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B
Baak L.C. - The first 48 hours of viral response during therapy differentiate between rapid viral response and null response in hepatitis C genotype 1 patients
Bababeik M. - CagA variants in Iranian Helicobacter pylori isolates recovered from patients with different gastroduodenal diseases
  - Recombinant bacterial ghosts as a new vaccination approach against Helicobacter pylori infection
  - Relationship between Helicobacter pylori babA and babB status with other virulence factors and their correlation with disease outcome in Iran
  - Clustering of antibiotic resistant and susceptible Iranian Helicobacter pylori strains using RAPD-PCR profiling
  - Is Helicobacter pylori the only aetiologic factor involved in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer among Iranian population?
Babikir R. - Antimicrobial prophylaxis in neutropenic patients undergoing peripheral blood stemcell or bone marrow transplantation
  - Arthroscopic knee surgery: postoperative wound infections, antibiotic prophylaxis and preoperative hair removal. Data from AMBU-KISS
Babwah J. - Epidemiology of respiratory virus infections using xTAG RVP test
  - Epidemiology of respiratory virus infections using xTAG RVP test
Baccalini R. - Molecular characterisation of community- and hospital-acquired meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Bacher J. - Analysis of pharmacodynamic interactions between antifungal drugs against Aspergillus fumigatus using the fractional inhibitory concentration index
Bachmann T. - Rapid extended-spectrum b-lactamases detection using DNA chips
Bacruban R. - 2007 outbreak of viral meningitis in Romania: cases managed in a national institute of infectious diseases
Badal R. - Comparison of antimicrobial susceptibilities of bacteria isolated in Canada, the United States, and Mexico – Results from the T.E.S.T. Program 2004–2007
  - Comparative analysis of tigecycline in South America from 2004–2007
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline against pathogens isolated from lower respiratory infections – The Global T.E.S.T. Program 2007
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline and 13 comparators against pathogens from a global population of intensive care patients in 2007
  - Extended-spectrum b-lactamase production in Europe
  - Global trends of penicillin resistance rates in Streptococcus pneumoniae, 2004–2007
  - Susceptibility patterns of tigecycline and comparators from clinical isolates in Spain and Portugal 2004–2007
  - A global perspective of antimicrobial in vitro activity from the T.E.S.T. Program: annual analysis from 2004–2006
  - Antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates from various body sites in Europe: the T.E.S.T. Program
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline and comparators against vancomycin-resistant enterococci from western Europe
  - Tigecycline in vitro activity against vancomycin-resistant enterococci in the U.S. analysed by CDC Regions
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline against inpatient and outpatient isolates from a European population
  - Tigecycline activity in Europe: a comparative analysis by country 2007
Badea V. - Re-emergence of infectious syphilis in Constanta county, Romania
  - Resistance to antifungal drugs of yeasts isolated from genital specimens
Bader L. - Molecular evidence of a nosocomial Pneumocystis jirovecii transmission among 16 patients after kidney transplantation
Badiceanu C.D. - New thioureides of 2-(4-methyl-phenoxymethyl) benzoic acid with antimicrobial activity
Badicut I. - 2007 outbreak of viral meningitis in Romania: cases managed in a national institute of infectious diseases
Badiou C. - Detection of superantigenic toxin Vbeta T-cell signatures during menstrual and non-menstrual staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome but not during S. aureus septic shock
  - The Panton-Valentin leukocidin as an example of a bacterial toxin underestimated clinical relevance
  - Effect of antibiotics, alone and in association, on Panton-Valentine leukocidin production by Staphylococcus aureus
Badridze N. - Prevalence of CCR5, CCR2 and SDF1 genotypes in general population and HIV seropositive individuals in Georgia
Badura A. - Community-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) in southeastern Austria: distribution to spa-types and first occurrence of USA300
Bae S.Y. - Serotyping and antimicrobial resistance of group B Streptococcus in Korea
Baez-Villasenor J. - Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of inducible Enterobacteriaceae isolated from intra-abdominal infections worldwide: results from SMART 2006
Bagdat A. - Bactericidal effect of disinfectants on Chryseobacterium meningosepticum
Baghaei P. - Outcomes of patients with XDR-TB in Iran
Baghai K. - CagA and other key genes in the cag pathogenicity island of Helicobacter pylori isolated from dyspepsia patients
  - Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibilities of Yersinia enterocolitica and other Yersinia species recovered from meat and chicken in Tehran, Iran
Baghdasaryan A. - Antibiotic resistance of commensal Escherichia coli and Lactobacillus isolates from the healthy gut microflora
Bagherzadeh Yazdchi S. - Carriage of group B streptococcus in pregnant women from Tehran, Iran
Baglatzi L. - Estimation of tuberculin status among school children on a Greek island
Bagnulo H. - A carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii outbreak in ICU. Diagnostic value of rep-PCR for a rapid characterisation of different genotypes, Montevideo, Uruguay
Bagoole B. - Evaluation of the 3M BacLite Rapid MRSA test for the direct detection of MRSA from nasal, groin, and combined nasal/axilla/groin surveillance specimens
Bahar M.A. - Antibiofilm activity of bismuth ethandithiol, bismuth dimercaprol, silver nitrate and EDTA on biofilm producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Bahrmand A. - Multiple-mutations in the katG gene of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates correlate with high-level of resistance to isoniazid in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis in Belarus
Baier M. - Optimal diagnostic approach in a Q fever outbreak situation
Baig W. - A prospective survey of intravascular-catheter related infection in patients being treated for infective endocarditis
Baila L. - Caspofungin as first-line therapy of invasive aspergillosis in haematological patients: impact of baseline characteristics on response rate at end of treatment and survival
Baines S. - Emergence of reduced susceptibility to metronidazole in Clostridium difficile
  - Comparison of oritavancin versus vancomycin as treatment for clindamycin-induced C. difficile ribotype 027 infection in a human gut model
Bajanca P. - Analysis of Haemophilus influenzae isolated from invasive disease, in Portugal, during extensive vaccination against H. influenzae serotype b
Bajolle F. - Infective endocarditis in children: a single cohort study of 51 cases in a French university hospital
Baka S. - Genital candidiasis in prepubertal and pubertal girls
Bakhshi B. - Genetic diversity of Vibrio pathogenicity island in Vibrio cholerae isolates of clinical origin in Iran
  - Vibrio cholerae among stool samples of patients with diarrhoea and PCR detection of two housekeeping genes hly and recA
  - Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and CTX-RFLP analysis of Vibrio cholerae strains isolated from patients in Iran
Bakhtiari R. - Carriage of group B streptococcus in pregnant women from Tehran, Iran
Bakker C. - The prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium in the Netherlands
Bakker D. - Emerging disease due to Clostridium difficile PCR Ribotype 078 in the Netherlands
Bakkers J.M. - Multiplex PCR for the detection of bacterial infections in human faeces
Baklan Z. - Resistance trends of E. coli from urinary tract infections in hospitalised patients and consumption of antimicrobials, 1998–2006
Bakopoulos K. - Post-operative bacterial meningitis: a 2-year study in a neurosurgery department
Bakoula C. - Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of group A Streptococcus clinical isolates: antimicrobial resistance patterns, macrolide-resistance genes and emm typing
Bal C. - Brucellosis: an evaluation of 100 cases in Central Anatolia
Balaban N. - Suppression of MRSA by the quorum sensing inhibitor RIP
  - Evaluation of clinical and laboratory parameters for establishing the diagnosis of bacteraemia caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci
Balada-Llasat J.M. - The dilemma of reporting culture-positive, toxin-negative Clostridium difficile results on patients with diarrhoeal stools
Balafas E. - Efficacy of tigecyclin vs. vancomycin in ampicillin- and gentamicin-resistant E. faecium experimental endocarditis
  - Comparison of quinupristin-dalfopristin and vancomycin in the treatment of experimental endocarditis due to ampicillin- and gentamicin-resistant E. faecium
Balakrishnan I. - Real-time PCR for the detection of qnrA gene in Enterobacteriaceae: the incidence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in a London teaching hospital
Balanzó X. - Inhaled corticosteroids increase the risk of pneumonia? A further step in a population-based study
Balasso V. - Severe community-acquired pneumonia: validation of the ATS/IDSA guidelines to predict admission to the ICU
Balayan M. - Antibiotic resistance of commensal Escherichia coli and Lactobacillus isolates from the healthy gut microflora
Balcildes Acosta S. - Point prevalence study of HPV in a high-risk population in Havana, Cuba
  - Trichomonas vaginalis: a point prevalence study in a high-risk population in Havana, Cuba
  - Chlamydia and gonorrhoea in high-risk areas in Havana, Cuba: a point prevalence study
Baldan R. - Molecular characterisation of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated in a major general hospital in Italy over a three-year period
Baldoni D. - In vitro activity of gallium against meticillin-susceptible and meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and S. epidermidis
Baldwin N. - Prevalence of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus amongst residents and staff of nursing homes
Balice M. - Detection of VISA/hVISA in routine clinical isolates: Microscan® modified procedure vs. Etest®
Ball K. - DNA fingerprinting of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in the UK: analysis of strains originating from the Indian sub-continent
Ballardini M. - Detection of VISA/hVISA in routine clinical isolates: Microscan® modified procedure vs. Etest®
Ballesta S. - Intracellular penetration and activity of the new fluoroquinolone UB-8902 in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes
Ballester L. - Incidence of central venous catheter-related infection in a community hospital
Ballesteros M.A. - Epidemiology, clinical presentation and prognostic factors for death of bacterial brain abscess: a twelve-year review
Bally F. - Investigation of epidemiological links between patients harbouring identical, non-predominant MRSA genotypes as defined by double-locus sequence typing
Balode A. - Surveillance of Clostridium difficile infection in Latvian multidisciplinary teaching hospital
Balogh L. - Neonatal sepsis caused by Streptococcus bovis biotype II/2
Balogh B. - Molecular typing indicates an important role of two international clonal complexes in the dissemination of VIM-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates in Hungary
Balotescu Chifiriuc M. - Relevance of A 2 phospholipases and matrix-metalloproteases in the assessment of the inflammatory process evolution in periodontal disease
  - In vitro investigation of the intercellular cross-talk between opportunistic bacteria and eukaryotic cells
Balsalobre L. - Fluoroquinolone resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae and competitive cost
Bamford C. - Chronic granulomatous disease associated with B. cepacia complex infection in a developing country: a report of 2 cases and discussion
Bamford K. - The Going Home project: implementing a frontline pharmacist-led team approach towards appropriate IV to oral antibiotic switch for patients with antibiotic resistant infections and subsequent discharge to outpatient management
Bamford K.B. - Molecular characterisation of Staphylococcus aureus dialysis associated bacteraemia isolates. Developing microarray analysis towards future rapid typing applications
Bancescu G. - Comparison between proliferation intensity of S. aureus on unmodified and new C60-modified polymers
Bancescu A. - Comparison between proliferation intensity of S. aureus on unmodified and new C60-modified polymers
Banche G. - Regional trends in telithromycin and azithromycin resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates
Bandera M. - Mechanism of action of iclaprim in Staphylococcus aureus
Banica D. - The diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis before and after antituberculous treatment using nested PCR
Baños V. - Nosocomial fungaemias at a general hospital: the change of epidemiological and clinical characteristics. A comparative study of 2 cohorts (1993–8 vs. 2002–05)
Banu O. - In vitro investigation of the intercellular cross-talk between opportunistic bacteria and eukaryotic cells
Baptista J.P. - Treatment optimisation using vancomycin on the critical patient
Baptista-Fernandes T. - Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection in an immunosuppressed patient with a nephrotic syndrome
Baptiste C. - REPEVAX® can be safely administered as a booster one month after tetanus, diphtheria and poliomyelitis vaccination: an option for managing increasing incidence of Bordetella pertussis (whooping cough) infection
Baquero F. - Plasmid characterisation of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis strains from different continents (1989–2004)
  - Qualitative and quantitative composition of gut microbiota from cystic fibrosis patients
  - International dissemination of a multi-resistant IncA/C2 plasmid containing blaTEM-24, Tn21 and Tn1696 among epidemic and non-epidemic Enterobacteriaceae species
Baquero M. - Chagas' disease among Latin American immigrants in Madrid. A serological survey
Baquero F. - Evolutionary trajectories among ESBL enzymes belonging to the CTX-M-1 cluster
  - Complex emergence of VIM-1 producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Spain during epidemics involving VIM-1 producing Enterobacteriaceae
  - Increased mutation frequency among Enterococcus faecium belonging to clonal complex 17
  - Plasmid characterisation of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium strains from different continents (1986–2007)
  - Molecular typing of the resistance plasmids of a vancomycin-resistant enterococci nosocomial outbreak in Spain
  - Phylogenetic groups of non-clonally related Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates with and without extended-spectrum b-lactamases
  - Diversity of sul genes (sul1, sul2 and sul3) among human clinical Enterobacteriaceae isolates recovered during the last two decades in Spain (1988–2006)
  - Relative fitness of different plasmids carrying blaCTX-M-15 gene
  - A quantitative-PCR based method to estimate the fitness cost of antibiotic resistance in competition experiments
Baquero M. - Clinical and epidemiological features of recent imported dermatophytoses in Spain
Baquero F. - Identification of enterococcal plasmids by multiplex-PCR-based relaxase typing
  - High prevalence of blaCTX-M-14 in Spain is mainly associated with the dissemination of an epidemic plasmid belonging to IncI complex
  - Differences in biofilm development and antibiotic susceptibility among human clinical Ureaplasma sp.
  - Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of inducible Enterobacteriaceae isolated from intra-abdominal infections worldwide: results from SMART 2006
  - Invasive pneumococcal disease in children after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
  - Characterisation of Gram-positive conjugative transposons in enterococci from different sources by a multiplex-PCR assay
  - Population structure of erythromycin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae invasive isolates recovered in a Spanish hospital in Madrid
Baraboutis I. - Community-acquired methicilin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as a cause of pyonephrosis necessitating emergent nephrectomy. A new clinical entity
  - An outbreak of Streptococcus agalactiae catheter-related bacteraemia in a haemodialysis unit
  - Significance of positive urine cultures during the immediate post-trasnplant period in renal transplant recipients. A retrospective study
Baragli F. - Toscana virus, a "Mediterranean" agent of aseptic meningitis: analysis of 42 consecutive cases
Baran I. - Evaluation of clinical and laboratory parameters for establishing the diagnosis of bacteraemia caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci
Barati M. - An epidemiological and clinical survey of 298 HIV-positive patients in 3 centres, Tehran, Iran
Baratin D. - Characteristics of patients with a short delay between the first HIV-positive screening test and the diagnosis of AIDS at Lyon University Hospitals, France from 1985 to 2007
Barbabella G. - A new association of known genetic elements in a Tn916-family transposon carrying tet(M), erm(B), and mef(E)
  - mef(E) is present in Streptococcus pyogenes and can be transferred by conjugation
Barbani M. - Finding respiratory viruses in nasopharyngeal aspirates: comparison between direct immunofluorescence and a new multiplex PCR method
Barbanti F. - Characterisation of moxifloxacin-resistant Clostridium difficile mutants selected in vitro
Barbella-Aponte R. - Preliminary analysis of the molecular phylogenetics of Toxocara canis (Nematoda: Ascaridoidea) using nuclear ribosomal second internal transcribed spacer sequences
Barbier M. - Surfactant protein A promotes the interaction of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with the airway epithelial cells and enhances the inflammatory response
Barbosa J. - Optimisation of a flow cytometry protocol for detection of Encephalitozoon intestinalis
Barbu A. - Resistance to antifungal drugs of yeasts isolated from genital specimens
  - Re-emergence of infectious syphilis in Constanta county, Romania
Barbui A. - Regional trends in telithromycin and azithromycin resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates
Barbut F. - Screening for Clostridium difficile in meat from French retailers
  - Evaluation of three single-use immunoassays for toxins A and B in the diagnosis of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhoea
  - Comparison of disinfecting efficacy of Hydrogen peroxide-based dry mist system and hypochlorite 0.5% on Clostridium difficile contaminated surfaces
Barc M.C. - Screening for Clostridium difficile in meat from French retailers
Barcena R. - Aspergillus galactomannan antigen in liver transplant recipients: a high false-positive rate in serum samples obtained during the first week post-transplantation
Barcenilla F. - Screening cultures for multidrug-rresistant acinetobacter and MRSA in hospitalised patients
Barchitta M. - Building a benchmark through active surveillance: the Italian network SPIN-UTI
Bardon J. - Antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter jejuni strains isolated from humans and poultry in the Czech Republic
Bardsley M. - Healthcare-associated infection in acute hospitals: what makes a difference? Exploration of national English data
Bargalló A. - First complete genome of a hepatitis C virus genotype 1g isolate
Barin C. - Bactericidal effect of disinfectants on Chryseobacterium meningosepticum
Barkas K. - Estimation of tuberculin status among school children on a Greek island
Barletta F. - High levels of antimicrobial resistance of diarrhoegenic Escherichia coli in Peruvian infants
Barlow G. - The performance of CURB-65 in community-acquired pneumonia deteriorates with increasing age
Barnard A. - The efficacy of SASP targeted to meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in mixed staphylococcal cultures
  - SASP: rapid bactericidal activity against USA strains of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Barnes R.A. - The case against antifungal prophylaxis in the ICU
Barnickel L. - Tolerability of N-chlorotaurine, a new endogenous antiseptic, in the bronchopulmonary system
Baroli K. - A novel method for the rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in respiratory and non-respiratory specimens
Baron R. - Nosocomial outbreak caused by multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa producing IMP-13 metallo-b-lactamase in France
Barousch W. - Fosfomycin and tigecycline activity in extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae with reduced carbapenem susceptibility
Barownick W. - Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolates from animal origin encoding blaCTX-M1 and harbouring a non-common integron profile related to a Salmonella Genomic Island 1 variant
Barrabeig I. - Outbreak of measles in Catalonia (Spain): importance of laboratory confirmation
Barreca G.S. - HPV-E5 oncoprotein downregulates IFN-beta signalling in HaCaT/E5 cells
Barret B. - Transmission of influenza virus within a French university hospital during three influenza seasons, from October 2004 to April 2007
Barriere S.L. - Telavancin for hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia: the ATTAIN studies
  - Activity of telavancin against isolates from recently completed Phase 3 studies of complicated skin and skin structure infections
  - Activity of telavancin against complicated skin and skin structure infection isolates according to specimen source
  - Telavancin: a novel lipoglycopeptide for treatment of complicated skin and soft tissue infections
Barrio J.M. - Infectious complications of short-term ventricular assist devices
Barroso R. - Identification of the transmission vectors of Staphylococcus aureus circulating in a neonatal intensive care unit
Barsan M. - Clinical epidemiology and microbiological spectrum of nosocomial endocarditis
  - Epidemiological and bacteriological profile of community-acquired infective endocarditis
Bartalesi F. - Chagas' disease: evaluation of a rapid immunochromatographic assay for the detection of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies
Bart-Delabesse E. - Comparison of two real-time PCR targets (B1 and REP 529) for Toxoplasma gondii DNA detection for the diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis
Bartelsman J.F.W.M. - Efficacy of faecal therapy for recurrent Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea
Barth J. - Moxifloxacin does not require dosage adjustment in patients with severe hepatic insufficiency
Bartholomew J. - Aspergillus for Patients (www.aspergillus.org.uk/patients)
  - 10 years of the Aspergillus Website (www.aspergillus.org.uk)
Bartnik A. - Fungal colonisation of gastro-intestinal tract, anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies and anti-mannan Candida antibodies in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome
Bartolomé R. - Re-evaluation by microdilution of Etest method to determine tigecycline susceptibility in Acinetobacter
  - Salmonella typhimurium and norovirus food-borne outbreak in a restaurant
Bartolomé R.M. - Prevalence of the quinolone-modifying enzyme aac(6')-Ib-cr in extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing enterobacterial isolates in Barcelona
Bartolomé-Álvarez J. - Use of a clinical laboratory database to estimate the incidence of Toxoplasma gondii infection among women of childbearing age: a longitudinal retrospective study
  - Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women in the Albacete area, Spain
Bartoloni A. - Toscana virus, a "Mediterranean" agent of aseptic meningitis: analysis of 42 consecutive cases
  - Chagas' disease: evaluation of a rapid immunochromatographic assay for the detection of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies
Barton H.C. - Nramp1 limits the intracellular growth of Salmonella typhimurium by impairing bacterial iron uptake and strengthening macrophage effector functions
Bartovska Z. - Kinetics of HIV-specific CD8+ T-cells in HIV-infected adults: one-year follow-up
Bartziali S. - Distribution of Nocardia species in clinical specimens in Greece
Baruch A. - Efficacy and safety of linezolid versus vancomycin for the treatment of complicated skin and soft-tissue infections proven to be due to meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Bärwolff S. - E. faecalis and P. aeruginosa are useful epidemiological markers for the analysis of transmission events on intensive care units
Barzilai A. - Prospective, multicentre study of caspofungin for treatment of documented fungal infections in paediatric patients
Barzilay E. - A comparison of antimicrobial susceptibility and MIC-distributions in Enterococcus isolates originating from humans, animals and retail meat
Barzon L. - MicroRNA deregulation in HCV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma
  - Human cytomegalovirus infects adrenocortical cells and stimulates adrenal steroidogenesis
  - Investigation of viral infections in kidney transplant recipients unveils the pathogenic role of Parvovirus B19 in chronic allograft injury
  - Transmission of viruses through the kidney graft: a study in paediatric transplant recipients
  - Comprehensive analysis of genomic sequences of oncogenic viruses in colorectal cancer
Bas A. - Phylogenetic background of Escherichia coli resistant to quinolone and fluoroquinolone
Basché R. - Incidence of syphilis in a cohort of HIV-infected subjects, Italy
Basin B. - The prevention of microbial biofilm formation on net prosthetic appliance for hernioplasty
Bassaris H. - Red blood cell deformability in diabetic patients suffering from severe sepsis
Basset D. - Comparison of three methods of real-time PCR with blood smears and antigen detection in plasmodial infection
Bassetti S. - Checklist for an optimal early switch to oral antibiotics in hospitalised patients
Bassetti M. - Trends in incidence of candidaemia in ICU: an eight-year experience
Baster I. - In vitro and in vivo activity of SB006, a novel branched antimicrobial peptide selectively active against Gram-negative bacteria.
Batarli A. - Four-year survey of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus producing Panton-Valentine leukocidin in northern Greece
Bates C. - Wristwatches as potential sources of hospital-acquired infection
Batista N. - Genotypic characterisation of Staphylococcus lugdunensis
Batista W.L.. - Evaluation of differential expression of calnexin gene during transition from mycelial to the yeast infective of the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and localisation of native protein
Batista-Díaz N. - Intrafamilial spread of Panton-Valentine-positive Staphylococcus aureus: a Spanish case
Battaglia M. - Bocavirus in hospitalised children in Italy
Battegay M. - Checklist for an optimal early switch to oral antibiotics in hospitalised patients
Baucheron S. - Regulation of efflux-mediated multidrug resistance by the ramR-ramA region in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium
Baude C. - Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori resistance to antimicrobial agents at two different locations in Belgium: a 10-year surveillance
Baudin M. - REPEVAX® can be safely administered as a booster one month after tetanus, diphtheria and poliomyelitis vaccination: an option for managing increasing incidence of Bordetella pertussis (whooping cough) infection
Bauer D. - In vitro activity of a mixture of mustard oils (isothiocyanates) against antimicrobial and multidrug-resistant bacteria
Bauer M. - Relapsing Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea: predictive value of faecal toxin assay and anti-Clostridium difficile whey protein to aid prevention of relapses
  - Community-onset Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea: is it truly community-acquired?
Bauer F. - National 14-year survey of nosocomial meningitis in children and comparison of two periods, 1993–1998 to 1999–2006
Bauer M. - Relevance of testing for microbial DNA in critically ill patients
Bauraing C. - First isolation of GES extended-spectrum b-lactamases in Enterobactericeae in Belgium
  - Outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-producing OXA-23 carbapenemase at one Belgian acute care hospital
  - Comparative performance of three phenotypic confirmatory Etest strips for the detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamases-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Belgian hospitals
Bautista V. - Spread of diverse AmpC-type-b-lactamase-producing E. coli in Madrid, Spain: epidemiology and molecular characterisation
  - Molecular characterisation of Panton-Valentine leukocidin positive Staphylococcus aureus invasive isolates in Spain
Baxa D. - Anidulafungin exhibits potent activity against multi-echinocandin multi-azole cross-resistant Candida parapsilosis isolates
Baxter R. - Do vaccines increase the risk of Guillain-Barre syndrome?
