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P
Paap P. - The coexistence of secondary PR mutations M36I, K20I and L63H predominates in CRF06-cpx and its next generation recombinant viruses circulating in Estonian treatment-naïve patients
Pace J. - PZ-601 antibiotic and bactericidal activity against multidrug-resistant Gram-positive bacteria
  - PZ-601 is active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial pathogens causative for complicated skin and skin structure infections, and community-acquired pneumonia
Pacenti M. - Viral infection is responsible for acute renal dysfunction and chronic allograft lesions in paediatric renal-transplant recipients: a prospective study
Pachkova S. - Susceptibility of Acinetobacter spp. to antimicrobial agents with respect to their susceptibility to carbapenems
Pachon J. - Host susceptibility to accute community-acquired bacterial meningitis: multicentre study of genetic markers
Pachón J. - Community-acquired Listeria monocytogenes meningitis in adults
Pachón-Diaz J. - Nosocomial meningitis
Pacifici L. - Choleracafe: an e-learning instrument for professionals involved in international health promotion in the fields of communicable disease prevention, surveillance and treatment
Padalko E. - Evaluation of five commercial screening assays and two commercial immunoblots for the serological diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis
Padeshky P. - Occurrence of CTX-M-3 extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Salmonella Brandenburg in Bulgaria
Padín Paz E. - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in a community hospital and the impact of a nursing home opening in its influence area
Paesmans M. - Serum levels of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 at fever onset in neutropenic patients: a rapid test for the prediction of Gram-negative bacteraemia? Results of an EORTC Infectious Disease Group multicentre study
  - Usefulness of a general chemotherapy myelotoxicity score to predict febrile neutropenia in haematological cancers
Paganelli A. - Different frequency of N-myc2 activation in liver tumours from male and female woodchucks chronically infected by WHV
Pagani E. - Comparison of human metapneumovirus strains from Alto Adige with strains from surrounding regions in Italy and Austria
Pagani L. - Resident OXA-51-like carbapenemases in Acinetobacter baumannii: a useful marker for genotyping?
  - Dissemination of a CMY-16 producing clone of P. mirabilis in long-term care and rehabilitation facilities of northern Italy
  - Negative correlation between biofilm formation and antibiotic sensitivity in clinical isolates of clonally related Acinetobacter baumannii
  - Detection of CTX-M-14 b-lactamase in Escherichia coli from a long-term care and rehabilitation facility in northern Italy
Pagano P.J. - In vitro and in vivo antibacterial activity of novel nitrile-containing fluoroquinolones
Pagarliota A. - Serologic diagnosis of human brucellosis using Wright, Rose Bengal, Brucellacapt and Elisa tests in a nonendemic area in Greece
Pagliano P. - Pneumococcal meningitis is a cause of death in patients with severe liver cirrhosis
Pagni S. - Pharmacokinetics of atazanavir in HIV-HCV co-infected patients with or without cirrhosis
  - Potential role of TDM in dosing protease inhibtors in HIV-HCV co-infected patients with or without cirrhosis
Pagniez F. - Broad spectrum anti-Candida activities of a new indolyl-triazole, NL114
Painter M. - Enhanced surveillance of MRSA bacteraemia in English hospitals: comparison of risk factors in patients with community onset bacteraemia with cases whose onset was in hospital
  - Community-onset MRSA bacteraemia: characteristics of patients presenting to hospital
Pairoj W. - Genotypic drug resistance mutations among HIV-1-infected patients failing an initial non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based antiretroviral regimen in a resource-limited setting
Paise A. - Antimicrobial susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from lower respiratory tract infections – Therapeutic consequences
Pajot O. - Repeated lumbar puncture in patients with pneumococcal meningitis: practical or anxiolytic relevance?
Pakzad I. - Expression of human serum albumin–L7/L12 (Brucella abortus ribosomal protein) fusion protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  - Extraction, purification and detoxification of Brucella abortus lipopolysaccharide and biological activity evaluation
Pal T. - Emergence of Salmonella spp. isolates with reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin in Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates
Pal K. - Detection of three Candida albicans virulence genes in a C. krusei isolate from Nigeria
Pál T. - Diarrhoea-causing Escherichia coli pathotypes – which genes to target for identification?
Pal T. - Characterisation of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated in a tertiary care hospital in the United Arab Emirates
Palacín E. - Molecular characterisation of Streptococcus pneumoniae strains isolated from children with acute otitis media in Barcelona (1992–2005)
Palacios C. - Epidemiology of Haemophilus influenzae serotype A from 2000–2005, an emerging pathogen in Northern Canada and Alaska
Palade A. - Genetic profiles of intestinal Escherichia coli isolates from Romanian subjects
Palafox M. - Improved performance of the automated toxoplasmosis IgG, IgM & IgG avidity assays on the Abbott ARCHITECT Instrument
Palazzo U. - Echinococcus cyst of liver and lung in animal models treated by radio-frequency thermal ablation. An ex vivo pilot experimental study
Palenque E. - Infections due to non-pigmented rapidly growing mycobacteria in Madrid, 2005
Paleologou N. - Epidemiologic study of paediatric bacterial meningitis in Greece (1998–2006)
Palepou M.F. - Carbapenem resistance in an epidemic CTX-M-15 b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strain in the United Kingdom
Palepou M.F.I. - Epidemiology of hospital-acquired Klebsiella pneumoniae producing CTX-M b-lactamases in Slovenia
Palerm L. - Myocarditis heart failure associated with Adenovirus infection
Palibrk I. - Epidemiological characteristics of nosocomial blood infections at a clinical centre, Belgrade, Serbia in 2005
Paliogianni F. - The innate immune response to P. aeruginosa in human monocytes is mediated mainly by TLR-2 and mannose receptor
Pallecchi L. - Activity of tigecycline against ESBL-producing enterobacteria spreading in Italy
  - Increasing resistance to quinolones and expanded-spectrum cephalosporins in commensal Escherichia coli from children living in urban areas of Latin America: a report from the ANTRES research project
Palma S. - Two immunological test to diagnostic Carrion's disease (bartonellosis) in patients of endemic areas in Peru
Palmer R. - Does a preliminary surveillance study enhance formulation of a comrehensive MRSA containment action plan? Study from a large district hospital in northwest England
Palmieri G. - Rapid insurgence of a viral-resistant mutant in WHV chronically infected woodchucks treated with lamivudine and a PRE-S/S CHO-derived hepatitis B virus vaccine
