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R
Raad I. - Safety of high-dose caspofungin in 80 cancer patients and haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients with invasive fungal infections
  - Tigecycline usage in cancer patients with refractory pneumonia: a report on 38 cases. A single-institution study
  - Daptomycin therapy for Gram-positive infections in cancer patients
Raatesalmi K. - The effect of Ipsat P1A, a novel drug for prevention of antibiotic-induced intestinal pathogenic colonisation, on the gut antibiotic levels after intravenous administration of b-lactam antibiotic/b-lactamase inhibitors in the dog
Rabbani B. - Phylogenetic, clinical and virological features of hepatitis B virus among Iranian HBsAg carriers
Rabhofer R. - High throughput-screening for Chlamydia trachomatis in urogenital clinical samples using an ELISA-based PCR-system
  - Molecular genetic-based diagnosis of sexually transmitted Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma using an ELISA-based Multiplex PCR system
Rabilloud M. - Delayed maturation of toxoplasma immunoglobulin G avidity in pregnant women: impact of spiramycin treatment and gestational age
Rabino G. - First outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in an Israeli university hospital
Rabitsch W. - In vitro activity of daptomycin and tigecycline against Staphylococcus epidermidis blood isolates from bone marrow transplant patients
Rabsch W. - Genotypic analysis of human Salmonella typhimurium strains from western Kenya
Racciatti D. - Incidence of double positive amplifications from immunocompetent patients screened for active human herpesvirus replication
Rachiotis G. - Candida albicans versus non-albicans bloodstream infection in critically ill patients: differences in risk factors and outcome
Rachkova K. - Countrywide spread of CTX-M-3 and CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum b-lactamases among Enterobacteriaceae in Bulgaria
  - High rate of extended-spectrum b-lactamases among Enterobacteriaceae blood-culture isolates from Bulgarian hospitals
Raciti G. - Effect of Berberis aetnensis C. Presl extract on tissue transglutaminase expression in primary astroglial cell cultures exposed to glutamate
Radfar M. - Is a cholera outbreak a natural disaster? Overview on a cholera outbreak in Iran in 2005
Radfar H. - Diagnostic relevance of interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor alpha in discriminating high-risk and low-risk groups in febrile
Radice A. - PCR with universal primers targeting the small ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene of bacteria as a diagnostic tool in 15 hospitalised patients with infectious diseases
Radice C. - Incidence and significance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in ventilator-associated pneumonia: a prospective study
Radicioni M. - Safety and pharmacokinetics of single-dose intravenous administration of PZ-601: a novel investigational carbapenem
Radulescu A. - Diagnosis difficulties of infective endocarditis in children, adolescents and young adults without cardiac predisposing factors – results of a case series
Raduta L. - Current concepts of malaria in Romania
  - Visceral leishmaniasis cases in Romania
Radwan H. - Investigation of erythromycin-resistant staphylococci from the skin of Egyptian acne patients
  - Antibiotic resistance amongst cutaneous propionibacteria from Egyptian acne patients
Radzikowski A. - Survey of Clostridium difficile infection and faecal lactoferrin in Polish paediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Rafailidis P.I. - Matching criteria in case-control studies in postoperative infections
Rafailidis P. - Do high doses of quinolones decrease the emergence of antibacterial resistance? A systematic review of data from comparative clinical trials
Rafailidis P.I. - Matching criteria in case-control studies in the field of antimicrobial resistance
  - Infectious complications of monoclonal antibodies used in cancer therapy
Rafiee Tabatabaei S. - Herpes simplex encephalitis
Rafiei A. - Association of FCgamma RIIA polymorphism with brucellosis
Raftopoulou A. - Extrapulmonary mycobacteria isolations
Ragull S. - Fluctuation in Legionella pneumophila counts and persistence of DNA subtypes in 15 cooling towers over a one-year period
Rahal K. - Extended-spectrum b-lactamase among non-typhoidic Salmonella in paediatric unit of Algerian hospital
  - Antibiotic resistance conferred by a class 1 integron and SXT element in different Vibrio cholerae O-serotype isolated in Algeria
Rahalison L. - In vitro evaluation of hand-held test kits, immunofluorescence microscopy, ELISA, and flow cytometric analysis for the rapid presumptive identification of Yersinia pestis
Rahbar M. - Ability of Iranian microbiology laboratories for detection and susceptibility testing of unknown micro-organisms: survey results of 2149 laboratories
  - Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii isolates in an Iranian 1,000-bed hospital
Rahmani H. - Strongyloidiasis hyperinfection: diagnosis problems and management in an intensive care unit
Rahmani M. - Comparison of cefuroxime and amoxicillin/clavulanate in the treatment of acute sinusitis in a sample of Iranian population
Rahmati M. - Use of multilocus enzyme electrophoresis to examine genetic relationships among isolates of Klebsiellapneumoniae
Rajan M. - Aspergillus endophthalmitis in an immunocompetent woman: intra-ocular penetration of oral voriconazole
Rajnisz A. - A novel not b-lactam inhibitor of DD-peptidase 64–575
  - Susceptibility of Candida spp. clinical isolates to antifungal drugs
Raka L. - Antimicrobial resistance of Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum among women with vaginal discharge
  - Seroprevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C among intravenous drug users, men who have sex with men and commercial sex workers in Kosova
Ramage G. - Aspergillus fumigatus biofilms are refractory to antifungal challenge
  - Use of the human albumin gene as an internal control for multiplex real-time PCR in bone marrow transplant patient routine screening
  - The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus biofilm formers in Scotland
Ramalheira E. - Detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamases, including the CTX-M-type enzymes, among Enterobacteriaceae using VITEK 2 system and the Advanced Expert system
Rambach G. - Immune evasion mechanisms of Aspergillus sp. in cerebral aspergillosis
Ramboer I. - European surveillance of surgical site infections (HELICS-SSI), 2004–2005
Ramdani-Bouguessa N. - Spread of extended-spectrum b-lactamases among clinical Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from an Algerian hospital
  - Antimicrobial resistance patterns of Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in a hospital in Algiers, Algeria
Ramezani A. - Frequency of proteinuria among HIV-infected patients
  - Risk factors for human brucellosis in Iran: a case–control study
Ramírez M. - Detection and identification of Aspergillus spp. and Candida spp. by real-time PCR in clinical samples
Ramirez M. - Correspondence between typing methods results: a web-based quantitative analysis tool
  - Invasive disease potential of pneumococcal clones carried by children
  - Presence of family phage-like elements conferring efflux-mediated macrolide resistance in group G streptococci
Ramirez F. - Clinical correlates of Mortality Probability Model MPM II and the outcome of a Burkholderia cepacia bacteraemia outbreak in an intensive care unit in Guatemala, Central America
Ramirez C. - Clinical correlates of Mortality Probability Model MPM II and the outcome of a Burkholderia cepacia bacteraemia outbreak in an intensive care unit in Guatemala, Central America
Ramirez S. - Isolation of a canine-like human rotavirus strain G3P[3] from a child with acute gastroenteritis hospitalised in Palermo, Italy
Ramirez M. - Association between opaque variants and serotypes in invasive isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae
  - Susceptibility to tigecycline and to an extended panel of antimicrobials of contemporary Gram-positive and Gram-negative Portuguese isolates
  - Emergence of optochin resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae in Portugal
Ramirez Galleymore P. - Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in a surgical intensive care unit
Ramírez-Aguilar M. - Salmonella ability to use B-lymphocytes as a reservoir is due to overcoming bactericidal mechanisms, in addition to inability to produce inflammatory cytokines
Ramminger I. - Evaluation of partial rpoB and 16S rDNA sequencing for identification of Enterococcal species and the comparison to phenotypic methods
Ramos A. - Prospective, multicentre study of caspofungin for prophylaxis in high-risk liver transplantation
Ramos B. - Assessment of liver cirrhosis by elastography in HCV/HIV co-infected patients
Ramos M. - Emergence of EMRSA-15 in a university hospital, Canary Islands
Ramos J.M. - Evaluation of Helicobacter pylori stool antigen test for the detection of H. pylori infection in paediatric patients
Ramos A. - Venous access ports. Prospective study to analyse use-related complications
Randall L. - Development of a rapid fluorescence assay in 96 well plate assay for multiple antibiotic resistant Salmonella typhimurium
Randall L.P. - Denaturing high pressure liquid chromatography to detect changes in faecal flora of chickens