  - Effectiveness of the influenza vaccine – Problems with selection bias
Bayas J.M. - Community-acquired pneumonia occurring in immunocompromised older patients: incidence, causative organisms, and outcome
Bayraktar N. - A farmer with a skin ulcer: anthrax or not?
Bayram H. - Piperacillin/tazobactam versus imipenem/cilastatin for severe diabetic foot infections: a prospective, randomised clinical trial in a university hospital
Bazgan O. - Fungiscope – first Romanian multicentre study on fungaemia: preliminary results
Bazhukova T. - Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage strains from paediatric population in Arkhangelsk region, Russia
Bean D. - Glycopetide-dependent enterococcal bacteraemia following treatment of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea
Beato J.L. - Quantification of Brucella melitensis DNA in patients with brucellosis
Beaudry A. - Faropenem pharmacokinetics in AOM children following oral administration of faropenem medoxomil
Beaulieu S. - In vitro time-kill studies of oritavancin against drug-resistant isolates of Staphylococcus aureus
Beavers-May T. - Isolation of Asaia sp. in two bacteraemia cases in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy awaiting heart transplants
Bébéar C.M. - Healthcare workers' knowledge of their patients' meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage
Becherelli M. - Staphylococcus aureus biofilm eradication: a new approach by phodynamic therapy
Bechthold A. - Restriction of cephalosporins do not alter the burden of cephalosporin resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli in a surgical ICU
Becker K. - Evaluation of the RIDA®QUICK Verotoxin/O157 for the detection of Shiga toxin and Escherichia coli O157 in stool enrichment cultures
  - Microbiological evaluation of a new growth-based approach designated for rapid detection of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus directly from specimens
  - Prevalence of pig-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus spa types in the German EUREGIO Twente/Münsterland
  - Relevance of testing for microbial DNA in critically ill patients
  - Specific identification of Staphylococcus aureus using the extracellular adherence protein gene as a novel target
Becker J.A. - Molecular characterisation of meticillin-resistant and -susceptible Staphylococcus aureus from global clinical trials
Becker A. - Tolerance and quality of life improvements: Kaletra® soft-gel capsules vs Kaletra® tablets: the KaleVie study
Becker M. - Quantiferon-TB: a new test for diagnosing tuberculous uveitis
Becker J. - Comparative antibacterial activity of retapamulin, cephalothin, gentamicin and erythromycin against Staphylococcus aureus, including molecularly characterised isolates of MRSA recovered from uncomplicated skin infections
Bedeleanu D. - Epidemiological and bacteriological profile of community-acquired infective endocarditis
  - Clinical epidemiology and microbiological spectrum of nosocomial endocarditis
Bedenic B. - Correlation of adherence and haemagglutination abilities of Staphylococcus saprophyticus strains
  - In vitro testing of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii to colistin (polymyxin E)
Bedoya P.A. - Post-operative risk factors as a cause of infection after heart transplantation in a cardiovascular clinic in Medellin, Colombia
Beeching N. - 10 years of cutaneous leishmaniasis treatment in Liverpool. Outcomes and complications with sodium stibogluconate
Beeching N.J. - Laboratory acquired brucellosis – A review of published reports 1950–2007
Begic D. - Daptomycin pharmacodynamics against Staphylococcus aureus hemB mutants expressing the small colony variant phenotype
Behnke M. - Costs of nosocomial Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea
Behrendt J. - TCRalfabeta and TCRgammadelta T lymphocytes in severe infected premature neonates
Behrens-Baumann W. - Aqueous humor concentration of topically administered voriconazole in rabbits
Behrin C. - Comparative performance of three phenotypic confirmatory Etest strips for the detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamases-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Belgian hospitals
Behzadian Nejad G. - Prevalence and detection of metallo-b-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains from clinical isolates in Iran.
Behzadiannejad Q. - The evaluation of three pro-inflammatory cytokines
Beierle K. - MICs of non-tuberculous mycobacteria using the TREK Vizion™ system compared to manual readings
Beisel C. - Fungiscope – the Global Rare Fungal Infection Registry
Beisser P.S. - High Panton-Valentine leukocidin prevalence among meticillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus from Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  - Molecular characterisation of meticillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream isolates in a Dutch university hospital between 1999 and 2006
Bejarano V. - Chagas' disease: evaluation of a rapid immunochromatographic assay for the detection of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies
Bekeredjian-Ding I. - Staphylococcal activation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells requires preformed IgG
Bekris S. - Evaluation of the Hyplex®MBL ID multiplex PCR-ELISA system for direct detection of blaVIM and blaIMP genes in blood and other clinical material
Bélanger O. - Quantitative determination and pharmacokinetics of oritavancin in rabbit serum and tibia
Belarbi L. - Prevalence for serological markers of hepatotropic viruses A, B, and C, and hepatitis A and B vaccination needs in a prospective cohort of patients with chronic liver diseases awaiting liver transplantation
Belesiotou E. - Community-acquired methicilin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as a cause of pyonephrosis necessitating emergent nephrectomy. A new clinical entity
  - Detection of ESBL production by the Hyplex® ESBL ID multiplex PCR-ELISA system
Belkova Y. - Modern information technologies in physicians' education in the field of socially most important diseases in Russia and beyond
Bell S. - REP3123, a novel inhibitor of methionyl tRNA synthetase from C. difficile
Bell J.M. - Wide variation in rates of ESBL production among Escherichia coli causing bacteraemia in the Asia-Pacific region: A SENTRY Program Report
  - Occurrence and resistance in pathogens from hospitalised patients with pneumonia in the Asia-Pacific region: a SENTRY Program Report (2006)
Bell J. - Occurrence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae clinical isolates in the Asia-Pacific nations
Bell M. - Pneumococcal carriage in a geographically isolated indigenous community in Venezuela before, during and after an outbreak of acute respiratory tract infection
Bell J. - Genetic characterisation of the new blaVIM-18 and comparative antimicrobial susceptibility profile of VIM-18 with highest homologous VIM-variant, VIM-2: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program
  - High carbapenem resistance among Pseudomonas aeruginosa from India: a national epidemic of multiple metallo-b-lactamase clones (VIM-2, -5, -6, -11 and new VIM-18)
Bella F. - Bacteraemia complicating pressure ulcers
Bella J. - Collagen-like proteins from the enterohaemorrhagic E. coli strain O157:H7
Belley A. - Oritavancin sterilises in vitro biofilms of Staphylococcus epidermidis and vancomycin-susceptible and -resistant enterococci
  - Cell wall and membrane effects of oritavancin on Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis
Bellini C. - Enterobacteriaceae producing extended-spectrum b-lactamase: duration of carriage and implication for surveillance
  - Investigation of an outbreak of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteraemia in an haemato-oncology unit: unexpected genetic diversity of isolates
Bellmann R. - Penetration of voriconazole into human tissue
Bellmann-Weiler R. - Penetration of voriconazole into human tissue
  - Nramp1 limits the intracellular growth of Salmonella typhimurium by impairing bacterial iron uptake and strengthening macrophage effector functions
Bello T. - Biological monitoring of sterilisation procedures in dental offices in Venezuela
  - Evaluation of the sporicidal and tuberculocidal activity of the ``high level disinfectant'' lauryl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide
Bello Corredor M. - Hepatitis E in Cuba: the case report of an infected pregnant woman
Bellou M. - Rothia dentocariosa bacteraemia in cardiosurgery patients in a children's hospital: report of two cases
Belokhvostova A. - Unlicensed and off-label antibiotic use in a paediatric city hospital in Russia
Belso A. - Candidaemia in a tertiary hospital: analysis of trends and mortality
Beltraminelli H. - Scabies outbreak in an acute care setting involving 1,075 individuals
Beltrand E. - Tolerability of prolonged linezolid-rifampicin combination in bone joint infection: a retrospective study
Belzile E. - Lack of identified association between nosocomial CDAD and emergency department overcrowding and number of room changes
Ben chaabane T. - Neurological complications of Mediterranean spotted fever
Ben Chaabane T. - Malaria in Tunisia: epidemiology, clinical aspects and management
Ben Hassen A. - Diagnosis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae: results of a prospective study in Tunisia
Benca J. - Reversibility of antimicrobial resistance in respiratory isolates in HIV-positive Cambodian children after 42 months of HAART
  - Previous exposure to prophylactic co-trimoxazole and resistance in bacteria from HIV-positive children: absence of resistance selection pressure of co-trimoxazole
Benchev R. - Prophylaxis of surgical site infections – Institutional Project Phase II
Benea E. - In vitro susceptibility of respiratory isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes in a twelve-month period
Benecchi M. - A novel method for the rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in respiratory and non-respiratory specimens
Beneri C. - Comparison of prevalence and clinical features of paediatric respiratory infections due to respiratory syncytial virus and human metapneumovirus
Benet B. - Evaluation of three single-use immunoassays for toxins A and B in the diagnosis of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhoea
Bengoechea J.A. - Role of the AcrAB efflux pump in Klebsiella pneumoniae respiratory infections
Bengtsson S. - Low prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in Norwegian and Swedish clinical isolates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp.
Bengtsson B. - Clonal spread of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in Swedish broiler chickens
Bengtsson S. - Performance evaluation of M.I.C.Evaluator™ strip (Oxoid) and comparison with the BSAC reference method
Benini A. - Different effect of pre-treatment with phenobarbital on transintestinal elimination of moxifloxacin and ciprofloxacin: preliminary data
Benini F. - Preliminary evaluation of a commercially available rapid immunochromatographic method for the detection of IgM antibody response to chikungunya and dengue viruses
Benini A. - Itraconazole-ciprofloxacin interaction on the pharmacokinetics of the intestinal compartment: preliminary results in rats
Benitez J. - Seroprevalence of blood-borne infections among blood donors in Venezuela, 2001–2002
Benitez A. - In vitro activity of tigecycline and other antimicrobial drugs against selected pathogens isolated in Mexico
Benito Y. - The signal peptide of Panton-Valentine leukocidine LukS component induces increased adhesion to extracellular matrix components in Staphylococcus aureus
Benito N. - Spontaneous Gram-negative bacillary meningitis in adult patients
Benko R. - Antibiotic prescriptions at the central pharmacy of a Hungarian town
  - Results after the introduction of a pharmacist-managed surgical antibiotic use policy
Benne C.A. - Validation of the Abbott Architect syphilis TP test against the Dade Behring Enzygnost syphilis ELISA and the Fujirebio Treponema pallidum particle agglutination test
Beno P. - National 14-year survey of nosocomial meningitis in children and comparison of two periods, 1993–1998 to 1999–2006
  - Efficacy of clindamycin in bacterial vaginosis and risk factors
  - Reversibility of antimicrobial resistance in respiratory isolates in HIV-positive Cambodian children after 42 months of HAART
Benoliel C. - Leptospirosis: overview of the 2004–2007 cases in a Portuguese population
Bento G. - First report of a Morganella morganii clinical isolate producing VIM-2 carbapenemase
Benton B.M. - Activity of telavancin against isolates from recently completed Phase 3 studies of complicated skin and skin structure infections
  - Activity of telavancin against complicated skin and skin structure infection isolates according to specimen source
Beran O. - IL-17 is associated with severity of invasive meningococcal disease
  - Kinetics of HIV-specific CD8+ T-cells in HIV-infected adults: one-year follow-up
  - Rapid decrease of intrathecal cortisol levels correlates with severity of bacterial meningitis
Beretta R. - HPV genotypes in anal samples from Italian and foreign-born males attending an STD unit in Milan, Italy
Berger F. - Optimisation and evaluation of an immunomagnetic separation method using a monoclonal anti-LPS antibody for the detection of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 in environmental water samples
Bergeron E. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains DNA typing by semi-automated repetitive-sequence-based PCR
Bergerova T. - Extended-spectrum b-lactamases in the Czech Republic
  - Inoculum effect of b-lactams and killing curves determination in AmpC-producing (DHA-1) Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates
Bergin C. - Varicella vaccination in HIV-positive individuals, a time to act
  - Oncogenic HPV subtypes in HIV-positive women
  - Increasing use of immunosuppression and biological therapies: the establishment of a designated clinic to prevent infectious complications
  - Implementation of an intravenous to oral switch policy for antimicrobials in a secondary care setting
Berglund C. - Comparison of PFGE and spa for routine epidemiological typing to monitor and track spread of MRSA over time at a regional level
Bergman M. - The effect of antimicrobial use on resistance in Escherichia coli in Finland
Bergs K. - Should PCR replace the indirect fluorescence antigen test for detection of Varicella zoster on skin swabs?
