other problems on ferries and cruise ships
Dahl Christensen L. - Quorum sensing controlled rhamnolipid production is crucial for P. aeruginosas ability to evade the immune response in a mouse foreign-body infection model
  - Augmented effect by early antibiotic treatment of lung infected mice using sequentially adapted mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Dahmen S. - First occurrence of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates producing VIM-2 metallo-b-lactamase in a Tunisian university hospital
  - Dissemination of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii producing the OXA-23 carbapenemase in a university hospital, Tunisia
Dai Y. - Tifacogin and a synthetic TFPI peptide fragment suppress cytokine production due to Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus in whole blood cultures
  - Tifacogin, a recombinant tissue factor pathway inhibitor eliminates serum-resistant Escherichia coli from blood cultures
Daikos G.L. - Survey of candidaemia in a tertiary care hospital in Greece.
  - Comparison of class 1 integrons from human and avian E. coli
Dailey P. - A rapid, fully-automated PCR system for sample processing, diagnosis, and rifampin resistance detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Dakic G. - Comparative analysis of Bordetella pertussis strains included in the Serbian whole-cell vaccine
Dalamaga M. - Association of platelet parameters and Gram-negative bacteraemias: a case control study
Dalay C. - Piperacillin/tazobactam versus imipenem/cilastatin for severe diabetic foot infections: a prospective, randomised clinical trial in a university hospital
Dalby T. - Prevention of false-positive reactions in whooping cough ELISA
Dale G.E. - Mechanism of action of iclaprim in Staphylococcus aureus
Dalessandro M. - Novel methods for the diagnosis of HPV infection
  - Molecular characterisation of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal isolates from patients with uncomplicated skin infections
  - Molecular characterisation of meticillin-resistant and -susceptible Staphylococcus aureus from global clinical trials
  - Comparative antibacterial activity of retapamulin, cephalothin, gentamicin and erythromycin against Staphylococcus aureus, including molecularly characterised isolates of MRSA recovered from uncomplicated skin infections
D'Alessandro D. - Building a benchmark through active surveillance: the Italian network SPIN-UTI
Dalhoff A. - Comparative effects of faropenem-medoxomil and amoxicillin-clavulanate on the normal oral and intestinal micro flora and the selection of penem-resistance
Dalimi Asl A. - TSA gene of Leishmania major cloned in eukaryotic expression vector could stimulated immune system in mice
Dalkiran A. - Piperacillin/tazobactam versus imipenem/cilastatin for severe diabetic foot infections: a prospective, randomised clinical trial in a university hospital
Dallman T.J. - Integrated international molecular databases in monitoring the emergence and spread of infection
Dalmau A. - Use of disinfectable needleless mechanical valve connectors and catheter-related bloodstream infection rates in a polyvalent intensive care unit
Dalpke A. - Quantiferon-TB: a new test for diagnosing tuberculous uveitis
Daly R.N. - Telavancin for hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia: the ATTAIN studies
Damborg P. - Ampicillin-resistant Enterococcus faecium clonal complex 17 is widespread in healthy dogs: anthropozoonosis or zooanthroponosis?
Damian M. - Molecular characterisation of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from blood culture
Damianidou L. - Prevalence of respiratory pathogens in children hospitalised with lower respiratory tract infection in Greece
Damianidou S. - Colonisation of hospital water distribution system by Legionella pneumophila
D'Amico W. - QuantiFERON®-TB Gold test in homeless shelter staff: preliminary results
Damjanova I. - Farm to fork tracing of broiler-derived salmonellae and thermotolerant campylobacters in a Hungarian county using molecular epidemiology methods
  - Monitoring, epidemiology and molecular analysis of extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated at a large hospital in Budapest during a four-month period
Damle B. - Bioequivalence of marketed voriconazole oral suspension and tablet formulations: results of a three-period, crossover, multiple-dose study
Damle B.D. - Pharmacokinetics of azithromycin in plasma and sinus tissue after administration of extended release and immediate release formulations in chronic rhinosinusitis patients
Damle B. - Effect of voriconazole on the pharmacokinetics of reduced doses of sirolimus
Damoiseaux R.A.M.J. - Association between group A beta-haemolytic streptococci and vulvovaginitis in adult women: a case control study
Dan M. - Fungiscope – first Romanian multicentre study on fungaemia: preliminary results
  - Current trend in the epidemiology of bloodstream infections in patients with haematological malignancies and solid neoplasms in Iasi, Romania
Dancer S. - Antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa from food-producing animals: is it a threat for hospital-acquired infections?
  - Problems with real-time PCR for MRSA: why culture is still required
D'Andrea M.M. - First detection of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii producing the OXA-24 carbapenemase in Italy
Daniel J. - Validation of agar dilution for susceptibility testing of coagulase-negative staphylococci to tigecycline
  - Evaluation of the Vitek AST-GP66TM panel and Vitek TwoTM for susceptibility testing of selected antibiotics with coagulase negative staphylococci
Daniel M. - Shifts in the altitudinal distribution of the tick-borne encephalitis virus and the incidence of disease influenced by the warming climate in the Czech Republic
  - Influence of climatic factors on tick-borne encephalitis incidence in the Czech Republic
Danielová V. - Influence of climatic factors on tick-borne encephalitis incidence in the Czech Republic
  - Shifts in the altitudinal distribution of the tick-borne encephalitis virus and the incidence of disease influenced by the warming climate in the Czech Republic
Daniels-Haardt I. - The general public's beliefs about meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a Mental Models approach
  - Development of a web-based learning tool to enhance healthcare workers' knowledge, attitude, and risk perception about safe work practices concerning meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  - Stress! An investigation of emotional and information needs of three types of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-carriers in the home situation
Danker W. - Assessment of safety and tolerability profiles after iclaprim administration in complicated skin and skin structure infection from the ASSIST-2 clinical trial (Arpida's Skin and Skin Structure Infection Study-2)
  - Analysis of the effect of iclaprim on the QT interval in the ASSIST-2 clinical trial
  - Preliminary results of the microbiological efficacy of iclaprim in complicated skin and skin structure infection from the ASSIST-2 clinical trial
Danna R. - Economic evaluation of posaconazole compared with other systemic fungal therapies in patients with refractory invasive aspergillosis in Canada
Dannaoui E. - Comparison of antifungal MICs for yeasts obtained using EUCAST in a reference laboratory and Etest in ten different hospital laboratories
Danzi M. - Spontaneous vertebral osteomyelitis: comparison of cases without a microbiological diagnosis to definite pyogenic and tuberculous cases
Daoud Z. - Molecular epidemiology of Acinetobacter baumannii in hospitals in the Mediterranean area using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and sequence-based typing
Daphnis E. - Peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis: clinical features and predictors of outcome
D'Aprile A. - P. aeruginosa with hypermutable phenotype in cystic fibrosis patients
  - Molecular epidemiology of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Italian cystic fibrosis patients
Dare D. - MALDI-TOF MS as a universal tool for the characterisation of pathogenic bacteria – A comparative analysis of MALDI-TOF MS spectral fingerprints over a six-year period
Dargis R. - Evaluation of PCR for identifying Brucella species isolated from blood from patients living in a non-endemic area
Darini A.L.C. - Molecular typing of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli by multilocus sequence typing
  - Occurrence of blaCTX-M genes in quinolone resistance Enterobacteriaceae isolates from Brazil
Darte C. - Multicentre evaluation of the Toxo IgG assay on the Family of Access® immunoassay systems from Beckman Coulter
Darville J.M. - A daptomycin assay by high-performance liquid chromatography
Daryanii A. - Evaluation of anti-leishmanial efficacy by in vivo administration of herbal extract Artemisia auckery on Leishmania major in Balb/c mice
Dascalu A. - Bacterial pathogens isolated from patients with bloodstream infection
Dashtbani A. - Vibrio cholerae among stool samples of patients with diarrhoea and PCR detection of two housekeeping genes hly and recA
Daskalaki M. - Clonal spread of linezolid and teicoplanin-resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus in intensive care unit patients in a tertiary hospital
  - Molecular characterisation of resistance to mupirocin in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in a tertiary hospital in Spain
  - Heteroresistant vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus is associated to recurrent bacteraemia with the same strain
  - Emergence of a single ST-8 clone of Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an ambulatory paediatric population, Madrid, Spain
Daskalopoulou K. - Association of platelet parameters and Gram-negative bacteraemias: a case control study
Datry A. - Use of mass spectrometry to identify clinical Fusarium isolates
  - Comparison of antifungal MICs for yeasts obtained using EUCAST in a reference laboratory and Etest in ten different hospital laboratories
Dauwalder O. - Detection of superantigenic toxin Vbeta T-cell signatures during menstrual and non-menstrual staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome but not during S. aureus septic shock
Dave J. - Antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa from food-producing animals: is it a threat for hospital-acquired infections?
  - Prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants QnrA, QnrB, and QnrS among clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae in Scotland
Davey P. - Junior doctors' perceptions of the problem of bacterial resistance in hospitals
  - The performance of CURB-65 in community-acquired pneumonia deteriorates with increasing age
  - Comparison of mortality associated with bacteraemia caused by meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus on arrival at hospital versus hospital-acquired MRSA bacteraemia: a cohort analysis from the BURDEN study group
Davey P.G. - PAUSE: Prudent Antibiotic User. A collaborative web-based forum for sharing experience and learning resources between providers of education about prudent antibiotic prescribing
  - Public knowledge and perceptions of MRSA: results of the Tayside Survey
  - Hospital antibiotic prescribing in hospitals from 18 European countries 2000–2005: longitudinal analysis with comparison of adjustment for changes in clinical activity using admissions or occupied bed days
  - Improving the quality of care for community-acquired pneumonia using Web-based support for dissemination, communication and measurement
David N. - Efficacy and safety of once-daily atazanavir/ritonavir compared to twice-daily lopinavir/ritonavir, each in combination with tenofovir and emtricitabine, in antiretroviral naive HIV-1 infected subjects. The CASTLE Study (AI424–138) 48-week results
Davidson R. - Characteristics of patients having Corynebacterium pseudo­diphtheriticum isolated in heavy growth from sputum specimens
Davidson D. - Results of a phase III trial comparing tolevamer, vancomycin and metronidazole in patients with Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea
Davidson R. - Bactericidal activity of moxifloxacin and levofloxacin against Streptococcus pneumoniae with dual gyrA and parC mutations
Davies T. - Genotyping of Gram-negative uropathogens isolated pre and post-treatment from subjects in a doripenem clinical trial for complicated urinary tract infections
Davies J. - Community-diagnosed Clostridium difficile infection: preliminary results from enhanced surveillance
Davies D. - REP3123, a novel inhibitor of methionyl tRNA synthetase from C. difficile
Davies J. - Trends in bacteraemia: England 2002–2006
Davies T. - Genetic relatedness among European meticillin-susceptible and -resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from ceftobiprole clinical trials
Davila C. - Trends in listeriosis in a university hospital (1983–2007)
Davis T. - Investigative use only test card using the VITEK 2 system as compared to broth microdilution
Davis E. - Clinical comparison fo the molecular-based BD GeneOhm Cdiff assay to the cytotoxicity tissue culture assay for the direct detection of toxin B gene from toxigenic Clostridium difficile strains in faecal specimens
Davis T. - Clinical comparison fo the molecular-based BD GeneOhm Cdiff assay to the cytotoxicity tissue culture assay for the direct detection of toxin B gene from toxigenic Clostridium difficile strains in faecal specimens
Davis L. - Antibiotic usage in Queensland public hospitals
Davis S. - Conversion of intravenous echinocandins to oral azoles for invasive candidiasis: impact on outcomes and resource utilisation
Davoudi N. - Cloning and expression of truncated form of tissue plasminogen activator in Leishmania tarentolae as a new eukaryotic system
Dazzi A. - Virological and immunological monitoring of human cytomegalovirus infection in heart and small bowel/multivisceral transplantation
de Abajo F. - Decreasing b-lactamase production and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resistance in Haemophilus influenzae in Spain (1997–2007)
De Angelis G. - Usage of carbapenems significantly increase the rate of new colonisation due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitalised patients
De Baere T. - Evaluation of the prevalence of middle ear pathogens in the outer ear canal and nasopharyngeal cavity of a healthy population
De Barra E. - Increasing use of immunosuppression and biological therapies: the establishment of a designated clinic to prevent infectious complications
de Barra E. - Varicella vaccination in HIV-positive individuals, a time to act
De Bast S.B. - Outbreak with Clostridium difficile PCR-ribotypes 027 and 017 simultaneously in a Dutch hospital
De Beenhouwer H. - 16S rDNA sequence analysis can help in revealing the aetiologic agent of culture-negative infective endocarditis
  - Direct detection of MRSA in surveillance samples by Xpert MRSA
  - Benchmarking of microbiology laboratories
De Bel A. - Epidemiological survey of resistance to b-lactams (AMX, CFX, CRO), macrolides (CLR, TEL), and fluoroquinolones (LVX, MXF) in a Belgian collection of community-acquired pneumonia isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae
De Bellis G. - Whole genome pyrosequencing of the epidemic multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii European clone II
De Benito I. - Time-to-positivity of blood cultures in patients with Klebsiella spp. bacteraemia
  - Susceptibility to tigecycline by Etest against extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing and AmpC-hyperproducing isolates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp.
  - Risk factors for hospital admission in patients with occult Escherichia coli bacteraemia discharged from the emergency department
de Bentzmann S. - The two predominant HA-MRSA clones in France exhibit specific adhesive and virulence properties in vitro and in vivo in a mice sepsis model in comparison with MSSA isolates
de Bock R. - Oral moxifloxacin versus ciprofloxacin plus amoxicillin/clavulanic acid for low-risk febrile neutropenia – A prospective, double-blind, randomised, multicentre EORTC-Infectious Diseases Group (IDG) Trial (protocol 46001, IDG trial XV)
de Boer R.F. - Development and validation of an automated 16S rDNA assay for the detection of bacterial DNA in clinical samples
  - Development and validation of a rapid molecular screening panel for the detection of Clostridium difficile ribotype 027
  - Development and validation of a real-time PCR assay for detection of toxigenic Clostridium difficile, as part of a Dutch study on the epidemiology of gastro-enteritis
de Brauwer E.I.G.B. - Waterborne gastro-enteritis at a scout camp caused by Norovirus types 1 and 2
De Bruyn R. - Serological and molecular diagnosis of measles using oral fluid samples
De Cesare A. - Cluster of human listeriosis cases traced by molecular typing to taleggio cheese, Italy
De Corte P. - Intracellular activity of antibiotics against Staphylococcus aureus internalised human skin keratinocytes: comparison with THP-1 macrophages
De Crignis E. - HIV-1 induces apoptosis in primary osteoblasts and HOBIT cells through TNF-a activation
De Donato M. - Risk factors and epidemiology of malaria in endemic zones of Venezuela
De FLorio L. - Distribution of macrolide resistance genotypes and phenotypes among Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci, Italy
De Gascun C.F. - Low incidence of congenital cytomegalovirus infection in a large maternity hospital in Ireland
  - Diagnosing congenital cytomegalovirus infection: will the universal Guthrie card (dried blood spot) testing hinder more than help?
de Graaff C.S. - In only half of the tuberculosis cases diagnosed in Zambia, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the causative agent
De Grazia S. - Genetic characterisation of G3 rotaviruses detected in an Italian infantile population in 1993–2005
de Greeff S.C. - Sources of infection of pertussis in infants too young to be vaccinated
de Hoog S. - Update on Scedosporium/Pseudallescheria infections
de Hoon J. - Variability in cefazolin concentrations in amniotic fluid: the relevance of gestational age
De Intinis G. - Prevalence and determinants of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among young women (14–24 years) in Turin, Italy
de Jong A. - Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance and detection of qnr in avian Salmonellae in two EU regions, 1998–2006
de Jong A.S. - Multiplex PCR for the detection of bacterial infections in human faeces
de Jong A. - Absence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in Salmonella and E. coli strains from healthy cattle, pigs and chickens from 8 EU countries within the European Antimicrobial Susceptibility Surveillance in Animals (EASSA) programme
de Koning B.W.F. - Comparison of Candida susceptibility testing between CLSI broth micro-dilution and Vitek AST-YS01 card
de la Cámara R. - Cost-effectiveness of posaconazole versus standard azole treatment (fluconazole or itraconazole) in the prevention of invasive fungal infections among high-risk neutropenic patients in Spain
de la Camara R. - Cost-effectiveness of posaconazole vs. fluconazole in the prevention of invasive fungal infections among patients with graft-versus-host disease in Spain
De la Campa A.G. - Identification of SmrA, a novel efflux pump involved in fluoroquinolone resistance in Streptococcus suis
De La Cochetiere M.F. - Usefulness of denaturing high-pressure liquid chromatography to assess in situ gut microbiota in neonates
de la Cruz F. - Molecular typing of the resistance plasmids of a vancomycin-resistant enterococci nosocomial outbreak in Spain
  - Identification of enterococcal plasmids by multiplex-PCR-based relaxase typing
de la Horra C. - Smoking influence in Pneumocystis jirovecii colonisation from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  - Pneumocystis jirovecii colonisation in young people with HIV infection
  - DHPS genotypes in Pneumocystis jirovecii infected patients from Spain
de la Maza O. Martin S. - Presence and epidemiology of the IRT b-lactamases in contemporary Escherichia coli isolates in a hospital in Madrid, Spain
de la Pedrosa E. Gomez G. - Population structure of erythromycin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae invasive isolates recovered in a Spanish hospital in Madrid
de la Rosa R. - Usefulness of urinary Streptococcus pneumoniae test for early aetiologic diagnostic of community-acquired pneumonia admitted to a regional hospital (ATHENAS Study)
