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C
Caballero B. - Enterocin C, a two-peptide bacteriocin produced by a Enterococcus faecalis strain isolated from human colostrum
Caballero M. - Effectiveness and safety of AmBisome® (liposomal amphotericin B) in combination with voriconazole in patients with invasive fungal infections. A multicentre retrospective study (RAVES study)
Cabeda J.M. - Sequence-based bacterial identification from clinical samples: one year experience
Cabellos C. - Efficacy of fosfomycin alone or combined with imipenem, linezolid and vancomycin, in vitro and in a murine peritonitis model due to two strains of GISA
  - Short-course therapy for adult meningococcal sepsis and/or meningitis: 23-year experience
  - Efficacy of levofloxacin alone and in combination with rifampin in staphylococcal experimental foreign-body infection
Cabezas V. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia: 303 cases
Cabezas C. - Outbreak of measles in Catalonia (Spain): importance of laboratory confirmation
Cabo J. - Efficacy of levofloxacin alone and in combination with rifampin in staphylococcal experimental foreign-body infection
Cabodi D. - Clarithromycin resistance in Helicobacter pylori positive patients after therapies failure
Cabral L. - Fungal infections at a Coimbra burns unit: 2003–2007
Cabrita A. - Therapeutic immunisation with Streptococcus sobrinus enolase protects against dental caries in rats
Cáceres J. - Effectiveness and safety of AmBisome® (liposomal amphotericin B) in combination with voriconazole in patients with invasive fungal infections. A multicentre retrospective study (RAVES study)
Cachovan G. - Efficacy and tolerability of moxifloxacin versus clindamycin in the treatment of odontogenic abscesses and inflammatory infiltrates (MOCLI Study)
Cadastro G. - Analysis of clinical variables for determining the caries risk in patients with HIV/AIDS
Caddick J.M. - Mechanisms of resistance in non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica exhibiting a novel quinolone resistance phenotype
Cadman L. - A comparison of predictors for high-grade CIN in the triage of women with abnormal smears
Cadranel S. - Comparative evaluation of three selective media for primary isolation of Helicobacter pylori from gastric biopsies under routine conditions
Caetano J. - Different response to anti-HCV treatment may be related to immunological gene expression profile in chronically HCV-infected patients
Caetano T. - Prevalence of In99 among Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from a central region of Portugal (Aveiro) since 2003
Caetano M. - Fungal infections at a Coimbra burns unit: 2003–2007
Cafferkey M. - Serotype distribution and analysis of invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates pre-7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction in the Republic of Ireland
Cafini F. - Beta-lactamase activity against H. influenzae exhibiting amoxicillin (with or without clavulanate) resistance phenotypes/genotypes
  - Cidal activity of oral third generation cephalosporins against Streptococcus pneumoniae in relation to cefotaxime intrinsic activity
  - Effects of b-lactams on mixed cultures of common respiratory isolates as an approach to treatment effects on nasopharyngeal carriage
Cagir U. - Comparison of the risk factors for Candida albicans versus other Candida spp. bloodstream infections in intensive care unit patients
Caglayan D. - Publication rate of Turkish infectious diseases and clinical microbiology and microbiology and clinical microbiology specialisation theses and microbiology doctorate theses, in international peer-review journals
Caillaud M. - Tolerability of prolonged linezolid-rifampicin combination in bone joint infection: a retrospective study
Caillaux G. - Usefulness of denaturing high-pressure liquid chromatography to assess in situ gut microbiota in neonates
Caillon J. - Usefulness of denaturing high-pressure liquid chromatography to assess in situ gut microbiota in neonates
Cainarca M. - Molecular characterisation of community- and hospital-acquired meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Caira M. - The use of caspofungin in neutropenic patients with haematological malignancies and concomitant candidaemia
Calandra T. - Clinical utility of Septifast PCR in neutropenic cancer patients with persistent fever despite antibacterial therapy
  - Innate immunomodulating therapies
  - SeptiFast PCR combined with blood cultures for the microbiological documentation of fever in neutropenic cancer patients
  - Oral moxifloxacin versus ciprofloxacin plus amoxicillin/clavulanic acid for low-risk febrile neutropenia – A prospective, double-blind, randomised, multicentre EORTC-Infectious Diseases Group (IDG) Trial (protocol 46001, IDG trial XV)
Calatayud L. - Changes in the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease in adults after introduction of PCV7 in children, Barcelona, Spain
  - Trends in extendeds-spectrum b-lactamase Klebsiella pneumoniae in a tertiary Spanish hospital (1993–2006)
Calaway J. - High resolution melting curve analysis and strain-specific SNPs: a new method for differentiation of the Ames strain from other Bacillus anthracis strains
Calbo E. - Measles outbreak and serological testing of healthcare workers in a Spanish hospital
  - Healthcare-associated bacteraemic pneumonia: aetiology, severity of disease and outcomes
Calderaro A. - The occurrence of intestinal spirochaetosis in comparison with infections due to other enteropathogenic agents in a selected group of patients
  - Molecular assays to diagnose Entamoeba histolytica and E. dispar infections in a non-endemic area (Parma, Italy)
  - Molecular methods for accurate diagnosis and epidemiological picture of imported malaria
Calderon E. - DHPS genotypes in Pneumocystis jirovecii infected patients from Spain
  - Smoking influence in Pneumocystis jirovecii colonisation from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  - Pneumocystis jirovecii colonisation in young people with HIV infection
Caliga D. - Bacterial pathogens isolated from patients with bloodstream infection
Caligaris S. - Incidence of syphilis in a cohort of HIV-infected subjects, Italy
Calik S. - Pooled analysis of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis in Turkey: a review of 2,168 patients
  - Comparison of quality of life in inactive hepatitis B virus carriers versus chronic hepatitis B patients versus normal Turkish population
Calistru P. - Bacterial pathogens isolated from patients with bloodstream infection
Calmus Y. - Prevalence for serological markers of hepatotropic viruses A, B, and C, and hepatitis A and B vaccination needs in a prospective cohort of patients with chronic liver diseases awaiting liver transplantation
Calum H. - Augmented effect by early antibiotic treatment of lung infected mice using sequentially adapted mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Calvet L. - Activity of 5 antibiotics including tigecycline and meropenem against anaerobic bacteria: a French multicentre study
Camara R. - Comparison of quantitative PCR after automatic DNA extraction and pp65 antigen detection for diagnosis of CMV infection in stem cell transplant recipients
  - Quantitative CMV PCR in stem cell transplant patients: DNA manual extraction versus automatic extraction
Camarena J. - Clinical and management utility of Candida albicans germ tube antibody detection in critically ill patients. Influence on mortality
Camarena J.J. - Influence of the method for detecting reduced vancomycin susceptibility in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia. A 14-year study
Camargo I.L.B.C. - Molecular typing of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli by multilocus sequence typing
Camargo Z.P. - Evaluation of differential expression of calnexin gene during transition from mycelial to the yeast infective of the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and localisation of native protein
  - Molecular karyotype of Sporothrix schenckii: analysis of chromosomal polymorphism among different isolates
Camargo E.G. - Spatial correlation among antimicrobial usage density and resistance in Escherichia coli community urinary tract infections: EUREQA Project report
Cambau E. - First detection of the plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in extended-spectrum b-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from in-and out-patients in Switzerland
  - Epidemiological study of an outbreak of non-tuberculous Mycobacteria subcutaneous infections after mesotherapy
  - Role in quinolone resistance of the new DNA gyrase mutations, T73A+A83E in GyrA and R411H in GyrB, found in clinical MDR and XDR strains of M. tuberculosis
Cameron S. - Clostridium difficile at a teaching hospital in Western Australia: providing insight into community acquisition
Camilli R. - A new association of known genetic elements in a Tn916-family transposon carrying tet(M), erm(B), and mef(E)
  - mef(E) is present in Streptococcus pyogenes and can be transferred by conjugation
Camoni L. - Prevalence and determinants of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among young women (14–24 years) in Turin, Italy
Campana E. - Comparison of Etest and combined disk for detection of metallo-b-lactamase-producing isolates
Campanile F. - Looking back, current status, and future trends of MRSA clones in Italy
Campbell M.D. - Pharmacokinetics of azithromycin in plasma and sinus tissue after administration of extended release and immediate release formulations in chronic rhinosinusitis patients
Campbell S. - Lack of anidulafungin interactions with CYP enzymes and transporters in in vivo and in vitro systems
Campbell R. - Comparison of the VITEK®2 AST-N054 test card with MASTDISCS® manual disc testing for the detection of extended spectrum b-lactamase production in Escherichia coli with CTX-M phenotypes
Campbell E. - Bactericidal activity of moxifloxacin and levofloxacin against Streptococcus pneumoniae with dual gyrA and parC mutations
Campello C. - Molecular detection of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriacee in northeastern Italy
Campese C. - Specific clinical determinants of community-acquired Legionnaires' disease associated with the Paris or Lorraine endemic strains
Campèse C. - Evolution of endemic clones of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 in France from 1995 to 2007
Campillo C. - Ecology of antimicrobial resistance and virulence in Escherichia coli in a rural watershed
Campo-Esquisabel A.B. - Hyperexpression of MexXY-OprM and MexCD-OprJ in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with decreased susceptibility to cefepime
Camporeale A. - "DelioCode": a freeware programme for comparing oligonucleotidic sequences by verification codes
Camporese A. - Evaluation of Sensititre® Yeastone® for direct antifungal susceptibility testing from blood cultures
Campos J. - Molecular characterisation of Panton-Valentine leukocidin positive Staphylococcus aureus invasive isolates in Spain
Campos M.A. - Role of the AcrAB efflux pump in Klebsiella pneumoniae respiratory infections
Campos J. - Mechanisms of amoxicillin resistance in Haemophilus influenzae in Spain
  - Spread of diverse AmpC-type-b-lactamase-producing E. coli in Madrid, Spain: epidemiology and molecular characterisation
  - Antimicrobial resistance of Spanish Pseudomonas aeruginosa from blood according to the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (EARSS) experience (2006–2007)
  - Decreasing b-lactamase production and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resistance in Haemophilus influenzae in Spain (1997–2007)
Camuz Ligios M.L. - Efficacy of antibiotics in cerebrospinal fluid
Can F. - Evaluation of the Etest and broth dilution methods for susceptibility testing of Brucella melitensis
  - Determining in vitro synergistic activities of tigecycline with several antibiotics against Brucella melitensis using chequerboard and time-kill assays
Can Ulug N. - A case of Steven-Johnson syndrome caused by combined use of lamotrigine and fluoksetin
Canak G. - Clinical features of spondylodiscitis: a four-year survey
Canales M. - Effectiveness and safety of AmBisome® (liposomal amphotericin B) in combination with voriconazole in patients with invasive fungal infections. A multicentre retrospective study (RAVES study)
Canarelli B. - Characterisation of an outbreak of nosocomial infection caused by a multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii producing OXA-30 type-b-lactamase
Cancrini G. - Chagas' disease: evaluation of a rapid immunochromatographic assay for the detection of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies
Candevir A. - Antimicrobial susceptibility of Gram-negative bacteria causing nosocomial infections from 2003–2005 in a university hospital in Turkey
Candoni A. - The use of caspofungin in neutropenic patients with haematological malignancies and concomitant candidaemia
Caneiras C. - Identification of an OXA-58 carbapenemase in an unusual Portuguese Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolate
Caniça M. - Emergence and dissemination of plasmid-borne fluoroquinolone resistance genes and their association with blaCTX-M genes in Enterobacteriaceae isolates from Portugal
  - Extended- and broad-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in 17 clinical health institutions in Portugal participating in the ARSIP Program
  - Analysis of Haemophilus influenzae isolated from invasive disease, in Portugal, during extensive vaccination against H. influenzae serotype b
Cañigral I. - Development of a real-time PCR assay for the specific detection of Arcobacter spp.