  - Comparison of NucliSens easyMAG and Qiagen nucleic acid extraction using respiratory specimens
Bergsten K. - Analysis of VZV and HSV in different matrices by the use of affigene kits
Bergval I. - In vitro selected mutants of M. tuberculosis do not reflect the in vivo mechanism of isoniazid resistance
Bergwerff A.A. - Clostridium difficile PCR ribotype 078 toxinotype V in Dutch food-producing swine
Berhin C. - Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori resistance to antimicrobial agents at two different locations in Belgium: a 10-year surveillance
Berild D. - A controlled intervention study to improve antibiotic use in a Russian paediatric hospital
Berjeaud J.M. - Relationships between Candida albicans and free-living amoebae
Berjeaud J-M. - In vitro anti-biofilm activity of micafungin in a lock strategy
Berjeaud J.M. - Fusarium oxysporum and free-living amoebae
Berkhout J. - MRSA carriage in healthcare personnel in contact with farm animals
Bernabeu S. - Plasmid-encoded and class 3 integron-associated extended-spectrum b-lactamase gene blaGES-1 from Escherichia coli in Switzerland
  - Waterborne infection caused by a carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter asburiae isolate producing the class A carbapenemase IMI-2 in France
Bernal J.A. - HIV-related morbidity in the HAART era
  - Neoplasia in patients with HIV infection: effect of HAART
  - Bone mineral density in HIV infection
Bernards A.T. - Multicentre in vitro evaluation of Gram-positive micro-organisms in the Netherlands for daptomycin compared with other antibiotics
Bernaschi P. - Detection of VISA/hVISA in routine clinical isolates: Microscan® modified procedure vs. Etest®
Bernede Bauduin C. - Antibiotics for nasopharyngitis are associated with a lower risk of office-based physician visits for acute otitis media within 14 days for 3- to 6-year-old children
Bernhardt J. - Influence of anidulafungin on different Candida species in a continuous flow culture system
Bernhardt H. - Influence of anidulafungin on different Candida species in a continuous flow culture system
Berr F. - Clinical-epidemiological characterisation of Clostridium difficile – ribotype 053
Berriche A. - Neurological complications of Mediterranean spotted fever
Bertazzoni E. - Itraconazole-ciprofloxacin interaction on the pharmacokinetics of the intestinal compartment: preliminary results in rats
Bertazzoni Minelli E. - Different effect of pre-treatment with phenobarbital on transintestinal elimination of moxifloxacin and ciprofloxacin: preliminary data
Berthelot P. - Optimisation and evaluation of an immunomagnetic separation method using a monoclonal anti-LPS antibody for the detection of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 in environmental water samples
Berthou C. - Nosocomial outbreak caused by multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa producing IMP-13 metallo-b-lactamase in France
Bertrand X. - A nationwide survey of extended-spectrum b-lactamases and metallo-b-lactamases produced in Pseudomonas aeruginosa in France, 2007
Bertz H. - Analysis of risk factors for central venous catheter insertion site and catheter tip colonisation and for CVC-associated bloodstream infection in a randomised clinical trial
  - Antimicrobial prophylaxis in neutropenic patients undergoing peripheral blood stemcell or bone marrow transplantation
Berzanskyte A. - Influence of rapid antigen detection test use to antibiotic prescribing for tonsillopharyngitis
Bes M. - Effect of antibiotics, alone and in association, on Panton-Valentine leukocidin production by Staphylococcus aureus
  - The two predominant HA-MRSA clones in France exhibit specific adhesive and virulence properties in vitro and in vivo in a mice sepsis model in comparison with MSSA isolates
Besbrugge J. - Validation of inoculation of the VITEK 2 AST cards from SA-select agar for S. aureus
Beslagic E. - Usefulness of immunocytochemical p16ink4a expression in routine screening of a tested female population
Besselink R. - Q fever outbreak in southeastern Netherlands
Betermiez S. - Molecular typing and epidemiology of Enterovirus in Belgium, 2005–2007
Bethimoutis G. - Post-operative bacterial meningitis: a 2-year study in a neurosurgery department
  - A rare case of Nocardia puris postoperative endophthalmitis
Betriu C. - Comparative activity of various antimicrobial agents against Bacteroides fragilis group strains
Betsch B.Y. - Treatment of joint prosthesis infection according to current recommendations improves outcome
Bettaieb D. - First occurrence of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates producing VIM-2 metallo-b-lactamase in a Tunisian university hospital
  - Dissemination of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii producing the OXA-23 carbapenemase in a university hospital, Tunisia
Bettens S. - Determination of a simple clinical score for screening of elderly patients at risk for MRSA carriage upon hospital admission in acute geriatric wards
Beulow-Smith L. - Clostridium difficile is not reliably eradicated by ward bedpan washers unless alkaline detergent is used
Beutels P. - Funding drugs based on cost-effectiveness: do vaccines warrant a different approach?
Beutlich J. - Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolates from animal origin encoding blaCTX-M1 and harbouring a non-common integron profile related to a Salmonella Genomic Island 1 variant
Beveridge T. - Cell wall and membrane effects of oritavancin on Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis
Beveridge S. - Designing online, educational games about microbes, hand and respiratory hygiene and prudent antibiotics use for junior pupils across Europe
Bevilacqua N. - Use of a molecular panel in acute viral respiratory infections
Bexiga R. - Molecular epidemiology and macrolide resistance traits of Streptococcus agalactiae and Streptococcus uberis from bovine mastitis
Beyhan Y.E. - Efficacy of amphotericin B and voriconazole against Leishmania tropica with microcapillary culture method
Beytout J. - REPEVAX® can be safely administered as a booster one month after tetanus, diphtheria and poliomyelitis vaccination: an option for managing increasing incidence of Bordetella pertussis (whooping cough) infection
Bhakdi S.C. - Isolation of late-stage Plasmodium falciparum infected red blood cells using a new cost- and time-saving magnetic cell separation kit
Bhalla P. - Comparison of two disc diffusion methods with minimum inhibitory concentration for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates
Bhattacharyya H. - Efficacy and safety of linezolid versus vancomycin for the treatment of complicated skin and soft-tissue infections proven to be due to meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Bhavnani S.M. - Use of pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic principles for decision support for short-course oritavancin dosing regimens for complicated skin and skin structure infections
Bhavnani S. - Analyses supporting phase 2 clinical trial dose selection for zabofloxacin in community-acquired pneumonia
Bialczak-Kokot M. - Intracellular crystallisation caused by Proteus mirabilis plays a significant role in recurrent urolithiasis
Bianchi S. - HPV genotypes in anal samples from Italian and foreign-born males attending an STD unit in Milan, Italy
  - Viability of live-attenuated vaccine strains in a pharmaceutical dump
Biarent D. - Group A Streptococcus virulence and host factors in two toddlers with rheumatic fever following toxic shock syndrome
Biasolo M. - Transmission of viruses through the kidney graft: a study in paediatric transplant recipients
  - Investigation of viral infections in kidney transplant recipients unveils the pathogenic role of Parvovirus B19 in chronic allograft injury
Biava M.F. - Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum endocarditis in metropolitan France
Bicer A. - Antimicrobial susceptibility of Gram-negative bacteria causing nosocomial infections from 2003–2005 in a university hospital in Turkey
Biedenbach D. - Dalbavancin (DECIDE) tested against indicated Gram-positive species in European medical centres: results from France
  - Antimicrobial activity of telavancin and comparator agents tested against recently isolated (2007) European Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci
  - Comparative activity of dalbavancin tested against indicated Gram-positive species in Europe: results from two Spanish medical centres (DECIDE Program)
  - Prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp. and associated resistance patterns among isolates collected over a decade of SENTRY Program surveillance in North America
Biehler K. - A multi-locus sequence typing scheme for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia
Bielaszewska M. - Evaluation of the RIDA®QUICK Verotoxin/O157 for the detection of Shiga toxin and Escherichia coli O157 in stool enrichment cultures
Biendo M. - Characterisation of an outbreak of nosocomial infection caused by a multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii producing OXA-30 type-b-lactamase
Bifani P. - Phage types versus spa types among MRSA strains isolated in a Belgian hospital (2002)
Biffi R. - Impact of a new perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis policy on the antimicrobial resistance: experience in a comprehensive cancer centre
Biffi A. - Immunological diagnosis of early Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in cystic fibrosis patients
Bigeard E. - Comparison of the activity of ciprofloxacin vs. levofloxacin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa by the continous antibiotic gradient method: a pharmacodynamic approach in respiratory infection
Bigni R. - A prospective comparative study of hospitalised adult and paediatric cancer patients with candidaemia: clinical characteristics, comorbid conditions and influences on mortality
Bigot A. - Anti-R7V antibodies prevalence in HIV-infected patients followed in the ambulatory care centre of a university hospital, Cotonou, Benin
Bihr M. - Bactericidal activity of iclaprim against meticillin-sensitive and -resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Bilbao J.I. - Septum sonication of removed ports for diagnosis of related bloodstream infections
  - Is venous access port inner surface colonisation related with port obstruction?