Randall L. - Effect of multiple passages of S. typhimurium in the presence of disinfectants on susceptibility to antimicrobials, on persistence in the one-day-old chick model and efflux systems
Randjelovic G. - Antimicrobial susceptibility to third and fourth generation cephalosporins and the prevalence of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing isolates among Enterobacteriaceae from different clinical specimens
Ranganathan A. - Genotype of hepatitis C virus in Libya
Rangaraju M. - Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modelling of the plasma bactericidal activity of NXL103 against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus in phase I studies
Ranieri R. - A six-year surveillance of the epidemiology and aetiology of the bacteriaemias at a Milan hospital. The clinical relevance of haemoculture
Ranin L. - Distribution of emm genotypes among S. pyogenes isolates from Serbia
Ranjbar R. - Antimicrobial susceptibility and AP-PCR typing of Acinetobacter spp. strains isolated from three teaching hospitals, Tehran, Iran
Rantakokko-Jalava K. - A new fast automated magnetic bead based nucleic acid sample preparation for STI diagnostics combined with BD ProbeTecTM ET
Raoult D. - Mediterranean spotted fever: a reemerging rickettsiosis? New trends in epidemiology, ecology and clinical presentation
  - Rickettsioses
  - First molecular detection of Rickettsia sibirica ssp. sibirica in skin biopsies from patients with north Asian tick typhus
  - Efficacy of long-term co-trimoxazole in Q fever during pregnancy
Raoux D. - In vitro activity of caspofungin and micafungin against 1038 yeasts isolates from France by EUCAST reference method
  - Comparison of RPMI and AM3 medium for in vitro susceptibility testing of caspofungin against Candida spp. by EUCAST broth microdilution method
Rapicetta M. - Relationship between virological evolution and acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis C (A-E-CHC) and during the natural history of infection
  - Different frequency of N-myc2 activation in liver tumours from male and female woodchucks chronically infected by WHV
  - Rapid insurgence of a viral-resistant mutant in WHV chronically infected woodchucks treated with lamivudine and a PRE-S/S CHO-derived hepatitis B virus vaccine
  - Microarray analysis of liver cells containing a full-length hepatitis C virus replicon
Raponi G. - What system for the glycopeptides and oxazolidinone susceptibility testing among Enterococcus faecium isolates?
  - The frequency of isolation and the susceptibility to antifungals of Candida species in a large academic hospital: three-year surveillance
Rarrick K. - Concomitant administration of Zostavax® and influenza vaccine in adults ≥50 years old
Rasaee M. - Extraction, purification and detoxification of Brucella abortus lipopolysaccharide and biological activity evaluation
  - Expression of human serum albumin–L7/L12 (Brucella abortus ribosomal protein) fusion protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Rasheed J. - Comparative study for conjugative plasmids carrying CTX-M genes in Escherichia coli nosocomial isolates
Rashidi A. - Fine-needle aspiration has a very low sensitivity in the diagnosis of tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis in Iran
Rasmussen E. - Antibody decay profiles during Yersinia enterocolitica O:3 infections: a follow-up study of 94 patients
Raso S. - Increase in prevalence of primary mutations in naive HIV patients in Spain
Rasoolinejad M. - Outcome of pregnancy in pregnant women vaccinated in the mass campaign against measles/rubella in Tehran, Iran
  - Risk factors for systemic emboli in infective endocarditis
  - Clinical and paraclinical manifestations of thyroid dysfunction among patients with HIV/AIDS Tehran, Iran (2004–2005)
Rasshofer R. - New VIM-2-like metallo-b-lactamases in Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Germany and Bulgaria
Rassidakis A. - The impact of insulin therapy on inflammatory markers in critically ill patients with sepsis
  - Serum procalcitonin and organ failure in critically ill patients with sepsis
Rastegar lari A. - Comparison of cefuroxime and amoxicillin/clavulanate in the treatment of acute sinusitis in a sample of Iranian population
Ratchina S.A. - Main trends of outpatient antimicrobial consumption in Russia, 2000–2005
Rato M. - Antimicrobial resistance patterns and genotypes of Streptococcus agalactiae and Streptococcus dysgalactiae ssp. dysgalactiae from bovine mastitis in Portuguese dairy farms
  - Rapid variations in the macrolide resistance frequency, phenotypes and clones of group A streptococci from pharyngeal colonisation and infections, 2000 to 2006
Ratto S. - Therapeutical aspects and predictors of outcome for HIV/HCV co-infected patients treated with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin. Survey in an Italian university hospital
Rauch I. - Galanin-message-associated peptide suppresses hyphal growth of Candida albicans
Rautemaa-Richardson R. - Activity of posaconazole against clinical isolates of Candida albicans with decreased sensitivity to fluconazole from autoimmune polyendocrinopathy–candidiasis–ectodermal dystrophy patients
  - Decreased sensitivity of Candida albicans for azole antifungals – a complication of long-term prophylaxis in APECED patients
  - Changing clinical features of severe odontogenic infections
Rautiainen M. - Pharmacokinetics of azithromycin in serum and sinus fluid after administration of extended release and immediate release formulations in patients with acute bacterial sinusitis
Ravanini P. - Comparison of three different diagnostic tests for HCV-RNA viral load: Cobas Amplicor Monitor HCV 2.0, Versant b-DNA HCV 3.0, and Cobas TaqMan HCV
Ravanshad M. - Evaluation of a competitive quantitative RT-PCR-ELISA system for quantification of HIV-1 RNA in plasma: comparison with COBAS Amplicor HIV-1 monitor test
Ravaud P. - A risk of tuberculosis persists in patients treated with anti TNF-a antagonist therapy despite prophylactic guidelines: identification of main risk factors
Raviglione M.C. - The global tuberculosis epidemic: burden, challenges and the international control strategy
Rawal B. - Pilot evaluation of Innovotech bioFILM PA susceptibility test for clinical utility in the treatment of cystic fibrosis patients infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Rawlinson W. - Epidemiology and diagnosis of epidemic and avian influenza in Australia
Raychevska F. - Environmental contamination in the rooms of MRSA-colonised patients
Raymaekers M. - Emergence of Klebsiella pneumoniae with an AmpC and blaSHV-11 in a Belgian hospital
Raz R. - Risk factors for community-acquired urinary tract infection due to quinolone-resistant uropathogens
  - Ten-year surveillance of antimicrobial susceptibility of community-acquired uropathogens in northern Israel
Razavilar V. - Distribution of Ure C, cagA and vacA genes in Helicobacter pylori isolated from patients with gastroduodenal disease in Tehran, Iran
Read N. - The mode of action of daptomycin against Staphylococcus aureus
Reasonover A. - International Circumpolar Surveillance interlaboratory quality control programme, 1999–2004
Rebe K. - High-dose amphotericin B with flucytosine for the treatment of cryptococcal meningitis in HIV: a randomised study
Rebelou D. - Epidemiological investigation of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhoea in a tertiary care hospital
Reber A. - Low specificity of GenoType® MRSA Direct test when result interpretation is restricted to hybridisation of PCR products
Recchia S. - Effect of antibiotics at subMIC concentration on biofilm formation by Streptococcus pyogenes
Reck F. - Novel acyclic substituted (pyridin-3-yl)phenyl oxazolidinones: antibacterial agents with reduced activity against monoamine oxidase A and improved solubility
  - Synthesis and evaluation of novel (pyridin-3-yl) phenyl oxazolidinones with improved physicochemical properties
Redman R. - Intravenous therapy with doripenem versus levofloxacin with an option for oral step-down therapy in the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections and pyelonephritis
Reesink H.W. - Early prediction of response during high-dose interferon induction therapy in difficult-to-treat chronic hepatitis C patients
  - Similar early viral kinetics of hepatitis C virus genotypes 1 and 4
Refahi S. - Microbial and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns from patients with chronic otitis media in Ardebil, Iran
Refseth U. - A new fast automated magnetic bead based nucleic acid sample preparation for STI diagnostics combined with BD ProbeTecTM ET
Refseth U.H. - A new automated magnetic bead based nucleic acid sample preparation directly from nasal swabs for MRSA diagnostics
  - Evaluation of a rapid automated assay for the isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA directly from clinical samples, using magnetic particles
Regan M. - Multi-locus sequence typing for surveillance of Campylobacter
Regli A. - Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of bacterial isolates in neonatal blood-stream infections
  - Epidemiology and antibiotic resistance of bacterial isolates from patients with bacteraemia in an intensive care unit
Regnery R. - An investigation of a cluster of parapoxvirus cases in Missouri, February–May 2006
Regnier B. - Repeated lumbar puncture in patients with pneumococcal meningitis: practical or anxiolytic relevance?