Palomar M. - European surveillance of ICU-acquired infections (HELICS-ICU), 2004–2005: ICU-acquired pneumonia
Palomares J.C. - Comparison of real-time PCR and BDProbeTec ET system for rapid diagnosis of tuberculosis patients
  - Detection and identification of Aspergillus spp. and Candida spp. by real-time PCR in clinical samples
Palta P. - Demonstration of the application of the tmRNA transcript of the bacterial ssrA gene as a molecular diagnostic target using a combination of NASBA and BiaCore technologies
Palù G. - Potential role of TDM in dosing protease inhibtors in HIV-HCV co-infected patients with or without cirrhosis
  - Pharmacokinetics of atazanavir in HIV-HCV co-infected patients with or without cirrhosis
  - Viral infection is responsible for acute renal dysfunction and chronic allograft lesions in paediatric renal-transplant recipients: a prospective study
  - Detection of polyomaviruses and herperviruses in human adrenal tumours
Palval G. - Mycotic peritonitis in Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Palvarini L. - Reduction in the incidence of staphylococcal infections in hospital environment after the starting of the guideline of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis. Confirmation of the decrease in 2006
Pan A. - Adherence to surgical site infection guidelines in Italian heart surgery units
Pan X.Z. - Development of hybridomas secreted Streptococcus suis 2 serotype-specific monoclone antibody
Pan A. - Topical treatment with mupirocine/chlorexydine and long-term risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection
Pan X.S. - Mode of action and resistance of the new fluoroquinolone BOL-303224-A
Pana M. - Beta-lactamase production and antibiotic susceptibility testing of anaerobic Gram-negative bacilli isolated from oral and maxillofacial infections
Panagea T. - Clonal types and serotypes of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates spread in a university hospital in Greece
  - Serological investigation of bacterial and viral pathogens in children
  - Resistance pattern of community-acquired S. aureus infections in children
Panagi M. - Evolution of H. influenzae resistance in a chest diseases hospital, for the period 2001–2006
Panagiotaki E. - Evaluation of Haemophilus influenzae isolates from children with respiratory tract infections
Panagiotopoulos P. - Evaluation of a real-time RT-PCR assay for the diagnosis of measles virus infections during a measles outbreak in Greece
Panagiotopoulou E. - Time to positivity of BACTEC blood culture bottles
Panagopoulos P. - The panhellenic study on the antimicrobial susceptibility of community-acquired uropathogens: preliminary data report
Panahi M. - Interferon plus lamivudine in treatment of chronic hepatitis B in patients unresponsive to lamivudine monotherapy
Panasuik L.P. - Therapeutic approach to upper respiratory tract infections among primary healthcare physicians
Pancharoen C. - Presence of dengue virus genome in the bone marrow of asymptomatic adults in a dengue-hyperendemic country: implication for complicated dengue pathogenesis
  - Survival of dengue virus in the urine of acutely-infected patients – implications for pathogenesis and for a possible unrecognized mode of transmission for an arthropod-borne virus
Pandis N. - Human papillomavirus genotyping by DHPLC and sequencing
Panev S. - Chlamydial infections of non-pregnant women in a gypsy population
Pangalis A. - Risk factors for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolation from patients with cystic fibrosis
  - Antibiotic resistance of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in children with cystic fibrosis to the currently used antibiotics
  - Mixed viral infections in hospitalised children with RSV bronchiolitis
  - High occurrence of staphylococcal toxins among S. aureus isolated from children with cystic fibrosis
  - High prevalence and persistence of the Streptococcus pneumoniae Taiwan19F-14 clone among children in Greece
  - Evaluation of a real-time RT-PCR assay for the diagnosis of measles virus infections during a measles outbreak in Greece
  - Disseminated infection with Fusarium solani in an infant with congenital acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
  - Differences in the epidemiology of paediatric and adult Streptococcus pyogenes invasive infections in Greece, 2003–2005
Paniara O. - Molecular study of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in a tertiary care hospital
  - Molecular epidemiology of VIM-1 producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates
  - Risk factors and outcome of critical ill patients with candidaemia
Panigrahi B. - Controlling costs in the intensive care unit: role of daily microbiology rounds
Panning M. - Implementation of a real-time RT-PCR assay to improve diagnostics of dengue virus infections
Pano K. - Epidemiological and clinical features of a hepatitis A outbreak among adults in Albania
Panopoulou M. - Isolation EPEC strains in the region of Thrace, Greece
  - Isolation of E. coli O157:H7 and non-O157 in the region of Thrace, Greece
Panos G. - Prevalence of genotypic resistance to nucleoside analogues, non-nucleoside analogues and protease inhibitors in HIV-infected persons in Athens, Greece
  - Helicobacter pylori infection in symptomatic HIV-seropositive and seronegative patients: a case-control study
  - Factors correlated with adherence to HAART: a multicentre study from an HIV-infected Greek population
Panou G. - The panhellenic study on the antimicrobial susceptibility of community-acquired uropathogens: preliminary data report
Panoulis C. - Molecular typing and pathogenic potential of Listeria monocytogenes isolates from food and clinical origin
Panoutsopoulos G. - Fatal case of antritis caused by mucormycosis in patient with diabetes mellitus
Pantazatou A. - Epidemiological investigation of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhoea in a tertiary care hospital
  - Epidemiological and clinical investigation of Gram-negative anaerobic infections in Greece
Pantelaki M. - A cost-effective study of VRE surveillance in a Greek university hospital
  - Reduced rates of vancomycin-resistant enterococci colonisation after implementation of infection control measures
Pantosti A. - A CA-MRSA strain with decreased vancomycin susceptibility as a cause of serious invasive infection in an immunocompetent adolescent
  - Macrolide efflux pumps mef(E) and mef(I) detected in clinical isolates of S. pyogenes isolated from PROTEKT 1999–2005 and PROTEKT US 1999–2004
  - Pneumococcal invasive isolates of non-vaccine serotypes in Italy, 1999–2003 (pre-vaccine era)
Panus E. - Virulence, pathogenicity, antibiotic resistance and plasmid profile of Escherichia coli strains isolated from drinking and recreational waters
Panz T. - Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria induce neutrophil oxygen burst augmented by platelets; role of platelet-derived TXA2 in cellular host response
Paoletti I. - Effect of moxifloxacin and human beta-defensin 2 on ICAM-1 and cytokines expression in human lung epithelial cell line