Cano M.E. - Molecular epidemiology of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Santander, Spain
Canteras M. - Influence of a hygiene promotion programme in infection control on an intensive care unit
  - Risk factors for nosomial infections in an intensive care unit
  - Nosocomial fungaemias at a general hospital: the change of epidemiological and clinical characteristics. A comparative study of 2 cohorts (1993–8 vs. 2002–05)
Cantón R. - Increased mutation frequency among Enterococcus faecium belonging to clonal complex 17
  - Complex emergence of VIM-1 producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Spain during epidemics involving VIM-1 producing Enterobacteriaceae
  - Predisposing factors for CTX-M or SHV extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in community-acquired infections
  - Qualitative and quantitative composition of gut microbiota from cystic fibrosis patients
Cantón E. - In vitro activity of caspofungin and anidulafungin against Candida albicans and C. glabrata biofilms
Cantón R. - International dissemination of a multi-resistant IncA/C2 plasmid containing blaTEM-24, Tn21 and Tn1696 among epidemic and non-epidemic Enterobacteriaceae species
  - Presence and epidemiology of the IRT b-lactamases in contemporary Escherichia coli isolates in a hospital in Madrid, Spain
  - Evolutionary trajectories among ESBL enzymes belonging to the CTX-M-1 cluster
  - Extended-spectrum b-lactamases spreading in the community
  - Aquatic environment contamination with an epidemic Escherichia coli clone harbouring blaCTX-M-15, blaOXA-1, blaTEM-1, and aac(6')-Ib-cr in Portugal
  - Prevention protocols and the rationale for new therapeutic strategies
  - Recent dissemination of blaTEM-52-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Portugal is caused by spread of IncI plasmids among Escherichia coli and Klebsiella clones
  - High prevalence of blaCTX-M-14 in Spain is mainly associated with the dissemination of an epidemic plasmid belonging to IncI complex
  - Population structure of erythromycin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae invasive isolates recovered in a Spanish hospital in Madrid
  - Relative fitness of different plasmids carrying blaCTX-M-15 gene
  - Diversity of sul genes (sul1, sul2 and sul3) among human clinical Enterobacteriaceae isolates recovered during the last two decades in Spain (1988–2006)
  - Phylogenetic groups of non-clonally related Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates with and without extended-spectrum b-lactamases
Canton R. - Comparative activity of dalbavancin tested against indicated Gram-positive species in Europe: results from two Spanish medical centres (DECIDE Program)
Canuti M. - Human Metapneumovirus and human Bocavirus in hospitalised children with acute respiratory infections
  - Viability of live-attenuated vaccine strains in a pharmaceutical dump
Cao B. - First report of clinical and epidemiologic characterisation of vancomycin-resistant enterococci from mainland China
Cap M. - Lack of effect of the novel antibiotic iclaprim on the anticoagulant activity and the pharmacokinetics of warfarin in healthy subjects
Capatti C. - Antimicrobial resistance and co-resistance in Escherichia coli isolates from blood cultures. Data from the Regional Surveillance System of Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Capdevila J. - Incidence of central venous catheter-related infection in a community hospital
Capewell S. - Increasing numbers of Rhodococcus infections at a large university hospital NHS Trust, Nottingham – An investigation
Capezzone de Joannon A. - Antibiotic susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm to ulifloxacin and other fluoroquinolones
Capicotto R. - HPV-E5 oncoprotein downregulates IFN-beta signalling in HaCaT/E5 cells
  - Veillonella parvula LPS stimulates cytokine production in a TLR4-dependent manner
Capó V. - Myocarditis outbreak with fatal cases associated to Adenovirus subgenera C among children, Havana City, 2005
Capobianchi M. - Increased expression of Werner and Bloom helicases in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of HIV-1 infected patients
Capobianchi M.R. - Replication of Vaccinia virus on PBMC is restricted by mediators of innate immunity
  - Avian influenza H5N1 virus is able to disregulate interferon response activation in human PBMC
  - Case report: chronic hepatitis B infection susceptible to adefovir despite the rtI233V mutation
  - Use of a molecular panel in acute viral respiratory infections
  - HBV lamivudine resistance mutations in a cohort of mono-infected and HIV-co-infected patients
  - Phylogenetic analysis of autochthonous and imported Italian Chikungunya virus strains
Capone S. - Incidence of syphilis in a cohort of HIV-infected subjects, Italy
Caprioli A. - Virulence genotypes of Escherichia coli strains of human and avian origin in relation to ciprofloxacin resistance status
Carandell E. - Inhaled corticosteroids increase the risk of pneumonia? A further step in a population-based study
Carattoli A. - Whole genome pyrosequencing of the epidemic multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii European clone II
  - Characterisation of plasmids harbouring qnrS1, qnrB2 and qnrB5' genes in Dutch quinolone-resistant Salmonella isolates
Carbon C. - Antibiotics for nasopharyngitis are associated with a lower risk of office-based physician visits for acute otitis media within 14 days for 3- to 6-year-old children
Carbonara S. - Pharmacokinetics of lopinavir combined with rifabutin in a clinical setting
Carbonne A. - Epidemiological study of an outbreak of non-tuberculous Mycobacteria subcutaneous infections after mesotherapy
Carbonnelle S. - Epidemiological survey of resistance to b-lactams (AMX, CFX, CRO), macrolides (CLR, TEL), and fluoroquinolones (LVX, MXF) in a Belgian collection of community-acquired pneumonia isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae
Carbonnelle E. - Infective endocarditis in children: a single cohort study of 51 cases in a French university hospital
Cardenosa N. - Whooping cough in Catalonia, Spain
  - Epidemiology of imported malaria to Catalonia (Spain): 2001–2006
Cardeñoso L. - Comparison of quantitative PCR after automatic DNA extraction and pp65 antigen detection for diagnosis of CMV infection in stem cell transplant recipients
  - Quantitative CMV PCR in stem cell transplant patients: DNA manual extraction versus automatic extraction
Cardentey-Reyes A. - Comparison of 4 commercial methods for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of temocillin
Carder C. - Evaluation of four nucleic acid amplification tests for Chlamydia trachomatis in urine specimens
Cardiel M. - Efficacy of fosfomycin alone or combined with imipenem, linezolid and vancomycin, in vitro and in a murine peritonitis model due to two strains of GISA
Cardiel L. - Metallo-b-lactamases type IMP associated with loss expression of OprD porins in nosocomial isolates of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Cardoso O. - First report of a Morganella morganii clinical isolate producing VIM-2 carbapenemase
Cardoso A. - Simple methods to screen efflux pump activity and efflux pump inhibitors in multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli
Careddu A. - Prevalence of aac(6')-Ib-cr gene in Escherichia coli isolated in northern Italy from patients with urinary tract infections
Cariani L. - Immunological diagnosis of early Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in cystic fibrosis patients
Carles M.J. - Comparison of three methods of real-time PCR with blood smears and antigen detection in plasmodial infection
Carlet J. - Epidemiology, management and risk factors for death of invasive Candida infections in critical care units: a multicentre, prospective, observational study in France (2005–2006)
Carletti M. - Detection of VISA/hVISA in routine clinical isolates: Microscan® modified procedure vs. Etest®
Carletti F. - Use of a molecular panel in acute viral respiratory infections
  - Phylogenetic analysis of autochthonous and imported Italian Chikungunya virus strains
  - Replication of Vaccinia virus on PBMC is restricted by mediators of innate immunity
Carling P. - Improving patient area disinfection cleaning in 34 acute care hospitals
Carlone N. - Regional trends in telithromycin and azithromycin resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates
Carlos S. - SeptiFast for the investigation of bacterial and fungal DNA in sterile fluids
  - Automated DNA extraction with the easyMAG prior to molecular investigation of blood-borne bacteria and fungi with SeptiFast
Carmeli Y. - In vivo effectiveness and dose response of BAL30376 in murine peritonitis sepsis model caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa or by extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Escherichia coli
  - Optimising outcomes: getting it right from the start
Carmona G. - Whooping cough in Catalonia, Spain
Carneglia L. - Epidemiological and clinical features of 85 patients with tuberculosis at a teaching hospital in Italy
Carolina A. - Value of antibodies to the C. albicans enolase for the diagnosis of invasive candidiasis in non-neutropenic critically ill patients
Caronno A. - H2S and NO affect intracellular killing of Candida albicans modulating GSH levels
  - Identification of mutations in HERG and KCNE2 genes associated with arrhythmia in patients treated with macrolides
Carosi G. - Usage of carbapenems significantly increase the rate of new colonisation due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitalised patients
  - Incidence of syphilis in a cohort of HIV-infected subjects, Italy
Carotenuto P. - Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus is not associated with early senescence of CD8+ T lymphocytes
Carradori S. - Molecular evidence of Chlamydia trachomatis in a female patient with ocular lymphoma and chronic hepatitis B
Carrara S. - Identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific CD4 and CD8 IFN-gamma and/or IL-2 secreting cells by a novel method contributes to defining the different stages of tuberculosis
Carrara L. - Evaluation of the new VITEK-2 Neisseria haemophilus card for the identification of fastidious organisms
Carrasco N. - Value of antibodies to the C. albicans enolase for the diagnosis of invasive candidiasis in non-neutropenic critically ill patients
Carratala J. - Community-acquired pneumonia occurring in immunocompromised older patients: incidence, causative organisms, and outcome
Carratalà J. - Factors associated with prolonged length of hospital stay in community-acquired pneumonia
Carreiro H. - Identification of the transmission vectors of Staphylococcus aureus circulating in a neonatal intensive care unit
Carrër A. - Diversity of blaOXA-48 genetic environments leading to variable carbapenemase expression levels among carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates
Carreras E. - Cost-effectiveness of posaconazole vs. fluconazole in the prevention of invasive fungal infections among patients with graft-versus-host disease in Spain
  - Cost-effectiveness of posaconazole versus standard azole treatment (fluconazole or itraconazole) in the prevention of invasive fungal infections among high-risk neutropenic patients in Spain
Carricajo A. - Routine-based evaluation through a 3-year survey of the commercial Chlamylege assay for direct identification by multiplex PCR of Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila and Legionella spp. in human respiratory infection
  - Value of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic in dose management of ceftazidime and imipeneme in ICUs
Carriço J. - A 1-year longitudinal study on the colonisation of five upper respiratory tract pathogens within a daycare centre
Carriço J.A. - www.ccrbtyping.net – a web-based typing tool for staphylococci
Carrillo-Muñoz A.J. - In vitro activity of micafungin combined with amphotericin B or fluconazole against Candida parapsilosis
  - In vitro activity of anidulafungin combined with amphotericin B or fluconazole against Candida parapsilosis
Carrington D. - Pilot evaluation of a commercial PCR-DNA microarray system (PneumoVir) for detection of respiratory viruses in clinical specimens
Carruthers S. - A comparison of self-collected nasal flocked swabs with staff-collected nasopharyngeal or nasal swabs for respiratory tract sampling in volunteers
Carryn S. - Temocillin 6g daily in critically ill patients: continuous infusion vs. conventional administration
  - Temocillin protein binding is concentration-dependent and not restricted to albumin
Cars O. - Changes in patterns of antimicrobial use in Swedish hospitals from 2003 to 2006 following the introduction of large-scale nationwide point prevalence studies
  - The biological cost of antibiotic resistance in urinary isolates of Escherichia coli
Carsenti-Dellamonica H. - Trends in nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae among children attending daycare centres in France: 1999–2006
  - Trends in antibiotic prescription among children attending daycare centres in France: 1999–2006
Carsin H. - Altered pharmacokinetics of linezolid in patients with severe burn injuries
Carson M. - Implementation of the "Do Bugs Need Drugs?" programme in British Columbia, Canada
  - Do Bugs Need Drugs? Pharmacist train-the-trainer programme in Alberta, Canada
Carstina D. - Clinical epidemiology and microbiological spectrum of nosocomial endocarditis
  - Early pattern of IL-6, TNF-alpha, IL-12 and IFN-gamma levels in septic patients
  - Epidemiological and bacteriological profile of community-acquired infective endocarditis
Carter E. - Ecology of antimicrobial resistance and virulence in Escherichia coli in a rural watershed
Cartón J.A. - Usefulness of polymerase chain reaction in the diagnosis of asymptomatic Plasmodium infection
  - Leptospirosis: prognostic factors associated with mortality
Cartón J. - Serological screening of Chagas' disease in pregnant immigrant women proceeding from endemic areas in Spain
Cartuyvels R. - Direct detection of MRSA in surveillance samples by Xpert MRSA
  - Benchmarking of microbiology laboratories
Carvalho A. - Incidence of syphilis in a cohort of HIV-infected subjects, Italy
Carvalho S. - Increase of resistance to glycopeptides and epidemiological changes among nosocomial enterococci detected during 2007 in a Portuguese hospital
Carvalho A. - Pharmacokinetics of lopinavir combined with rifabutin in a clinical setting
Casado J.L. - Liver toxicity and plasma drug levels of lopinavir in HIV/HCV co-infected patients according to the degree of liver fibrosis
  - Improved long-term survival among AIDS patients with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy receiving potent antiretroviral therapies