Regueiro B. - Are susceptibility testing results for clindamycin from microdilution automated systems reliable for therapeutic decisions?
  - Emergence of linezolid resistance of S. epidermidis in a critical care unit
  - Candidaemia in an intensive care unit
Reguera J.M. - Differences between early and late prosthetic valve endocarditis in a series of 169 cases
Rehm S. - Comparison of clinical outcomes in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia and endocarditis presenting with or without systemic inflammatory response syndrome
Reho E. - Typing and distribution of HCV strains in South Italy (Apulia region) by a cost-effective direct sequencing test
Reichmann S. - In vitro activity of daptomycin and tigecycline against Staphylococcus epidermidis blood isolates from bone marrow transplant patients
Reichmuth M. - QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube is more reliable in smear-negative tuberculosis
Reijans M. - RespiFinder-kit: simultaneous detection of 15 atypical viruses commonly involved in respiratory tract infections
Reina J. - Efficacy of a commercial multiplex herpes viruses PCR in the viral diagnosis of different clinical samples
Reina D. - Assessment and management of tuberculosis infection in patients due to start anti-TNF-a treatment
Reina J. - Prospective evaluation of a commercial enzyme immunoassay for the rapid antigenic detection of influenza A and B virus from paediatric respiratory samples in five consecutive influenza epidemics seasons
Reinert R. - Regional differences in pneumococcal serotype distribution in Germany
Reinert R.R. - Population structure of Spanish mef-PCR positive Streptococcus pneumoniae clinical isolates
Reinert R. - Risk factors for invasive group A streptococcal infections in Europe
  - Streptococcus pneumoniae strains isolated from laboratory animals and pets
  - Characterisation of fluoroquinolone non-susceptible clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Germany: 1992–2005
  - Epidemiology of invasive Streptococcus pyogenes infections in Germany
  - Distribution of emm genotypes among S. pyogenes isolates from Serbia
Reinhardt M. - EpiScanGIS: a geographical information system for laboratory surveillance of meningococcal disease in Germany
Reinis A. - Periodontal pathogenic bacteria in oral microflora of halitosis patients in Latvia
  - Bacterial colonisation of original synthesized biomaterials in in vivo examinations
Reis L. - XDR tuberculosis in Lisbon health region
Reisner A. - Phylogenetic groups, antibiotic susceptibility, biofilm formation and PFGE in Escherichia coli from community-acquired cystitis
Reitsma J.B. - A risk score for unfavourable outcome in adults with bacterial meningitis
Rekasius V. - Accuracy of b-lactam susceptibility testing results from VITEK and VITEK 2 systems when testing Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Rekatzina P. - Sensitivity to colistin: evaluation of available interpretive criteria of disc diffusion test
Rello J. - Treatments for serious Gram-negative infections
Remm M. - Demonstration of the application of the tmRNA transcript of the bacterial ssrA gene as a molecular diagnostic target using a combination of NASBA and BiaCore technologies
Renelli M. - Telavancin targets the bacterial membrane of Staphylococcus aureus: analysis of membrane effects by flow cytometry
Rennie R. - Evaluation of a direct cefoxitin disc diffusion test for the presumptive identification of MRSA from clinical specimens
  - Antifungal susceptibility of Candida clinical isolates in Canada: a ten-year review
Rennie R.P. - Pilot evaluation of Innovotech bioFILM PA susceptibility test for clinical utility in the treatment of cystic fibrosis patients infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Renwick L. - Development of a multiplex real-time PCR for detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Panton-Valentine leukocidin directly from clinical samples
Renzoni A. - A teicoplanin-resistant mutant of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus exhibits increased uptake and improved survival in non-professional phagocytes
Repetto E. - Longitudinal evaluation of the prevalence of insulin resistance in a cohort of HIV vertically-infected children and adolescents
Resetarova S. - Resistance to a wide spectrum of antimicrobial agents in ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates
Reshetnikov O. - Comparison of ornidazole and metronidazole in the treatment of trichomoniasis in men
  - Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae among female university students in Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
  - Trends in HIV incidence in Siberia, Russian Federation (1987–2005)
Respaldiza N. - Transmission of Pneumocystis jirovecii from the grandparent immunocompetent carriers to his susceptible granddaughter
  - Pulmonary surfactant-associated protein alterations in subjects colonised by Pneumocystis jirovecii with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia
  - Association between systemic inflammation and Pneumocystis jirovecii colonisation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Rettenmund G. - Prospective evaluation of risk factors for catheter-related bloodstream infections in two Swiss hospitals
Réu C. - Dissemination of antibiotic multi-resistant Salmonella isolates in Portuguese piggeries
Revathi R. - Aspergillus keratomycosis at an eye hospital in south India: a retrospective study
Reverdy M-E. - Global epidemiology of CA-MRSA
Rex J.H. - Safety and tolerability of voriconazole compared to amphotericin B followed by fluconazole in patients with candidaemia and baseline renal insufficiency
Rey M. - Utility of the Gen-Probe amplified MTD test for the tuberculosis diagnosis in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded histologic specimens
Reyes N. - Efficacy of telavancin in a murine model of pneumonia induced by methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus
Rey-Joly C. - Community-acquired Legionnaire's disease in the urinary antigen era
Reynaud A. - Most Escherichia coli strains overproducing AmpC b-lactamase belong to phylogroup A
Reynders D. - Risk assessment and management of possible transmission of Lassa virus during two flights
Reynolds R. - Comparison between respiratory and blood isolates of community-acquired Streptococcus pneumoniae from the UK and Ireland: resistance and serotypes
Reynolds M. - An investigation of a cluster of parapoxvirus cases in Missouri, February–May 2006
Reynolds R. - Resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp. from blood in the UK and Ireland, 2001–2005
Reyreaud E. - Surveillance of occupational blood and body fluids exposures
Rezaee A. - Extraction, purification and detoxification of Brucella abortus lipopolysaccharide and biological activity evaluation
  - Expression of human serum albumin–L7/L12 (Brucella abortus ribosomal protein) fusion protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Rezaei J. - Fine-needle aspiration has a very low sensitivity in the diagnosis of tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis in Iran
Rezaie M. - Frequency of proteinuria among HIV-infected patients
Rheu E-K. - Antiretroviral drug resistance among drug-naive HIV-infected patients in Korea
Rheu H-S. - Antiretroviral drug resistance among drug-naive HIV-infected patients in Korea
Rhode H. - Successful treatment of a linezolid- and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium sepsis with daptomycin plus doxycycline in an allogenic stem cell transplant recipient
Rhomberg P. - Update on potency and spectrum of activity of meropenem and selected broad-spectrum agents: testing results from the USA MYSTIC Program (2006)
  - Update on daptomycin activity and spectrum when tested against Gram-positive strains collected in European medical centres (2006)
Riabkova E. - Gram-positive bacteraemia due to Enterococcus spp. in Russian intensive care units: results of a 2-year surveillance
Ribau A. - Detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamases, including the CTX-M-type enzymes, among Enterobacteriaceae using VITEK 2 system and the Advanced Expert system
Ribeiro G. - Prevalence and molecular epidemiology of CTX-M extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in a Portuguese university hospital
Ribera E. - Immunological reconstitution in severely immunosuppressed antiretroviral-naïve patients (<100 CD4+ T cells/mm3) using a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based or boosted protease inhibitor-based ART regimen: 3-year results
Ribes S. - Standarisation of a rabbit model of methicillin-susceptible, methicillin-resistant and glycopeptide intermediate Staphylococcus aureus meningitis
  - Pneumococcal meningitis: is disease severity related to capsular or clonal types?