Paolucci M. - Comparison of real-time PCR and blood culture for the diagnosis of bloodstream infections in onco-haematologic patients: microbiological and clinical assessment
Papa A. - Comparative results of the in vitro efficacy of colistin and carbapenems against multidrug-resistant strains of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from clinical specimens
  - Molecular differentiation of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clinical strains in a Greek hospital
  - Human herpes virus 6 infection in children in Northern Greece
  - Enterovirus meningitis in south west Greece: clinical manifestations and CSF laboratory findings
Papachristodoulou A. - Pharmacokinetic study of ertapenem in the biliary tract
Papadakas J. - Differences in the features of staphylococcal bacteraemias in adults with and without cancer
Papadaki H. - Carbapenem consumption and resistance of P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae to carbapenems: results from a 7-year study in a general hospital
Papadakis C. - Evidence for the role of Haemophilus influenzae in the pathogenesis of recurrent tonsillitis
Papadimitriou M. - Epidemiologic study of paediatric bacterial meningitis in Greece (1998–2006)
Papadomichelakis E.D. - Emerging colimycin resistance in Gram-negative strains isolated from intensive care unit patients
Papadopoulos A. - Comparative evaluation of internists' behaviour regarding hand hygiene in the emergency room and in the wards of a tertiary university hospital in Greece
Papadopoulou E. - Mycobacterium mucogenicum pulmonary infection in an immunocompromised patient
Papadopoulou D. - Evidence of Epstein-Barr and cytomegalovirus co-infection in ulcerative colitis
Papadopoulou E. - Study of immunity level to measles and mumps in women of reproductive age in Northern Greece
Papaefstathiou K. - Carbapenem consumption and resistance of P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae to carbapenems: results from a 7-year study in a general hospital
Papaefstathiou E. - Pulmonary nocardiosis in a tertiary care hospital: 8-year experience (1999–2006)
  - Comparison of Gen-Probe A-MTD test and GenoType Mycobacteria Direct 3.0 test in detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and four nontuberculous mycobacteria in clinical samples
  - Molecular methodologies in identifing mycobacteria isolates and detecting Mycobacteria spp. directly in clinical samples
Papaefstathiou K. - Epidemiology of urinary pathogens in adults during 2005–2006
Papafrangas E. - Molecular methodologies in identifing mycobacteria isolates and detecting Mycobacteria spp. directly in clinical samples
  - Broth microdilution, Etest and disk diffusion methods for Trichosporon asahii susceptibility testing against established and new antifungal agents
  - Comparison of Gen-Probe A-MTD test and GenoType Mycobacteria Direct 3.0 test in detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and four nontuberculous mycobacteria in clinical samples
  - Trichosporon asahii in hospitalised patients
  - Pulmonary nocardiosis in a tertiary care hospital: 8-year experience (1999–2006)
Papageorgiou N. - Molecular typing and pathogenic potential of Listeria monocytogenes isolates from food and clinical origin
Papagiannitsis C. - ECL-1, a novel plasmid-mediated class A b-lactamase with carbenicillinase characteristics from Escherichia coli
Papagni I. - Comparison of DiaSorin Liaison® and Architect® immunoassay systems for syphilis screening
Papanastasiou D.A. - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus producing Panton-Valentine leukocidin: a cause of acute osteomyelitis in children
Papaparaskevas J. - Differences in the epidemiology of paediatric and adult Streptococcus pyogenes invasive infections in Greece, 2003–2005
  - Evaluation of real-time PCR assays, based in molecular beacon technology, for detection and quantification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA
  - Epidemiological investigation of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhoea in a tertiary care hospital
Papaparaskevas for The Hellenic Study Group for Gram-Negative Anaerobic Bacteria* J. - Epidemiological and clinical investigation of Gram-negative anaerobic infections in Greece
Papapetropoulou M. - Use of an AFLP technique for the discrimination of source (human or animal) of E. coli
Paparizos V. - Factors correlated with adherence to HAART: a multicentre study from an HIV-infected Greek population
  - Prevalence of genotypic resistance to nucleoside analogues, non-nucleoside analogues and protease inhibitors in HIV-infected persons in Athens, Greece
Papathanasiou M. - Patient demand for antibiotic prescription. An often-neglected cause of antibiotic resistance in the community
Papavasileiou H. - Serological investigation of bacterial and viral pathogens in children
Papavasileiou K. - Serological investigation of bacterial and viral pathogens in children
  - Laboratory investigation of acute otitis media in children
Papavasileiou H. - Laboratory investigation of acute otitis media in children
  - Evolution of antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter jejuni strains isolated from hospitalised children in Athens, Greece
Papavasileiou K. - Evolution of antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter jejuni strains isolated from hospitalised children in Athens, Greece
  - Evaluation of Haemophilus influenzae isolates from children with respiratory tract infections
Papavasileiou H. - Evaluation of Haemophilus influenzae isolates from children with respiratory tract infections
Papavasiliou J. - Antibiotic resistance of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in children with cystic fibrosis to the currently used antibiotics
Papazoglou G. - Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in HIV-negative patients
Pape M. - Chlamydophila pneumoniae antibodies in Greek patients with neurological disorders
  - Evidence of Epstein-Barr and cytomegalovirus co-infection in ulcerative colitis
  - Hepatitis C virus kinetics during the acute phase of infection after occupational exposure in healthcare workers
Papiernik D. - Pandemic flu preparedness – role of antibiotics
Papoylia E. - Gastric juice urease test for Helicobacter pylori detection
Pappas G. - Application of hybridisation probe-based real-time PCR assay to monitor the Brucella DNA load in patients with brucellosis throughout different stages of the disease
Pappas K. - Study of an outbreak of imipenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae infections in the intensive care unit of a Greek hospital
Pappas P.G. - Safety and tolerability of voriconazole compared to amphotericin B followed by fluconazole in patients with candidaemia and baseline renal insufficiency
Pappas S.I. - Physician adherence to pneumonia guidelines regarding initial regimen choice
Paradela A. - Detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamases, including the CTX-M-type enzymes, among Enterobacteriaceae using VITEK 2 system and the Advanced Expert system
Paradisi F. - Increasing resistance to quinolones and expanded-spectrum cephalosporins in commensal Escherichia coli from children living in urban areas of Latin America: a report from the ANTRES research project