Bilek N. - Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolated from HIV positive and negative patients in Italy: emergence of ST 661 clone
Bilgeturk A. - Evaluation of serum TNF-alpha, IL-10, leptin, CRP levels as prognostic markers in patients with sepsis and septic shock
Billal D. - Molecular identification and clonal dissemination of Haemophilus haemolyticus in acute pharyngotonsillitis
  - Molecular biological study of infectious mechanisms in conjunctivitis, otitis media, and rhinosinusitis in young children
Bille J. - SeptiFast PCR combined with blood cultures for the microbiological documentation of fever in neutropenic cancer patients
  - Performance of an automated platform
  - Clinical performance of FXGTM : RESP (Asp +) assay for aspergillus on respiratory specimens
  - Clinical performance of FXG:RESP (Asp +) assay for Pneumocystis jirovecii on respiratory specimens
  - A new real-time quantitative PCR to detect Coxiella burnetii DNA
  - Clinical utility of Septifast PCR in neutropenic cancer patients with persistent fever despite antibacterial therapy
Bilocq F. - Acinetobacter baumannii infections in thermally injured: a multidrug-resistant blaOXA-23 outbreak in a burn wound centre, Brussels
Bindayna K. - Trends in antibiotic susceptibility profile and assessment of tet(O)-mediated tetracycline resistance in Campylobacter jejuni isolates from human and poultry sources
Binder L. - Aqueous humor concentration of topically administered voriconazole in rabbits
Biney E. - The serotype-specific efficacy and immunogenicity of a 9-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine determined during an efficacy trial in The Gambia, West Africa
Binikos I. - Differences of urinary tract infection patients with and without bacteraemia: a pilot study
Biolan T. - Bacterial pathogens isolated from patients with bloodstream infection
Birengel S. - Risk factors and molecular typing of community-acquired urinary tract infections with ESBL (+) Escherichia coli
Birkenbach C. - Evaluation of qualitative agreement and quantitative correlation between the new ARCHITECT Toxo IgG assay and 4 commercially available Toxo IgG assays
Birraux G. - Altered pharmacokinetics of linezolid in patients with severe burn injuries
Bischoff M. - Extracellular adherence protein of Staphylococcus aureus in wound infections: surprising differences in transcription and expression in vivo and in vitro
Bisgaard M. - Chicken model of Enterococcus faecalis native-valve endocarditis
  - Clonality of Enterococcus faecalis isolates from infective endocarditis patients at a Danish hospital
Bishara J. - Soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) for distinguishing bacterial (Empyema) from non-bacterial pleural effusion
  - Pulmonary Mycobacterium simiae infection. Comparison with pulmonary tuberculosis
Bisignano B. - Bacteriological and serological aspects of Chlamydophila pneumoniae pharyngotonsillitis in adults
  - Antiviral activity of isoxazolecarbonitriles against Coxsackievirus A9
Biskini P. - Evaluation of a rapid antigen detection test for the diagnosis of Streptococcal pharyngitis in children and its impact on antibiotic prescribing
Bistyák A. - Farm to fork tracing of broiler-derived salmonellae and thermotolerant campylobacters in a Hungarian county using molecular epidemiology methods
Biyikli Z. - Evaluation of serum TNF-alpha, IL-10, leptin, CRP levels as prognostic markers in patients with sepsis and septic shock
Bizeva L. - spa sequence typing of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated in Bulgaria, 2005–2007
Bizri A. - Healthcare workers' exposure to blood-borne pathogens in Lebanon
Bjarnsholt T. - Quorum sensing controlled rhamnolipid production is crucial for P. aeruginosas ability to evade the immune response in a mouse foreign-body infection model
  - Augmented effect by early antibiotic treatment of lung infected mice using sequentially adapted mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Bjørløw E. - A controlled intervention study to improve antibiotic use in a Russian paediatric hospital
Bjørnholt J.V. - MRSA screening – Comparison of chromogenic agar and enrichment broths
Blachnio M. - N-acetyltranserase 2 gene mutations and bioavailability of isoniazid in tuberculosis patients
Black M. - Selection of Staphylococcus aureus resistant to NXL101 and identification of associated mutations in gyrA
Blackburn R. - Community-diagnosed Clostridium difficile infection: preliminary results from enhanced surveillance
Blackman Northwood J. - mef(E) is present in Streptococcus pyogenes and can be transferred by conjugation
  - Characterisation of the mef gene in clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae collected during 2004–2005
  - Differentiation between BRO-1 and BRO-2 b-lactamases in clinical isolates of Moraxella catarrhalis collected 2002–2003
Blaha D. - Molecular identification of clinical isolates of Nocardia and related Actinomycetes in the French Observatory for Nocardiosis (OFN) – New epidemiology data of nocardiosis in France between 2000 and 2007
Blairon L. - Evaluation of the Cica-Beta Test for routine detection of AmpC cephalosporinase hyperproduction and extended-spectrum b-lactamase production
Blanc D.S. - Investigation of epidemiological links between patients harbouring identical, non-predominant MRSA genotypes as defined by double-locus sequence typing
  - Investigation of an outbreak of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteraemia in an haemato-oncology unit: unexpected genetic diversity of isolates
  - Double locus sequence typing: a high through-put molecular typing method for meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  - Close links between nosocomial MRSA and carriage MSSA isolates from the same location in Switzerland
Blanch-Iribarren P. - Acute Chagas' disease in a European stem cell transplant recipient
Blanco S. - Evaluation of a Latex Agglutination test for the detection of Helicobacter pylori in stool specimens
  - Evaluation of new enzyme immunoassays for the detection of meta-pneumovirus infection in a paediatric population
Blanco C. - Effectiveness and safety of AmBisome® (liposomal amphotericin B) in combination with voriconazole in patients with invasive fungal infections. A multicentre retrospective study (RAVES study)
Blanco J. - Re-evaluation by microdilution of Etest method to determine tigecycline susceptibility in Acinetobacter
Blanco S. - Evaluation of a new immunochromatographic assay for the detection of Legionella antigen in non-concentrated and concentrated urine samples
Blanco M. - Incidence of human papillomavirus genotypes and estimated repercussion of quadrivalent vaccine in Cadiz, Spain
Blanco S. - Usefulness of MTBDRplus assay for rapid genotypic detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistant to isoniazid and rifampicin directly in clinical specimens
Blandino G. - Antimicrobial susceptibility of Lactobacillus strains used in probiotic products
Blasco M.D. - First description of a plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinant qnrS2 in an Aeromonas veronii biovar sobria clinical isolate
  - Presence of the carbapenem-hydrolyzing oxacillinase Oxa-58 in an Acinetobacter phenon 6/ct13TU clinical isolate
Blasco G. - Emergence of azole cross-resistance in Candida glabrata following exposure to azole antifungals in a surgical intensive care unit
Blasone N. - Comparison of automated immunoassay LIAISON®Borrelia and ELISA Enzygnost® Borreliosi for the diagnosis of Lyme disease
Blass D. - Extracellular adherence protein of Staphylococcus aureus in wound infections: surprising differences in transcription and expression in vivo and in vitro
Blatnik J. - Sympathetic skin response in patients with purulent meningoencephalitis
Bleeker-Rovers C.P. - Evaluation of F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission combined with computer tomography (FDG-PET-CT-scan) in critically ill patients suspected of Infection
Bleotu C. - In vitro investigation of the intercellular cross-talk between opportunistic bacteria and eukaryotic cells
Blessie V. - Bacterial membrane drug efflux and receptor proteins
Bley C. - Distribution of the macrolide resistance genes mefA, mefE, and erm in S. pneumoniae and S. pyogenes in Germany from 2005 to 2006
Bloembergen P. - Community-onset Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea: is it truly community-acquired?
Blohm L. - Development of a electrical biochip-based detection system for rapid detection of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Blomberg J. - Detection of bacterial pneumonia by quantitative PCR, with special reference to Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae
Blondeau J. - Determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration and mutant prevention concentration of tigecycline against clinical isolates of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: impact of blood on susceptibility results
  - Comparative mutant prevention concentration values for tigecycline and ciprofloxacin against clinical isolates of Escherichia coli
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline against contemporary clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae
  - The impact of blood in media on the determination of mutant prevention concentration testing of tigecycline against clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae
Blondel-Hill E.M. - Implementation of the "Do Bugs Need Drugs?" programme in British Columbia, Canada
Blondel-Hill E. - Do Bugs Need Drugs? Pharmacist train-the-trainer programme in Alberta, Canada
Bloos F. - Relevance of testing for microbial DNA in critically ill patients
Blue D. - Clinical comparison fo the molecular-based BD GeneOhm Cdiff assay to the cytotoxicity tissue culture assay for the direct detection of toxin B gene from toxigenic Clostridium difficile strains in faecal specimens
Blumer J.L. - Pharmacokinetics of azithromycin in plasma and sinus tissue after administration of extended release and immediate release formulations in chronic rhinosinusitis patients
Blunck M. - Population pharmacokinetic analysis of moxifloxacin in patients undergoing cardiac surgery
Boas L.V. - Influenza virus vaccination in kidney transplant patients: serum antibody response to different immunosuppressive drugs
Bobadilla-Del Valle M. - Tuberculosis and HIV in Mexico City: a single-centre cohort
Bobbio Pallavicini F. - Trends in incidence of candidaemia in ICU: an eight-year experience
Bobkova M. - Structural analysis of the RNA region preceding Gag start codon in HIV-1 type A variants circulating in Russia
Böcher S. - The search and destroy strategy does prevent spread and long-term carriage of MRSA; results from household screening following a ST22 (E-MRSA 15) outbreak
Bochicchio G. - Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of inducible Enterobacteriaceae isolated from intra-abdominal infections worldwide: results from SMART 2006
Bochner B. - Development of a new test panel for identification of both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria
Bociaga M. - Influence of anti-retroviral treatment on gastric secretion, Helicobacter pylori colonisation of gastric mucosa and fungal colonisation of upper gastrointestinal tract in HIV-infected patients
Bociaga-Jasik M. - Effectiveness of vaccination against HBV infection in HIV-infected persons
Bockstael K. - Evaluation of the type I signal peptidase of Staphylococcus epidermidis as novel antibacterial target
Boden K. - Optimal diagnostic approach in a Q fever outbreak situation
Bodeus M. - Evaluation of the new ARCHITECT CMV IgM, IgG and IgG avidity assays
Bodey G. - Polymicrobial bacteraemia in cancer patients
Bodmer T. - RD-1 antigen based in vitro diagnosis of TB infection: IP-10/CXCL10 is a novel potent biomarker with comparable performance to the Quantiferon In Tube test
Bodson A. - Outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-producing OXA-23 carbapenemase at one Belgian acute care hospital
Boehm M. - Efficient automated purification and accurate quantification of cytomegalovirus DNA
Boehme C. - A rapid, fully-automated PCR system for sample processing, diagnosis, and rifampin resistance detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Boekhout T. - Hypersensitivity pneumonitis due to Pseudozyma sp. in a liver-transplanted child
Boel A. - 16S rDNA sequence analysis can help in revealing the aetiologic agent of culture-negative infective endocarditis
Boëlle P.Y. - Superspreading MRSA in a hospital ward by non-compliance with hygiene: an agent-based modelling study
Boesten R.C.H. - Nasal carriership of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus pneumoniae in children visiting daycare centres
  - Waterborne gastro-enteritis at a scout camp caused by Norovirus types 1 and 2
Bogaert D. - Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in healthy Venezuelan children
  - Pneumococcal carriage in a geographically isolated indigenous community in Venezuela before, during and after an outbreak of acute respiratory tract infection
Bogaerts P. - First isolation of GES extended-spectrum b-lactamases in Enterobactericeae in Belgium
  - Acinetobacter baumannii infections in thermally injured: a multidrug-resistant blaOXA-23 outbreak in a burn wound centre, Brussels
  - Outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-producing OXA-23 carbapenemase at one Belgian acute care hospital
  - Comparative performance of three phenotypic confirmatory Etest strips for the detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamases-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Belgian hospitals
  - Genetic structure at the origin of acquisition of blaOXA-18 gene, encoding an emerging class D clavulanic-acid inhibited extended-spectrum b-lactamase
Bogaerts M.A.H. - Recent temporal trends in morbidity and mortality due to pneumonia in the Netherlands
Böger R.H. - Efficacy and tolerability of moxifloxacin versus clindamycin in the treatment of odontogenic abscesses and inflammatory infiltrates (MOCLI Study)
Bøgetoft N. - Ampicillin-resistant Enterococcus faecium clonal complex 17 is widespread in healthy dogs: anthropozoonosis or zooanthroponosis?
Boggian K. - Delayed diagnosis of mycobacterial skin and soft tissue infections in non-immunocompromised hosts
Bogomolova T. - Trends in susceptibility to fluconazole of yeasts isolated from patients in Saint Petersburg, Russia, during a 3-year period, 2004–2007
Böhme A. - Efficacy of caspofungin compared to itraconazole as secondary antifungal prophylaxis: a multinational case registry
Bohne M.T.H. - Validation of M.I.C. Evaluator strips following ISO guidelines
  - Effect of lower inoculum on MIC broth microdilution: a comparison with the ISO reference method
Bohnert J.A. - Mutagenesis of putative substrate binding residues in the Escherichia coli RND type multidrug efflux pump AcrB
Boiron P. - Molecular identification of clinical isolates of Nocardia and related Actinomycetes in the French Observatory for Nocardiosis (OFN) – New epidemiology data of nocardiosis in France between 2000 and 2007
Boisset S. - Caenorhabditis elegans food-choice experiment: a rapid way to screen for agr-related Staphylococcus aureus toxins
Bojesen A.M. - Chicken model of Enterococcus faecalis native-valve endocarditis
Bojkova K. - Antimicrobial susceptibility and macrolide-resistance mechanisms among clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Bulgaria, 2006–2007
  - Clonal spread of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii possessing blaOXA-23 in a Bulgarian hospital
Boland G.J. - The first 48 hours of viral response during therapy differentiate between rapid viral response and null response in hepatitis C genotype 1 patients
  - Comparison of the COBAS Taqman PCR and b-DNA PCR in patients treated for hepatitis C genotype 1, partly co-infected with HIV
Boldrin C. - CXCR4-using HIV-1 in antiretroviral-naive patients with primary or chronic infection
Boldyrev A. - Detection of ESAT-6-specific T-cell responses induced by vaccination mice with the preparation KpONE6
Bolfion M. - CagA and other key genes in the cag pathogenicity island of Helicobacter pylori isolated from dyspepsia patients
Bolibar I. - Inhaled corticosteroids increase the risk of pneumonia? A further step in a population-based study
Bollani L. - Earliest possible diagnosis of seroconversion for toxoplasmosis in pregnancy
Bolukbas B. - Efficacy of amphotericin B and voriconazole against Leishmania tropica with microcapillary culture method
Bonadio M. - Clinical and autopsy diagnosis of infectious diseases at an Italian teaching hospital
  - Epidemiological and clinical features of 85 patients with tuberculosis at a teaching hospital in Italy
Bonde J. - Clinical utility of low-density microarray to evaluate human papilloma virus genotype distribution in Danish women with atypical cervical cell findings diagnosed with HPV infection
BonDurant R. - In the bovine trichomoniasis experimental model, systemic immunisation, unlike preputial infection, induces protection against trichomonad colonisation in bulls
Bonelli S. - Chagas' disease: evaluation of a rapid immunochromatographic assay for the detection of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies
Bonfrate N. - Clarithromycin resistance in Helicobacter pylori positive patients after therapies failure
Bongiorno D. - Looking back, current status, and future trends of MRSA clones in Italy
Bonifácio Andrade E. - Inflammatory cell infiltration and inflammatory cytokines: indicators of Streptococcus agalactiae infection in experimental mouse mastitis
  - Therapeutic immunisation with Streptococcus sobrinus enolase protects against dental caries in rats
Bonnabry P. - Temporal effects of antibiotic use and hand-rub consumption on incidence of MRSA and Clostridium difficile
Bonnal R. - Whole genome pyrosequencing of the epidemic multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii European clone II
Bonnal C. - Comparison of antifungal MICs for yeasts obtained using EUCAST in a reference laboratory and Etest in ten different hospital laboratories
Bonser R.S. - Prospective, randomised clinical trial to compare the efficacy of two 70% (v/v) isopropyl alcohol solutions containing either 0.5% (w/v) chlorhexidine gluconate or 2% (w/v) CHG for skin antisepsis during coronary artery bypass grafting
Bonten M.J.M. - Reduced transmission of animal-related ST398 meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Dutch hospitals
  - Ventilator-associated pneumonia and attributable mortality: a systematic review of observational studies
  - Discrepancy analysis of conventional culture and PCR for screening of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  - External quality control of the GeneXpert® system for identifying meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Bonten M.J. - Increased mutation frequency among Enterococcus faecium belonging to clonal complex 17
Bonten M.J.M. - Environmental contamination: a risk factor for acquisition of CC17 ampicillin-resistant Enterococcus faecium
  - Prevalence of ST398 and other genotypes of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Dutch hospitals
  - How does vaccination of healthcare workers affect the number of influenza virus infections in nursing home patients?