De la Torre M. - New insights in determining the aetiology of severe community-acquired pneumonia and its implications
De Leenheer E. - A case of oto-mastoiditis caused by MRSA of porcine origin
de Lencastre H. - Identification of the transmission vectors of Staphylococcus aureus circulating in a neonatal intensive care unit
  - www.ccrbtyping.net – a web-based typing tool for staphylococci
  - A 1-year longitudinal study on the colonisation of five upper respiratory tract pathogens within a daycare centre
De Luca C. - Spread of CTX-M extended-spectrum b-lactamases among Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in Italian long-term care facilities: results of the first nationwide prevalence study
De Maria D. - Prevalence and determinants of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among young women (14–24 years) in Turin, Italy
De Martinis E.C.P. - Molecular evaluation of Brazilian vaginal lactobacilli microbiota and the role of hydrogen peroxide-producing isolates
de Melker H.E. - Sources of infection of pertussis in infants too young to be vaccinated
De Mendonça R. - International external quality assessment programme for the molecular detection of Legionella pneumophila in respiratory samples: results from 2006 and 2007
De Mol P. - Evaluation of the StrepB Select agar for the detection of group B streptococci from vaginal and recto-vaginal specimens
  - Presence of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the faecal flora of patients from general practice
De Monbrison F. - Invasive aspergillosis in haematological patients by exposure to laminar air flow: description of 65 cases between 2004 and 2006
De Montclos H. - Comparative evaluation of five Aeromonas phenotypic identification systems
de Neeling A.J. - Molecular epidemiology of PFGE non-typeable meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the Netherlands
de Neeling H. - MRSA surveillance in the Netherlands shows a different geographical dissemination of pandemic clones and the high diversity of the Dutch MRSA population
de Oliveira-Garcia D. - Antibody response of cystic fibrosis patients with S. maltophilia infection/colonisation to the S. maltophilia fimbria SMF-1
De Ory Manchón F. - Importance of molecular detection for diagnosis and monitoring mumps-virus infection
de Pinna E. - Decreasing susceptibility to ciprofloxacin in foreign travel-related cases of enteric fever in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: results from an enhanced surveillance pilot
de Regt M.J.A. - Environmental contamination: a risk factor for acquisition of CC17 ampicillin-resistant Enterococcus faecium
De Rosa R. - Evaluation of Sensititre® Yeastone® for direct antifungal susceptibility testing from blood cultures
De Ryck R. - Clonal distribution of meticillin-resistant and susceptible Staphylococcus aureus invasive isolates in Belgium, EARSS/ SeqNet study, 2006–2007
De Schrijver N. - Molecular typing and epidemiology of Enterovirus in Belgium, 2005–2007
de Smet A.M.G.A. - Opinions of intensivists and nurses towards use of selective decontamination of the digestive tract and selective oropharyngeal decontamination
De smet K. - Contributors to between-individual variability of amikacin clearance in neonates
De Vecchi E. - In vitro selection of resistance by in vivo concentrations of fluoroquinolones in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus
  - In vivo fluoroquinolone concentrations and in vitro selection of resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae
De Vito D. - Use of the recombinant k39 immunochromatographic strip-test for serological diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis: experience from Apulia, southern Italy
De Vos D. - Intracellular activity of antibiotics against Staphylococcus aureus internalised human skin keratinocytes: comparison with THP-1 macrophages
  - Acinetobacter baumannii infections in thermally injured: a multidrug-resistant blaOXA-23 outbreak in a burn wound centre, Brussels
de Waard J.H. - Tuberculin response in indigenous Warao children in Venezuela; BCG vaccination doesn't affect the positive rates
  - Pneumococcal carriage in a geographically isolated indigenous community in Venezuela before, during and after an outbreak of acute respiratory tract infection
  - Biological monitoring of sterilisation procedures in dental offices in Venezuela
  - Evaluation of the sporicidal and tuberculocidal activity of the ``high level disinfectant'' lauryl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide
  - Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in healthy Venezuelan children
de Wever B. - Diversilab typing for management of Enterobacter cloacae outbreaks at a neonatal ICU
De Wit S. - Audit of pulmonary tuberculosis management in a hospital with high tuberculosis prevalence: a tool for quality improvement in tuberculosis control
Dean L. - Evaluation of four nucleic acid amplification tests for Chlamydia trachomatis in urine specimens
Dean Franklin B. - The Going Home project: implementing a frontline pharmacist-led team approach towards appropriate IV to oral antibiotic switch for patients with antibiotic resistant infections and subsequent discharge to outpatient management
Debast S. - Emerging disease due to Clostridium difficile PCR Ribotype 078 in the Netherlands
  - The spread of Clostridium difficile PCR-ribotype 027 in the Netherlands since 2005 and the rise of other types
Debast S.B. - Clostridium difficile PCR ribotype 078 toxinotype V in Dutch food-producing swine
Debecker C. - Evaluation of the automated urine culture system Alfred60 for the screening of significant bacteriuria
Debets-Ossenkopp Y.J. - A practical aid for detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae
  - Extended-spectrum b-lactamases screening agar with AmpC inhibition
  - First detection of transferable metallo-b-lactamases in the Netherlands
  - Performance of VITEK 2 ESBL confirmation test in a set of well characterised clinical isolates of E. coli, K. pneumonia, K. oxytoca and Enterobacter species. An alternative for double disc testing
Deborggraeve S. - Detection of Leishmania by PCR-oligochromatography with the "Leishmania OligoC-Test"
Decker W. - Generation of influenza recombinant haemagglutinin-specific lymphocytes from cordblood-derived dendritic cells: immunotherapy model from an unprimed source
Decker-Burgard S. - Levofloxacin 500 mg once daily oral in the treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis
Decousser J.W. - Comparative evaluation of five Aeromonas phenotypic identification systems
Dedicoat M.J. - Tuberculosis management and drug resistance in Hlabisa sub-district, KwaZulu Natal
Dediste A. - Evaluation of the Cica-Beta Test for routine detection of AmpC cephalosporinase hyperproduction and extended-spectrum b-lactamase production
  - Epidemiological survey of resistance to b-lactams (AMX, CFX, CRO), macrolides (CLR, TEL), and fluoroquinolones (LVX, MXF) in a Belgian collection of community-acquired pneumonia isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae
  - Audit of pulmonary tuberculosis management in a hospital with high tuberculosis prevalence: a tool for quality improvement in tuberculosis control
Defres S. - Public knowledge and perceptions of MRSA: results of the Tayside Survey
Defriend D. - The intravenous route in hospital patients – Is this being misused?
Degeest I. - Prediction of pre-operative nasal carriage of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an outpatient evaluation clinic by using a simple questionnaire
Dehecq B. - A nationwide survey of extended-spectrum b-lactamases and metallo-b-lactamases produced in Pseudomonas aeruginosa in France, 2007
Dehem M. - Phage types versus spa types among MRSA strains isolated in a Belgian hospital (2002)
Dehrab N. - Role of tigecycline in the control of outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infections in an intensive care unit, Kuwait
del Campo R. - Differences in biofilm development and antibiotic susceptibility among human clinical Ureaplasma sp.
  - Molecular epidemiology and antibiotic-resistant genes of Enterococcus faecalis causing paediatric infection in Cuba
  - Population structure of erythromycin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae invasive isolates recovered in a Spanish hospital in Madrid
  - vanB2-Tn5382 typing in enterococcal clones disseminated around 16 hospitals in Chile
  - Presence and epidemiology of the IRT b-lactamases in contemporary Escherichia coli isolates in a hospital in Madrid, Spain
  - Qualitative and quantitative composition of gut microbiota from cystic fibrosis patients
del Fabro T. - Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus among skin and wound specimen sources in the United States: laboratory-based surveillance study 2005–2007
Del Grosso M. - Characterisation of the mef gene in clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae collected during 2004–2005
  - mef(E) is present in Streptococcus pyogenes and can be transferred by conjugation
  - A new association of known genetic elements in a Tn916-family transposon carrying tet(M), erm(B), and mef(E)
del Nogal B. - Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in healthy Venezuelan children
Del Nogal B. - Tuberculin response in indigenous Warao children in Venezuela; BCG vaccination doesn't affect the positive rates
del Pozo J.L. - Intra-catheter leukocyte stain and culture as a diagnostic tool in an experimental animal model of port-related bloodstream infection
  - Septum sonication of removed ports for diagnosis of related bloodstream infections
del Pozo J.P. - High prevalence and diversity of extended-spectrum b-lactamases in faecal Escherichia coli isolates of healthy humans
del Pozo J.L. - Is venous access port inner surface colonisation related with port obstruction?
del Rey Carrión M.D. - Risk factors for nosomial infections in an intensive care unit
Del Tacca M. - Three-times weekly teicoplanin in the outpatient treatment of chronic infections
del Valle L.J. - Is Bartonella bacilliformis, endemic pathogen of the Andean areas, intrinsically resistant to quinolones?