  - Mixed infection of the lower limb caused by rare bacterial and fungal pathogens in a patient with multiple traumatic injuries
Paradiso P. - Pandemic flu preparedness – role of antibiotics
Paraskakis I. - High prevalence and persistence of the Streptococcus pneumoniae Taiwan19F-14 clone among children in Greece
Paraskeva K. - Tuberculosis among immigrants: our experience
Paratiras S. - Epidemiology and antibiotic resistance of bacterial isolates from patients with bacteraemia in an intensive care unit
  - Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of bacterial isolates in neonatal blood-stream infections
Paravissini A. - Increase in prevalence of primary mutations in naive HIV patients in Spain
Parcina M. - Recognition of Staphylococcus aureus by plasmacytoid dendritic cells is species-specific but not related to alpha-toxin or protein A expression
Pardo F. - Fungal keratitis in healthcare area of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, NW Spain)
  - Drug resistance of Mycobacteriumtuberculosis in Santiago de Compostela, Spain (2002–2005)
  - Emergence of linezolid resistance of S. epidermidis in a critical care unit
Pardo-Sánchez F. - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in a community hospital and the impact of a nursing home opening in its influence area
Paridar M. - Significant reduce in hepatitis B prevalence among blood donors admitted to an Ahwaz blood transfusion service due to educational and vaccination programmes
Paris M. - Preclinical pharmacokinetics and interspecies scaling of EDP-420, a first-in-class bicyclolide
Parisi G. - A CA-MRSA strain with decreased vancomycin susceptibility as a cause of serious invasive infection in an immunocompetent adolescent
Parisi S.G. - Evaluation of a new rapid method for microbial growth analysis and antimicrobial susceptibility test in human biological fluids
  - Pharmacokinetics of atazanavir in HIV-HCV co-infected patients with or without cirrhosis
  - Potential role of TDM in dosing protease inhibtors in HIV-HCV co-infected patients with or without cirrhosis
Park Y.S. - The influence of antimicrobial resistance on mortality in critically ill patients with bacteraemia
Park H.K. - Efficacy and safety of Uro-vaxom treatment for patients with recurrent cystitis: open multicentre study
Park D. - Mumps outbreak in a highly vaccinated school population: a question of vaccine failure?
Park Y.J. - Comparison between MicroScan system and agar dilution method for quinupristin/dalfopristin susceptibility of Enterococcus faecium
Park J. - Development of recombinant antibody therapeutics for the treatment of bacterial infections
Park W. - Bacteraemia caused by high-level gentamicin-resistant Enterococcus: risk factors, clinical features and outcomes
Park S-W. - Bacteraemia caused by high-level gentamicin-resistant Enterococcus: risk factors, clinical features and outcomes
Park Y-J. - Microbial pathogens and antibiotic susceptibility in community-acquired lower respiratory tract infection in Korea
Park K-G. - Microbial pathogens and antibiotic susceptibility in community-acquired lower respiratory tract infection in Korea
Park J-W. - Toxigenic status of Korean Clostridium difficile isolates
Park K.U. - Molecular characterisation of community-associated and healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Korea
Park W.B. - Molecular characterisation of community-associated and healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Korea
Park Y.S. - Mannose-binding lectin promoter gene variants in Korean patient with bacteraemia
Park E.J. - Investigation of autolysin and autolysis of glycopeptide-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus induced from methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Park C. - The genetic organisation of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type IVA from invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in Korea
Park S.H. - The genetic organisation of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type IVA from invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in Korea
Park Y.S. - Factors associated with the level of HIV-1 proviral DNA in HIV-infected persons
Park Y.J. - Qnr prevalence and their association with orf513 in Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Citrobacter freundii, and Serratia marcescens: a multicentre study from Korea
Park J.J. - Qnr prevalence and their association with orf513 in Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Citrobacter freundii, and Serratia marcescens: a multicentre study from Korea
Parkinson A.J. - International Circumpolar Surveillance interlaboratory quality control programme, 1999–2004
Parkinson A. - Epidemiology of Haemophilus influenzae serotype A from 2000–2005, an emerging pathogen in Northern Canada and Alaska
Parlak M. - Antibody response in Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, and association between antibodies and clinical outcome
Parmar A. - In vivo efficacy of the triazole BAL8557 against disseminated Candida albicans in mice assessed by survival and tissue burden in temporarily and persistently neutropenic mice treated with 1–7 doses of drug over a dose range of 20–80% of Emax
  - Dose response in neutropenic mice with disseminated infection of multiple strains of Aspergillus fumigatus with widely varying MIC and MFC values treated with isavuconazole
Parneix P. - Surveillance of occupational blood and body fluids exposures
  - REA-RAISIN: microbiology of national surveillance network of ICU-acquired infections, France, 2005
  - REA-RAISIN: National surveillance network of ICU-acquired infections, France, 2005
  - Surgical site infection surveillance in France: the first 1999–2004 trend analysis
  - Antimicrobial consumption and resistance in Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from 47 French hospitals
Parodi A. - Longitudinal evaluation of the prevalence of insulin resistance in a cohort of HIV vertically-infected children and adolescents
Parpucu H. - Evaluation of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis attacks in Ankara
  - Assessment of risk factors in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis attacks
Parr Jr T.J. - Influence of polysorbate 80 on susceptibility of Gram-positive bacteria to oritavancin
  - Effect of polysorbate 80 on oritavancin binding to plastic surfaces – implications for susceptibility testing
Parr Jr T. - Efficacy of oritavancin in a mouse model of Streptococcus pneumoniae pneumonia
Parravicini C. - PCR with universal primers targeting the small ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene of bacteria as a diagnostic tool in 15 hospitalised patients with infectious diseases
Parruti G. - Incidence of double positive amplifications from immunocompetent patients screened for active human herpesvirus replication
Parsa M. - Diagnostic relevance of interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor alpha in discriminating high-risk and low-risk groups in febrile
Parsonage M. - CURB65 may predict 30-day mortality in patients with bacteraemia
participants EARSS - EARSS results: S. pneumoniae resistance related to serogroups?