Riccardo F. - Choleracafe: an e-learning instrument for professionals involved in international health promotion in the fields of communicable disease prevention, surveillance and treatment
Ricci L. - Fusobacterium necrophorum severe sepsis associated with Lemierre's syndrome and pulmonary metastatic septic embolisation
Ricciardi F. - Outbreak of Corynebacterium striatum infection in an Italian general intensive care unit
Rich M. - Investigation of the genetic basis of erythromycin resistance in Staphylococcus intermedius and MRSA isolates of household pets
Richard J.C. - Usefulness of analysis of the Vbeta repertoire of T cells for the early diagnosis of staphylococcal and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome
Richardson S. - Invasive mould infections in paediatric cancer and transplant patients
Richardson M. - Decreased sensitivity of Candida albicans for azole antifungals – a complication of long-term prophylaxis in APECED patients
  - Activity of posaconazole against clinical isolates of Candida albicans with decreased sensitivity to fluconazole from autoimmune polyendocrinopathy–candidiasis–ectodermal dystrophy patients
Rickerts V. - Time-to-report blood culture Gram stain and tentative susceptibility result
Riera M. - Tuberculosis in the very old: a ten-year experience
  - Risk factors for polymicrobial blood stream infections of biliary origin
Riesbeck K. - Haemophilus influenzae survival during complement-mediated attacks is promoted by Moraxella catarrhalis outer membrane vesicles
  - Protein D of Haemophilus influenzae – the antigenic potential of a carrier protein
Rigas A. - Bloodstream infections due to Klebsiella pneumoniae in an intensive care unit in Greece: susceptibility patterns and clinical characteristics
Rigas K. - Bloodstream infections due to Klebsiella pneumoniae in an intensive care unit in Greece: susceptibility patterns and clinical characteristics
Righi E. - Therapeutical aspects and predictors of outcome for HIV/HCV co-infected patients treated with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin. Survey in an Italian university hospital
Riis A. - Pre-admission use of statins and mortality within 90 days after hospitalisation with pneumonia: population-based cohort study of 29,900 adult patients
Rijkers G.T. - Low functional levels of mannose-binding lectin despite normal genotypes in Legionella pneumophila pneumonia
  - Pathogen-related association of mannose-binding lectin deficiency with community-acquired pneumonia
  - Modification of a haemolytic assay for the measurement of functional human mannose-binding lectin by classical pathway inhibition
Riley T.V. - In vitro activity against Staphylococcus aureus, including MRSA, of soluble copper silicate, a new topical antimicrobial
Riley T. - Clostridium difficile in Australia
Riley L.W. - Genetic aspects of tuberculosis: persistence and pathogenesis
Riley T.V. - Toxigenic status of Korean Clostridium difficile isolates
Rinaldi M. - Whole blood real-time PCR for cytomegalovirus DNA quantification: analysis of PCR data and pp65 antigen test in a cohort of solid-organ transplant recipients
Ripa S. - Detection of phage-associated virulence/resistance genes in induced prophages of Streptococcuspyogenes clinical isolates
Ripa C. - Characterisation of unusual patterns of MLS resistance among Streptococcus pyogenes clinical isolates
Ripoll N. - Performance evaluation of VIDIA HBs Ag, a new automated immunoassay test for the qualitative detection of HBs antigen in serum and plasma human samples
Ritis K. - Isolation EPEC strains in the region of Thrace, Greece
Rivas N. - Invasive infections due to Haemophilus influenzae in paediatrics
Rivera C. - Phagocyte Fcg receptors expression in bacteraemia
Rivera M. - Is the determination of galactomannan in non-haematological patients helpful for the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis? The value of determination in serum of patients with clinical isolation of aspergillus
Rivera C. - Expression of phagocyte Fcg receptors in HIV infected patients with tuberculosis
  - Expression of phagocyte Fcg receptors during anti-tuberculous treatment
Rivero L. - Association between systemic inflammation and Pneumocystis jirovecii colonisation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  - Transmission of Pneumocystis jirovecii from the grandparent immunocompetent carriers to his susceptible granddaughter
  - Pulmonary surfactant-associated protein alterations in subjects colonised by Pneumocystis jirovecii with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia
Rizk N. - Detection of Panton-Valentine leucocidin gene in some clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: relation to virulence
  - Heterogeneous vancomycin intermediate resistance within methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates in Alexandria province, Egypt
Rizzi D. - Molecular diagnostics of noroviruses detected in Apulia, Italy
Rizzo C. - Molecular diagnostics of noroviruses detected in Apulia, Italy
  - Micronet: an Italian automatised laboratory based surveillance and early warning system for infectious diseases
Robenshtok E. - Empirical antifungal therapy in febrile neutropenic patients – systematic review
  - Antifungal prophylaxis for patients undergoing chemotherapy or haematopoeitic stem cell transplantation – meta-analysis
Robert V. - The Scedosporium/Pseudallescheria Database and Culture Collection
Robert J.A. - Improving the evidence base for the effectiveness of Staphylococcal healthcare-associated infection interventions
Roberts L. - Investigation of the genetic basis of erythromycin resistance in Staphylococcus intermedius and MRSA isolates of household pets
Robertson V. - Use of solar radiation in disinfecting contaminated drinking water with cysts of Giardia lamblia
Robertson C. - Where is MRSA in an intensive care unit and does it matter?
Robertson P. - Epidemiology and diagnosis of epidemic and avian influenza in Australia
Robinson N. - Cytokine secretion, phagosomal maturation and killing capacity of human neutrophils is differentially influenced by virulent and avirulent strains of Mycobacterium avium
Rocchi L. - Association between oral candidiasis and immunity level in a population of drug addicts in a centre for prevention and treatment of drug addictions in Rome, Italy
Roch N. - Fatal viral opportunistic infections and Epstein-Barr virus positive large B-cell lymphoma after alemtuzumab treatment for a refractory Sezary syndrome
Rocha G. - Human metapneumovirus in paediatric viral respiratory infections
  - Experimental studies with T. pallidum Nichols strain – Efficacy of treatment in late infection
Rödel J. - CMV monitoring of transplant patients – a ten-year experience
Rodier M. - Production of an anti-biofilm molecule by Candida albicans yeasts growing as a biofilm
  - Does Pseudomonas aeruginosa need free living amoebae in environment?