Casado M.A. - Cost-effectiveness of posaconazole versus standard azole treatment (fluconazole or itraconazole) in the prevention of invasive fungal infections among high-risk neutropenic patients in Spain
  - Cost-effectiveness of posaconazole vs. fluconazole in the prevention of invasive fungal infections among patients with graft-versus-host disease in Spain
Casal M. - In vitro susceptibilities of clinical isolates of filamentous fungi to new antifungal agents
  - Re-evaluation by microdilution of Etest method to determine tigecycline susceptibility in Acinetobacter
  - Interest of a new technique of DNA chips for detection of respiratory viruses
  - Genotype MTBDRplus for detection of rifampin and isoniacid resistance in clinical specimens of M. tuberculosis
  - Twenty-six years review to M. tuberculosis resistance in Córdoba
  - Beta-lactamase activity against H. influenzae exhibiting amoxicillin (with or without clavulanate) resistance phenotypes/genotypes
Casalino M. - Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolated from patients affected by cystic fibrosis: genotyping analysis and molecular characterisation of virulence determinants
Casalta J. - Fungal infections at a Coimbra burns unit: 2003–2007
Casanova P. - Treatment optimisation using vancomycin on the critical patient
Casas S. - Pulmonary aspergillosis following Mycobacterium kansasii lung disease
  - Comparison of an interferon-gamma assay with tuberculin skin test for the diagnosis of tuberculosis infection prior to anti-tumour necrosis factor therapy
  - Diagnosis of tuberculosis infection in HIV-infected patients: an interferon-gamma assay versus tuberculin skin test
Cascio A. - Genetic characterisation of G3 rotaviruses detected in an Italian infantile population in 1993–2005
Casey A.L. - Prospective, randomised clinical trial to compare the efficacy of two 70% (v/v) isopropyl alcohol solutions containing either 0.5% (w/v) chlorhexidine gluconate or 2% (w/v) CHG for skin antisepsis during coronary artery bypass grafting
Casini M. - Prophylaxis of respiratory tract invasive fungal infections with aerosolised amphotericin-B deoxycholate in allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients
Caspers M.P.M. - Tn916-like element EfaB5 genes are highly conserved in invasive Enterococcus faecalis and CC17 Enterococcus faecium
Cassani C. - Antimicrobial resistance and co-resistance in Escherichia coli isolates from blood cultures. Data from the Regional Surveillance System of Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Casson N. - Murine model of lung infection by Parachlamydia acanthamoebae
Cassone A. - Whole genome pyrosequencing of the epidemic multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii European clone II
Castagna M. - Clinical and autopsy diagnosis of infectious diseases at an Italian teaching hospital
Castanheira M. - Genetic characterisation of the new blaVIM-18 and comparative antimicrobial susceptibility profile of VIM-18 with highest homologous VIM-variant, VIM-2: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program
  - Prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp. and associated resistance patterns among isolates collected over a decade of SENTRY Program surveillance in North America
  - Acquired carbapenemase-encoding genes among Gram-negative isolates in USA medical centres: report from the MYSTIC Program (2007)
  - Rapid emergence and dissemination of blaCTX-M among Enterobacteriaceae in USA medical centres: report from the MYSTIC Program (2007)
  - High carbapenem resistance among Pseudomonas aeruginosa from India: a national epidemic of multiple metallo-b-lactamase clones (VIM-2, -5, -6, -11 and new VIM-18)
Castaño M.J. - Quantification of Brucella melitensis DNA in patients with brucellosis
Castaño Aroca M.J. - Brucella melitensis DNA persistence in patients with chronic brucellosis
Castelain S. - Characterisation of an outbreak of nosocomial infection caused by a multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii producing OXA-30 type-b-lactamase
Castelblanco E. - Routine use of molecular methods for identification of non-tuberculous mycobacteria species in the clinical laboratory
Castellanos A. - Importance of molecular detection for diagnosis and monitoring mumps-virus infection
Castelnuovo F. - Incidence of syphilis in a cohort of HIV-infected subjects, Italy
Castelo Branco Fortaleza C.M. - Evaluation of the resistance profile and detection of virulence genes in Staphylococcus aureus isolates from clinical and surveillance samples collected at a Brazilian teaching hospital
Castilla V. - Differences in health resources use and associated cost between HIV immigrants and Spaniards
Castilletti C. - Avian influenza H5N1 virus is able to disregulate interferon response activation in human PBMC
  - Replication of Vaccinia virus on PBMC is restricted by mediators of innate immunity
  - Phylogenetic analysis of autochthonous and imported Italian Chikungunya virus strains
Castillo F.J. - Salmonella enterica producing extended-spectrum b-lactamases in Zaragoza, Spain, 2001 to 2005
Castillo J.S. - Healthcare professional preferences in educational strategies against antimicrobial resistance in a developing country
  - Effectiveness of an active intervention to improve notification in an antimicrobial resistance surveillance system in a developing country
Castillo F.J. - Molecular characterisation of quinolone-resistance in erythromycin-resistant Streptococcus agalactiae clinical isolates
  - Presence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the stools of outpatients with intra-abdominal infections requiring surgery
Castillo J.S. - Fungal bloodstream infections in a citywide network in Bogotá, Colombia, 2001–2006
  - Bloodstream infections among newborns in intensive care unit in a country network in Bogota, Colombia, 2001–2007
Castillo Londoño J.S. - Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus – Community-acquired phenotype spread in hospitals in Bogotá, Colombia
Castro A. - Bacteriological and serological aspects of Chlamydophila pneumoniae pharyngotonsillitis in adults
  - Antiviral activity of isoxazolecarbonitriles against Coxsackievirus A9
Castro C. - Serum procalcitonin measurement contribution to the early diagnosis of invasive candidiasis in critically ill patients: findings from the CAVA study
Castro P. - Role of different classes of antimicrobials on the risk of acquisition of resistant micro-organisms in critically ill medical patients
  - Polymorphisms in the mannose-binding lectin and in the MBL-associated serine protease genes in intensive care unit patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome
Castro C. - Value of antibodies to the C. albicans enolase for the diagnosis of invasive candidiasis in non-neutropenic critically ill patients
Catalan P. - Clinical features and prognosis factors of community-acquired acute bacterial meningitis in Spain
Catalán P. - Community-acquired acute bacterial meningitis in older people in Spain
Cataldo M. - Usage of carbapenems significantly increase the rate of new colonisation due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitalised patients
  - Infections due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria diagnosed at hospital admission. Incidence and risk factors
Catchpole M. - Information overload or under load! How national knowledge weeks can help busy professionals
  - What is the impact of a Tuberculosis National Knowledge Week?
Cateau E. - Fusarium oxysporum and free-living amoebae
  - Relationships between Candida albicans and free-living amoebae
  - In vitro anti-biofilm activity of micafungin in a lock strategy
Catriciano S. - A comparison of self-collected nasal flocked swabs with staff-collected nasopharyngeal or nasal swabs for respiratory tract sampling in volunteers
Catry B. - High prevalence of "livestock-associated" meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 in swine and pig farmers in Belgium
Catsburg A. - Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism as a diagnostic tool in gastrointestinal disease: a preliminary study
Cattoir V. - ISEcp1-mediated transposition of qnrB5 gene in Escherichia coli
  - Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinant QepA from ESBL-producing Escherichia coli in France
Cauda R. - Infections due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria diagnosed at hospital admission. Incidence and risk factors
  - Usage of carbapenems significantly increase the rate of new colonisation due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitalised patients
Caugant D. - Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage strains from paediatric population in Arkhangelsk region, Russia
Caumes E. - Epidemiological study of an outbreak of non-tuberculous Mycobacteria subcutaneous infections after mesotherapy
Causse M. - Interest of a new technique of DNA chips for detection of respiratory viruses
  - Genotype MTBDRplus for detection of rifampin and isoniacid resistance in clinical specimens of M. tuberculosis
Cavaco L.M. - Molecular epidemiology and macrolide resistance traits of Streptococcus agalactiae and Streptococcus uberis from bovine mastitis
Cavalcanti R. - Travel medicine surveillance in northeastern, Brazil
Cavaleiro C. - Anti-giardial activity of carvacrol, thymol and eugenol
Cavaleiro L. - Dissemination of OXA-23-producing Acinetobacter baumannii Iberian clone in hospitals and ambulatory
Cavaleiro C. - Effects of phenolic-rich essential oils on the morphology and adherence of Giardia lamblia trophozoites
Cavallo J.D. - Comparative activity of meropenem, imipenem and piperacillin / tazobactam against 1118 bacteria involved in hospital infections: a French multicentre study
  - In vitro bactericidal effect of imipenem, meropenem and piperacillin/tazobactam against b-lactam-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains and ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae
Cavasin-Filho J. - Analysis of clinical variables for determining the caries risk in patients with HIV/AIDS
Cavattoni I.M. - Prophylaxis of respiratory tract invasive fungal infections with aerosolised amphotericin-B deoxycholate in allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients
Cavazza M.E. - Association of Helicobacter pylori and chronic idiopathic urticaria
Cavazza M. - cagA/vacA genotyping of Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from Cuban and Venezuelan patients
  - Antibiotic susceptibility in Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from symptomatic Venezuelan patients
Cavazza M.E. - Detection of human papillomavirus in HIV-positive Venezuelan patients
Caveiari C. - Different effect of pre-treatment with phenobarbital on transintestinal elimination of moxifloxacin and ciprofloxacin: preliminary data
  - Itraconazole-ciprofloxacin interaction on the pharmacokinetics of the intestinal compartment: preliminary results in rats
Cavrini F. - Preliminary evaluation of a commercially available rapid immunochromatographic method for the detection of IgM antibody response to chikungunya and dengue viruses
  - Phylogenetic analysis of autochthonous and imported Italian Chikungunya virus strains
Caylà J.A. - Epidemiology of imported malaria to Catalonia (Spain): 2001–2006
Ceausu E. - Bacterial pathogens isolated from patients with bloodstream infection
Cebada M. - Incidence of human papillomavirus genotypes and estimated repercussion of quadrivalent vaccine in Cadiz, Spain
Ceballos B. - Risk factors for hospital admission in patients with occult Escherichia coli bacteraemia discharged from the emergency department
  - Time-to-positivity of blood cultures in patients with Klebsiella spp. bacteraemia
Cebollero A. - Rapid identification of pneumococci and enterococci in blood culture bottles using Latex Agglutination
Ceccarini P. - Antibiotic susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm to ulifloxacin and other fluoroquinolones
Ceccoli S. - Predictive factors for typhlitis in paediatric oncology patients with neutropenia and abdominal focus
Cederbrandt G. - The biological cost of antibiotic resistance in urinary isolates of Escherichia coli
Cegarra M. - Use of disinfectable needleless mechanical valve connectors and catheter-related bloodstream infection rates in a polyvalent intensive care unit
Cekovska Z. - Comparison of Austrian, Hungarian and Macedonian meticillin-resistant and meticillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus strains in relation to accessory gene regulator type
Celen M.K. - A case of pyogenic liver abscess caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  - Comparision of the result of sinus track culture and bone culture in chronic osteomyelitis
  - A case of Steven-Johnson syndrome caused by combined use of lamotrigine and fluoksetin
Celorrio J.M. - Community-acquired pneumonia occurring in immunocompromised older patients: incidence, causative organisms, and outcome
Cendejas E. - Invasive pneumococcal disease in children after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
  - In vitro susceptibility of clinical isolates of Dipodascus capitatus
Cengiz A.B. - Bactericidal effect of disinfectants on Chryseobacterium meningosepticum
Centelles M.J. - Molecular epidemiology and mechanisms of b-lactam resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates with reduced susceptibility to amoxicillin-clavulanate from a chronic-care hospital
  - Frequency and molecular epidemiology of integron-carrying Salmonella enterica ser Typhimurium isolates from the health region of Terres de l'Ebre, northeastern Spain
Centonze A.R. - First report of carbapenem-resistant Bacteroides fragilis strain isolated from an intensive care unit in Italy
Cerar T. - Three different approaches for detection of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato antibodies in routine laboratory diagnostics
Cercenado E. - Mechanisms of amoxicillin resistance in Haemophilus influenzae in Spain
  - Spread of diverse AmpC-type-b-lactamase-producing E. coli in Madrid, Spain: epidemiology and molecular characterisation
  - Comparison of two methods (Etest and MicroScan) for detecting vancomycin susceptibility in Staphylococcus aureus
  - Evolution of antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of aerobic and facultative Gram-negative bacilli causing intra-abdominal infections: results from the SMART studies, 2003–2007
  - Decreasing b-lactamase production and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resistance in Haemophilus influenzae in Spain (1997–2007)
  - Beta-lactamase activity against H. influenzae exhibiting amoxicillin (with or without clavulanate) resistance phenotypes/genotypes
  - Is cotrimoxazole prophylaxis still reliable for the prevention of nocardiosis?