  - SgrA, a serine-glutamate repeat containing MSCRAMM of Enterococcus faecium CC17 binds fibrinogen
  - A newly identified clonal Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain has a high prevalence in the Dutch cystic fibrosis population
  - Cost-efficacy of rapid diagnostic testing of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a low-endemic setting
  - Identification of a novel genomic island specific for Enterococcus faecium CC17 by using the deltarho-Web model
  - Cost-efficacy of a chromogenic agar for meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus screening in a low-endemic setting
  - Opinions of intensivists and nurses towards use of selective decontamination of the digestive tract and selective oropharyngeal decontamination
  - Draft genome sequencing of two Enterococcus faecium strains by pyrosequencing technology reveals niche-specific gene acquisition
Bonten M. - Identification of a "hot spot" for integration of mobile elements in Enterococcus faecium
Bonten M.J.M. - Tn916-like element EfaB5 genes are highly conserved in invasive Enterococcus faecalis and CC17 Enterococcus faecium
Boo T.W. - Molecular characterisation of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter species in an Irish tertiary referral hospital
Boonstra S. - The culture and antifungal sensitivity testing of pathogenic fungi on a highly porous ceramic
Boost M.V. - Longitudinal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in families of non-healthcare workers in Hong Kong
  - Disinfecting power of multi-purpose soft contact lens disinfecting solutions on fungi colonising the conjunctiva and environmental air isolates
Boras Z. - Evaluation of PCR in bronchoalveolar lavage specimens for diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia
Borbenyi Z. - Two cases of fatal bacteraemia caused by unusual pathogens in patients with haematologic malignancy
Borbone S. - Looking back, current status, and future trends of MRSA clones in Italy
Bordas X. - Comparison of an interferon-gamma assay with tuberculin skin test for the diagnosis of tuberculosis infection prior to anti-tumour necrosis factor therapy
Borderi M. - HIV-1 induces apoptosis in primary osteoblasts and HOBIT cells through TNF-a activation
Bordi L. - Phylogenetic analysis of autochthonous and imported Italian Chikungunya virus strains
  - Increased expression of Werner and Bloom helicases in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of HIV-1 infected patients
  - Replication of Vaccinia virus on PBMC is restricted by mediators of innate immunity
  - Avian influenza H5N1 virus is able to disregulate interferon response activation in human PBMC
Bordoni R. - Whole genome pyrosequencing of the epidemic multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii European clone II
Borecka S. - Drug resistance modulation in yeast
Borel N. - Murine model of lung infection by Parachlamydia acanthamoebae
Borghi E. - Molecular characterisation of community- and hospital-acquired meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Borja N. - Genotyping of Mycobacterium tuberculosis MDR and XDR strains in Lima, Peru
Borna S. - Brucella endocarditis in Iran, a treatable disease
Boronina L. - Antibiotic resistance of Haemophilus influenzae isolated in invasive and non-invasive forms of children's infections in Ural region
Borosak M. - Streptococcus pneumoniae septicaemia associated with red cell transfusion
Borovskaya A. - A mass spectrometry-based approach for Neisseria gonorrhoeae species identification
Borrallo R.M. - Bacteraemia complicating pressure ulcers
Borras M. - Salmonella enterica producing extended-spectrum b-lactamases in Zaragoza, Spain, 2001 to 2005
Borsos S. - Determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration and mutant prevention concentration of tigecycline against clinical isolates of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: impact of blood on susceptibility results
  - Comparative mutant prevention concentration values for tigecycline and ciprofloxacin against clinical isolates of Escherichia coli
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline against contemporary clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae
  - The impact of blood in media on the determination of mutant prevention concentration testing of tigecycline against clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae
Bosch M. - In vitro activity of caspofungin and anidulafungin against Candida albicans and C. glabrata biofilms
Bosch J. - Virulence traits of Escherichia coli clinical isolates neonatal sepsis. Comparison between strains causing early and late neonatal sepsis
Bosch T. - Molecular epidemiology of PFGE non-typeable meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the Netherlands
Bosch J. - Evolution of the incidence of early-onset and late-onset group B Streptococcal disease before and after prevention policies – Barcelona 1994–2007
  - In vitro susceptibility of group B Streptococcus strains isolated from genital tract of pregnant women
  - Phylogenetic background and virulence profile of Escherichia coli causing neonatal disease
Boschi A. - Use of a molecular panel in acute viral respiratory infections
Bosco O. - CXCR4-using HIV-1 in antiretroviral-naive patients with primary or chronic infection
Bosma F. - Cutaneous myiasis in two Dutch patients with and without a history of recent travel
Bosmans P. - Acinetobacter baumannii infections in thermally injured: a multidrug-resistant blaOXA-23 outbreak in a burn wound centre, Brussels
Bosnjak Z. - Evaluation of PCR in bronchoalveolar lavage specimens for diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia
Bost K.M. - SIV-specific CD8+ T-cells mediated protection from uncontrolled viral replication after vaginal challenge in live-attenuated immunised rhesus macaques
Botea S. - In vitro susceptibility of respiratory isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes in a twelve-month period
Botek R. - Helicobacter heilmanii (Gastrospirilum hominis) in gastric biopsies of humans – A fifteen-year analysis
Botella S. - Rapid PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method to differentiate among Campylobacter clinical isolates
Botnarciuc M. - Re-emergence of infectious syphilis in Constanta county, Romania
  - Resistance to antifungal drugs of yeasts isolated from genital specimens
Botta G. - Trends in antibiotic susceptibility profile and assessment of tet(O)-mediated tetracycline resistance in Campylobacter jejuni isolates from human and poultry sources
  - Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus in Bahrain: evidence of MRS transmission and co-carriage of vancomycin-resistant enterococci
  - The degree of invasiveness of Campylobacter jejuni influences cytokines induction in the human monocytic cell line THP-1
Bottalico P. - Use of the recombinant k39 immunochromatographic strip-test for serological diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis: experience from Apulia, southern Italy
Botterel F. - Comparison of antifungal MICs for yeasts obtained using EUCAST in a reference laboratory and Etest in ten different hospital laboratories
Botti V. - Spread of CTX-M extended-spectrum b-lactamases among Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in Italian long-term care facilities: results of the first nationwide prevalence study
Botto H. - Levofloxacin 500 mg once daily oral in the treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis
Bou G. - Epidemiological and clinical features associated with the colonisation/infection by Acinetobacter baumannii heteroresistant to carbapenems
Bouallegue O. - First occurrence of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates producing VIM-2 metallo-b-lactamase in a Tunisian university hospital
  - Dissemination of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii producing the OXA-23 carbapenemase in a university hospital, Tunisia
Bouchakour M. - Association of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes, DHA-1 b-lactamase, and extended-spectrum b-lactamase SHV-12 in Enterobacter cloacae isolated in Moroccco
Bouchara J.P. - Update on Scedosporium/Pseudallescheria infections
Boucher H.W. - Telavancin for hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia: the ATTAIN studies
Bouchillon S. - In vitro activity of tigecycline and 13 comparators against pathogens from a global population of intensive care patients in 2007
  - Extended-spectrum b-lactamase production in Europe
  - In vitro evaluation of tigecycline against drug-resistant Enterococci and S. aureus in the United States
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline against pathogens isolated from lower respiratory infections – The Global T.E.S.T. Program 2007
  - Comparison of antimicrobial susceptibilities of bacteria isolated in Canada, the United States, and Mexico – Results from the T.E.S.T. Program 2004–2007
  - The efficacy of tigecycline against AmpC producing Enterobacter spp. and Serratia marcescens
  - Comparative analysis of tigecycline in South America from 2004–2007
  - A global perspective of antimicrobial in vitro activity from the T.E.S.T. Program: annual analysis from 2004–2006
  - Susceptibility patterns of tigecycline and comparators from clinical isolates in Spain and Portugal 2004–2007
  - Global trends of penicillin resistance rates in Streptococcus pneumoniae, 2004–2007
  - Antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates from various body sites in Europe: the T.E.S.T. Program
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline and comparators against vancomycin-resistant enterococci from western Europe
  - Tigecycline in vitro activity against vancomycin-resistant enterococci in the U.S. analysed by CDC Regions
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline against inpatient and outpatient isolates from a European population
  - Tigecycline activity in Europe: a comparative analysis by country 2007
Bouchon P. - MLVA and CRISPR web services for bacterial genotyping
Bouchrif B. - Genetic relatedness between ciprofloxacin-resistant Salmonella Kentucky isolated from humans and poultry meat
Bouchuiguir-Wafa K. - Incidence of newer antifungal consumption and incidence of Candidaemia in an adult intensive care unit
Boudewijns M. - Evaluation of a chromogenic agar plate as screening medium for the detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae
Boudry C. - Optimising the flow of ID-AST information between microbiology laboratory and intensive care unit with the new feature of EpiCenter version 5.5 connected to the BD Phoenix system
Bouges-Michel C. - Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum endocarditis in metropolitan France
  - Comparison of antifungal MICs for yeasts obtained using EUCAST in a reference laboratory and Etest in ten different hospital laboratories
Bougmiza I. - Epidemiological study of an outbreak of non-tuberculous Mycobacteria subcutaneous infections after mesotherapy
Boujaafar N. - First occurrence of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates producing VIM-2 metallo-b-lactamase in a Tunisian university hospital
  - Dissemination of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii producing the OXA-23 carbapenemase in a university hospital, Tunisia
Boulestreau H. - Healthcare workers' knowledge of their patients' meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage
Bouloy M. - Laboratory diagnosis of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in Iran in the year 2007
Boulter N. - Specific detection of hepatitis C virus in clinical samples using a novel simplification strategy
Boumans M.L. - The population structure of Staphylococcus aureus isolates of ICU patients in the Netherlands between 1996 and 2006
Bouniort F. - Analytical performances of the new Access®Toxo IgG assay
  - Multicentre evaluation of the Toxo IgG assay on the Family of Access® immunoassay systems from Beckman Coulter
  - Comparative studies of the new Access® Toxo IgG assay
Bourgeois N. - Comparison of three methods of real-time PCR with blood smears and antigen detection in plasmodial infection
Bourgeois-Nicolaos N. - Fitness cost of linezolid resistance in Enterococcus faecalis
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline against enterococci
Bourke J. - Catheter-related bloodstream infection in patients on total parenteral nutrition: 10-year surveillance data in a university teaching hospital in Dublin, Ireland
  - Cost effectiveness of employing a TPN surveillance nurse for the prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections
Bourlet T. - Comparative evaluation of the NucliSENS easyMAG automated system for the extraction of viral DNA from whole blood samples: application to the monitoring of cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus loads
Bouros S. - Features of tuberculous lymphadenitis – Experience of a single tertiary centre in Greece
Bousquet P.J. - Comparison of three methods of real-time PCR with blood smears and antigen detection in plasmodial infection
Bousseau A. - Relationships between Candida albicans and free-living amoebae
Bousselmi K. - Imipenem resistance among Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates: risk factors and impact of resistance on clinical outcomes in a Tunisian burn unit
Boutet A. - Comparison of three methods of real-time PCR with blood smears and antigen detection in plasmodial infection
Bouttier S. - Screening for Clostridium difficile in meat from French retailers
Bouza E. - Oropharyngeal candidiasis in immunocompromised patients: which burden? Importance of appropriate antimicrobial treatment strategy
  - Rapid determination of the antifungal susceptibility of Candida isolates using direct samples of blood from patients with fungaemia: the role of the Etest
  - Clinical isolates of aspergillus are still fully susceptible to voriconazole in the POSTVORI era
  - Is cotrimoxazole prophylaxis still reliable for the prevention of nocardiosis?