  - High levels of antimicrobial resistance of diarrhoegenic Escherichia coli in Peruvian infants
  - Genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis MDR and XDR strains in Lima, Peru
Delaere B. - Determination of a simple clinical score for screening of elderly patients at risk for MRSA carriage upon hospital admission in acute geriatric wards
  - Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infections: a 6-year retrospective review in a university hospital
Delagramatic M. - The diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis before and after antituberculous treatment using nested PCR
del-Alamo M. - Comparative evaluation of performance and convenience of the RapID NH (OXOID™) with the API-NH (BioMérieux™)
Delamere S. - Oncogenic HPV subtypes in HIV-positive women
Delaney C. - VIDAS C. difficile toxin A&B assay performance evaluation and epidemiological analysis of samples collected in UK and US
DeLappe N. - Prevalence of plasmid mediated AmpC b-lactamases in non-typhi salmonella from Ireland
Delgado M. - Use of disinfectable needleless mechanical valve connectors and catheter-related bloodstream infection rates in a polyvalent intensive care unit
Delgado J. - Usefulness of urinary Streptococcus pneumoniae test for early aetiologic diagnostic of community-acquired pneumonia admitted to a regional hospital (ATHENAS Study)
Delgado S. - Microbial analysis of breast milk as a tool to differentiate infectious mastitis and Raynaud's syndrome during lactation
Delgado A.C. - Impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy and Candida spp. oral colonisation in AIDS patients in a Brazilian tertiary-care university hospital
Delgado E. - Role of different classes of antimicrobials on the risk of acquisition of resistant micro-organisms in critically ill medical patients
Delgado M. - Incidence of central venous catheter-related infection in a community hospital
Delgado-Guerrero M. - Intrafamilial spread of Panton-Valentine-positive Staphylococcus aureus: a Spanish case
Delgado-Iribarren A. - Dream changes after efavirenz treatment
  - High proportion of antibiotic resistance in bloodstream infection by nursing-home-acquired E. coli
  - Spread of diverse AmpC-type-b-lactamase-producing E. coli in Madrid, Spain: epidemiology and molecular characterisation
Della-Latta P. - Impact of rapid identification of C. albicans and C. glabrata directly from blood cultures using PNA FISH technology on selection of antifungal therapy
  - Rapid detection of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from nares and blood cultures using a new chromogenic agar
Dellamonica P. - Trends in antibiotic prescription among children attending daycare centres in France: 1999–2006
  - Trends in nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae among children attending daycare centres in France: 1999–2006
Delmée M. - Surveillance of Clostridium difficile NAP1/O27 since 2006 in Belgium
Delogu G. - A novel method for the rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in respiratory and non-respiratory specimens
Demchok J. - Fungal biomass is a key factor affecting polymorphonuclear leukocyte-induced hyphal damage of filamentous fungi
Dementyeva G. - Comparison of procalcitonin with interleukin 8, leucocyte count and rate of immature to total neutrophils for the early diagnosis of severe bacterial pneumonia and sepsis in pre-term infants
Demin F. - Comparison of an eSwab to a traditional swab for screening patients for Staphylococcus aureus colonisation by culture and by GeneOhm™ MRSA assay
Demir H. - Comparison of three methods: culture, real-time PCR and fluorescent in situ hybridisation in detecting of Helicobacter pylori
Demirbilek M. - Determining in vitro synergistic activities of tigecycline with several antibiotics against Brucella melitensis using chequerboard and time-kill assays
  - Evaluation of the Etest and broth dilution methods for susceptibility testing of Brucella melitensis
Demirci M. - In vitro effect of fusidic acid on staphylococcus strains with macrolide-lincosamid-streptogramin B resistance
Demirci T. - Macroscopic and light microscopic manifestations of the cyst of Coenurus cerebralis in sheep brain
Demirdal T. - Prevalence of group A streptococcal carriers in healthy school children
Demirel M. - Subtyping Blastocystis hominis: is subtype 2 responsible for asymptomatic infections?
Demirel F. - The changes of neutrophil activation markers (CD11A, CD11B, CD62L, CD66B), serum neutrophil elastase levels after the operation period, and its relationship with pre-operative metabolic control parameters in type 2 diabetic patients
Demiroglu Y. - Bloodstream infections due to extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae: risk factors and clinical outcome
Demiroglu Y.Z. - The iliopsoas abscess: aetiology, therapy, and outcome
Demiroglu Y. - Focal organ involvement in a series of 99 brucellosis patients
  - Four cases of sickle cell anaemia accompanied by brucellosis causing pain crisis
  - Five cases of kala azar
Demiröz A.P. - Risk factors of hospital-acquired infections in a neurology-neurosurgery intensive care unit, in a tertiary care hospital, in Turkey
  - Do HBV-DNA levels affect liver histology in patients with chronic hepatitis B?
  - Risk factors for hospital-acquired Acinetobacter baumannii bacteraemia
  - Clinical analysis and mortality risk factors with proved Acinetobacter baumannii bacteraemias
Demirpek U. - Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage in an army recruits population: prevalence and genotyping
Demirturk N. - Prevalence of group A streptococcal carriers in healthy school children
Demontpion C. - Knowledge of healthcare workers regarding occupational vaccinations
Demopoulos C. - Anti-platelet activating factor effects of antibiotics: a new insight into therapy of sepsis?
Denève-Larrazet C. - Vaccinal strategy against Clostridium difficile associated disease with surface proteins of C. difficile
Denis O. - Intracellular activity of antibiotics against a stable small colony variant of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from a CF patient in model Calu-3 human airway epithelial cells
  - Clonal distribution of meticillin-resistant and susceptible Staphylococcus aureus invasive isolates in Belgium, EARSS/ SeqNet study, 2006–2007
  - High prevalence of "livestock-associated" meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 in swine and pig farmers in Belgium
  - Activity of antibiotic combinations towards intracellular small colony variants of Staphylococcus aureus in a model of THP-1 macrophages
  - Rapid detection of meticillin-resistant and meticillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus by real-time PCR directly from positive blood culture bottles
Deniz A. - A survey of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus in tick populations and wild-life animals in Turkey
Deniz H. - Two cases of Lactococcus endocarditis
Denning D. - Aspergillus for Patients (www.aspergillus.org.uk/patients)
Denning D.W. - Efficacy of isavuconazole, voriconazole and fluconazole in neutropenic murine models of disseminated Candida tropicalis and Candida krusei
  - Development of a bioassay for posaconazole blood levels and its use in the clinical laboratory
Denning D. - Epidemiological amphotericin B cut-off values in Aspergillus species using EUCAST methodology and an extended dilution series
Denning D.W. - In vitro susceptibility of Candida species to micafungin: a comparison of methods
Denning D. - Optimising antifungal therapy – key points
Denning D.W. - Correlation of in vitro MIC and MFC against isavuconazole, voriconazole and amphotericin B of Aspergillus with in vivo outcome in mice with disseminated aspergillosis
  - In vitro post antibiotic effect of isavuconazole, voriconazole and amphotericin B against a strain of C. albicans with concentration-dependent pharmacokinetics in a murine model and susceptibility of strains for murine kidneys post infection
  - Clinical performance of FXG:RESP (Asp +) assay for Pneumocystis jirovecii on respiratory specimens
  - Clinical performance of FXGTM : RESP (Asp +) assay for aspergillus on respiratory specimens
  - 10 years of the Aspergillus Website (www.aspergillus.org.uk)
Deplano A. - Rapid detection of meticillin-resistant and meticillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus by real-time PCR directly from positive blood culture bottles
  - Clonal distribution of meticillin-resistant and susceptible Staphylococcus aureus invasive isolates in Belgium, EARSS/ SeqNet study, 2006–2007
  - Outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-producing OXA-23 carbapenemase at one Belgian acute care hospital
Deprest J. - Variability in cefazolin concentrations in amniotic fluid: the relevance of gestational age
Derakhshan F. - Genetic variability of hepatitis B virus "a" determinant in Iranian isolates
D'Ercole S. - Effect of upstream regulatory regions and growth conditions on erm(B)-mediated constitutive MLS resistance in Group A Streptococci
Derouazi M. - Elaboration of a type three secretion system-based Pseudomonas aeruginosa live vector for immunotherapy purposes
Dervenis C. - Risk factors and surgical site infection in a tertiary care hospital in Greece
Desai M. - The Going Home project: implementing a frontline pharmacist-led team approach towards appropriate IV to oral antibiotic switch for patients with antibiotic resistant infections and subsequent discharge to outpatient management
Deschacht M. - Induction of apoptosis by the triterpene saponin PX-6518 in promastigotes and amastigotes of Leishmania infantum