Cerna H. - Inoculum effect of b-lactams and killing curves determination in AmpC-producing (DHA-1) Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates
Cernat R. - In vitro investigation of the intercellular cross-talk between opportunistic bacteria and eukaryotic cells
Cernicka J. - Drug resistance modulation in yeast
Cerquetti M. - Virulence genotypes of Escherichia coli strains of human and avian origin in relation to ciprofloxacin resistance status
Cerveira F. - Prevalence of In99 among Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from a central region of Portugal (Aveiro) since 2003
  - First report of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants qnrA, qnrB and qnrS among Gram-negative clinical isolates from Aveiro, Portugal
Cervera C. - Mediastinitis after heart transplantation: clinical presentation and outcome
  - Combination antifungal therapy for invasive aspergillosis in solid organ transplant recipients
Cescon M. - Virological and immunological monitoring of human cytomegalovirus infection in heart and small bowel/multivisceral transplantation
Cesur S. - Evaluation of serum TNF-alpha, IL-10, leptin, CRP levels as prognostic markers in patients with sepsis and septic shock
  - Evaluation of the in vitro susceptibility of meticillin-reistant staphylococcus strains isolated from nosocomial infection to vancomycin, teicoplanin, linezolid and tigecycline by E-test method
  - Serum TNF-alpha and interleukin-4 (IL-4) levels in patients with Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever
Cetin C.B. - Risk factors for nosocomial Acinetobacter bacteraemia: a case-control study of intensive care unit patients
Cevik F. - Brucellosis: an evaluation of 100 cases in Central Anatolia
  - Community-acquired urosepsis
Ceyhan M. - Bactericidal effect of disinfectants on Chryseobacterium meningosepticum
Chaberny I.F. - Impact of routine surgical and intensive care units admission surveillance cultures on hospital-wide nosocomial MRSA infections in a university hospital
  - An outbreak of Clostridium difficile-associated disease in a university hospital in Germany
  - Risk factor analysis of deep sternal wound infections after cardiac surgery
Chacón R. - Presence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the stools of outpatients with intra-abdominal infections requiring surgery
Chadfield M.S. - Clonality of Enterococcus faecalis isolates from infective endocarditis patients at a Danish hospital
  - Chicken model of Enterococcus faecalis native-valve endocarditis
Chae J.D. - Serotyping and antimicrobial resistance of group B Streptococcus in Korea
Chahin M. - Trends of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus prevalence in ambulatory care in the Berlin area, 2000–2006
Chaker E. - Malaria in Tunisia: epidemiology, clinical aspects and management
Chambers H. - Characterisation of baseline meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from a phase IV clinical trial of complicated skin and soft tissue infections
Chan P. - Viral aetiology of hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia in Hong Kong
Chan Y.J. - Development of immuno-polymerase chain reaction as a highly sensitive method for viral detection
Chan E. - Genotypic detection of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: analysis of mutations from high- and low-incidence areas using denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography
Chan R. - Genotypic detection of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: analysis of mutations from high- and low-incidence areas using denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography
Chan K.H. - Identification of a novel group 1 coronavirus from Chinese horseshoe bats
Chandra V. - Hepatitis E in Cuba: the case report of an infected pregnant woman
Chandra J. - Anidulafungin exhibits potent activity against multi-echinocandin multi-azole cross-resistant Candida parapsilosis isolates
Chandwani S. - Caspofungin use in daily clinical practice for treatment of invasive aspergillosis: results of a prospective observational registry
  - Mortality, hospital stay and costs associated with candidaemia in major oesophagus, stomach, duodenum and small and large intestinal procedures
Chang S.C. - Prevalence of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis in Taiwan
  - Detection of amebiasis among men who have sex with men, with or without human immunodeficiency virus infection
Chang H-H. - Relationship between antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in E. coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae blood isolates at 5 tertiary hospitals in Korea
Chang K.T. - In vivo selection of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa following sub-optimal dosing
Chang T-C. - Identification of species in the Acinetobacter calcoaceticusA. baumannii complex isolated from blood cultures by an oligonucleotide assay
Chang C.L. - High rates of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance QnrB variants among ciprofloxacin-resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae from urinary tract infections in Korea
Chang L.Y. - Host cellular responses in Nipah virus infection
Changalucha J. - The diagnostic performance of an interferon-gamma assay in HIV- and tuberculosis endemic population
Chapelle S. - Molecular epidemiology of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in Belgium, 2003–2006
Charachon S. - Comparison of three methods of real-time PCR with blood smears and antigen detection in plasmodial infection
Charalampaki N. - Identification and susceptibility testing of Enterococcus casseliflavus and Enterococcus gallinarum by Phoenix 100 system (Becton Dickinson)
Charepe N. - Simple methods to screen efflux pump activity and efflux pump inhibitors in multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli
Charisiadou A. - An outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii colonisation and infection in a neonatal intensive care unit of a major paediatric university hospital in Athens, Greece
Charissiadou A. - Rothia dentocariosa bacteraemia in cardiosurgery patients in a children's hospital: report of two cases
Charles P. - Serum procalcitonin measurement contribution to the early diagnosis of invasive candidiasis in critically ill patients: findings from the CAVA study
Charlett A. - Evaluation of four nucleic acid amplification tests for Chlamydia trachomatis in urine specimens
Charlton K.A. - Disruption of Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing using high-affinity antibodies derived from immunised sheep
Charvalos E. - Comparison of class 1 integrons from human and avian E. coli
Chasan-Taber S. - Results of a phase III trial comparing tolevamer, vancomycin and metronidazole in patients with Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea
Chastre J. - Efficacy of doripenem against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in nosocomial pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia
Chatellier S. - Typing of MRSA with chromID™ MRSA medium and DiversiLab™ system
  - Evaluation of the new VITEK-2 ANC identification card in a clinical laboratory
Chatsuwan T. - Weissella spp.: lactic acid bacteria emerging as a human pathogen
  - Differentiating Pseudomonas aeruginosa from common enteric bacteria by digital tinctorial properties
  - Nosocomial multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii bloodstream infections: epidemiology, clinical features, treatment, and outcome, Bangkok, Thailand
Chatti A. - GATC sites might regulate virulence of Salmonella typhimurium
Chatzakis G. - A rare case of Nocardia puris postoperative endophthalmitis
Chatzidimitriou D. - Contribution of RSV and hMPV to patients with influenza-like infections during 2006–2007 season in northern Greece
Chatzidou A. - Hospital infections caused by community-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains
Chatzigeorgiou K.-S. - Identification and susceptibility testing of Enterococcus casseliflavus and Enterococcus gallinarum by Phoenix 100 system (Becton Dickinson)
Chatzihannas L. - Survey of candidaemia in a tertiary care hospital in Greece.
Chatzimavroudis G. - Determination of the impact of pneumoperitoneum on sepsis severity in an animal model of peritonitis through C-reactive protein and procalcitonin serum levels assessment
Chatzimoschou A. - Correlation between antifungal drug susceptibility and morphological changes of Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis biofilms
  - Difference in susceptibility to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) between Aspergillus fumigatus and Fusarium solani
  - Biofilm-forming capacity and biofilm antifungal drug resistance of Candida bloodstream isolates
Chatzipanagiotou S. - Acute bacterial meningitis in an Athens childrens hospital over an 8-year period (2000–2007)
  - Antibiotic resistance of Salmonella enterica serovars in a paediatric hospital in Greece
Chau S. - Viral aetiology of hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia in Hong Kong
Chaves F. - Incidence and risk factors of recurrent bacteraemia due to Escherichia coli
  - Emergence of a single ST-8 clone of Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an ambulatory paediatric population, Madrid, Spain
  - Decrease in incidence of tuberculosis in Madrid is associated to declining rates of recent transmission: an epidemiological and molecular study between 1997 and 2004
  - Heteroresistant vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus is associated to recurrent bacteraemia with the same strain
  - Molecular characterisation of resistance to mupirocin in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in a tertiary hospital in Spain
  - Clonal spread of linezolid and teicoplanin-resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus in intensive care unit patients in a tertiary hospital
Che D. - Specific clinical determinants of community-acquired Legionnaires' disease associated with the Paris or Lorraine endemic strains
  - Evolution of endemic clones of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 in France from 1995 to 2007
Chehri Chamchamani B. - Carriage of group B streptococcus in pregnant women from Tehran, Iran
Chen A.Y-M. - Development of immuno-polymerase chain reaction as a highly sensitive method for viral detection
Chen M. - The high prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance gene (qnr) and aac(6')-Ib-cr in clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae from nine teaching hospitals in China
Chen Y.M. - Prevalence of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis in Taiwan
Chen X. - Rapid identification and differentiation of Trichophyton species, based on sequence polymorphisms of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer regions, using rolling circle amplification
Chen S. - Rapid identification and differentiation of Trichophyton species, based on sequence polymorphisms of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer regions, using rolling circle amplification
Chen M. - Molecular epidemiology of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in fourteen cities in China from 2005 to 2006
Chêne G. - Non-AIDS defining non-HAART-related severe clinical events have a high incidence in HIV-patients on HAART and are associated with virological failure: a 7-years follow-up cohort study (ANRS CO8)
Cheng S-H. - Factors associated with presence of isolated anti-HBc antibody in HIV-infected persons in Taiwan
Cheng W-T. - Susceptibilities to amphotericin B and fluconazole of Candida species in TSARY 2006
Cheng E. - Longitudinal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in families of non-healthcare workers in Hong Kong
Cheong H.S. - Clinical significance of nosocomial spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in liver cirrhosis patients and impact of the 3rd generation cephalosporin resistance of Gram-negative bacilli on the outcome
Cheong H.J. - The effect of 3rd generation cephalosporin use restriction on antimicrobial resistance and clinical outcomes among intensive care unit patients
Cheong H.S. - Treatment failure of cefepime therapy for febrile neutropenic patients with bacteraemia caused by cefepime susceptible ESBL-producing organisms
  - Efficacy of tigecycline versus colistin in a mouse model of pneumonia caused by carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii
Cheong H.J. - Community-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: prospective surveillance of prevalence and clinico-epidemiologic feature among patients with otorrhoea in primary Korean otolaryngology clinic
Chepurchenko N. - Significance of laboratory findings for the diagnosis of neurosyphilis
Cherifi S. - Unexpected impact of infectious diseases division interventions on antibiotic use in two intensive care units
Chernousova L. - MIRU-VNTR genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains from central region of Russia
Chetchotisakd P. - Mycotic aneurysm in northeastern Thailand: the important role of Burkholderia pseudomallei
  - Efficacy and safety of once-daily atazanavir/ritonavir compared to twice-daily lopinavir/ritonavir, each in combination with tenofovir and emtricitabine, in antiretroviral naive HIV-1 infected subjects. The CASTLE Study (AI424–138) 48-week results
Chezzi C. - A novel method for the rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in respiratory and non-respiratory specimens
  - Molecular characterisation of a rare G8P[14] rotavirus strain detected in an infant with gastroenteritis in Italy
  - Molecular methods for accurate diagnosis and epidemiological picture of imported malaria
  - Molecular assays to diagnose Entamoeba histolytica and E. dispar infections in a non-endemic area (Parma, Italy)
  - The occurrence of intestinal spirochaetosis in comparison with infections due to other enteropathogenic agents in a selected group of patients
Chiani M. - Genetic variability of hepatitis B virus "a" determinant in Iranian isolates
  - Phylogenetic analysis of genus salmonella based on polyphasic and numerical taxonomy
Chiappini R. - Phylogenetic analysis of autochthonous and imported Italian Chikungunya virus strains
  - Use of a molecular panel in acute viral respiratory infections
  - Avian influenza H5N1 virus is able to disregulate interferon response activation in human PBMC
Chicin G. - Panton-Valentine leukocidin positive, t008 spa-type meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a Romanian western county hospital
Chidiac C. - Detection of superantigenic toxin Vbeta T-cell signatures during menstrual and non-menstrual staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome but not during S. aureus septic shock
  - Characteristics of patients with a short delay between the first HIV-positive screening test and the diagnosis of AIDS at Lyon University Hospitals, France from 1985 to 2007
  - The Dot/Icm system is essential in the outcome of Legionella pneumophila pneumonia in vivo
Chiereghin A. - Virological and immunological monitoring of human cytomegalovirus infection in heart and small bowel/multivisceral transplantation
Chifiriuc M.C. - New thioureides of 2-(4-methyl-phenoxymethyl) benzoic acid with antimicrobial activity
Chimsuntorn S. - Treatment outcomes of tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients after initiation of anti-retroviral therapy in a resource-limited setting
  - Long-term efficacy of nevirapine-based anti-retroviral therapy among HIV-1 infected patients with/without previous rifampicin, and treatment outcomes of tuberculosis: a 144-week prospective study
Chin B.S. - Incidence and risk factors of infection in a single cohort of 110 adults with systemic lupus erythematosus
Chinarev A. - Comparative study of the efficacy of low- and high-molecular inhibitors of influenza virus haemagglutinin
  - Antiviral effect of a novel inhibitor of influenza virus haemagglutinin on influenza A (H5N1) virus
Chinello P. - HIV-associated pulmonary hypertension: to screen or not to screen?