Rodloff A.C. - Carbapenem resistance of Escherichia coli strains
Rodloff C. - Rapid identification of viridans streptococci by mass-spectrometric discrimination
Rodloff A.C. - Pathogenicity of viridans streptococci in three murine in vivo models
Rodloff A. - Identification and antimicrobial susceptibility of viridans streptococci isolated from blood cultures in Leipzig, Germany
  - Characterisation VIM-1-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella pneumoniae strains from Germany: report from SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program
Rodrigo C. - Community-acquired Listeria monocytogenes meningitis in adults
  - Host susceptibility to accute community-acquired bacterial meningitis: multicentre study of genetic markers
Rodrigues A. - Comparative incidence of fungal and bacterial infections in haematological patients occurring before, during and after the installation of HEPA filters in individual patient rooms
Rodrigues P. - Beta-2-microglobulin-deficient mice: increased susceptibility to Mycobacterium avium infection
  - Epidemiology of multiresistant Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium collected during 2004 to 2006 in a Lisbon hospital
Rodríguez R. - Epidemiology of infections caused by extended-spectrum b-lactamases producing Escherichia coli for a three-year period
Rodriguez G. - Safety of high-dose caspofungin in 80 cancer patients and haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients with invasive fungal infections
Rodriguez M. - Three years of universal molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis in Almeria (Spain), a setting with a high proportion of TB in immigrants
Rodríguez R. - Multiresistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa serogroup O:12 outbreak in an intensive care unit
Rodríguez M. - A prospective study of bloodstream infection in HIV-positive patients during a 15-year period
Rodriguez D. - Host susceptibility to accute community-acquired bacterial meningitis: multicentre study of genetic markers
Rodriguez H. - Increasing resistance to quinolones and expanded-spectrum cephalosporins in commensal Escherichia coli from children living in urban areas of Latin America: a report from the ANTRES research project
Rodríguez de Cordoba S. - Membrane cofactor protein (CD46) binding to clinical isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes: binding to M type 18 strains is independent of Emm or Enn proteins
Rodríguez Guardado A. - Fasciolosis in Spain. Review of ten years
  - Cysticercosis: correlation between serological and radiological diagnosis
  - Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii prosthetic joint infection treated with colistin
Rodríguez Pérez M. - Cysticercosis: correlation between serological and radiological diagnosis
  - Fasciolosis in Spain. Review of ten years
Rodríguez Tarazona R. - Quinolone-resistant Brucella selection by treatment with fluoroquinolones in a macrophage infection experimental model
Rodriguez Tudela J.L. - Antifungal susceptibility testing
Rodríguez-Ares T. - Fungal keratitis in healthcare area of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, NW Spain)
Rodriguez-Avial C. - Ten years of surveillance on antimicrobial resistance in non-typhoidal Salmonella from humans in a Spanish hospital: 1996–2005
Rodriguez-Avial I. - Ten years of surveillance on antimicrobial resistance in non-typhoidal Salmonella from humans in a Spanish hospital: 1996–2005
Rodriguez-Avial C. - In vitro activity of tigecycline and other antimicrobial agents against extended-spectrum b-lactamase E. coli producers
Rodriguez-Avial I. - In vitro activity of tigecycline and other antimicrobial agents against extended-spectrum b-lactamase E. coli producers
Rodríguez-Baño J. - Faecal carriage of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli: prevalence and risk factors in different populations
  - Risk factors for ciprofloxacin resistance among ESBL-producing Escherichia coli isolated from non-hospitalised patients in Spain
Rodriguez-Bano J. - Susceptibility of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strains causing nosocomially- and community-acquired bacteraemia
Rodriguez-Becerra E. - Pulmonary surfactant-associated protein alterations in subjects colonised by Pneumocystis jirovecii with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia
Rodríguez-Carballeira M. - Systemic TNF-a production and severity of disease in severe pneumococcal pneumonia
Ródriguez-Carballeira M. - Systemic inflammatory response and time from onset to hospital admission in severe pneumococcal pneumonia
Rodriguez-Carballeira M. - Tuberculosis in the very old: a ten-year experience
Rodríguez-Créixems M. - Molecular identification of Streptococcus bovis group isolates causing bacteraemia by sodA gene (superoxide dismutase gene) PCR and sequencing
Rodriguez-Dominguez M. - Antifungal drug susceptibility testing of Candida sp. by two methods: CLSI(M27-A2) broth microdilution and the image analyser method Wider-I
Rodríguez-Iglesias M. - Comparison of real-time PCR and BDProbeTec ET system for rapid diagnosis of tuberculosis patients
Rodriguez-Iglesias M. - Utility of molecular methods in the diagnosis of infections related to abnormal vaginal discharge
  - Increased resistance to fluoroquinolones in Streptococcus agalactiae isolated from urinary tract infections acquired in the community
Rodriguez-Lera M. - Predictors of positive blood culture in an emergency service. A prospective study
Rodriguez-Martinez J. - Role of the pentapeptidic proteins from Gram-positive bacteria as a possible source of Qnr-like quinolone resistance determinants
  - Penetration and activity of fosfomycin, ciprofloxacin, amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid and cotrimoxazol in Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms
Rodriguez-Morales A. - Trends in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis at the National Pathology Reference Center of Venezuela, 1996–2006
  - Clinical epidemiology and surveillance of leishmaniasis in the Yungas of Bolivia, 2002–2005
  - Impact of climate variability in the occurrence of leishmaniasis in Southern departments of Colombia
  - Burden of zoonotic diseases in Venezuela during 2004 and 2005
  - KAP evaluation about travel medicine in international travellers and medical students in Chile
Rodríguez-Noriega E. - Description of blaTEM-48 ESBL gene carried in addition to blaSHV-5 gene within the same megaplasmid of nosocomial Klebsiella pneumoniae strains
Rodriguez-Otero L. - Septicaemia secondary to Vibrio vulnificus
  - Candidaemia in an intensive care unit
Rodriguez-Tudela J. - In vitro susceptibility of clinical isolates of Cryptococcus gattii
Rodriguez-Villalobos H. - In vitro activity of temocillin and other antimicrobial agents against extended-spectrum-b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from patients hospitalised in Belgian intensive care units
  - High frequency of CTX-M genes among ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in a university hospital in Belgium
  - Epidemiology of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Belgium: preliminary results of a national multicentre survey in 2006
Rogado M. - Three years of universal molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis in Almeria (Spain), a setting with a high proportion of TB in immigrants
Roger C. - Does Pseudomonas aeruginosa need free living amoebae in environment?