  - Evolution of antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of aerobic and facultative Gram-negative bacilli causing intra-abdominal infections: results from the SMART studies, 2003–2007
  - Results of a phase III trial comparing tolevamer, vancomycin and metronidazole in patients with Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea
  - Infectious complications of short-term ventricular assist devices
  - Clostridium difficile: new and old treatment options
  - Comparison of two methods (Etest and MicroScan) for detecting vancomycin susceptibility in Staphylococcus aureus
  - Evolution of Campylobacter bacteraemia before and in the era of highly active anti-retroviral therapy
  - Critical care-related infections in heart transplant recipients
Bovin N. - Antiviral effect of a novel inhibitor of influenza virus haemagglutinin on influenza A (H5N1) virus
  - Comparative study of the efficacy of low- and high-molecular inhibitors of influenza virus haemagglutinin
Bowden M.G. - The signal peptide of Panton-Valentine leukocidine LukS component induces increased adhesion to extracellular matrix components in Staphylococcus aureus
Bowker K. - The antibacterial activity of PZ-601 (SMP-601) against MRSA studied in an in vitro pharmacokinetic model
  - The in vitro susceptibility of E. coli and P. aeruginosa from Minsk, Belarus
  - Vancomycin MIC distributions in MRSA isolates from a large acute English hospital: no evidence of MIC shift, 1999–2006
  - Pharmacodynamics of vancomycin against MRSA: implications of bacterial inoculum for the clinical breakpoint
  - The antibacterial activity of telavancin and vancomycin against UK EMRSA 15 and 16 strains studied in an in vitro pharmacokinetic model
  - The antimicrobial susceptibility of 83 strains of S. aureus against 14 antimicrobials from Belarus
Bowyer P. - Clinical performance of FXG:RESP (Asp +) assay for Pneumocystis jirovecii on respiratory specimens
Box A.T.A. - External quality control of the GeneXpert® system for identifying meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  - Discrepancy analysis of conventional culture and PCR for screening of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  - Cost-efficacy of rapid diagnostic testing of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a low-endemic setting
  - Cost-efficacy of a chromogenic agar for meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus screening in a low-endemic setting
Boyanova L. - Antifungal susceptibility testing of yeast isolates from nine hospitals in Bulgaria and their species distribution – a two-year study
Boyken L. - A global evaluation of voriconazole activity against recent clinical isolates of Candida
Boyle F. - Prevalence of the tetA gene and class I and class II integrons in environmental isolates of E. coli
  - Prevalence of plasmid mediated AmpC b-lactamases in non-typhi salmonella from Ireland
Boyle M. - Low incidence of congenital cytomegalovirus infection in a large maternity hospital in Ireland
Bozdogan B. - Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage in an army recruits population: prevalence and genotyping
Bozoglu F. - Multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Virchow encoding blaCTX-M3 located on an IncN plasmid isolated from Turkish food of avian origin
Bozzetta E. - Prevalence of atypical mycobacteriosis in aquarium fish in northern Italy
Braat J.C. - SgrA, a serine-glutamate repeat containing MSCRAMM of Enterococcus faecium CC17 binds fibrinogen
Bracho M.A. - Recombination analyses in intrapatient populations of hepatitis C virus
Bracho M. - First complete genome of a hepatitis C virus genotype 1g isolate
Bradley J. - Prospective, multicentre study of caspofungin for treatment of documented fungal infections in paediatric patients
Braga T. - Spatial correlation among antimicrobial usage density and resistance in Escherichia coli community urinary tract infections: EUREQA Project report
Braga V. - Resistance to antifungal drugs of yeasts isolated from genital specimens
  - Re-emergence of infectious syphilis in Constanta county, Romania
Brajanoski G. - Cerebrospinal fluid compartmental pharmacokinetics of amikacin in neonates
Bramati S. - Prevalence of aac(6')-Ib-cr gene in Escherichia coli isolated in northern Italy from patients with urinary tract infections
Brancart F. - Molecular typing and epidemiology of Enterovirus in Belgium, 2005–2007
Branco P. - Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection in an immunosuppressed patient with a nephrotic syndrome
Brandenburg A.H. - Borrelia burgdorferi in ticks and patients on the Dutch North Sea island of Ameland
Brandenburg K. - Influence of linezolid on phagocytosis and killing of Gram-negative bacteria by polymorphonuclear neutrophils
Brandt R. - Dose linearity and gender-independent pharmacokinetics of intravenous iclaprim assessed in two randomised, double-blind and controlled cross-over studies
Brankova N. - Whole genome typing strategy for phylogenetic assignment of species
  - Assessment of Bordetella pertussis genotypes distributed in Bulgaria by direct analysis of clinical samples by multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat
Braoudaki M. - Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of group A Streptococcus clinical isolates: antimicrobial resistance patterns, macrolide-resistance genes and emm typing
Brauers J. - German surveillance study on the in vitro activity of daptomycin against Gram-positive cocci
  - Spread of MRSA clones in German hospitals and in vitro activity of tigecycline
  - Spread of tetracycline resistance genes among German isolates of Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae, and Klebsiella pneumoniae and susceptibility to tigecycline
  - Resistance among isolates of Haemophilus influenzae to orally administered b-lactams and fluoroquinolones: results of a nationwide surveillance study in Germany, winter 2007
Braun H.B. - Evaluation of qualitative agreement and quantitative correlation between the new ARCHITECT Toxo IgG assay and 4 commercially available Toxo IgG assays
Brazier J. - Application of MLVA to study the spread of Clostridium difficile toxin A-negative strains of PCR ribotype 017 in a general hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  - VIDAS C. difficile toxin A&B assay performance evaluation and epidemiological analysis of samples collected in UK and US
  - Antibiotic susceptibility patterns in Europe
Brehar Cioflec D. - Panton-Valentine leukocidin positive, t008 spa-type meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a Romanian western county hospital
Bret P. - Altered pharmacokinetics of linezolid in patients with severe burn injuries
Bretagne S. - Comparison of antifungal MICs for yeasts obtained using EUCAST in a reference laboratory and Etest in ten different hospital laboratories
Breton J. - Molecular characterisation of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal isolates from patients with uncomplicated skin infections
  - Comparative antibacterial activity of retapamulin, cephalothin, gentamicin and erythromycin against Staphylococcus aureus, including molecularly characterised isolates of MRSA recovered from uncomplicated skin infections
  - Molecular characterisation of meticillin-resistant and -susceptible Staphylococcus aureus from global clinical trials
Bretz A.C. - Elaboration of a type three secretion system-based Pseudomonas aeruginosa live vector for immunotherapy purposes
Breugelmans J. - Comparison of direct and standardised antimicrobial disc susceptibility testing on positive blood cultures
Briales A. - Evolution of quinolone resistance mediated by genetic changes in qnrA, qnrB and qnrS genes
Bridon L. - VIDAS C. difficile toxin A&B assay performance evaluation and epidemiological analysis of samples collected in UK and US
Brietkreutz L. - Caspofungin Etest endpoint for Aspergillus shows poor essential agreement with the reference minimum effective concentration
Brigante G. - Corynebacterium striatum: a multidrug-resistant emerging pathogen
Brilliantova A. - Evaluation of virulence and resistance genes structure in vancomycin-resistant E. faecium
  - Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance of enterococcus species isolated from blood patients with haematological malignancies in Russia
  - Prevalence and epidemiology of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in a Russian haematology centre
Brito C. - Portuguese EQA results for serogical diagnosis of syphilis and brucellosis
Brito M. - Identification of the transmission vectors of Staphylococcus aureus circulating in a neonatal intensive care unit
Brito-Avô A. - A 1-year longitudinal study on the colonisation of five upper respiratory tract pathogens within a daycare centre
  - Comparison of macrolide-resistant and macrolide-susceptible populations of group A streptococci from asymptomatic oropharyngeal colonisation in Portugal
Broadbent I.D. - Disruption of Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing using high-affinity antibodies derived from immunised sheep
Brocchi M. - Molecular typing of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli by multilocus sequence typing
Brochier B. - Serological and molecular diagnosis of measles using oral fluid samples
Brock I. - A comparison between QuantiFERON and tuberculin skin test during screening for tuberculosis infection in a contact investigation among students
Brodskaya O. - Long-term course of clarithromycin for the treatment of stage II COPD patients with frequent exacerbations
Bronk M. - Blood culture statistic study in febrile neutropenic haematology patients
  - Alert patogeny among patients in a medical university hospital, Gdansk
Brook A. - Development and validation of a novel media (CHROMagar ECC CTX-M) for isolation of CTX-M producing Enterobacteriacae whilst inhibiting ampC producing organisms
Brosnikoff C. - Comparison of Oxoid M.I.C.Evaluator™ device with broth micro-dilution and Etest® device from AB Biodisk for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Enterobacteriaceae
  - Surveillance of Staphylococcus aureus susceptibility to fusidic acid in five Canadian laboratories
  - Clinical evaluation of a preservative impregnated sponge to stabilise urine samples transported for microbiological culture
  - Comparison of Oxoid M.I.C.Evaluator™ device with broth micro-dilution and Etest® device from AB Biodisk for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of staphylococci, streptococci and enterococci
Brossas J-Y. - Use of mass spectrometry to identify clinical Fusarium isolates
Brossier F. - Epidemiological study of an outbreak of non-tuberculous Mycobacteria subcutaneous infections after mesotherapy
Brouqui P. - Bartonellosis and other emerging infection in homeless people in Europe
Brouwer R.M.L. - Procalcitonin and C-reactive protein as markers for infection and mortality in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock
  - Searching the Surviving Sepsis Campaign database for avoidable deaths
Brouwers E.E.H.G. - High performance and acceptability of self-colllected anal swabs for diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in men and women
Brouwers J.M.M. - Borrelia burgdorferi in ticks and patients on the Dutch North Sea island of Ameland
Browatzki A. - Is interferon-gamma TB-testing in accordance with guidelines
Brown S.D. - Antimicrobial susceptibilities of Streptococcus pyogenes isolated from respiratory and skin infections in the United States in 2005–2006
Brown N. - In vitro activity of ceftobiprole against select Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens isolated from Europe in 2006–2007
Brown B. - Lack of identified association between nosocomial CDAD and emergency department overcrowding and number of room changes
Brown N. - An audit of the effectiveness of measures to prevent the transmission of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus within a teaching hospital in the United Kingdom
Brown D. - An audit of the effectiveness of measures to prevent the transmission of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus within a teaching hospital in the United Kingdom
Brown D.J. - A two-centre study to determine possible geographic differences in the prevalence of Clostridium difficile ribotypes in Scotland
Brown D. - Why European harmonisation?