Chini V. - The coupled effects of physicochemical and flow conditions on Staphylococcus epidermidis adhesion and ica genes expression
  - Toxin production by meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains is related to differences in cytokine levels by peripheral blood mononuclear cells
  - Clonal analysis and toxin gene carriage of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from three hospitals in western Greece
Chini M. - Anti-platelet activating factor effects of antibiotics: a new insight into therapy of sepsis?
Chini V. - Evaluation of MLST for Staphylococcus aureus typing using labelled-primers chemistry
Chinikar S. - Laboratory diagnosis of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in Iran in the year 2007
Chinol M. - The role of media fill in the evaluation of radiopharmaceutical manufacturing process at the European Institute of Oncology
Chinou E. - Candidaemia in oncology patients over the past five years
  - Evolution of the antimicrobial resistance of A. baumannii strains isolated at an intensive care unit
Chiodini P. - Estimating parasitaemia of Plasmodium falciparum: UKNEQAS experience
Chiu C-H. - Impact of the new CLSI non-meningitis penicillin breakpoints on the reporting of antimicrobial susceptibility in pneumococcal infections
Chiu A. - The cost-effectiveness of palivizumab for respiratory syncytial virus prophylaxis in premature infants with a gestational age of 32–35 weeks in Canada
Chiu C-H. - Community-acquired Pseudomonas aeruginosa enterocolitis and sepsis in infants
Chiu A.G. - Pharmacokinetics of azithromycin in plasma and sinus tissue after administration of extended release and immediate release formulations in chronic rhinosinusitis patients
Chmielewska-Badora J. - Study on the occurrence of Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti and Bartonella sp. in ticks from the Roztocze National Park (eastern Poland)
  - Co-infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Bartonella sp. and Babesia microti in patients suspected of Lyme disease
Chmielewski T. - Apoptosis of T lymphocytes in the culture of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with late Lyme arthritis
Chmylak B. - Detection of ESBLs in various Enterobacter cloacae isolates in the Polish External Assurance National Quality Control Scheme POLMICRO 2007
Cho Y.H. - Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among uropathogens causing acute uncomplicated cystitis in female outpatients in South Korea: a multicentre study in 2006
Cho M.S. - The gastric involvement of Orientia tsutsugamushi in patients with scrub typhus
Cho P. - Disinfecting power of multi-purpose soft contact lens disinfecting solutions on fungi colonising the conjunctiva and environmental air isolates
Cho D.T. - Prevalence of the blaIMP-1 gene in epidemiologically unrelated Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in Korea
Cho Y.H. - Anti-inflammatory effect of lycopene on chronic bacterial prostatitis rat model
Chochillon C. - Comparison of antifungal MICs for yeasts obtained using EUCAST in a reference laboratory and Etest in ten different hospital laboratories
Chochlakis D. - Prevalence of antibodies to Bartonella henselae in patients with suspected cat scratch disease in Crete, Greece
  - Seropevalence study of cat scratch disease in Crete, Greece
Choe K.W. - Changing molecular epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus in Korea over a ten-year period
  - Effect of intensive education on compliance of tuberculosis patients in low socio-economic status in Bangladesh
  - Low body mass index is associated with tuberculosis infection in patients starting continous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  - Incidence and risk factors of infection in a single cohort of 110 adults with systemic lupus erythematosus
Choi S.H. - Incidence and risk factors of infection in a single cohort of 110 adults with systemic lupus erythematosus
Choi J.Y. - Incidence and risk factors of infection in a single cohort of 110 adults with systemic lupus erythematosus
Choi H.K. - Incidence and risk factors of infection in a single cohort of 110 adults with systemic lupus erythematosus
Choi H. - Low body mass index is associated with tuberculosis infection in patients starting continous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
Choi S.H. - Low body mass index is associated with tuberculosis infection in patients starting continous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
Choi J.Y. - Low body mass index is associated with tuberculosis infection in patients starting continous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
Choi H.J. - The gastric involvement of Orientia tsutsugamushi in patients with scrub typhus
Choi W.S. - The effect of 3rd generation cephalosporin use restriction on antimicrobial resistance and clinical outcomes among intensive care unit patients
Choi C.H. - Prevalence of the blaIMP-1 gene in epidemiologically unrelated Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in Korea
  - Acinetobacter baumannii outer membrane protein A targets voltage-dependent anion channel and induces early-onset apoptosis and delayed-onset necrosis in dendritic cells
Chomarat M. - Comparative activity of meropenem, imipenem and piperacillin / tazobactam against 1118 bacteria involved in hospital infections: a French multicentre study
Chong Y. - Comparison of performance of MacConkey agar and Mueller-Hinton agar in imipenem-Hodge test
Chong M. - The use of geographical information system to map antibiotic consumption
Chong Y. - Effect of Oxgall on the imipenem-disc Hodge test in screening metallo-b-lactamase-producing Gram-negative bacilli
  - Comparison of toxigenic status and PCR ribotype of Clostridium difficile in three university teaching hospitals in Korea
Chong S. - Epidemiology of respiratory virus infections using xTAG RVP test
Chong Y. - Isolation of carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas otitidis from a patient with chronic otitis media
Chong M. - Are we still using too many antibiotics for acute bronchitis?
Chong S. - Epidemiology of respiratory virus infections using xTAG RVP test
Chongthaleong A. - Weissella spp.: lactic acid bacteria emerging as a human pathogen
Chopra I. - XF-73, a novel anti-staphylococcal antimicrobial with very rapid bactericidal activity
  - The role of mutators in emergence of antibiotic resistance in the clinical setting
Choudri S.H. - Clinical and bacteriological efficacy of sequential intravenous to oral moxifloxacin in hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia and bacteraemia
Chow J. - Prospective, multicentre study of caspofungin for treatment of documented fungal infections in paediatric patients
  - Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of inducible Enterobacteriaceae isolated from intra-abdominal infections worldwide: results from SMART 2006
Chowers M. - Safety reporting in randomised clinical trials of HAART: systematic review
Chras G. - Evaluation of QuantiFERON TB gold assay in tuberculosis diagnosis
Chrisouli Z. - In vitro adsorption and release of antibiotics from cancellous bone
Christel L. - A rapid, fully-automated PCR system for sample processing, diagnosis, and rifampin resistance detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Christensen J.J. - Evaluation of PCR for identifying Brucella species isolated from blood from patients living in a non-endemic area
Christensen M. - Comparison of standard test for bacterial endotoxin detection with a rapid slide method
Christensen J.J. - Evaluation of the VITEK® 2 NH card for identification of fastidious Gram-negative bacteria
  - Factors associated with mortality in patients with fungaemia
Christensen J.P. - Chicken model of Enterococcus faecalis native-valve endocarditis
Christiaens T. - Urinary tract infections
Christian Y. - Travel medicine surveillance in northeastern, Brazil
Christiansen K. - Emergence and dissemination of USA300 MRSA in Australia
Christiansen J.K. - Reversal of meticillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus by thioridazine
Christiansen D.S. - First clonal outbreak of a multi-resistant CTX-M-15 producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Denmark
Christiansen L.E. - Characterisation of a P. aeruginosa mutM mutY double mutant
Christodoulidi I. - Clonal analysis and toxin gene carriage of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from three hospitals in western Greece
Christopher S. - Epidemiology and clinical impact of cefotaxime resistant E. coli, Klebsiella spp. and Enterobacter spp. causing bloodstream infection, skin and soft tissue including surgical site infection and closed space infection
Christophersen I. - A carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii outbreak in ICU. Diagnostic value of rep-PCR for a rapid characterisation of different genotypes, Montevideo, Uruguay
Christova I. - Recombinant Borrelia burgdorferi protein antigens in the serology of early Lyme borreliosis
Chrysohoidou S. - Detection of metallo-b-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae clinical isolates
Chryssanthou E. - 3rd Nordic distribution of external quality assessment samples in medical mycology: do we still need to improve?
Chryssouli Z. - Are carbapenems effective against carbapenem-susceptible, metallo-b-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae? Results from an animal model
  - Genetics and expression of the carbapenem-hydrolyzing oxacillinase genes blaOXA-51 and blaOXA-58 in Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from blood cultures in a university hospital in Athens, Greece
  - Expression of blaCMY-14 promoted by insertion sequence ISEcp1 in P. mirabilis isolates in Greece
Chuang C-H. - Community-acquired Pseudomonas aeruginosa enterocolitis and sepsis in infants
Chuard C. - Investigation of epidemiological links between patients harbouring identical, non-predominant MRSA genotypes as defined by double-locus sequence typing
Chuchalin A. - Long-term course of clarithromycin for the treatment of stage II COPD patients with frequent exacerbations
Chudzicka-Strugala I. - Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis and cytokine response in inflammatory bowel diseases
Chueca N. - Automated DNA extraction with the easyMAG prior to molecular investigation of blood-borne bacteria and fungi with SeptiFast
  - SeptiFast for the investigation of bacterial and fungal DNA in sterile fluids
Chumpol J. - Panton-Valentine leukocidin gene and staphylococcal chromosomal cassette mec types among clinical isolates from patients at a Khon Kaen hospital, Thailand
Chuncharunee A. - Isolation of late-stage Plasmodium falciparum infected red blood cells using a new cost- and time-saving magnetic cell separation kit
Chung D.R. - Treatment failure of cefepime therapy for febrile neutropenic patients with bacteraemia caused by cefepime susceptible ESBL-producing organisms
Chung H.Y. - Acinetobacter baumannii outer membrane protein A targets voltage-dependent anion channel and induces early-onset apoptosis and delayed-onset necrosis in dendritic cells
Chung M.H. - Isolation of carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas otitidis from a patient with chronic otitis media
Chung D.R. - Clinical significance of nosocomial spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in liver cirrhosis patients and impact of the 3rd generation cephalosporin resistance of Gram-negative bacilli on the outcome
  - Relationship between antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in E. coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae blood isolates at 5 tertiary hospitals in Korea
Chursina E. - Comparison of procalcitonin with interleukin 8, leucocyte count and rate of immature to total neutrophils for the early diagnosis of severe bacterial pneumonia and sepsis in pre-term infants
Ciardelli L. - Earliest possible diagnosis of seroconversion for toxoplasmosis in pregnancy
Ciblat S. - A new approach towards the prevention and treatment of osteomyelitis: synthesis and in vitro studies of bisphosphonated rifamycin prodrugs
Cicalini S. - HIV-associated pulmonary hypertension: to screen or not to screen?