Roger P.M. - Severe invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae infection with cardiac involvement: report of two household cases
Rogoza R. - Long-term public health effects of vaccination against cervical cancer in Germany: results from a Markov model
Rogues A. - Antimicrobial consumption and resistance in Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from 47 French hospitals
Rohacova H. - Treatment outcomes in adult purulent meningitis: a specialised centre experience in the Czech Republic
Rohde G. - Continuous stimulation of cerebral Toll-like receptor 9 by intraventricular CpG-DNA causes chronic inflammation, ependymal damage and deficits of memory function
Rohde H. - In vitro activitiy of dalbavancin against clinical vancomycin-resistant enterococci isolates
  - Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis to daptomycin at a university medical centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany
Rohner P. - Epidemiology trends of candidaemia in an adult intensive care unit in a teaching hospital
Roider J. - Treponema pallidum in the vitreous tap
Roilides E. - Antifungal activity of human monocytes alone and combined with caspofungin against Candida albicans biofilm and planktonic cells
  - In vitro activity of newer antifungal agents against Candida albicans biofilms
Roiz M.P. - Time to positivity of blood cultures in patients Escherichia coli bacteraemia
Roiz M. - Trends in pneumococcal bacteraemia in adults after the beginning of a pneumococcal vaccination programme
  - Predictors of positive blood culture in an emergency service. A prospective study
Rojnuckarin P. - Presence of dengue virus genome in the bone marrow of asymptomatic adults in a dengue-hyperendemic country: implication for complicated dengue pathogenesis
Rojo J. - Membrane cofactor protein (CD46) binding to clinical isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes: binding to M type 18 strains is independent of Emm or Enn proteins
Rokosz A. - Diverse metallo-b-lactamases and integron gene cassette arrays in Pseudomonas spp. and Enterobacter cloacae isolates from Warsaw, Poland
Rókusz L. - The first isolation of PER-1-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumanii strains in Hungary
  - Prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants: qnrA, qnrB and qnrS in extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae strains in Hungary
Rolain J. - In vitro antibacterial activity of tigecycline against hospital isolates: comparison of two methods and proposal for zone diameter breakpoints in France: a multicentre study
  - In vitro antibacterial activity of tigecycline against anaerobic hospital isolates; comparison of two methods in France: a multicentre study
Rolo D. - Antimicrobial resistance patterns and genotypes of Streptococcus agalactiae and Streptococcus dysgalactiae ssp. dysgalactiae from bovine mastitis in Portuguese dairy farms
  - Rapid variations in the macrolide resistance frequency, phenotypes and clones of group A streptococci from pharyngeal colonisation and infections, 2000 to 2006
Rolston K. - Daptomycin therapy for Gram-positive infections in cancer patients
  - Tigecycline usage in cancer patients with refractory pneumonia: a report on 38 cases. A single-institution study
  - In vitro activity of daptomycin and linezolid against vancomycin-resistant Gram-positive pathogens from cancer patients
Romand J-A. - Epidemiology trends of candidaemia in an adult intensive care unit in a teaching hospital
Roman-Enry M. - Utility of molecular methods in the diagnosis of infections related to abnormal vaginal discharge
Romani L. - Innate immunity and Aspergillus infections
Romaniuc A. - Antimicrobial resistance in strains isolated in 2005 by Romanian National Sentinel System for Nosocomial Infections Surveillance
Romanos K. - Use of intravenous catheters in a general hospital: results of a day-prevalence survey
Rombini S. - Detection of phage-associated virulence/resistance genes in induced prophages of Streptococcuspyogenes clinical isolates
  - Characterisation of unusual patterns of MLS resistance among Streptococcus pyogenes clinical isolates
Romeo M. - Epidemiologic surveillance of nosocomial infections in the intensive care unit: role of risk factors, emerging pathogens and cross-transmission
Romero A. - In vitro activity of three echinocandins (caspofungin, micafungin and anidulafungin) against Aspergillus spp.
Romero P. - Drug resistance of Mycobacteriumtuberculosis in Santiago de Compostela, Spain (2002–2005)
Romero M.P. - Monitoring of Epstein-Barr virus DNA in whole-blood samples of paediatric liver transplant recipients
Romero S.P. - HIV-related morbidity in the HAART era
  - Arthritis and chronic hepatitis C virus infection
  - Neoplasia in patients with HIV infection: effect of HAART
Romero P. - Fungal keratitis in healthcare area of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, NW Spain)
Romero A. - Comparison of Etest and microdilution method for antifungal susceptibility testing of C. neoformans to four azoles
Romero B. - Control programme of an outbreak of pneumococcal pneumonia among residents of a rest home in southern Spain
Römling U. - Characterisation of bacterial isolates colonising urinary tract catheters
Romo M. - Emergence of worldwide epidemic clones of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium in a Northern Spain hospital
Ronet C. - Leishmania major induces secretion of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines by keratinocytes via a TLR2 pathway
Roodbari F. - Clustered epitopes within the Gag-env HIV-1 fusion proteins DNA vaccine enhance immune responses in mice
Roohvand F. - Studying the association between X gene mutations with hepatocellular carcinoma and liver cirrhosis in HBsAg-positive patients referring to medical centres in Tehran
Rooney C. - Mortality following invasive MRSA infection in England, 2004–5
Rooney P. - Prevalence of an epidemic ESBL-producing Escherichia coli strain in LTCFs in Belfast
Rooney M. - In vitro and in vivo pharmacokinetics of 2-methylamino-benzodiazepines to treat Helicobacter pylori infections
Roos B. - Steady-state bioavailability of oral isavuconazole in healthy volunteers
  - QTc measurements during a placebo- and actively controlled multiple dose study of two different dosing regimens of isavuconazole
Roosendaal R. - Low prevalence of non-typable methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in meat products in the Netherlands
  - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains from animal origin are recognized by IDI-MRSA PCR
Roostaee M. - Preparation of the herpes simplex virus type 2 glycoprotein D subunit and DNA vaccines and evaluation of their efficacy in guinea pigs
Ropero F. - Multiresistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa serogroup O:12 outbreak in an intensive care unit
  - Epidemiology of infections caused by extended-spectrum b-lactamases producing Escherichia coli for a three-year period
Roriguez D. - Community-acquired Listeria monocytogenes meningitis in adults
Ros M. - Utility of the Gen-Probe amplified MTD test for the tuberculosis diagnosis in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded histologic specimens
Rosa C. - Doxycycline and streptomycin versus doxycycline alone in the treatment of human brucellosis
Rosales E. - Pertactin evaluation as immunogen in murine model
Rosales I. - Plasmid analysis and location of the OXA-40 carbapenemase gene in multidrug-resistant endemic clones of Acinetobacter baumannii
  - Carbapenem resistance among clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii from hospitals in Cochabamba, Bolivia
Rosales-Reyes R. - Salmonella ability to use B-lymphocytes as a reservoir is due to overcoming bactericidal mechanisms, in addition to inability to produce inflammatory cytokines
Rosario P. - Brucella as a rare cause of cirrhosis in a southern Italy endemic area
Rosario D. - Myocarditis heart failure associated with Adenovirus infection
Rose W. - Evaluation of daptomycin activity against Staphylococcus aureus following vancomycin exposure in an in vitro pharmacodynamic model with simulated endocardial vegetations
Rosenhagen M. - Pharmaeconomics of aspergillosis after liver transplantation: a descriptive evaluation
Rosenthal E. - Causes of liver related death in HIV-infected patients in France: mortality 2005 Survey
Rosety M. - Expression of phagocyte Fcg receptors in HIV infected patients with tuberculosis
  - Phagocyte Fcg receptors expression in bacteraemia
Rosmarin C. - Comparison of antifungal susceptibility test methods for yeasts using broth microdilution, EtestTM and Fungitest
Rosmus L. - Evaluation of a direct cefoxitin disc diffusion test for the presumptive identification of MRSA from clinical specimens
Ross J.I. - Investigation of erythromycin-resistant staphylococci from the skin of Egyptian acne patients
  - Investigation of the genetic basis of erythromycin resistance in Staphylococcus intermedius and MRSA isolates of household pets
Ross P. - Reduction of pathogen shedding and alleviation of disease signs in pigs challenged with Salmonella Typhimurium by the application of a five-strain probiotic combination
Ross J.I. - Antibiotic resistance amongst cutaneous propionibacteria from Egyptian acne patients
Ross J. - Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of skin and skin structure infection pathogens in Europe: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (1997–2005)
  - Activity of linezolid against a worldwide collection of uncommonly isolated Gram-positive organisms (3,251 strains)
Ross D.P. - ATLAS 1: the first Phase 3 study evaluating the new lipoglycopeptide, telavancin, for the treatment of patients with complicated skin and skin structure infections
Ross R.P. - Deletion analysis of LysK, a bacteriophage-derived protein with anti-MRSA activity
Rosseel P. - Isolation of Microbacterium species in a case of dialysis-associated peritonitis
Rossi M. - Pneumococcal meningitis is a cause of death in patients with severe liver cirrhosis
Rossi F. - Affect of length of hospitalisation on susceptibility patterns of Gram-negative bacilli isolated from intra-abdominal infections: SMART 2005
  - Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of inducible Enterobacteriaceae isolated from intraabdominal infections in Europe: results from SMART 2005
Rossi L. - Response of Candida albicans biofilms to bacterial factors
Rossi S. - Hepatitis A infection in central Tuscany in children and youths
Rossi F. - Isolation of group B Streptococcus from blood cultures of newborns at a large Brazilian hospital
Rossi P. - Comparison of human metapneumovirus strains from Alto Adige with strains from surrounding regions in Italy and Austria
Rossi A. - Hepatitis C virus genotyping: correlation between real-time PCR and probe hybridisation assays
Rossney A. - Direct repeat unit typing to differentiate methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in Ireland indistinguishable by pulsed field gel electrophoresis
Rosso R. - Therapeutical aspects and predictors of outcome for HIV/HCV co-infected patients treated with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin. Survey in an Italian university hospital
  - Longitudinal evaluation of the prevalence of insulin resistance in a cohort of HIV vertically-infected children and adolescents
Rossokha Z. - Risk factors in the development of latent forms of intrauterine infections in neonates with perinatal pathologies
  - Genetic factors in the development of unfavourable effects of intrauterine infections on the course of neonatal periods in neonates
Rossolini G.M. - Detection of CTX-M-14 b-lactamase in Escherichia coli from a long-term care and rehabilitation facility in northern Italy
  - Dissemination of resistance unrelated to antimicrobial consumption
  - Resident OXA-51-like carbapenemases in Acinetobacter baumannii: a useful marker for genotyping?