Brown A. - A comparative evaluation of chromogenic culture media for the detection of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from clinical specimens
Brown D. - SASP: rapid bactericidal activity against USA strains of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  - The efficacy of SASP targeted to meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in mixed staphylococcal cultures
Brown N. - Current susceptibility patterns for H. influenzae and M. catarrahlis isolates from Europe: findings of the 2007 GLOBAL surveillance program
  - In vitro activity of doripenem relative to meropenem and imipenem against Enterobacteriaceae and P. aeruginosa isolates from Europe (2006–2007)
Brown M. - The Going Home project: implementing a frontline pharmacist-led team approach towards appropriate IV to oral antibiotic switch for patients with antibiotic resistant infections and subsequent discharge to outpatient management
Brown N. - Epidemiology of elevated fluoroquinolone MICs of S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, and M. catarrhalis from the GLOBAL Study (1999–2005)
Brown T. - Tuberculosis in Buenos Aires: ten-month analysis at a reference hospital
  - Biodiversity of M. tuberculosis complex strains circulating in Greater London area: implications for prospective epidemiology and phylogenesis
Brown C.E. - Laboratory acquired brucellosis – A review of published reports 1950–2007
Brown S.D. - Activity of faropenem against U.S. paediatric isolates of serotype 19A Streptococcus pneumoniae collected in the 2005–2006 respiratory season
Brown D.J. - An investigation into antibiotic susceptibility and ribotype profiles among community-acquired and hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile strains isolated in a university teaching hospital laboratory
  - Epidemiology of Clostridium difficile in Scotland – A possible shift in ribotype distribution
Brown N. - Analysis of tigecycline activity against Staphylococcus aureus based on patient location and clinical specimen source in Europe
  - A longitudinal perspective on Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis resistance trends in Europe: from GLOBAL surveillance studies
Browne G. - Relationship between candidaemia and prior colonisation with Candida species in critically ill adults
  - The relationship between Candida species isolated from non-sterile sites and blood in critically ill adults
Brown-Elliott B. - MICs of non-tuberculous mycobacteria using the TREK Vizion™ system compared to manual readings
Bruce M.G. - International Circumpolar Surveillance of invasive bacterial diseases, 2000–2006
Bruce M. - The epidemiology of invasive group A streptococcal infection in the North American Arctic, 2000–2006
Bruden D. - The epidemiology of invasive group A streptococcal infection in the North American Arctic, 2000–2006
Bruderer T. - Validation of the extended-spectrum b-lactamase phenotype with molecular methods
  - Plasmid-encoded and class 3 integron-associated extended-spectrum b-lactamase gene blaGES-1 from Escherichia coli in Switzerland
Bruemmer S. - Outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii carrying the carbapenemase OXA-23 in a German university medical centre
Bruggeman C.A. - Multiplex MLPA assay for simultaneous detection of 6 viral agents causing central nervous system infections
Bruijnesteijn van Coppenraet L.E.S. - Implementing molecular detection of gastro-intestinal protozoa and implications for an algorithm for complete parasitological diagnostics in the microbiological laboratory routine
Bruin-Buisson C. - Relevance of testing for microbial DNA in critically ill patients
Bruins M.J. - Implementing molecular detection of gastro-intestinal protozoa and implications for an algorithm for complete parasitological diagnostics in the microbiological laboratory routine
  - Evaluation and implementation of a chromogenic agar medium for the detection of Salmonella in stool in routine laboratory diagnostics
  - Association between group A beta-haemolytic streptococci and vulvovaginitis in adult women: a case control study
Bruisten S. - The prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium in the Netherlands
Brulet A. - Factors associated with the severity of Clostridium difficile-associated disease: a one-year prospective study in a Lyon university hospital, France
Brum L. - Multidrug and extensive drug-resistant tuberculosis in Lisbon, Portugal: molecular epidemiology and resistance mechanisms
  - Prevalence of embB306 mutations among ethambutol-resistant and susceptible isolates: correlation with ethambutol and multidrug resistance
  - Diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from extrapulmonary specimens with real-time PCR
Brun M. - Performance of five commercial immunoblots for serological confirmation of syphilis
Brunel D. - Clinical, epidemiological and virological features of an aseptic meningitis outbreak in northeastern France, 2005
Brunner P. - Interferon-gamma limits the availability of iron for intramacrophage Salmonella typhimurium
Bruno P. - Trends in antibiotic prescription among children attending daycare centres in France: 1999–2006
Bruno J. - A cell envelope protein array of Borrelia burgdorferi to profile the humoral response of patients with Lyme disease
Bruno R. - Use of the recombinant k39 immunochromatographic strip-test for serological diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis: experience from Apulia, southern Italy
Bruno P. - Trends in nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae among children attending daycare centres in France: 1999–2006
Bruno J. - A high-virulence clone of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto is distributed widely in Europe and North America
Bruns A.H.W. - Repetitive C-reactive protein measurements in follow-up can predict adequacy of empiric antibiotic therapy in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia
  - The time to first antibiotic dose does not predict early clinical failure in severe community-acquired pneumonia
Brusaferro S. - Building a benchmark through active surveillance: the Italian network SPIN-UTI
  - Spread of CTX-M extended-spectrum b-lactamases among Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in Italian long-term care facilities: results of the first nationwide prevalence study
Bruschetta G. - Evaluation of Sensititre® Yeastone® for direct antifungal susceptibility testing from blood cultures
Bruun B.G. - Shigella/enteroinvasive E. coli infections in the county of Frederiksborg, Denmark
Bruun B. - Evaluation of the VITEK® 2 NH card for identification of fastidious Gram-negative bacteria
  - Evaluation of E. coli/P. aeruginosa PNA FISH™ and EK/P. aeruginosa PNA FISH™; two dual colour assays for identification of Gram-negative rods directly from positive blood culture bottles
  - First clonal outbreak of a multi-resistant CTX-M-15 producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Denmark
Brzezinska S. - N-acetyltranserase 2 gene mutations and bioavailability of isoniazid in tuberculosis patients
Brzezinski G. - Comparison of VITEK 2 generated extended spectrum b-lactamase phenotypes to double-disc test results in Enterobacteriaceae
Buaro L. - Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage strains from paediatric population in Arkhangelsk region, Russia
Buarø L. - Emergence of metallo-b-lactamase producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Scandinavia
Bucalic M. - Outpatient utilisation of antibiotics in Zagreb, 2006
Buchheidt D. - Diagnostic yield of blood cultures from antibiotic-naive and antibiotically treated febrile neutropenic patients with acute leukaemias and patients after high dose therapy and autologous blood stem cell transplantation – a single centre experience
  - Detection of Aspergillus DNA by a nested PCR assay with high sensitivity and specificity rates is able to improve the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis in paediatric patients
Buchholz P. - Uncommon nosocomial transmission of TBC in an outpatient clinic in 2005: possible route of pathogen
Bucknall C. - Improving the quality of care for community-acquired pneumonia using Web-based support for dissemination, communication and measurement
Buckner R. - Clinical comparison fo the molecular-based BD GeneOhm Cdiff assay to the cytotoxicity tissue culture assay for the direct detection of toxin B gene from toxigenic Clostridium difficile strains in faecal specimens
  - Investigative use only test card using the VITEK 2 system as compared to broth microdilution
Bucur M. - Relevance of A 2 phospholipases and matrix-metalloproteases in the assessment of the inflammatory process evolution in periodontal disease
  - In vitro investigation of the intercellular cross-talk between opportunistic bacteria and eukaryotic cells
Budding A. - Rapid screening of the human microbiome by bacterial profiling
Budimir A. - Evaluation of PCR in bronchoalveolar lavage specimens for diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia
Budzynska A. - Intracellular crystallisation caused by Proteus mirabilis plays a significant role in recurrent urolithiasis
Buehlmann M. - Scabies outbreak in an acute care setting involving 1,075 individuals
Buell D.N. - Multivariate logistic regression modelling of variables associated with treatment outcomes from two large, prospective micafungin registrational trials
Bufler J. - Influence of anidulafungin on different Candida species in a continuous flow culture system
Buhigas I. - High proportion of antibiotic resistance in bloodstream infection by nursing-home-acquired E. coli
Buijtels P.C.A.M. - In only half of the tuberculosis cases diagnosed in Zambia, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the causative agent
  - Identification of mycobacteria by Raman spectroscopy
Buitrago G. - Bloodstream infections among newborns in intensive care unit in a country network in Bogota, Colombia, 2001–2007
  - Fungal bloodstream infections in a citywide network in Bogotá, Colombia, 2001–2006
  - Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus – Community-acquired phenotype spread in hospitals in Bogotá, Colombia
  - Healthcare professional preferences in educational strategies against antimicrobial resistance in a developing country
  - Effectiveness of an active intervention to improve notification in an antimicrobial resistance surveillance system in a developing country
Buiuc D. - Fungiscope – first Romanian multicentre study on fungaemia: preliminary results
Bukovszki F. - Monitoring, epidemiology and molecular analysis of extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated at a large hospital in Budapest during a four-month period
Bulut C. - Risk factors of hospital-acquired infections in a neurology-neurosurgery intensive care unit, in a tertiary care hospital, in Turkey
  - Evaluation of serum TNF-alpha, IL-10, leptin, CRP levels as prognostic markers in patients with sepsis and septic shock
  - Do HBV-DNA levels affect liver histology in patients with chronic hepatitis B?
  - Clinical analysis and mortality risk factors with proved Acinetobacter baumannii bacteraemias
  - Risk factors for hospital-acquired Acinetobacter baumannii bacteraemia
  - Serum TNF-alpha and interleukin-4 (IL-4) levels in patients with Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever
Bunkowski S. - The Toll-like receptor 2 agonist Pam3CSK4 induces microglia-mediated neuronal cell death in vitro
  - Toll-like receptor agonists stimulate phagocytosis of Escherichia coli by murine microglial cells
Buonavoglia C. - Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in young dogs and their owners
Buracond S. - Epidemiology of respiratory virus infections using xTAG RVP test
  - A comparison of self-collected nasal flocked swabs with staff-collected nasopharyngeal or nasal swabs for respiratory tract sampling in volunteers
  - Epidemiology of respiratory virus infections using xTAG RVP test
Burchard G.D. - Synthetic Plasmodium falciparum GPI: TLR recognition and structural requirements
Burdynowski K. - Application of the chromID ESBL medium in a routine microbiological laboratory
Burette A. - Comparative evaluation of three selective media for primary isolation of Helicobacter pylori from gastric biopsies under routine conditions
Burian M. - Extracellular adherence protein of Staphylococcus aureus in wound infections: surprising differences in transcription and expression in vivo and in vitro
Burkhardt O. - Moxifloxacin does not require dosage adjustment in patients with severe hepatic insufficiency
  - CAPNETZ: Data on clinical efficacy of antibiotic therapy and mortality of CAP in Germany
Burkov A. - Virus-specific antibody activity of different subclasses of immunoglobulins G in Cytomegalovirus infections
  - Significance of laboratory findings for the diagnosis of neurosyphilis
Burley C. - Preliminary results of the microbiological efficacy of iclaprim in complicated skin and skin structure infection from the ASSIST-2 clinical trial
Burmeister A. - Efficient automated purification and accurate quantification of cytomegalovirus DNA
Burnie J. - Pre-incubation with efungumab increases the sensitivity of Cryptococcus neoformans to amphotericin B and 5-flucytosine combination therapy in vitro
  - Efungumab shows no significant cytochrome P450 interaction in vitro
  - Molecular cloning and functional analysis of a novel ATP-dependent multidrug efflux pump in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia
  - Gene expression of vancomycin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus strain EMRSA-15 following exposure to sub-inhibitory levels of vancomycin
Burnstein R. - An audit of the effectiveness of measures to prevent the transmission of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus within a teaching hospital in the United Kingdom
Burrows C. - The AcrAB-TolC efflux system contributes to biofilm formation in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium
Buscaioni M. - Use of a molecular panel in acute viral respiratory infections
Büscher P. - Detection of Leishmania by PCR-oligochromatography with the "Leishmania OligoC-Test"
Busetti M. - Molecular detection of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriacee in northeastern Italy
Bush K. - Genetic relatedness among European meticillin-susceptible and -resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from ceftobiprole clinical trials
  - Ceftobiprole and Levofloxacin are synergistic against an isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa as evaluated in a neutropenic mouse thigh infection model
  - Hydrolysis parameters for doripenem, meropenem and imipenem tested with b-lactamases of molecular classes A to D
  - Genotyping of Gram-negative uropathogens isolated pre and post-treatment from subjects in a doripenem clinical trial for complicated urinary tract infections
Bustillo J. - Delayed growth of M. tuberculosis and M. avium in liquid media after addition of saponin, polypropylene glycol and sodium polyanetholesulphonate
Busto C. - Infections after cardiac surgery
Busto M. - Bacteraemia after transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy in the era of multidrug resistance: impact of a new preventive protocol
Busto C. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia: 303 cases
Butaye P. - High prevalence of "livestock-associated" meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 in swine and pig farmers in Belgium
Butel M.J. - Fitness cost of linezolid resistance in Enterococcus faecalis
Buttrini M. - Molecular analysis of Clostridium difficile strains isolated from healthy horses in the area of Parma, Italy
Butty P. - Absence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in Salmonella and E. coli strains from healthy cattle, pigs and chickens from 8 EU countries within the European Antimicrobial Susceptibility Surveillance in Animals (EASSA) programme
Buu Hoï A. - Impact of a positive Binax NOW Streptococcus pneumoniae urinary antigen test on antibiotics policy
Buyle F. - Consensus development of quality indicators for hospital antibiotic use: the ABS International Quality Indicators Sub-Project
Bykow H. - Tigecycline – in vitro susceptibility of anaerobic bacteria
Bystrický S. - Analysis of factors of virulence and LPSs from Vibrio cholerae serotypes isolated from Slovak rivers