Cichero P. - Molecular characterisation of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated in a major general hospital in Italy over a three-year period
Cicioglu Aridogan B. - In vitro effect of fusidic acid on staphylococcus strains with macrolide-lincosamid-streptogramin B resistance
Cid M.P. - Frequency and molecular epidemiology of integron-carrying Salmonella enterica ser Typhimurium isolates from the health region of Terres de l'Ebre, northeastern Spain
  - Molecular epidemiology and mechanisms of b-lactam resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates with reduced susceptibility to amoxicillin-clavulanate from a chronic-care hospital
Ciesla A. - Relationship between gastric secretion, bacterial and fungal colonisation and histological changes in gastric mucosa in HIV-infected patients
  - Influence of anti-retroviral treatment on gastric secretion, Helicobacter pylori colonisation of gastric mucosa and fungal colonisation of upper gastrointestinal tract in HIV-infected patients
Cimatti L. - HIV-1 induces apoptosis in primary osteoblasts and HOBIT cells through TNF-a activation
Cimini E. - Replication of Vaccinia virus on PBMC is restricted by mediators of innate immunity
Cincu C. - Comparison between proliferation intensity of S. aureus on unmodified and new C60-modified polymers
Cioara A. - Epidemiological and bacteriological profile of community-acquired infective endocarditis
  - Clinical epidemiology and microbiological spectrum of nosocomial endocarditis
Ciofi L. - Three-times weekly teicoplanin in the outpatient treatment of chronic infections
Ciofu O. - Characterisation of a P. aeruginosa mutM mutY double mutant
  - Augmented effect by early antibiotic treatment of lung infected mice using sequentially adapted mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Cipriani P. - Pulmonary multiple colonisation of distinct genotypes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a patient admitted to an intensive care cardiology unit: use of a combined fingerprinting approach by rep-PCR and f-AFLP
Ciracì E. - Pharmacokinetics of lopinavir combined with rifabutin in a clinical setting
Cirilli N. - Molecular epidemiology of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Italian cystic fibrosis patients
  - P. aeruginosa with hypermutable phenotype in cystic fibrosis patients
Cirillo D. - Molecular characterisation of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated in a major general hospital in Italy over a three-year period
Cirkovic I. - Occurrence of fluoroquinolone resistance in members of the Staphylococcus sciuri group
  - Association between biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance by Salmonella enteritidis
Cirlan M. - Fungiscope – first Romanian multicentre study on fungaemia: preliminary results
Cisak E. - Co-infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Bartonella sp. and Babesia microti in patients suspected of Lyme disease
  - Study on the occurrence of Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti and Bartonella sp. in ticks from the Roztocze National Park (eastern Poland)
Cismaru C. - Early pattern of IL-6, TNF-alpha, IL-12 and IFN-gamma levels in septic patients
  - Epidemiological and bacteriological profile of community-acquired infective endocarditis
Cisnal M. - Short-course therapy for adult meningococcal sepsis and/or meningitis: 23-year experience
Cisneros J. - Predisposing factors for CTX-M or SHV extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in community-acquired infections
  - Evaluation of the cytomegalovirus reactivation after solid organ transplant
Cisneros J.M. - Prospective study of infectious complications in a cohort of 54 consecutive allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients
Cisterna R. - Infections after cardiac surgery
  - Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia: 303 cases
Citron D. - REP3123, a novel inhibitor of methionyl tRNA synthetase from C. difficile
Ciubotariu D. - Sensitivity profile to some new antibiotics of most frequently encountered bacterial species in infections in a hospital in Romania – Comparison 2003 vs. 2006
Ci[zcaron]man M. - Pneumococcal invasive diseases in Slovenia, 2004–2007
Ciznar I. - Impact of antibiotics on biofilm and some other properties of Klebsiella pneumoniae in vitro
Claeys G. - A case of oto-mastoiditis caused by MRSA of porcine origin
Clair B. - Optimising the flow of ID-AST information between microbiology laboratory and intensive care unit with the new feature of EpiCenter version 5.5 connected to the BD Phoenix system
Claret G. - A single planned interruption of treatment in perinatally-HIV-infected children: effect on HAART-related toxicities
Clari M.A. - Impact of real-time polymerase chain reaction in the diagnosis of acute meningitis in children
Clarizia G. - Immunological diagnosis of early Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in cystic fibrosis patients
Clark M. - Antimicrobial susceptibility and molecular epidemiology of Clostridium difficile (CD) isolated from faecal CD toxin-positive patients in a UK teaching hospital
  - Tuberculosis in a Canadian paediatric tertiary care hospital: identification of two high-risk communities
Clark B. - Microbiological effects of a triclosan dentifrice and tongue cleaner in the treatment of oral malodour
Clarke S. - Characterisation of community and hospital-associated Staphylococcus aureus isolates in Southampton
  - Oncogenic HPV subtypes in HIV-positive women
  - Varicella vaccination in HIV-positive individuals, a time to act
Clarridge III J.E. - The dilemma of reporting culture-positive, toxin-negative Clostridium difficile results on patients with diarrhoeal stools
Cleary J. - Safety of liposomal amphotericin as a once-weekly antifungal prophylactic regimen in very low birth-weight premature infants
Clement A. - Analytical performances of the new Access®Toxo IgG assay
  - Comparative studies of the new Access® Toxo IgG assay
Clethro A.R. - Prospective, randomised clinical trial to compare the efficacy of two 70% (v/v) isopropyl alcohol solutions containing either 0.5% (w/v) chlorhexidine gluconate or 2% (w/v) CHG for skin antisepsis during coronary artery bypass grafting
Clifton-Hadley F. - Development and validation of a novel media (CHROMagar ECC CTX-M) for isolation of CTX-M producing Enterobacteriacae whilst inhibiting ampC producing organisms
Cloeckaert A. - Regulation of efflux-mediated multidrug resistance by the ramR-ramA region in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium
Cloke J. - A comparative evaluation of chromogenic culture media for the detection of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from clinical specimens
  - Performance evaluation of M.I.C.Evaluator™ strip (Oxoid) and comparison with the BSAC reference method
Clouva-Molyvda P. - Primary bloodstream infections and catheter-related bloodstream infections in critically ill patients: impact on length of stay and mortality
Coban S. - Risk factors for nosocomial Acinetobacter bacteraemia: a case-control study of intensive care unit patients
Cobo E. - In the bovine trichomoniasis experimental model, systemic immunisation, unlike preputial infection, induces protection against trichomonad colonisation in bulls
Cocu S. - Bacteriological assessment of intravascular catheter-related bloodstream infections versus colonisations
Cocuzza C.E. - Prevalence of aac(6')-Ib-cr gene in Escherichia coli isolated in northern Italy from patients with urinary tract infections
Codina G. - Application of molecular techniques for the diagnosis of community-acquired bacterial meningitis in nine Spanish hospitals
  - Whooping cough in Catalonia, Spain
  - Use of a new PCR to identify Candida species isolated directly from a positive blood culture
  - Pertussis surveillance in one geographic area of Catalonia, 2003–2007
Codina C. - Role of different classes of antimicrobials on the risk of acquisition of resistant micro-organisms in critically ill medical patients
Codita I. - Molecular characterisation of Staphylococcus aureus isolates belonging to two most prevalent spa types recovered from Romanian hospitals during 2006–2007
  - Relevance of A 2 phospholipases and matrix-metalloproteases in the assessment of the inflammatory process evolution in periodontal disease
  - Panton-Valentine leukocidin positive, t008 spa-type meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a Romanian western county hospital
Coenen S. - European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption (ESAC): outpatient parenteral antibiotic treatment in Europe
Cofan F. - Combination antifungal therapy for invasive aspergillosis in solid organ transplant recipients
Cohen D. - Evaluation of the 3M BacLite Rapid MRSA test for the direct detection of MRSA from nasal, groin, and combined nasal/axilla/groin surveillance specimens
Cohen J. - Varicella zoster virus latency: implications for new vaccines
Cohen N. - Genetic relatedness between ciprofloxacin-resistant Salmonella Kentucky isolated from humans and poultry meat
Cohen Stuart J. - The first 48 hours of viral response during therapy differentiate between rapid viral response and null response in hepatitis C genotype 1 patients
Cohrs A. - An outbreak of Clostridium difficile-associated disease in a university hospital in Germany
Coia J.E. - A two-centre study to determine possible geographic differences in the prevalence of Clostridium difficile ribotypes in Scotland
Coia J. - Protothecal endocarditis in a dialysis dependent patient
Coia J.E. - Epidemiology of Clostridium difficile in Scotland – A possible shift in ribotype distribution
  - An investigation into antibiotic susceptibility and ribotype profiles among community-acquired and hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile strains isolated in a university teaching hospital laboratory
Coignard B. - Prevalence of nosocomial infections, France, 2006
  - Prevalence of antibiotic prescriptions in healthcare facilities, France, 2006
Çokca F. - Two cases of Lactococcus endocarditis
Colaert J. - Evaluation of a chromogenic agar plate as screening medium for the detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae
Colak D. - Outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii producing the carbapenemase OXA-58 in Turkey
Colakoglu S. - Determining in vitro synergistic activities of tigecycline with several antibiotics against Brucella melitensis using chequerboard and time-kill assays
  - Bloodstream infections due to extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae: risk factors and clinical outcome
  - Evaluation of the Etest and broth dilution methods for susceptibility testing of Brucella melitensis
  - Focal organ involvement in a series of 99 brucellosis patients
  - Four cases of sickle cell anaemia accompanied by brucellosis causing pain crisis
  - Five cases of kala azar
  - The iliopsoas abscess: aetiology, therapy, and outcome
Colao M.G. - Toscana virus, a "Mediterranean" agent of aseptic meningitis: analysis of 42 consecutive cases
Colclough A. - The activity of iclaprim against European Streptococcus pyogenes and S. agalactiae
Coldea I.L. - Molecular characterisation of Staphylococcus aureus isolates belonging to two most prevalent spa types recovered from Romanian hospitals during 2006–2007
Coldham N. - Development and validation of a novel media (CHROMagar ECC CTX-M) for isolation of CTX-M producing Enterobacteriacae whilst inhibiting ampC producing organisms
  - Absence of MRSA in clinical mastitis samples recovered from dairy cattle across England and Wales
Cole-Sinclair M. - Streptococcus pneumoniae septicaemia associated with red cell transfusion
Coll P. - Application of molecular techniques for the diagnosis of community-acquired bacterial meningitis in nine Spanish hospitals
  - Is multiple-stool-specimen ova and parasite examination necessary?