Deschaght P. - Evaluation of the prevalence of middle ear pathogens in the outer ear canal and nasopharyngeal cavity of a healthy population
Desconclois C. - Evaluation of three single-use immunoassays for toxins A and B in the diagnosis of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhoea
Desgranges S. - A synthetic derivative of the host immune defence peptide, bactenecin, activity against clinical isolates of meticillin-susceptible and meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, a potential new therapeutic agent
Deshpande L. - Characterisation of baseline meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from a phase IV clinical trial of complicated skin and soft tissue infections
  - Acquired carbapenemase-encoding genes among Gram-negative isolates in USA medical centres: report from the MYSTIC Program (2007)
  - Rapid emergence and dissemination of blaCTX-M among Enterobacteriaceae in USA medical centres: report from the MYSTIC Program (2007)
  - blaVIM-2-carrying integron among Enterobacteriaceae isolates in Mexico: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program
Deslandes S. - Emergence of ciprofloxacin-gentamicin resistant Escherichia coli: implications for the empirical management of urinary tract infections
Desmottes P. - Evaluation of a new VIDAS® test for the detection of Epstein-Barr virus VCA IgG & IgM and EBNA IgG antibodies in human serum samples
  - Performance evaluation of VIDIA® CMV IgG assay, a new automated immunoassay for the detection and quantification of CMV IgG in human serum and plasma
Dethlefsen C. - Meterological effects on the incidence of pneumococcal bacteraemia in Denmark
  - Body mass index at age 50 to 64 and risk of subsequent hospitalisation with pneumonia
Dettenkofer M. - Arthroscopic knee surgery: postoperative wound infections, antibiotic prophylaxis and preoperative hair removal. Data from AMBU-KISS
  - Analysis of risk factors for central venous catheter insertion site and catheter tip colonisation and for CVC-associated bloodstream infection in a randomised clinical trial
  - Skin care and use of colouring- and perfume-free products for hand hygiene: important foci for hand hygiene promotion
  - Antimicrobial prophylaxis in neutropenic patients undergoing peripheral blood stemcell or bone marrow transplantation
Dettori G. - Molecular characterisation of a rare G8P[14] rotavirus strain detected in an infant with gastroenteritis in Italy
  - A novel method for the rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in respiratory and non-respiratory specimens
  - The occurrence of intestinal spirochaetosis in comparison with infections due to other enteropathogenic agents in a selected group of patients
  - Molecular assays to diagnose Entamoeba histolytica and E. dispar infections in a non-endemic area (Parma, Italy)
  - Molecular methods for accurate diagnosis and epidemiological picture of imported malaria
Deurenberg R.H. - The population structure of Staphylococcus aureus isolates of ICU patients in the Netherlands between 1996 and 2006
  - Molecular characterisation of Staphylococcus aureus from Dutch general practice patients
  - High Panton-Valentine leukocidin prevalence among meticillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus from Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  - Molecular characterisation of meticillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream isolates in a Dutch university hospital between 1999 and 2006
Deutinger M. - Gliotoxin is an important virulence factor in cerebral aspergillosis
Devane G. - Prevalence of plasmid mediated AmpC b-lactamases in non-typhi salmonella from Ireland
Develoux M. - Comparison of antifungal MICs for yeasts obtained using EUCAST in a reference laboratory and Etest in ten different hospital laboratories
Devine M. - Healthcare-associated infection in acute hospitals: what makes a difference? Exploration of national English data
DeVizio W. - 15-year survey of triclosan efficacy on supragingival plaque
  - Antimicrobial efficacy of commercial dentifrices with triclosan or stannous fluoride
  - Microbiological effects of a triclosan dentifrice and tongue cleaner in the treatment of oral malodour
Devlieger R. - Variability in cefazolin concentrations in amniotic fluid: the relevance of gestational age
Devocelle M. - A synthetic derivative of the host immune defence peptide, bactenecin, activity against clinical isolates of meticillin-susceptible and meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, a potential new therapeutic agent
Dewit J. - Phage types versus spa types among MRSA strains isolated in a Belgian hospital (2002)
Dezeque H. - Tolerability of prolonged linezolid-rifampicin combination in bone joint infection: a retrospective study
Dhar V. - Safety of liposomal amphotericin as a once-weekly antifungal prophylactic regimen in very low birth-weight premature infants
Dhein J. - Evaluation of qualitative agreement and quantitative correlation between the new ARCHITECT Toxo IgG assay and 4 commercially available Toxo IgG assays
Dhondt E. - Is there a place for the military in contributing to a global programme managing the MDR-TB challenge and beyond?
  - Is the emergency department the place to be for optimum Clostridium difficile-associated disease control?
Dhooge I. - A case of oto-mastoiditis caused by MRSA of porcine origin
  - Evaluation of the prevalence of middle ear pathogens in the outer ear canal and nasopharyngeal cavity of a healthy population
Di Bonaventura G. - Adhesion to and biofilm formation on IB3–1 bronchial cells by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia: implications in cystic fibrosis
Di Caro A. - Phylogenetic analysis of autochthonous and imported Italian Chikungunya virus strains
Di Girolamo A. - Novel methods for the diagnosis of HPV infection
Di Mito C. - Retrospective comparison of human papillomavirus detection in 42 HSIL samples, by using RNA-based NucliSENS EasyQ™ HPV Assay and DNA genotyping
Di Molfetta E. - Use of the recombinant k39 immunochromatographic strip-test for serological diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis: experience from Apulia, southern Italy
Di Paolo A. - Three-times weekly teicoplanin in the outpatient treatment of chronic infections
Di Renzi S. - QuantiFERON®-TB Gold test in homeless shelter staff: preliminary results
Diagre D. - Evaluation of the Vitek AST-GP66TM panel and Vitek TwoTM for susceptibility testing of selected antibiotics with coagulase negative staphylococci
  - Validation of agar dilution for susceptibility testing of coagulase-negative staphylococci to tigecycline
Diakos E. - Is trimethoprim adequate as first-line empirical treatment for urinary tract infection?
Diallo A. - Healthcare workers' knowledge of their patients' meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage
  - The carriage population of Staphylococcus aureus from Mali is composed of a combination of pandemic clones and the divergent genotype ST 152
Diamandi G. - Significant presence of adenoviruses in raw and treated sewage derived from biological treatment plants in Greece
Diamantopoulos P. - Features of tuberculous lymphadenitis – Experience of a single tertiary centre in Greece
Dias A. - Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection in an immunosuppressed patient with a nephrotic syndrome
Díaz V. - Factors associated with prolonged length of hospital stay in community-acquired pneumonia
Díaz J. - Retrospective, multicentre, pharmaco-epidemiological study of the administration of liposomal amphotericin B in patients admitted to intensive care units
Diaz Garcia J. - Serotype distribution of Haemophilus influenzae isolates from post-vaccinated Mexican children: comparison between antisera and PCR-based typing methods
Diaz-Martin A. - Effect of delay in the administration of adequate antibiotic treatment in Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteraemia
Díaz-Pastor A. - Risk factors for nosomial infections in an intensive care unit
DiBartolo I. - Aetiology of paediatric viral gastroenteritis in Bulgaria
Dib-Hajj F. - Genetic organisation of transposase regions surrounding blaKPC carbapenemase genes on plasmids from K. pneumoniae and E. cloacae
Dicea A. - Clinical epidemiology and microbiological spectrum of nosocomial endocarditis
  - Epidemiological and bacteriological profile of community-acquired infective endocarditis
Dicuonzo G. - Distribution of macrolide resistance genotypes and phenotypes among Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci, Italy
Diekema D. - A global evaluation of voriconazole activity against recent clinical isolates of Candida
Diep B. - Characterisation of baseline meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from a phase IV clinical trial of complicated skin and soft tissue infections
Dierich M.P. - Pathogenic fungi produce proteases to degrade cerebral immune proteins and to evade immune attack
  - Complement evasion by Candida is dependent on glucose concentration
  - Gliotoxin is an important virulence factor in cerebral aspergillosis
Dierich M. - Klebsiella oxytoca as a causative agent of antibiotic-associated haemorrhagic colitis
Dierkes C. - Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia – An AIDS defining illness?
Dietrich E. - A new approach towards the prevention and treatment of osteomyelitis: synthesis and in vitro studies of bisphosphonated rifamycin prodrugs
  - Quantitative determination and pharmacokinetics of oritavancin in rabbit serum and tibia
Díez-Pérez A. - Is vancomicin necessary in empirical treatment of community-acquired meningitis?