  - Is the ratio of associated Escherichia coli resistance comparable over Europe?
  - Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistance rates in association with level of hospital care: data from the EARSS
  - Multidrug-resistance among invasive Klebsiella pneumoniae in Europe in 2005, the first full year of EARSS reporting
Partridge D. - Inexpensive interventions can significantly reduce the number of unnecessary intravenous devices present in medical inpatients
Paschalidou M. - Chlamydophila pneumoniae antibodies in Greek patients with neurological disorders
Pascual A. - Penetration and activity of fosfomycin, ciprofloxacin, amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid and cotrimoxazol in Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms
  - Enterobacter aerogenes strains misidentified as Klebsiella pneumoniae and correct identification by sequencing of the QRDR region of the gyrA gene
  - Faecal carriage of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli: prevalence and risk factors in different populations
  - Role of the pentapeptidic proteins from Gram-positive bacteria as a possible source of Qnr-like quinolone resistance determinants
Pascual for the Red Española de Investigación en Patología Infecciosa A. - Risk factors for ciprofloxacin resistance among ESBL-producing Escherichia coli isolated from non-hospitalised patients in Spain
Pascual on behalf of the Red Española de Investigacion en Patologia Infecciosa A. - Susceptibility of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strains causing nosocomially- and community-acquired bacteraemia
Pasquantonio G. - Characterisation of unusual patterns of MLS resistance among Streptococcus pyogenes clinical isolates
Passet V. - Precise identification and phylogenetic relationships of major multi-resistant clones of Acinetobacter baumannii by multilocus sequence typing
Pastekova T. - Clinical symptoms, treatment and outcome of Highlands malaria in Eldoret (2,400 m a.s.l.) and comparison to malaria in hyper-immune population in endemic region of South Sudan
Pastorino B. - Mutagenesis analysis of the NS2B determinants of a tick-borne flavivirus NS2B-NS3 protease activation
Pasual A. - Comparative activity of tigecycline, cefepime and imipenem against clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae producing extended spectrum b-lactamases, plasmid-mediated AmpC-type b-lactamases or both, associated or not with porin deficiency
Pasyar N. - The impact of an intervention on nurses' HIV/AIDS knowledge and compliance with universal precaution procedures in emergency department in a university hospital, Shiraz, Iran
Pászti J. - Epidemiology and genetic features of CTX-M-15-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae epidemic clones in Hungary in 2005
Paszti J. - Characterisation of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated in a tertiary care hospital in the United Arab Emirates
Pászti J. - Prevalence of thermotolerant Campylobacter species in broilers, eggs, chicken abattoir and human samples in a Hungarian county
Pataracchia M. - Effect of antibiotics at subMIC concentration on biofilm formation by Streptococcus pyogenes
Patel B. - Mandatory strain sampling programme for Clostridium difficile in English NHS acute hospitals: experience from surveillance in 2005 and options for future implementation
Paterson D. - Risk factors for Nocardia infection in organ transplant recipients: a matched case-control study over an 11-year period
  - Worldwide antimicrobial susceptibility patterns among E. coli isolated from intra-abdominal infections (IAI): results from SMART 2005
Paterson G. - Enzyme-linked Immunospot testing to assess the cell-mediated immune response to anthrax vaccine precipitated booster vaccination
Pathak S. - Rapid diagnosis of tuberculous pleuritis by real-time PCR
Pathak R. - Rapid detection of rifampin resistance mutations in clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by Dot-Blot hybridisation assay
Pathak Suschil - Execution of macrophage apoptosis by PE_PGRS33 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Pathak Shresh - Execution of macrophage apoptosis by PE_PGRS33 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Patterson T.F. - Efficacy of voriconazole versus anidulafungin alone and in combination in a guinea pig model of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis
Patzer J.A. - Diverse metallo-b-lactamases and integron gene cassette arrays in Pseudomonas spp. and Enterobacter cloacae isolates from Warsaw, Poland
Patzer J. - GES-1 and TEM-1-like b-lactamases of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from patients in two Warsaw hospitals
Paul M. - Efficacy and safety of colistin
  - Empirical antifungal therapy in febrile neutropenic patients – systematic review
  - Antifungal prophylaxis for patients undergoing chemotherapy or haematopoeitic stem cell transplantation – meta-analysis
  - Prophylaxis for Pneumocystis pneumonia in non-HIV immunocompromised patients: systematic review and meta-analysis
  - Risk factors and outcomes for persistent bacteraemia caused by Staphylococcus aureus
  - Efficacy and safety of aminoglycoside monotherapy: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
Paul G. - Extended-spectrum b-lactamase among non-typhoidic Salmonella in paediatric unit of Algerian hospital
Paul M. - Beta-lactam alone compared to b-lactam-macrolide combination therapy for community-acquired pneumonia: prospective, observational study using a propensity score
  - Effect of adequate empiric antibiotic therapy on survival of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia
  - Time trends in odds ratios of antimicrobial susceptibility in nosocomial and non-nosocomial Gram-negative infections in Israel
Paulauskas A. - Detection and genotyping of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected in Lithuania
Paulino A. - Chlamydia trachomatis genotypes and infection rates in Lisbon, 1991–2005
Paulo C. - A four-year epidemiological study of aetiological agents of yeast infections and antifungal susceptibility profiles in the centre of Portugal
Paulou K. - Molecular methodologies in identifing mycobacteria isolates and detecting Mycobacteria spp. directly in clinical samples
  - Comparison of Gen-Probe A-MTD test and GenoType Mycobacteria Direct 3.0 test in detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and four nontuberculous mycobacteria in clinical samples
Pauser G. - First fatal infection due to c-MRSA in Austria
Pavese P. - Fatal viral opportunistic infections and Epstein-Barr virus positive large B-cell lymphoma after alemtuzumab treatment for a refractory Sezary syndrome
Pavleas J. - Bloodstream infections due to Klebsiella pneumoniae in an intensive care unit in Greece: susceptibility patterns and clinical characteristics
Pavlin C. - Leishmania major induces secretion of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines by keratinocytes via a TLR2 pathway
Pavlovic M. - The risks of reintroduction of malaria into Belgrade area, Serbia
  - Visceral leishmaniasis – does antimony loose its efficiency?