  - Molecular characterisation of aminoglycoside resistance in Enterobacteriaceae
Collado M.C. - Microbial analysis of breast milk as a tool to differentiate infectious mastitis and Raynaud's syndrome during lactation
Collie M.H.S. - Clostridium difficile in the paediatric population
Collignon A. - Vaccinal strategy against Clostridium difficile associated disease with surface proteins of C. difficile
  - Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of Clostridium difficile isolates in French hospitals from 2001 to 2007
  - Screening for Clostridium difficile in meat from French retailers
Collin F. - Non-AIDS defining non-HAART-related severe clinical events have a high incidence in HIV-patients on HAART and are associated with virological failure: a 7-years follow-up cohort study (ANRS CO8)
Collin V. - Typing of MRSA with chromID™ MRSA medium and DiversiLab™ system
Collins C. - Cost effectiveness of employing a TPN surveillance nurse for the prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections
Collins C.J. - Catheter-related bloodstream infection in patients on total parenteral nutrition: 10-year surveillance data in a university teaching hospital in Dublin, Ireland
Colmenero-Castillo J.D. - Acute Chagas' disease in a European stem cell transplant recipient
Coloma A. - Community-acquired acute bacterial meningitis in older people in Spain
Colomba C. - Genetic characterisation of G3 rotaviruses detected in an Italian infantile population in 1993–2005
Colombo A. - Impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy and Candida spp. oral colonisation in AIDS patients in a Brazilian tertiary-care university hospital
Colombo C. - Immunological diagnosis of early Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in cystic fibrosis patients
Colomina J. - Risk factors and prognosis of external ventricular drainage-related infection
  - Clinical features and prognosis factors of community-acquired acute bacterial meningitis in Spain
  - Community-acquired acute bacterial meningitis in older people in Spain
Colonna B. - Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolated from patients affected by cystic fibrosis: genotyping analysis and molecular characterisation of virulence determinants
Coltella L. - Pulmonary multiple colonisation of distinct genotypes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a patient admitted to an intensive care cardiology unit: use of a combined fingerprinting approach by rep-PCR and f-AFLP
Coluzzi M. - Preliminary study on possible risk co-factors in the transmission route of HHV-8 with promoter blood sucking arthropods. Survey through questionnaires in two sub-Saharan African countries: Cameroon and Senegal
Colzani D. - Human Metapneumovirus and human Bocavirus in hospitalised children with acute respiratory infections
Coman G. - Fungiscope – first Romanian multicentre study on fungaemia: preliminary results
Comar M. - Molecular detection of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriacee in northeastern Italy
Comas I. - Evolutionary trajectories among ESBL enzymes belonging to the CTX-M-1 cluster
Comert F. - Comparison of three automated systems (BD Phoenix, MicroScan WalkAway and VITEK 2) for detecting imipenem resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii
Cometta A. - Investigation of epidemiological links between patients harbouring identical, non-predominant MRSA genotypes as defined by double-locus sequence typing
Compelitou S. - Detection of pathogenic genes pap, hlyA and cnf1 IN E. coli strains isolated from adult patients with urinary tract infection
Comte B. - Transmission of influenza virus within a French university hospital during three influenza seasons, from October 2004 to April 2007
Conceicao T. - Identification of the transmission vectors of Staphylococcus aureus circulating in a neonatal intensive care unit
Concia E. - Spontaneous vertebral osteomyelitis: comparison of cases without a microbiological diagnosis to definite pyogenic and tuberculous cases
  - Epidemiology of bacterial meningitis during a 5-year period in an infectious diseases unit in northern Italy
Conejo M.C. - Detection and reporting betalactam resistance phenotypes in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae: a multicentre proficiency study in Spanish laboratories
  - Evolution of quinolone resistance mediated by genetic changes in qnrA, qnrB and qnrS genes
Connell J. - Diagnosing congenital cytomegalovirus infection: will the universal Guthrie card (dried blood spot) testing hinder more than help?
  - Low incidence of congenital cytomegalovirus infection in a large maternity hospital in Ireland
Connolly-Andersen A-M. - Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus infects peripheral blood mononuclear cells and does not disrupt tight junctions in MDCK-1 cells
Conrad A. - In vitro activity of a mixture of mustard oils (isothiocyanates) against antimicrobial and multidrug-resistant bacteria
  - Skin care and use of colouring- and perfume-free products for hand hygiene: important foci for hand hygiene promotion
Conti F. - Novel methods for the diagnosis of HPV infection
  - Prevalence for serological markers of hepatotropic viruses A, B, and C, and hepatitis A and B vaccination needs in a prospective cohort of patients with chronic liver diseases awaiting liver transplantation
Contini C. - Molecular evidence of Chlamydia trachomatis in a female patient with ocular lymphoma and chronic hepatitis B
Contreras C. - Risk factors and epidemiology of malaria in endemic zones of Venezuela
Cooke N. - Molecular characterisation of antimicrobial resistant bacteraemic Escherichia coli isolates from an Irish hospital
Cooke R.P.D. - Laboratory acquired brucellosis – A review of published reports 1950–2007
Cookson B.D. - EARRS-SEQNET surveillance of S. aureus associated with bacteraemia in the UK during 2006
Cookson B. - Healthcare-associated infection in acute hospitals: what makes a difference? Exploration of national English data
  - European survey and consensus on infection control standards and performance indicators
Coombs G. - Emergence and dissemination of USA300 MRSA in Australia
Cooper B.S. - Catastrophic failure of MRSA control in the hospitals: myth or reality?
Coops S. - Comparison of PCR-reverse line blot and real-time PCR for the detection of dermatophytes in clinical samples
Cooreman S. - Evaluation of two chromogenic Candida agars: need for additional training to optimise results
  - Fungaemia in the university hospital of Antwerp: species distribution and antifungal susceptibility of isolates
Cope N.K. - Gastro-intestinal carriage of MRSA in patients with community-acquired diarrhoea
Coplu N. - Levels of anti-Haemophilus influenzae type B antibody in Turkey before routine vaccination
Coppens G. - Direct detection of MRSA in surveillance samples by Xpert MRSA
  - Benchmarking of microbiology laboratories
  - Five years of Belgian MIST (meropenem information on bacterial susceptibility testing) surveillance: 2001–2005
Coque T.M. - Phylogenetic groups of non-clonally related Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates with and without extended-spectrum b-lactamases
  - Molecular typing of the resistance plasmids of a vancomycin-resistant enterococci nosocomial outbreak in Spain
Coque T. - Diversity of sul genes (sul1, sul2 and sul3) among human clinical Enterobacteriaceae isolates recovered during the last two decades in Spain (1988–2006)
  - Relative fitness of different plasmids carrying blaCTX-M-15 gene
Coque T.M. - Population structure of Enterococcus isolates from Portugal
  - Characterisation of Gram-positive conjugative transposons in enterococci from different sources by a multiplex-PCR assay
  - High prevalence of blaCTX-M-14 in Spain is mainly associated with the dissemination of an epidemic plasmid belonging to IncI complex
  - Recent dissemination of blaTEM-52-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Portugal is caused by spread of IncI plasmids among Escherichia coli and Klebsiella clones
  - Replicon typing of plasmids carrying the sul3-atypical integrons among Salmonella isolates
  - Identification of enterococcal plasmids by multiplex-PCR-based relaxase typing
  - Increased mutation frequency among Enterococcus faecium belonging to clonal complex 17
  - Plasmid characterisation of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium strains from different continents (1986–2007)
Coque M.T. - Complex emergence of VIM-1 producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Spain during epidemics involving VIM-1 producing Enterobacteriaceae
Coque T. - The emergence of VRE (multi-resistant enterococci) and its clinical impact in hospitals in Europe
  - Aquatic environment contamination with an epidemic Escherichia coli clone harbouring blaCTX-M-15, blaOXA-1, blaTEM-1, and aac(6')-Ib-cr in Portugal
Coque T.M. - Plasmid characterisation of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis strains from different continents (1989–2004)
  - International dissemination of a multi-resistant IncA/C2 plasmid containing blaTEM-24, Tn21 and Tn1696 among epidemic and non-epidemic Enterobacteriaceae species
  - Evolutionary trajectories among ESBL enzymes belonging to the CTX-M-1 cluster
Corbeil L. - In the bovine trichomoniasis experimental model, systemic immunisation, unlike preputial infection, induces protection against trichomonad colonisation in bulls
Corbel C. - First detection of the plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in extended-spectrum b-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from in-and out-patients in Switzerland
Corbelli R. - Hypersensitivity pneumonitis due to Pseudozyma sp. in a liver-transplanted child
Corbett-Feeney G. - Prevalence of plasmid mediated AmpC b-lactamases in non-typhi salmonella from Ireland
Cordero E. - Evaluation of the cytomegalovirus reactivation after solid organ transplant
Córdoba E. - Tuberculosis in Buenos Aires: ten-month analysis at a reference hospital
Corey G.R. - Telavancin for hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia: the ATTAIN studies
Cormican M. - Prevalence of the tetA gene and class I and class II integrons in environmental isolates of E. coli
  - Prevalence of plasmid mediated AmpC b-lactamases in non-typhi salmonella from Ireland
Cornaglia G. - Viability of live-attenuated vaccine strains in a pharmaceutical dump
Cornely O. - Efficacy of caspofungin compared to itraconazole as secondary antifungal prophylaxis: a multinational case registry
Cornely O.A. - Efficacy and safety of micafungin for treatment of serious Candida infections in patients with or without malignant disease
Cornely O. - Fungiscope – the Global Rare Fungal Infection Registry
Cornely O.A. - Pooled analysis of safety for micafungin
Cornely O. - Antifungals for life-threatening candidiasis
Cornely O.A. - Challenge of oropharyngeal candidiasis in immunocompromised patients: the need for an optimised treatment
  - Multivariate logistic regression modelling of variables associated with treatment outcomes from two large, prospective micafungin registrational trials
  - Pharmaco-economic analyis of posaconazole versus standard azole prophylaxis in high-risk neutropenic AML/MDS patients in Germany
Cornet M. - Comparison of antifungal MICs for yeasts obtained using EUCAST in a reference laboratory and Etest in ten different hospital laboratories
Coroleu W. - Evaluation of a real-time PCR (GeneXperTSystem) for the diagnosis of intrapartum group B Streptococcus colonisation
Coronel P. - Effects of b-lactams on mixed cultures of common respiratory isolates as an approach to treatment effects on nasopharyngeal carriage
Corradetti N. - Detection of VISA/hVISA in routine clinical isolates: Microscan® modified procedure vs. Etest®
Corral J. - Efficacy and safety of once-daily atazanavir/ritonavir compared to twice-daily lopinavir/ritonavir, each in combination with tenofovir and emtricitabine, in antiretroviral naive HIV-1 infected subjects. The CASTLE Study (AI424–138) 48-week results
Corral I. - Improved long-term survival among AIDS patients with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy receiving potent antiretroviral therapies
Corrales I.F. - Bloodstream infections among newborns in intensive care unit in a country network in Bogota, Colombia, 2001–2007
Correia H. - Portuguese EQA results for serogical diagnosis of syphilis and brucellosis
Correia D. - Heart rate variability in AIDS-patients co-infected with T. cruzi
Correia A. - Biochemical characterisation of the subclass B2 metallo-b-lactamase SfhI
Correia Abreu R. - Malaria: between two ports
Corrente M. - Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in young dogs and their owners
Correnti M. - Detection of human papillomavirus in HIV-positive Venezuelan patients
  - cagA/vacA genotyping of Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from Cuban and Venezuelan patients
Corrò M. - Virulence genotypes of Escherichia coli strains of human and avian origin in relation to ciprofloxacin resistance status
Cortell M. - Molecular epidemiology and mechanisms of b-lactam resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates with reduced susceptibility to amoxicillin-clavulanate from a chronic-care hospital
  - Frequency and molecular epidemiology of integron-carrying Salmonella enterica ser Typhimurium isolates from the health region of Terres de l'Ebre, northeastern Spain
Cortes J.A. - Bloodstream infections among newborns in intensive care unit in a country network in Bogota, Colombia, 2001–2007
  - Fungal bloodstream infections in a citywide network in Bogotá, Colombia, 2001–2006
Cortés J.A. - Healthcare professional preferences in educational strategies against antimicrobial resistance in a developing country
  - Effectiveness of an active intervention to improve notification in an antimicrobial resistance surveillance system in a developing country
Cortes Luna J.A. - Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus – Community-acquired phenotype spread in hospitals in Bogotá, Colombia
Corti G. - Toscana virus, a "Mediterranean" agent of aseptic meningitis: analysis of 42 consecutive cases
  - Usage of carbapenems significantly increase the rate of new colonisation due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitalised patients
Cortizo-Vidal S. - Trend of prevalence of human immunodefiency virus type 1(HIV-1) non-B aubtypes in Galicia, northwestern Spain
  - A Trichuris vulpis parasitosis: an unexpected discovery
  - Incidence of candidaemia: 5-year results from emerging infections in patients from the intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital
  - Risk factors associated to mortality in intensive care unit patients with candidaemia
Corver J. - Emerging disease due to Clostridium difficile PCR Ribotype 078 in the Netherlands
Cos P. - Induction of apoptosis by the triterpene saponin PX-6518 in promastigotes and amastigotes of Leishmania infantum
Coscolla M. - Molecular epidemiology of Legionella pneumophila in Comunidad Valencia (Spain)
Cosgun Y. - Evaluation of phenotypic methods for detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamases in a clinical microbiology laboratory
Coskun O. - Brucellosis: a cause of peripheral neuropathy
Cosman M. - Molecular characterisation of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from blood culture
Cossey V. - Needleless positive-pressure mechanical valve connectors: are they safe?
  - Cerebrospinal fluid compartmental pharmacokinetics of amikacin in neonates
  - Contributors to between-individual variability of amikacin clearance in neonates
  - Is the emergency department the place to be for optimum Clostridium difficile-associated disease control?