DiFranco J.M. - Comparison of daptomycin Etest MICs on Mueller-Hinton, Iso-Sensitest and brain-heart infusion agars with and without calcium supplementation to broth micro-dilution MICs against 20 Staphylococcus aureus isolates
Difuntorum S. - Efficacy of telavancin against vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus in the neutropenic mouse bacteraemia model
Diggle M. - Molecular epidemiology and pathogenesis of pneumococcal cerebral abscesses in Scotland
Dijk-Alberts B. - Development and validation of a real-time PCR assay for detection of toxigenic Clostridium difficile, as part of a Dutch study on the epidemiology of gastro-enteritis
  - Development and validation of a rapid molecular screening panel for the detection of Clostridium difficile ribotype 027
Dijkshoorn L. - Diversity of antibiotic resistance determinants among the recent population of Acinetobacter baumannii strains belonging to European clone II
  - Identification of species in the Acinetobacter calcoaceticusA. baumannii complex isolated from blood cultures by an oligonucleotide assay
  - The recent increase in Acinetobacter baumannii resistance to carbapenems in the Czech Republic is associated with the spread of genotypically highly related strains of European clone II
  - Acinetobacter baumannii infections in thermally injured: a multidrug-resistant blaOXA-23 outbreak in a burn wound centre, Brussels
Dijkstra M. - In vitro selection of probiotic multispecies against Clostridium difficile 027
Dijkstra F. - Q fever outbreak in southeastern Netherlands
Dimitracopoulos G. - Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm modulates cytokine production
Dimitraka V. - Prevalence of gastroenteritis caused by rotavirus and adenovirus in a paediatric population in Athens, Greece
Dimitriou V. - Frequency and antibiotic susceptibility of extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from urinary tract infections in a two-year period
  - In vitro activity of daptomycin against vancomycin-resistant Enterococci in patients with bacteraemia
Dimitropoulou D. - Red blood cell deformability in diabetic patients suffering from severe sepsis
Dimizas A. - Trends in antibiotic consumption over an 8-year period in a general hospital of Athens, Greece
Dimopoulos G. - Penicillins vs. trimethoprim-based regimens for acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
  - Comparison of antibiotics with placebo for the treatment of presumed acute bacterial sinusitis: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
  - Fluoroquinolones versus b-lactam antibiotics for the treatment of acute bacterial sinusitis: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
Dimopoulou I. - Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM-1) gene expression in critically ill patients
Dinc G. - Antimicrobial resistance and extended-spectrum b-lactamase production of Enterobacteriaceae from inpatients and outpatients with urinary tract infection
Dinger E. - E. faecalis and P. aeruginosa are useful epidemiological markers for the analysis of transmission events on intensive care units
Dinis M. - Therapeutic immunisation with Streptococcus sobrinus enolase protects against dental caries in rats
  - Inflammatory cell infiltration and inflammatory cytokines: indicators of Streptococcus agalactiae infection in experimental mouse mastitis
Dinu S. - Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis C virus in Romania
Diogo C. - Fungal infections at a Coimbra burns unit: 2003–2007
Diomidous M. - Dissemination of VIM-1- and VIM-4-producing Acinetobacter baumannii clones in an intensive care unit
Dionisi A.M. - Prevalence of qnr genes in Italy among Salmonella strains with reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin
  - Relapsing cellulitis and bacteraemia due to Campylobacter coli in an agammaglobulinemic patient
  - Genetic relatedness among isolates of Shigella sonnei carrying class 2 integrons in Tehran, Iran, 2002–2003
Dionysopoulou M. - Bacterial vaginosis and vaginal leukorrhoea: an association with concomitant vaginal and cervical infections
Ditina M.A. - Constraction of polyvalent anti-streptococcal vaccines and analysis of their polyvalent features
Divani M. - Trends in antibiotic consumption over an 8-year period in a general hospital of Athens, Greece
Dobay O. - Epidemiological survey of invasive pneumococci in Hungary
Dobreva E. - Molecular diversity of VEB-1 extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Bulgarian hospitals
  - Molecular diversity among Bulgarian Bacillus anthracis strains: the emergence of novel genotypes
Dockter J. - Performance of the APTIMA HPV assay as compared to Hybrid Capture-II on cytologically and histologically defined specimens
Docobo-Pérez F. - Pre-clinical studies of a new quinolone (UB-8902) against Acinetobacter baumannii resistant to ciprofloxacin
  - Efficacy of linezolid vs. vancomycin in the treatment of an experimental meningitis model caused by meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Docobo-Perez F. - Molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 in newly diagnosed patients in southern Spain
Docquier J.D. - Stability of PZ-601 (SMP-601) to different clinically relevant extended-spectrum b-lactamases
  - Interaction of PZ-601 (SMP-601) and other b-lactams with chromosome- and plasmid-encoded class C b-lactamases
  - Presence of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the faecal flora of patients from general practice
Doczi I. - Identification rate and susceptiblity of Candida isolates from blood cultures
Dodds Ashley E. - The pharmacokinetics of posaconazole administered orally versus via a nasogastric tube in healthy subjects
Doder R. - Clinical features of spondylodiscitis: a four-year survey
D'Offizi G. - Increased expression of Werner and Bloom helicases in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of HIV-1 infected patients
Doganay M. - Risk factors for acquisition of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and clonal spread of the isolates in a medical intensive care unit
  - Neurobrucellosis: the evalution of a rare presentation of brucellosis from a tertiary care centre at Central Anatolia
  - Spread of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in intubated patients
Doganis A. - Colonisation of hospital water distribution system by Legionella pneumophila
Dogruman Al F. - Subtyping Blastocystis hominis: is subtype 2 responsible for asymptomatic infections?
Dogruoz N. - Pioneer coloniser bacteria in biofilm formation on galvanised steel in a model cooling tower system
  - Isolation of sulfate reducing bacteria from dental unit waterlines
Doi Y. - Prevailing occurrence of SHV-12-producing E. coli isolates in retail raw meat samples in southern Spain
  - Characterisation of a naturally-occurring oxacillinase from Achromobacter xylosoxidans
Doing K.M. - Accuracy of SensiTitre microdilution panels in detecting oxacillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci
Dolapci I. - Genotyping of Trichosporon asahii strains isolated from urinary tract infections in a Turkish university hospital
  - Influence of PCR parameters on the prevalence of Panton-Valentine leukocidin positivity in Staphylococcus aureus isolates
Dolapci; I. - Risk factors and molecular typing of community-acquired urinary tract infections with ESBL (+) Escherichia coli
Doleans A. - The Dot/Icm system is essential in the outcome of Legionella pneumophila pneumonia in vivo
Doléans-Jordheim A. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains DNA typing by semi-automated repetitive-sequence-based PCR
Dolezych H. - Local immune response in women infected with HPV and Chlamydia trachomatis
Dombradi V. - Molecular analysis of vancomycin-resistant enterococci isolated in Debrecen, Hungary
Doménech-Sánchez A. - Role of the AcrAB efflux pump in Klebsiella pneumoniae respiratory infections
Domingo P. - Spontaneous Gram-negative bacillary meningitis in adult patients
Domingo D. - Susceptibility patterns of Ureaplasma urealyticum isolates, obtained form urogenital samples
  - Study of Neisseria gonorrhoeae during a seven year period in a Spanish teaching hospital
  - Virulence factors and antimicrobial resistance in H. pylori clinical isolates by a multiple correspondence analysis
  - Susceptibility patterns of Helicobacter pylori paediatric strains in Spain
Domingues S. - First report of a Morganella morganii clinical isolate producing VIM-2 carbapenemase
  - Occurrence and molecular characterisation of class 1 integrons in Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates collected from 1995 to 2006 in Portugal
Domínguez Á. - Epidemiology of imported malaria to Catalonia (Spain): 2001–2006
Dominguez A. - Community-acquired pneumonia occurring in immunocompromised older patients: incidence, causative organisms, and outcome
Domínguez J. - Usefulness of MTBDRplus assay for rapid genotypic detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistant to isoniazid and rifampicin directly in clinical specimens
Dominguez J. - Evaluation of a new immunochromatographic assay for the detection of Legionella antigen in non-concentrated and concentrated urine samples
Dominguez M.A. - Emergence of a multi-resistant genotype of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a university hospital in Barcelona
Dominguez L. - Multiresistance in Pasteurella multocida is due to cohabitance of small replicons
Domínguez J. - Evaluation of new enzyme immunoassays for the detection of meta-pneumovirus infection in a paediatric population
Dominguez M. - Efficacy of fosfomycin alone or combined with imipenem, linezolid and vancomycin, in vitro and in a murine peritonitis model due to two strains of GISA
  - Changes in the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease in adults after introduction of PCV7 in children, Barcelona, Spain
Dominguez M.A. - Emergence and dissemination of community-acquired meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Europe
Domínguez L. - Identification of SmrA, a novel efflux pump involved in fluoroquinolone resistance in Streptococcus suis
Dominguez J. - Evaluation of a Latex Agglutination test for the detection of Helicobacter pylori in stool specimens
Dominguez A. - Outbreak of measles in Catalonia (Spain): importance of laboratory confirmation
Dominguez M. - Trends in extendeds-spectrum b-lactamase Klebsiella pneumoniae in a tertiary Spanish hospital (1993–2006)
Domínguez E. - Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of antimicrobial resistance in faecal enterococci of healthy humans and animals
Domínguez Á. - Whooping cough in Catalonia, Spain
Domradi S. - Molecular analysis of vancomycin-resistant enterococci isolated in Debrecen, Hungary
Domzalska-Popadiuk I. - ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae among neonates in an academic clinical centre, Gdansk, Poland
Donachie L. - Epidemiology of Fusobacterium necrophorum in university students
Donaldson H. - Human Rhinovirus: a role in adult LRTI?
  - Comparison of the VITEK®2 AST-N054 test card with MASTDISCS® manual disc testing for the detection of extended spectrum b-lactamase production in Escherichia coli with CTX-M phenotypes
Donato A. - Toxoplasma gondii infection in centre of Portugal: seroprevalence during 2000–2006
Donker G.A. - Molecular characterisation of Staphylococcus aureus from Dutch general practice patients
Donker G. - Fosfomycine tromethamine as second agent for the treatment of acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections in all age groups in the Netherlands?