Pawelczyk J. - Cholesterol oxidase as a virulence factor of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Pawlik D. - Infections in pregnant women caused by Streptococcus agalactiae and problems with growing MLSB-type resistance
Payne H.A. - Community coliforms in Cambridgeshire: resistance patterns in urinary isolates from 1997 to 2006
Pazdiora P. - Rotaviral and noroviral infections among children inpatients of a clinic of infectious diseases in Pilsen, Czech Republic
Pazylov Y. - Molecular diversity of Bacillus anthracis in Kazakhstan
Pearlman E. - TLR2, but not TLR4 mediates Onchocerca volvulus induced corneal inflammation
Pearson A. - Enhanced surveillance of MRSA bacteraemia in English hospitals: comparison of risk factors in patients with community onset bacteraemia with cases whose onset was in hospital
  - Community-onset MRSA bacteraemia: characteristics of patients presenting to hospital
  - Mandatory strain sampling programme for Clostridium difficile in English NHS acute hospitals: experience from surveillance in 2005 and options for future implementation
Pebody R. - Mortality following invasive MRSA infection in England, 2004–5
  - Susceptibility to rubella in females born 1996–2003: a potential congenital rubella syndrome iceberg?
  - Interpreting the mumps epidemic in England in the early 21st century: a disease iceberg that is likely to continue?
  - Measles sero-epidemiology in England in 2004
Pecherskikh E. - Comparative study for conjugative plasmids carrying CTX-M genes in Escherichia coli nosocomial isolates
Peck K.R. - Comparison of enterotoxin genes in Staphylococcus aureus from nasal carriage and bacteraemia
Pedersen L. - Aminoglycosides, mortality and increase of serum-creatinine in patients with bacteraemia given appropriate empirical therapy. A Danish hospital-based cohort study
Pedersen T.I. - Clinical characteristics of patients with Haemophilusinfluenzae meningitis in Denmark, 1994–2005
Pedro-Botet M. - Community-acquired Legionnaire's disease in the urinary antigen era
  - Fluctuation in Legionella pneumophila counts and persistence of DNA subtypes in 15 cooling towers over a one-year period
Pedroso Y. - Exogenous ventilator associated pneumonia incidence in a medical-surgical intensive care unit: a four-year surveillance
  - Wave of undocumented migrants in the Canary Islands: new challenges for European microbiologists
Peetermans W.E. - PET-CT scan in patients with infective endocarditis for early detection of embolisation and metastatic infection
Peetermans W. - Risk factors for infective endocarditis and outcome of patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia
Peeters M. - Role of ``atypical'' respiratory pathogens in patients with exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Peeters M.F. - Sensitivity of Legionella pneumophila DNA detection in serum samples in relation to disease severity
Pefanis A. - Evolution of H. influenzae resistance in a chest diseases hospital, for the period 2001–2006
  - S. agalactiae invasive infections in male adults
  - S. pneumoniae resistance patterns in a chest diseases hospital, for the decade 1997–2006
Pegourie-Bandelier B. - Fatal viral opportunistic infections and Epstein-Barr virus positive large B-cell lymphoma after alemtuzumab treatment for a refractory Sezary syndrome
Peixe L. - Plasmid location of blaOXA-40 gene in Acinetobacter baumannii and Acinetobacter haemolyticus
  - Interhospital dissemination of glycopeptide resistance among enterococcal clinical isolates from Portugal is associated to spread of epidemic pMG1-like plasmids carrying diverse Tn1546 variants
  - ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae from non-human sources (poultry and swine) in Portugal
  - Dissemination of a new gene cluster comprising sul3 (tnp-sul3-tnp) linked to class 1 integrons with an unusual 3'CS region (qacH) among Salmonella isolates
  - Dissemination of antibiotic multi-resistant Salmonella isolates in Portuguese piggeries
  - International dissemination of extended-spectrum b-lactamase TEM-24 among Enterobacteriaceae species is caused by spread of both epidemic IncA/C2 plasmid and strains
  - Multi-drug resistant enterococci among Portuguese swine after growth promoter ban
Peláez T. - Is the determination of galactomannan in non-haematological patients helpful for the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis? The value of determination in serum of patients with clinical isolation of aspergillus
  - Empirical treatment of Candidaemia in intensive care units: fluconazole or broad-spectrum antifungal agents?
  - Determination of the antifungal susceptibility of zygomycetes by the ETest and Sensititre YeastOne: a comparison with the CLSI M-38 A procedure
  - Candida dubliniensis in a general hospital over an 8-year period
  - Determination of the antifungal activity of itraconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole, amphotericin B and caspofungin against 45 clinical isolates of zygomycetes using the CLSI M-38A procedure
Pelayo T. - Microbiological aspects of a Streptococcus pyogenes outbreak causing invasive disease in children attending a day care centre in Cantabria, Spain
Peled N. - Predicting Clostridium difficile toxin in hospitalised patients with antibiotic-associated diarrhoea
Peleg A. - Risk factors for Nocardia infection in organ transplant recipients: a matched case-control study over an 11-year period
Pelekanou A. - A proposed mechanism of action of glucocorticosteroids in severe sepsis
Pelemis M. - The risks of reintroduction of malaria into Belgrade area, Serbia
  - Visceral leishmaniasis – does antimony loose its efficiency?