  - Prediction of pre-operative nasal carriage of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an outpatient evaluation clinic by using a simple questionnaire
Cossins L.R. - Differentiation between BRO-1 and BRO-2 b-lactamases in clinical isolates of Moraxella catarrhalis collected 2002–2003
Cossins L. - Characterisation of the mef gene in clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae collected during 2004–2005
Costa D. - Characterisation of an unusual class 1 integron in Escherichia coli isolates of animal origin
Costa S. - Iron overload favours the elimination of Leishmania infantum from mouse tissues by enhancing the production of reactive oxygen species
Costa J. - Outbreak of measles in Catalonia (Spain): importance of laboratory confirmation
Costa S.S. - Efflux-mediated response of Staphylococcus aureus exposed to ethidium bromide
Costantini D. - Immunological diagnosis of early Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in cystic fibrosis patients
Coste A. - Comparison between Isavuconazole and other azoles against characterised clinical isolates and yeast model systems
Cottagnoud M. - Ceftobiprole is superior to cefepime against a Klebsiella pneumoniae strain in experimental meningitis
Cottagnoud P.H. - Ceftobiprole is superior to cefepime against a Klebsiella pneumoniae strain in experimental meningitis
Cotten C. - Correlation between antifungal drug susceptibility and morphological changes of Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis biofilms
Cotter S. - Serotype distribution and analysis of invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates pre-7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction in the Republic of Ireland
Cotuk A. - Isolation of sulfate reducing bacteria from dental unit waterlines
  - Efficacy of a mixture of colloidal silver-hydrogen peroxide and 2-bromo-2-nitropropan, 1,3-diol compounds against different Legionella pneumophila strains
  - Comparison of the microbial load of incoming and distal outlet water from dental unit water systems
  - Pioneer coloniser bacteria in biofilm formation on galvanised steel in a model cooling tower system
Couble A. - Molecular identification of clinical isolates of Nocardia and related Actinomycetes in the French Observatory for Nocardiosis (OFN) – New epidemiology data of nocardiosis in France between 2000 and 2007
Coudrot M. - Value of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic in dose management of ceftazidime and imipeneme in ICUs
Couet W. - Pharmacokinetic characterisation of ertapenem following subcutaneous administration in acutely ill patients
Coulston N.A. - Specific detection of hepatitis C virus in clinical samples using a novel simplification strategy
Cournoyer B. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains DNA typing by semi-automated repetitive-sequence-based PCR
Courvalin P. - Dual mode of action of telavancin against Staphylococcus aureus
  - Association of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes, DHA-1 b-lactamase, and extended-spectrum b-lactamase SHV-12 in Enterobacter cloacae isolated in Moroccco
Coutinho A. - European survey and consensus on infection control standards and performance indicators
Couto I. - Intrinsic drug resistance of M. aviumM. intracellulare complex: the role played by efflux pumps
  - Efflux-mediated response of Staphylococcus aureus exposed to ethidium bromide
  - Simple methods to screen efflux pump activity and efflux pump inhibitors in multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli
Coutsinos Z. - Prevalence for serological markers of hepatotropic viruses A, B, and C, and hepatitis A and B vaccination needs in a prospective cohort of patients with chronic liver diseases awaiting liver transplantation
Couturier C. - European survey of macrolide resistance mechanisms among S. pneumoniae from 2006–2007 and activity of telithromycin
  - European survey of antibacterial activity against S. pneumoniae from 2006–2007: focus on fluoroquinolones
  - European survey of antibacterial activity against H. influenzae from 2006–2007: focus on fluoroquinolones
Couwenbergh N. - Temocillin protein binding is concentration-dependent and not restricted to albumin
  - Temocillin 6g daily in critically ill patients: continuous infusion vs. conventional administration
Couzon B. - In vitro activity of tigecycline against enterococci
Coyle P. - VZIG administration in pregnant women exposed to chickenpox
  - The impact of a PCR assay for detection of candidaemia on antifungal drug prescribing in critically ill adults
  - Human Rhinovirus: a role in adult LRTI?
Coyne M. - Problems with real-time PCR for MRSA: why culture is still required
Craig F.L. - An investigation into antibiotic susceptibility and ribotype profiles among community-acquired and hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile strains isolated in a university teaching hospital laboratory
Craig W.A. - Use of pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic principles for decision support for short-course oritavancin dosing regimens for complicated skin and skin structure infections
Cramer J.P. - Synthetic Plasmodium falciparum GPI: TLR recognition and structural requirements
Crance J.M. - Highlights on the mode of action of ST-246, an anti-orthopoxviral compound
  - Anti-orthopoxviral potency of small interfering RNA targeting two genes of the vaccinia virus replication complex
Crawford V. - VZIG administration in pregnant women exposed to chickenpox
Crealey G. - VZIG administration in pregnant women exposed to chickenpox
Crehalet H. - Routine-based evaluation through a 3-year survey of the commercial Chlamylege assay for direct identification by multiplex PCR of Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila and Legionella spp. in human respiratory infection
Crespo M.R. - Rapid PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method to differentiate among Campylobacter clinical isolates
Crespo M.D. - A 4-year study on paediatric vulvovaginitis
  - Clostridium difficile-associated diseases: a 2-year study
Crespo-Sánchez M. - Use of a clinical laboratory database to estimate the incidence of Toxoplasma gondii infection among women of childbearing age: a longitudinal retrospective study
  - Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women in the Albacete area, Spain
Creti R. - mef(E) is present in Streptococcus pyogenes and can be transferred by conjugation
Cretoiu S. - Molecular characterisation of PER-1 extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates from Romania
Cretu C.M. - How to deal with chronic infections of Trichinella
Crevecoeur S. - International external quality assessment programme for the molecular detection of Legionella pneumophila in respiratory samples: results from 2006 and 2007
Cristea M. - Epidemiological, clinical and laboratory findings in human Leptospirosis
Cristini G. - Incidence of syphilis in a cohort of HIV-infected subjects, Italy
Cristovão P. - Diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from extrapulmonary specimens with real-time PCR
Critchley I. - REP3123, a novel inhibitor of methionyl tRNA synthetase from C. difficile
  - To determine the efficacy and safety of different doses of faropenem medoxomil in acute otitis media as measured by double tympanocentesis
Critchley I.A. - Antimicrobial susceptibilities of Streptococcus pyogenes isolated from respiratory and skin infections in the United States in 2005–2006
Critchley I. - Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus among skin and wound specimen sources in the United States: laboratory-based surveillance study 2005–2007
Critchley I.A. - Activity of faropenem against U.S. paediatric isolates of serotype 19A Streptococcus pneumoniae collected in the 2005–2006 respiratory season
Croize J. - In vivo selection of carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii mediated by ISAba1 mobilisation upstream of the blaOXA-51 natural oxacillinase gene
Croizé J. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains DNA typing by semi-automated repetitive-sequence-based PCR
Crokaert F. - Evaluation of the Cica-Beta Test for routine detection of AmpC cephalosporinase hyperproduction and extended-spectrum b-lactamase production
Crowley B. - Molecular characterisation of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter species in an Irish tertiary referral hospital
Crowley-Luke A. - Levels of anti-Haemophilus influenzae type B antibody in Turkey before routine vaccination
Crownover P.H. - Pharmacokinetics of azithromycin in plasma and sinus tissue after administration of extended release and immediate release formulations in chronic rhinosinusitis patients
Croxatto A. - Waddlia chondrophila multiplies within human macrophages in a vacuole associated to the endoplasmic reticulum
Cruaud P. - Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of Clostridium difficile isolates in French hospitals from 2001 to 2007
Cruciani M. - CXCR4-using HIV-1 in antiretroviral-naive patients with primary or chronic infection
Cruzeiro C. - Fungal infections at a Coimbra burns unit: 2003–2007
Cubrilo S. - Functional properties of aminoglycoside-resistant methyltransferase Sgm
Cuchi E. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa in sputum at admission in hospitalised patients for acute COPD exacerbation: prognostic implications
Cuchí E.M. - Comparison of an interferon-gamma assay with tuberculin skin test for the diagnosis of tuberculosis infection prior to anti-tumour necrosis factor therapy
Cuciureanu M. - Efficacy of ertapenem against staphylococci isolates
Cudek E. - A novel chromogenic formulation for detecting meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in surveillance specimens: comparison to Oxoid Canada's Demin Blue agar
Cuenca M. - Predisposing factors for CTX-M or SHV extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in community-acquired infections
Cuenca-Estrella M. - In vitro susceptibility of clinical isolates of Candida kefyr
  - In vitro susceptibility of clinical isolates of Dipodascus capitatus
Cuesta M. - Evaluation of a Latex Agglutination test for the detection of Helicobacter pylori in stool specimens
Cuesta-Casas M.A. - Acute Chagas' disease in a European stem cell transplant recipient
Cuétara M. - Clinical and management utility of Candida albicans germ tube antibody detection in critically ill patients. Influence on mortality
Cuevas O. - Molecular characterisation of Panton-Valentine leukocidin positive Staphylococcus aureus invasive isolates in Spain
  - Comparison of two methods (Etest and MicroScan) for detecting vancomycin susceptibility in Staphylococcus aureus
  - Antimicrobial resistance of Spanish Pseudomonas aeruginosa from blood according to the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (EARSS) experience (2006–2007)
Cuffini A. - Regional trends in telithromycin and azithromycin resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates
Cui X. - Clinical performance of FXG:RESP (Asp +) assay for Pneumocystis jirovecii on respiratory specimens
  - Clinical performance of FXGTM : RESP (Asp +) assay for aspergillus on respiratory specimens
Culebras E. - Comparative in vitro activity of ertapenem against carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria isolated from blood cultures
  - Induction of telithromycin resistance by several macrolide antibiotics in Enterococcus spp. and Streptococcus spp.
  - In vitro activities of several antimicrobials alone or in combination against MDR Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from intensive care unit
  - Comparative activity of various antimicrobial agents against Bacteroides fragilis group strains
Culig J. - Outpatient utilisation of antibiotics in Zagreb, 2006
Cullen M. - Rapid detection of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in critical care units
Cunha V. - Two specific strains of Histoplasma capsulatum causing mucocutaneous manifestations of histoplasmosis: a frequent manifestation of histoplasmosis in Latin America
Cunningham E. - Real-time PCR for the detection of qnrA gene in Enterobacteriaceae: the incidence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in a London teaching hospital
Cuquet J. - Comparison of an interferon-gamma assay with tuberculin skin test for the diagnosis of tuberculosis infection prior to anti-tumour necrosis factor therapy
Curiao T. - Diversity of sul genes (sul1, sul2 and sul3) among human clinical Enterobacteriaceae isolates recovered during the last two decades in Spain (1988–2006)
  - International dissemination of a multi-resistant IncA/C2 plasmid containing blaTEM-24, Tn21 and Tn1696 among epidemic and non-epidemic Enterobacteriaceae species
Curran M. - Epidemiology of Fusobacterium necrophorum in university students
Curry J. - XF-73: a novel antimicrobial with broad-ranging Gram-positive antibacterial activity
  - The activity of ME1036 against community-acquired pneumonia bloodstream isolates
Cusato M. - Pharmacokinetics of lopinavir combined with rifabutin in a clinical setting
Custódio J.B. - Anti-giardial activity of carvacrol, thymol and eugenol
Cuteri V. - "DelioCode": a freeware programme for comparing oligonucleotidic sequences by verification codes
  - First case series of post-operative ocular infection due to Streptococcus dysgalactiae ssp. equisimilis in humans
Cutts F. - The serotype-specific efficacy and immunogenicity of a 9-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine determined during an efficacy trial in The Gambia, West Africa
Cuvelier S. - Rapid detection of meticillin-resistant and meticillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus by real-time PCR directly from positive blood culture bottles
Cuzick J. - A comparison of predictors for high-grade CIN in the triage of women with abnormal smears
Cuzon G. - Genetic structures at the origin of acquisition of the b-lactamase blaKPC gene
  - Nosocomial outbreak caused by multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa producing IMP-13 metallo-b-lactamase in France
  - First isolation of GES extended-spectrum b-lactamases in Enterobactericeae in Belgium
Cvitan S. - Sympathetic skin response in patients with purulent meningoencephalitis
Czaika V. - Influence of anidulafungin on different Candida species in a continuous flow culture system