Donovan J. - Results of a phase III trial comparing tolevamer, vancomycin and metronidazole in patients with Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea
Donovan B.J. - Daptomycin for the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia
Donovan D. - Approach to identify novel antimicrobials against staphylococci
Dopico E. - Usefulness of enzyme immunoassay as a screening method in syphilis serology
  - Evolution of the incidence of early-onset and late-onset group B Streptococcal disease before and after prevention policies – Barcelona 1994–2007
Dorca J. - Factors associated with prolonged length of hospital stay in community-acquired pneumonia
Dorenberg D.H. - Listeria monocytogenes outbreak in a comprehensive cancer and transplantation centre
Doric M. - Crucial role of IFN-gamma receptor in murine Legionella longbeachae infection
Doris K. - An outbreak of Streptococcus agalactiae catheter-related bacteraemia in a haemodialysis unit
Dorneanu O. - Enterobacteriaceae in urinary tract infections: a laboratory view
  - Fungiscope – first Romanian multicentre study on fungaemia: preliminary results
Dorobat C. - Enterobacteriaceae in urinary tract infections: a laboratory view
Doroud D. - Clustering of antibiotic resistant and susceptible Iranian Helicobacter pylori strains using RAPD-PCR profiling
Dorrell N. - Roles of flagella and effect of curcumin against biofilm formation by Helicobacter pylori
Dosa E. - Identification rate and susceptiblity of Candida isolates from blood cultures
Dotis J. - Difference in susceptibility to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) between Aspergillus fumigatus and Fusarium solani
Douat N. - Comparative evaluation of three selective media for primary isolation of Helicobacter pylori from gastric biopsies under routine conditions
Doucet-Populaire F. - Fitness cost of linezolid resistance in Enterococcus faecalis
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline against enterococci
Doudakian R. - Healthcare workers' exposure to blood-borne pathogens in Lebanon
Doudoulakakis A. - Laboratory-confirmed meningococcal disease in children over a 10-year period in Athens, Greece
  - Bacteraemia due to enteropathogenic bacteria in a paediatric hospital in Athens, Greece
Dougherty B. - Genetic organisation of transposase regions surrounding blaKPC carbapenemase genes on plasmids from K. pneumoniae and E. cloacae
Doumith M. - Emergence during therapy of efflux-mediated tigecycline resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii belonging to a UK epidemic clone
  - Porins and ertapenem resistance in Klebsiella spp. from the UK
Douraghi M. - Clustering of antibiotic resistant and susceptible Iranian Helicobacter pylori strains using RAPD-PCR profiling
  - CagA variants in Iranian Helicobacter pylori isolates recovered from patients with different gastroduodenal diseases
  - Relationship between Helicobacter pylori babA and babB status with other virulence factors and their correlation with disease outcome in Iran
Douros K. - Evaluation of a rapid antigen detection test for the diagnosis of Streptococcal pharyngitis in children and its impact on antibiotic prescribing
Dove W. - Molecular epidemiology and disease severity of respiratory syncytial virus in relation to other potential pathogens in children hospitalised with acute respiratory infection in Jordan
Dovecar D. - Phylogenetic grouping of Escherichia coli isolates from patients' stool samples with diarrhoea
Dovlatidis I. - Registration of frequency of isolated Candida strains in immunocompromised and cancer patients and determination of their tolerance in the usual antimycotic treatment
Dow M. - Leishmaniasis in Libya: epidemiological survey in Sirt
Dowling C. - Varicella vaccination in HIV-positive individuals, a time to act
Downes A. - Rapid detection of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in critical care units
Dowzicky M. - In vitro activity of tigecycline and 13 comparators against pathogens from a global population of intensive care patients in 2007
  - Extended-spectrum b-lactamase production in Europe
  - Tigecycline activity against Staphylococcus aureus exhibiting multidrug-resistant phenotypes in Europe
  - Analysis of tigecycline activity against Staphylococcus aureus based on patient location and clinical specimen source in Europe
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline against pathogens isolated from lower respiratory infections – The Global T.E.S.T. Program 2007
  - Tigecycline activity against geographically diverse Enterobacteriaceae displaying multidrug-resistant phenotypes across Europe
  - Comparison of antimicrobial susceptibilities of bacteria isolated in Canada, the United States, and Mexico – Results from the T.E.S.T. Program 2004–2007
  - Comparative analysis of tigecycline in South America from 2004–2007
  - In vitro evaluation of tigecycline against drug-resistant Enterococci and S. aureus in the United States
  - The efficacy of tigecycline against AmpC producing Enterobacter spp. and Serratia marcescens
  - Antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates from various body sites in Europe: the T.E.S.T. Program
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline and comparators against vancomycin-resistant enterococci from western Europe
  - Tigecycline in vitro activity against vancomycin-resistant enterococci in the U.S. analysed by CDC Regions
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline against inpatient and outpatient isolates from a European population
  - Tigecycline activity in Europe: a comparative analysis by country 2007
  - Tigecycline activity against geographically diverse Acinetobacter spp. displaying multidrug-resistant phenotypes across Europe
  - Analysis of tigecycline activity against Enterobacteriaceae and Acinetobacter spp. based on patient location and clinical specimen source in Europe
  - Global trends of penicillin resistance rates in Streptococcus pneumoniae, 2004–2007
  - A global perspective of antimicrobial in vitro activity from the T.E.S.T. Program: annual analysis from 2004–2006
  - Susceptibility patterns of tigecycline and comparators from clinical isolates in Spain and Portugal 2004–2007
Doyen C. - Caspofungin as first-line therapy of invasive aspergillosis in haematological patients: impact of baseline characteristics on response rate at end of treatment and survival
Dracea O. - New thioureides of 2-(4-methyl-phenoxymethyl) benzoic acid with antimicrobial activity
  - In vitro investigation of the intercellular cross-talk between opportunistic bacteria and eukaryotic cells
Draganov M. - Hepatitis C virus infection in patients from the haemodialysis clinic of a medical university, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Draghi D. - Current susceptibility patterns for H. influenzae and M. catarrahlis isolates from Europe: findings of the 2007 GLOBAL surveillance program
  - In vitro activity of doripenem relative to meropenem and imipenem against Enterobacteriaceae and P. aeruginosa isolates from Europe (2006–2007)
  - Tigecycline activity against geographically diverse Enterobacteriaceae displaying multidrug-resistant phenotypes across Europe
  - In vitro activity profile of oritavancin against resistant staphylococcal populations from a recent surveillance initiative in Europe
  - Epidemiology of elevated fluoroquinolone MICs of S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, and M. catarrhalis from the GLOBAL Study (1999–2005)
  - Tigecycline activity against Staphylococcus aureus exhibiting multidrug-resistant phenotypes in Europe
  - A longitudinal perspective on Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis resistance trends in Europe: from GLOBAL surveillance studies
  - Analysis of tigecycline activity against Staphylococcus aureus based on patient location and clinical specimen source in Europe
  - In vitro activity of ceftobiprole against select Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens isolated from Europe in 2006–2007
  - Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus among skin and wound specimen sources in the United States: laboratory-based surveillance study 2005–2007
  - Anti-enterococcal and anti-sreptococcal activity profile of oritavancin in Europe
  - Tigecycline activity against geographically diverse Acinetobacter spp. displaying multidrug-resistant phenotypes across Europe
  - Analysis of tigecycline activity against Enterobacteriaceae and Acinetobacter spp. based on patient location and clinical specimen source in Europe
Draghijeva E. - Antimicrobial resistance of Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum among women with vaginal discharge
Drago L. - In vivo fluoroquinolone concentrations and in vitro selection of resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae
  - In vitro selection of resistance by in vivo concentrations of fluoroquinolones in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus
Dragodan A. - Human papillomavirus genotyping before the introduction of quadrivalent vaccine against HPV on the Romanian population
Dragulescu C. - Molecular characterisation of PER-1 extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates from Romania
Dragulescu E.C. - Molecular characterisation of Staphylococcus aureus isolates belonging to two most prevalent spa types recovered from Romanian hospitals during 2006–2007
  - Panton-Valentine leukocidin positive, t008 spa-type meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a Romanian western county hospital
Drakopoulos S. - Significance of positive urine cultures during the immediate post-trasnplant period in renal transplant recipients. A retrospective study
Drakou A. - Enterobacter cloacae in bone and joint infections: analysis of 22 cases from a university referral centre in Greece
Dreher K. - Implementation of the "Do Bugs Need Drugs?" programme in British Columbia, Canada
Drell T. - Persistence of Escherichia coli clones and resistance genes in recurrent urinary tract infections in children
Drenth J. - Validation of the Abbott Architect syphilis TP test against the Dade Behring Enzygnost syphilis ELISA and the Fujirebio Treponema pallidum particle agglutination test
Drewelow B. - Moxifloxacin does not require dosage adjustment in patients with severe hepatic insufficiency
Drews S. - Prevalence of fluoroquinolone resistance and QRDR mutations in S. pneumoniae in Toronto, Canada, 1995–2006
Drews M. - Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis and cytokine response in inflammatory bowel diseases
Drews S. - Interactions between serotype and mutations in quinolone-resistance determining regions of Streptococcus pneumoniae
Drèze P-A. - Group A Streptococcus virulence and host factors in two toddlers with rheumatic fever following toxic shock syndrome
Drgona L. - Fungaemia in Slovakia: a prospective, national study
  - Oral moxifloxacin versus ciprofloxacin plus amoxicillin/clavulanic acid for low-risk febrile neutropenia – A prospective, double-blind, randomised, multicentre EORTC-Infectious Diseases Group (IDG) Trial (protocol 46001, IDG trial XV)
Driessen C. - High Panton-Valentine leukocidin prevalence among meticillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus from Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  - Molecular characterisation of Staphylococcus aureus from Dutch general practice patients