Pelk-Jongen M. - Improving handling of blood exposure incidents: a 3-year prospective study
Pellegrini C. - A new metallo-b-lactamase gene (blaIMP-22) harboured in class 1 integron from Pseudomonas fluorescens
Pellizzer G. - Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage in Italian long-term care facilities
Pelz K. - Prevalence and diversity of bacteria in root-filled teeth associated with periradicular lesions
Pelzer S. - The natural product approach: advances over the last 10 years that make it an attractive approach again
Pemán J. - Ten years of Candida glabrata and C. krusei fungaemia: epidemiology and susceptibility patterns in a tertiary-care hospital
  - Killing kinetics of caspofungin and anidulafungin against Candidakrusei
  - In vitro activity of amphotericin B and anidulafungin against Candida albicans biofilms
  - Meningitis caused by Candida spp. in a tertiary-care hospital: a 14-year review
Pempinello R. - Brucella as a rare cause of cirrhosis in a southern Italy endemic area
Pena C. - Susceptibility of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strains causing nosocomially- and community-acquired bacteraemia
Peña M.P. - Monitoring of Epstein-Barr virus DNA in whole-blood samples of paediatric liver transplant recipients
Peña C. - Risk factors for ciprofloxacin resistance among ESBL-producing Escherichia coli isolated from non-hospitalised patients in Spain
Peña J.L. - Invasive cryptococcosis associated with treatment with adalimumab, a tumour necrosis factor alpha-antagonist agent
Peñalver M. - Emergence of linezolid resistance of S. epidermidis in a critical care unit
Penaranda G. - Meta-analysis of blood scores for liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C
Peng H. - Class 1 integron mediates antibiotic resistance in Aeromonas spp. from rainbow trout farms in Australia
Penni A. - Epidemiology and molecular characterisation of clinical isolates of Escherichia coli producing extended-spectrum b-lactamases from Rome, Italy
Pentella M.A. - Differential propensity of serotype groups to switch and acquire multidrug-resistance after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in the USA
Peppas T.A. - Physician adherence to pneumonia guidelines regarding initial regimen choice
Peppas G. - Clindamycin/aminoglycoside versus b-lactam monotherapy for the treatment of intra-abdominal infections: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
  - Matching criteria in case-control studies in postoperative infections
Peralta G. - Trends in pneumococcal bacteraemia in adults after the beginning of a pneumococcal vaccination programme
  - Time to positivity of blood cultures in patients Escherichia coli bacteraemia
  - Predictors of positive blood culture in an emergency service. A prospective study
  - Relationship between the C3435T and G2677A/T single nucleotide polymorphisms of the P-glycoprotein in the mdr-1 gene and efavirenz plasma concentration in patients with HIV infection
Percivalle E. - Comparison of human metapneumovirus strains from Alto Adige with strains from surrounding regions in Italy and Austria
Perdikaki P. - The panhellenic study on the antimicrobial susceptibility of community-acquired uropathogens: preliminary data report
Perdreau-Remington F. - In vitro activity of API-1252, a novel anti-staphylococcal agent, against 100 genotypically unique Staphylococcus aureus strains
Perea E. - Mutators are not responsible for the association between b-lactam and quinolone resistance in Escherichia coli with AmpC hyperproduction phenotype
Pereda D. - Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium emergence during a nosocomial outbreak of Clostridium difficile diarrhoea
Pereira E. - XDR tuberculosis in Lisbon health region
Pereira M. - Epidemiology of multiresistant Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium collected during 2004 to 2006 in a Lisbon hospital
Perelló R. - Tuberculosis in the area of Barcelona: the increasing influence of immigration
Perello R. - Mortality and time for detection of blood growth in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia; implication of mannose-binding lectin
  - Human immunodeficiency virus infected patients with community-acquired pneumonia: implication of respiratory viruses
Perepanova T. - Morphological substantiation of antibacterial therapy in acute cystitis
Perera N. - A study on Candida blood stream infection at university hospitals, Leicester, UK
Peres I. - Rapid variations in the macrolide resistance frequency, phenotypes and clones of group A streptococci from pharyngeal colonisation and infections, 2000 to 2006
Pérez L. - Distinct genotypic distribution of cytomegalovirus (CMV) envelope glycoprotein B in a Cuban cohort of patients with different CMV diseases
Perez A. - The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus biofilm formers in Scotland
Pérez D. - Membrane cofactor protein (CD46) binding to clinical isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes: binding to M type 18 strains is independent of Emm or Enn proteins
Perez S. - Oncogenic human papillomavirus type distribution by L1 and E6/E7 sequencing
Perez M. - Utility of the IFN-g assays using Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific antigens for the diagnosis of latent infection in contacts of people with sputum smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis
Perez J. - Macrolide resistance in Streptococcus spp. and Enterococcus spp. clinical isolates: phenotypic and genotypic analysis
Perez A.M. - The prevalence of Clostridium difficile toxin as a cause of acute or chronic diarrhoea in a high HIV prevalence population in sub-Saharan Africa
Pérez C. - KAP evaluation about travel medicine in international travellers and medical students in Chile
Perez De Ayala A. - Primary and secondary resistance to metronidazole and clarithromycin in Spanish Helicobacter pylori clinical isolates obtained from children
Pérez de Ayala A. - Prevalence of intestinal parasitism in an urban public hospital of Madrid
Pérez del Molino M. - Fungal keratitis in healthcare area of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, NW Spain)
  - Drug resistance of Mycobacteriumtuberculosis in Santiago de Compostela, Spain (2002–2005)
Perez-Estevez A. - In vitro study of antibiotic diffusion from bioceramic cylinders (hydroxyapatite and wollastonite)
Pérez-Fernández S. - Pyomyositis. A current review
Pérez-López A. - Salmonella ability to use B-lymphocytes as a reservoir is due to overcoming bactericidal mechanisms, in addition to inability to produce inflammatory cytokines
Perez-Trallero E. - Activity of cefditoren versus seven other antimicrobials against amoxicillin non-susceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae
Pérez-Valdespino A. - Detection of class I integrons of Aeromonas ssp. strains isolated from diarrhogenic disease
Perfetto B. - Effect of moxifloxacin and human beta-defensin 2 on ICAM-1 and cytokines expression in human lung epithelial cell line
Perheentupa J. - Activity of posaconazole against clinical isolates of Candida albicans with decreased sensitivity to fluconazole from autoimmune polyendocrinopathy–candidiasis–ectodermal dystrophy patients
  - Decreased sensitivity of Candida albicans for azole antifungals – a complication of long-term prophylaxis in APECED patients