Rossolini G. - ESBL evolution in Italy: rapid regional spread of a multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strain producing CTX-M-15
Rossolini G.M. - First detection of VIM-1 type metallo-b-lactamase in a multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolate from Turkey also producing the CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum b-lactamase
  - Activity of tigecycline against ESBL-producing enterobacteria spreading in Italy
Rossolini for the ANTRES study group G. - Increasing resistance to quinolones and expanded-spectrum cephalosporins in commensal Escherichia coli from children living in urban areas of Latin America: a report from the ANTRES research project
Rostami M. - A serological survey of measles among a group of adults receiving measles, rubella booster mass vaccination in Iran, 2003. A preliminary report
Rostamzad A. - Antimicrobial susceptibility and AP-PCR typing of Acinetobacter spp. strains isolated from three teaching hospitals, Tehran, Iran
Rostoka D. - Bacterial colonisation of original synthesized biomaterials in in vivo examinations
  - Periodontal pathogenic bacteria in oral microflora of halitosis patients in Latvia
Roth D. - Carriage of quinolone-resistant Escherichia coli among healthy Israeli Arab children attending daycare centres in northern Israel
Roth dit Bettoni R. - Mode of action and resistance of the new fluoroquinolone BOL-303224-A
Rotimi V. - Explosive emergence of CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum b-lactamase in Enterobacteriaceae in Kuwait
  - Updated qnr multiplex PCR-based technique: epidemiological survey of Qnr determinants in a collection of ESBL-producing enterobacterial isolates from Kuwait
Rotimi V.O. - Emergence of Salmonella spp. isolates with reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin in Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates
Rotondo V. - Efficacy of linezolid in the treatment of biofilm-associated infection using a rabbit model of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus catheter biofilm
Rotstein C. - Efficacy of micafungin in patients with deep, invasive Candida infections
  - A review of the safety of micafungin compared with liposomal amphotericin B in a large, phase III trial in patients with invasive candidiasis and candidaemia
  - An analysis of the efficacy of micafungin in Candida infections caused by non-albicansCandida species in phase III trials
  - Micafungin versus caspofungin in patients with invasive candidiasis or candidaemia: a Phase III, randomised, double-blind, parallel group, non-inferiority study
Rottiers S. - In vitro activity of ceftobiprole, dalbavancin and tigecycline against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains from hospitalised patients in Belgium
Roubalova K. - Neuroborreliosis and tick-borne encephalitis – same vector, but different clinical course
Roubille M. - Analysis of the comparative work-flow and accuracy of the VITEK 2 Compact and the combination mini-API/Agar diffusion SIRSCAN method
Rouhvand F. - Immunisation of mice with HCV core protein formulated in montanide-ISA720 and CpG primes CD+8 CTLs and elicits Th1-Th2 responses
  - High expression of HCV core protein: a comparative study on effect of 6xHis-tag location (N- versus C-terminal) and purification method for various properties
Rouli V. - Anaerobic microbiology of peritoneal cavity specimens in childhood
Rousseau F. - Occurrence of AmpC chromosomally b-lactamase ACT-1 and extended spectrum b-lactamases type TEM, SHV and CTX-M in clinical isolates of Enterobacter cloacae
Roussel-Delvallez M. - In vitro antibacterial activity of tigecycline against hospital isolates: comparison of two methods and proposal for zone diameter breakpoints in France: a multicentre study
  - In vitro antibacterial activity of tigecycline against anaerobic hospital isolates; comparison of two methods in France: a multicentre study
Rousselet M.C. - Meta-analysis of blood scores for liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C
Roussos C. - Risk factors and outcome of critical ill patients with candidaemia
Routsi C. - Risk factors and outcome of critical ill patients with candidaemia
Rovery C. - Mediterranean spotted fever: a reemerging rickettsiosis? New trends in epidemiology, ecology and clinical presentation
Roveta S. - Bactericidal effect and diminution of biofilm using Endox endodontic system
  - Activity of daptomycin on biofilms produced on plastic support by Staphylococcus species
  - Persistent suppression of bacterial growth after exposure to high-frequency alternated current
  - In vitro synergism between rokitamycin and cotrimoxazole against S. pyogenes and S. pneumoniae
  - Increase of antimicrobial activity of b-lactam antibiotics in combination with sodium dioctylsulfosuccinate
Rovithi M. - Differences in the features of staphylococcal bacteraemias in adults with and without cancer
Rovna D. - Resistance to a wide spectrum of antimicrobial agents in ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates
  - Occurrence and mechanisms of resistance to b-lactam antibiotics in multiresistant Acinetobacter spp. clinical isolates
Rozbicka B. - Susceptibility of Candida spp. clinical isolates to antifungal drugs
Rozentale B. - Current trends in echinococcosis in Latvia
Rozgonyi F. - Differences in antibiotic resistance between MRSA and MSSA strains isolated in Hungary, Austria and Macedonia
  - Serotyping of Streptococcus pneumoniae by PCR – expansion of the method to identify the Hungarian serotypes
  - Direct comparison of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and multilocus sequence typing
  - A comparative study on the antibiotic consumption of two Hungarian county hospitals
  - A comparative study on the frequency of genes encoding cytotoxins in Austrian, Hungarian and Macedonian methicillin-resistant and sensitive Staphylococcus aureus strains
  - Vancomycin-resistant enterococci still persist in slaughtered poultry in Hungary 8 years after the ban on avoparcin
  - The impact of multiple-resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus in intensive care units – acquired infection
  - Controlling an outbreak of Staphylococcus aureus in a vascular and cardiac surgery ward
Rozi P. - Comparison of phenotypic methods for identification of AmpC b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. clinical isolates
  - Influx of metallo-b-lactamase- and AmpC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates in a regional hospital
  - Emergence of metallo-b-lactamase-producing Proteus mirabilis in the community setting
Roznovsky L. - Lamivudin treatment in patients with acute severe hepatitis B
Rozynek E. - Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among Polish Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli strains isolated from humans and chicken meat
Rubianes-González M. - Pyomyositis. A current review
Rubinovitch B. - Effect of adequate empiric antibiotic therapy on survival of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia
  - Risk factors and outcomes for persistent bacteraemia caused by Staphylococcus aureus
Rudakov N. - First molecular detection of Rickettsia sibirica ssp. sibirica in skin biopsies from patients with north Asian tick typhus
Rude T. - Activity of telavancin against Staphylococcus aureus isolates carrying the Panton-Valentine leukocidin gene in the ATLAS studies
Rüden H. - Surveillance of nosocomial sepsis and pneumonia in patients with haematologic stem-cell transplantation: five years of `ONKO-KISS'
Rüdiger T. - Pathogenicity of viridans streptococci in three murine in vivo models
Rudolph M. - Evaluation of real-time PCR based assays for the detection and quantitation of CMV DNA
Rueden H. - Risk factor analysis of blood stream infection and pneumonia in neutropenic patients after peripheral blood stem-cell transplantation
  - Antibiotic use in German intensive care units
  - Pseudomonas aeruginosa in German intensive care units
Ruef C. - Comparison of T-SPOT.TB and QuantiFERON-TB-Gold In Tube testing with regular tuberculin skin testing in a cohort of haemodialysis patients
  - Molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from Swiss healthcare institutions in Northeastern Switzerland, 1992–2006
Ruegebrink D. - Detection of zygomycete-specific biological markers in BAL fluid of patients with suspected invasive fungal infection
Rugina S. - Epidemiological considerations about hydatid disease in Constanta county, Romania
  - Listeriosis in pregnant women
Ruhnke M. - Safety and tolerability of voriconazole compared to amphotericin B followed by fluconazole in patients with candidaemia and baseline renal insufficiency
Ruimy R. - Antibiotic resistance conferred by a class 1 integron and SXT element in different Vibrio cholerae O-serotype isolated in Algeria
Ruiz P. - Expression of phagocyte Fcg receptors in HIV infected patients with tuberculosis
  - Expression of phagocyte Fcg receptors during anti-tuberculous treatment
Ruiz J. - Traveller diarrhoea. Aetiological study in a tropical medicine unit
  - Differences between early and late prosthetic valve endocarditis in a series of 169 cases
  - The hospital admission decision for patients with community-acquired pneumonia; factors in low-risk PORT-score categories associated with hospitalisation: would low risk for death have applied in case of outpatients care?