Drobniewski F. - Biodiversity of M. tuberculosis complex strains circulating in Greater London area: implications for prospective epidemiology and phylogenesis
  - Tuberculosis in Buenos Aires: ten-month analysis at a reference hospital
Drofenik P. - Resistance trends of E. coli from urinary tract infections in hospitalised patients and consumption of antimicrobials, 1998–2006
Drogoul A.S. - Role of invariant NKT lymphocytes in the hepatic granulomatous response to Leishmania donovani infection
Drolet D. - REP3123, a novel inhibitor of methionyl tRNA synthetase from C. difficile
Dromer F. - Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum endocarditis in metropolitan France
  - Comparison of antifungal MICs for yeasts obtained using EUCAST in a reference laboratory and Etest in ten different hospital laboratories
Dronda F. - Improved long-term survival among AIDS patients with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy receiving potent antiretroviral therapies
Drougka E. - Clonal analysis and toxin gene carriage of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from three hospitals in western Greece
Drouillon V. - A novel method for the rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in respiratory and non-respiratory specimens
Drugeon H. - Comparison of the activity of ciprofloxacin vs. levofloxacin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa by the continous antibiotic gradient method: a pharmacodynamic approach in respiratory infection
  - Selection of Staphylococcus aureus resistant to NXL101 and identification of associated mutations in gyrA
Drusano G.L. - Ceftobiprole and Levofloxacin are synergistic against an isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa as evaluated in a neutropenic mouse thigh infection model
  - Use of pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic principles for decision support for short-course oritavancin dosing regimens for complicated skin and skin structure infections
Dryden M. - Results of a phase III trial comparing tolevamer, vancomycin and metronidazole in patients with Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea
  - Efficacy and safety of linezolid versus vancomycin for the treatment of complicated skin and soft-tissue infections proven to be due to meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  - Analysis of the effect of iclaprim on the QT interval in the ASSIST-2 clinical trial
  - Clinical efficacy of iclaprim in complicated skin and skin structure infection: preliminary results from the ASSIST-2 clinical trial
  - Assessment of safety and tolerability profiles after iclaprim administration in complicated skin and skin structure infection from the ASSIST-2 clinical trial (Arpida's Skin and Skin Structure Infection Study-2)
Du N. - Molecular epidemiology of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in fourteen cities in China from 2005 to 2006
Duarte A. - Clonality and presence of fimbrial adhesin genes of Escherichia coli isolated in recurrent cystitis from a 48-year-old female
  - Plasmid-mediated CMY-2 AmpC b-lactamase and CTX-M-14 extended-spectrum b-lactamase in Proteus mirabilis clinical isolate
  - Identification of an OXA-58 carbapenemase in an unusual Portuguese Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolate
  - Occurrence and molecular characterisation of class 1 integrons in Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates collected from 1995 to 2006 in Portugal
Dubray C. - REPEVAX® can be safely administered as a booster one month after tetanus, diphtheria and poliomyelitis vaccination: an option for managing increasing incidence of Bordetella pertussis (whooping cough) infection
Dubreuil L. - Activity of 5 antibiotics including tigecycline and meropenem against anaerobic bacteria: a French multicentre study
  - Comparative activity of meropenem, imipenem and piperacillin / tazobactam against 1118 bacteria involved in hospital infections: a French multicentre study
  - Tolerability of prolonged linezolid-rifampicin combination in bone joint infection: a retrospective study
Duclos A. - Specific clinical determinants of community-acquired Legionnaires' disease associated with the Paris or Lorraine endemic strains
Duddy N.E. - Development of a bioassay for posaconazole blood levels and its use in the clinical laboratory
  - In vitro susceptibility of Candida species to micafungin: a comparison of methods
Duerinckx R. - Is the emergency department the place to be for optimum Clostridium difficile-associated disease control?
Duerken M. - Detection of Aspergillus DNA by a nested PCR assay with high sensitivity and specificity rates is able to improve the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis in paediatric patients
Duffy J. - Rapid detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamase production
Dugernier T. - Temocillin 6g daily in critically ill patients: continuous infusion vs. conventional administration
Duhamel D. - Analytical performances of the new Access®Toxo IgG assay
  - Comparative studies of the new Access® Toxo IgG assay
Duim B. - Diversilab typing for management of Enterobacter cloacae outbreaks at a neonatal ICU
Duizer E. - Clostridium species found in Norovirus outbreaks in the Netherlands
Duke B. - A diagnostic algorithm for accurate identification of non-fermentative Gram-negative rods and epidemic strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from cystic fibrosis patients
Dukers-Muijrers N.H.T.M. - High performance and acceptability of self-colllected anal swabs for diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in men and women
  - Waterborne gastro-enteritis at a scout camp caused by Norovirus types 1 and 2
  - Nasal carriership of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus pneumoniae in children visiting daycare centres
  - Practice of Chlamydia trachomatis testing; using laboratory surveillance and STI clinic data from 2002–2006
Dum D. - Pathogenic fungi produce proteases to degrade cerebral immune proteins and to evade immune attack
Dumartin C. - Determinants of antibiotic use in surgical wards and in intensive care units in southwestern France
Dumas N. - VIDAS C. difficile toxin A&B assay performance evaluation and epidemiological analysis of samples collected in UK and US
Dumitrescu O. - Effect of antibiotics, alone and in association, on Panton-Valentine leukocidin production by Staphylococcus aureus
Dumitrescu M. - The Panton-Valentin leukocidin as an example of a bacterial toxin underestimated clinical relevance
Dumitriu S. - Comparison between proliferation intensity of S. aureus on unmodified and new C60-modified polymers
Dumpis U. - Surveillance of Clostridium difficile infection in Latvian multidisciplinary teaching hospital
Dunais B. - Trends in nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae among children attending daycare centres in France: 1999–2006
  - Trends in antibiotic prescription among children attending daycare centres in France: 1999–2006
Dundar D. - Pseudo-outbreak of Serratia marcescens in a tertiary care hospital
Dunn K. - Implementation of an intravenous to oral switch policy for antimicrobials in a secondary care setting
Dunne W. - Detection of KPC-2 in a clinical isolate of Proteus mirabilis: first reported description of carbapenemase resistance in this species caused by a KPC b-lactamase
Dupret-Carruel J. - Performance evaluation of VIDIA® CMV IgG assay, a new automated immunoassay for the detection and quantification of CMV IgG in human serum and plasma
Dupretz P. - Comparison of two real-time PCR targets (B1 and REP 529) for Toxoplasma gondii DNA detection for the diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis
Duraffour S. - Anti-orthopoxviral potency of small interfering RNA targeting two genes of the vaccinia virus replication complex
  - Highlights on the mode of action of ST-246, an anti-orthopoxviral compound
Durán E. - Molecular characterisation of quinolone-resistance in erythromycin-resistant Streptococcus agalactiae clinical isolates
Duran L. - A single planned interruption of treatment in perinatally-HIV-infected children: effect on HAART-related toxicities
Durand G. - The two predominant HA-MRSA clones in France exhibit specific adhesive and virulence properties in vitro and in vivo in a mice sepsis model in comparison with MSSA isolates
Durand P. - Waterborne infection caused by a carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter asburiae isolate producing the class A carbapenemase IMI-2 in France
Durán-Trujillo M. - Intrafamilial spread of Panton-Valentine-positive Staphylococcus aureus: a Spanish case
Duse A.G. - The role of antimicrobial susceptibility testing of anaerobic bacteria from clinically significant isolates
Duson G. - Direct detection of MRSA in surveillance samples by Xpert MRSA
Dusserre E. - Comprehensive study comparing a PCR based monitoring method, solid phase cytometry and standard routine methods from an artificially controlled water sample of Legionella pneumophila Paris strain: the importance of detecting VBNC
  - The signal peptide of Panton-Valentine leukocidine LukS component induces increased adhesion to extracellular matrix components in Staphylococcus aureus
Dutch W. - Comparison between rep-PCR-based DNA fingerprint and sequence analyses of clinically relevant Nocardia species
  - Establishing a rep-PCR DNA fingerprinting library for moulds
Dutilh J.C. - Outbreak with Clostridium difficile PCR-ribotypes 027 and 017 simultaneously in a Dutch hospital
Duval X. - Non-AIDS defining non-HAART-related severe clinical events have a high incidence in HIV-patients on HAART and are associated with virological failure: a 7-years follow-up cohort study (ANRS CO8)
Dvali N. - Prevalence of CCR5, CCR2 and SDF1 genotypes in general population and HIV seropositive individuals in Georgia
Dzambas L. - Oral infection with Prototheca zopfii (first human isolates in the Balkans)
Dzieciatkowski T. - Human herpesvirus 6 infections in patients with allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplantation in a medical university in Warsaw 2004–2006
Dziekan G. - Engaging more than 300 healthcare facilities from Europe to participate in the testing of the WHO multimodal hand hygiene improvement strategy
Dzierzanowska D. - Multiple antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter spp. isolated from hospitalised children in Poland during 2002–2007
  - Meropenem, b-lactam with the highest activity against Gram-negative isolates from the intensive care unit – Part of the MYSTIC (Meropenem Yearly Susceptibility Test Information Collection) Programme, 1997–2007
  - The first detection of OXA-35 b-lactamase in Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates in Poland and identification of OXA-118, a new extended-spectrum variant of OXA-10 b-lactamase
Dzierzanowska-Fangrat K. - Epstein-Barr virus genotypes and LMP-1 gene variants in paediatric liver transplant recipients
  - Multiple antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter spp. isolated from hospitalised children in Poland during 2002–2007
Dzugasova V. - Drug resistance modulation in yeast
Dzupova O. - Rapid decrease of intrathecal cortisol levels correlates with severity of bacterial meningitis
  - IL-17 is associated with severity of invasive meningococcal disease