Ruíz J.D. - Clinical features of acute Q fever in a southern area of Spain
Ruiz J. - Simpler criteria to assess mortality in patients with community-acquired pneumonia
Ruiz M. - Cloning of a mdfA-like gene, encoding an efflux pump of an Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolate
  - Detection and identification of Aspergillus spp. and Candida spp. by real-time PCR in clinical samples
Ruiz J. - Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium DT104 as a cause of infantile bacteraemia in Southern Mozambique
Ruiz P. - Phagocyte Fcg receptors expression in bacteraemia
Ruiz M. - Prevalence of the plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants qnrA, qnrB and qnrS in Enterobacteriaceae isolates causing bacteraemia
  - Susceptibility of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strains causing nosocomially- and community-acquired bacteraemia
Ruíz J.D. - Diarrhoea by Clostridium difficile toxin
Ruiz de Alegría C. - Arcanobacterium haemolyticum as a cause of pharyngotonsillitis in Santander (Spain): incidence, clinical features and antimicrobial susceptibility
Ruiz de Alegria C. - Comparison of different culture media and growth conditions for the recognition of Arcanobacterium haemolyticum
Ruiz de Gopegui E. - Efficacy of a commercial multiplex herpes viruses PCR in the viral diagnosis of different clinical samples
  - Prospective evaluation of a commercial enzyme immunoassay for the rapid antigenic detection of influenza A and B virus from paediatric respiratory samples in five consecutive influenza epidemics seasons
Ruiz del Castillo B. - Accuracy of the VITEK 2 system to identify coagulase-negative staphylococci
Ruiz Del Castillo B. - Relationship between clonal variability, phylogenetic groups and multiresistance amoung extraintestinal isolates of Escherichia coli lacking extended-spectrum b-lactamases
Ruiz Serrano M.J. - Evaluation of partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing for identification of clinical isolates of non-tuberculous mycobacteria in a routine mycobacterial laboratory
Ruiz-Manzano J. - Utility of the IFN-g assays using Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific antigens for the diagnosis of latent infection in contacts of people with sputum smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis
Ruiz-Mesa J.D. - Joint implant infections in a general hospital
Ruiz-Polaina M.J. - Initial hospital management at emergency departments of community-acquired pneumonia in Spain
Ruiz-Serrano M.J. - Infections due to non-pigmented rapidly growing mycobacteria in Madrid, 2005
Rumijowska-Galewicz A. - Evaluation of NAD+-dependent DNA ligase of mycobacteria as a potential target for antibiotics
  - Cholesterol oxidase as a virulence factor of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Rumpianesi F. - Bloodstream infections complicating orthotopic liver transplant: comparison between the recipients from cadaver and living donors
Runehagen A. - A planned dramatic drop in trimethoprim consumption in a 180,000 population did not result in a related decrease in trimethoprim resistance in Escherichia coli
Ruoff C. - Evaluation of the new VITEK 2 NH identification card
Rupnik M. - Novel insights into the molecular diagnostics and epidemiology of C. difficile
  - First case of nosocomial Clostridium difficile toxinotype III, PCR-ribotype 027-associated disease in Switzerland
  - Clostridium difficile in Europe: results of the 2005 European-wide survey
Rupp M. - Comparison of clinical outcomes in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia and endocarditis presenting with or without systemic inflammatory response syndrome
Ruppitsch W. - Comparative molecular analysis of veterinary, dairy, and clinical Staphylococcus aureus isolates by spa typing and amplification of the mecA and the PVL genes
Rusca A. - Safety and pharmacokinetics of single-dose intravenous administration of PZ-601: a novel investigational carbapenem
Russo C. - Rapid molecular detection of bacterial species and resistance determination in paediatric blood cultures
Russo G. - Study of the genotypic-resistant pattern in plasma of a group of HIV-infected Cameroonian pregnant women and children
  - Choleracafe: an e-learning instrument for professionals involved in international health promotion in the fields of communicable disease prevention, surveillance and treatment
Russwurm S. - Unique pre-analytic tool for microbial diagnosis
Ruta S. - Low prevalence of HCV co-infection in HIV/HBV co-infected teenagers from Romania
Ruth B. - PZ-601 is active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial pathogens causative for complicated skin and skin structure infections, and community-acquired pneumonia
Rutten G.E.H.M. - Diabetes increases relapses and recurrences of acute urinary tract infections in adult women but does not evoke a difference in the pattern of antibiotic prescriptions in primary care
Ruttledge M. - Specific detection of Candida albicans using real-time PCR on the LightCycler™
Ruzicka F. - Biofilm formation in non-C. albicans yeasts isolated from blood cultures
  - Biofilm formation in nosocomial pathogens of respiratory tract
Ruzic-Sabljic E. - Epidemiological aspects of Borrelia spielmanii from Germany with special respect to its genetic heterogeneity
  - Protein profile determination of Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii isolated from skin and cerebrospinal fluid
  - Borrelia burgdorferi species isolated from different natural sources in Slovenia
Ryabkova E. - Antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus aureus nosocomial blood isolates in Russian intensive care units
Ryan K. - Bacteraemia due to extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae in a tertiary care hospital in Salford, UK: one-year retrospective study
Rybak M. - Evaluation of various fluoroquinolones against S. pneumoniae with 1st step mutations of parC
  - Increasing prevalence of glycopeptide hetero-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from the Detroit Metropolitan Area over a 20-year period (1986–2006)
  - Evaluation of daptomycin activity against Staphylococcus aureus following vancomycin exposure in an in vitro pharmacodynamic model with simulated endocardial vegetations
Rybniker J. - Cytokine secretion, phagosomal maturation and killing capacity of human neutrophils is differentially influenced by virulent and avirulent strains of Mycobacterium avium
Rychta E. - Evaluation of NAD+-dependent DNA ligase of mycobacteria as a potential target for antibiotics
Rygiel A. - Analysis of the effect of selected antiseptics and antibiotics on the survival of planktonic celles and biofilm cells