Peric V. - Clinical forms of neurocysticercosis – Our experience
Perilli M. - A new metallo-b-lactamase gene (blaIMP-22) harboured in class 1 integron from Pseudomonas fluorescens
Perimeni D. - Carbapenemase producing clinical isolates among non-fermenting bacteria from a tertiary hospital
  - Patient demand for antibiotic prescription. An often-neglected cause of antibiotic resistance in the community
Peristeraki S. - Factors correlated with adherence to HAART: a multicentre study from an HIV-infected Greek population
Perivolioti E. - Molecular study of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in a tertiary care hospital
Perl T. - A quantitative analysis of clincal nasal swab samples testing positive for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Perno C.F. - Clinical implications of viral evolution and variability
Perovic O. - Comparison of antifungal susceptibility test methods for yeasts using broth microdilution, EtestTM and Fungitest
Perpoint T. - Clinical and microbiological features of 55 cases of staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome in France
  - Usefulness of analysis of the Vbeta repertoire of T cells for the early diagnosis of staphylococcal and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome
Persoons M.C. - Quantification of Streptococcus pneumoniae DNA in blood samples from patients with invasive pneumococcal infection
Persson S. - Clinical features of Clostridium difficile-associated disease and molecular characterisation of the isolated strains in a cohort of Danish hospitalised patients
Pertel P. - Clinical and bacteriological efficacy of sequential intravenous to oral moxifloxacin in hospitalised patients with severe complicated skin and skin structure infections due to Enterobacteriaceae
Peruzzi S. - Performance evaluation of the Vidia™ toxoplasmosis IgG and IgM assays
Pescolderungg L. - Comparison of human metapneumovirus strains from Alto Adige with strains from surrounding regions in Italy and Austria
Pesqueira-Fontán P. - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in a community hospital and the impact of a nursing home opening in its influence area
Pession A. - Comparison of real-time PCR and blood culture for the diagnosis of bloodstream infections in onco-haematologic patients: microbiological and clinical assessment
Pestana N. - Dissemination of antibiotic multi-resistant Salmonella isolates in Portuguese piggeries
Pesti N. - Differences in antibiotic resistance between MRSA and MSSA strains isolated in Hungary, Austria and Macedonia
  - Prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants: qnrA, qnrB and qnrS in extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae strains in Hungary
  - A comparative study on the frequency of genes encoding cytotoxins in Austrian, Hungarian and Macedonian methicillin-resistant and sensitive Staphylococcus aureus strains
  - Controlling an outbreak of Staphylococcus aureus in a vascular and cardiac surgery ward
Pestova L. - Mycotic peritonitis in Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Peters R.P.H. - Quantification of bacterial DNA during bacteraemia: a possible marker of severity of infection
Peters G. - Comparative in vitro activity of tigecycline against staphylococci and enterococci from patients on ICU- and non-ICU wards: results of the German T.E.S.T. Surveillance Program 2005
  - Assessing the in vitro activity of daptomycin against well-characterised methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains representing different spa types
  - Capsular and surface polysaccharide serotypes of methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains currently circulating in Germany
  - Comparative in vitro activity of tigecycline against ICU- and non-ICU isolates of five clinically important Gram-negative pathogens: results of the German T.E.S.T. Surveillance Programme 2005
Peters T. - Cost-effective method for differentiation between Salmonella species and other members of the Enterobacteriacae referred to the national Salmonella reference laboratory in England and Wales
Peters R.P.H. - Quantification of Streptococcus pneumoniae DNA in blood samples from patients with invasive pneumococcal infection
Peters G. - Comparison of two automated systems (WalkAway and VITEK 2) for identification of Gram-negative bacteria
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria cultured from blood samples, wound swabs and intra-abdominal specimens: results of the German T.E.S.T. Surveillance Program 2005
Peters H. - Epidemiology of Haemophilus influenzae serotype A from 2000–2005, an emerging pathogen in Northern Canada and Alaska
Peterson J. - A decade of levofloxacin: summary of the cumulative clinical trial safety database
  - Once daily, levofloxacin 750 mg for 5 days in the treatment of acute pyelonephritis and associated bacteraemia
Petinaki E. - Antimicrobial activity of tigecycline and daptomycin against Gram-positive cocci: a multicentre study in Greek hospitals
  - Tracking the epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains producing Panton-Valentine leukocidin in Greece
  - Evidence for the role of Haemophilus influenzae in the pathogenesis of recurrent tonsillitis
  - Expression of icaA and icaD genes by quantitative real-time PCR in correlation to biofilm synthesis among methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci
  - High occurrence of staphylococcal toxins among S. aureus isolated from children with cystic fibrosis
Petit P.L.C. - Tenosynovitis caused by Mycobacterium haemophilum in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis
Petit J. - Emergence of PCR-ribotype 027 Clostridium difficile-associated disease, Northern France, 2006
Petit P.L.C. - Mycobacterium szulgai causes tuberculosis-like disease in Zambia
Petrella S. - Mycobacterium leprae DNA gyrase: expression, purification, inhibition by quinolones and functional analysis of two mutant enzymes
Petrelli D. - Detection of phage-associated virulence/resistance genes in induced prophages of Streptococcuspyogenes clinical isolates
  - Characterisation of unusual patterns of MLS resistance among Streptococcus pyogenes clinical isolates
Petrens E. - Evaluation of five commercial screening assays and two commercial immunoblots for the serological diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis
Petrescu A.M. - Antimicrobial resistance in strains isolated in 2005 by Romanian National Sentinel System for Nosocomial Infections Surveillance
Petrich A. - Flocked swabs and UTM-RT are pre-analytical tools suitable for rapid antigen kits, direct immunofluorescence, culture and PCR diagnostics assay for viral infections
Petrikkos G. - Pharmacokinetic study of ertapenem in the biliary tract
Petrikkos G.L. - Epidemiological and clinical investigation of Gram-negative anaerobic infections in Greece
Petrikkou E. - Pharmacokinetic study of ertapenem in the biliary tract
Petrochilou K. - Tuberculosis among immigrants: our experience
  - Three-year study of hepatitis A, B and C infection prevalence in a major Greek hospital
Petropoulou D. - Isolation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains carrying Panton-Valentine leukocidin genes in a tertiary hospital in Greece
Petrosillo on behalf of GRAB: Gruppo Romano Acinetobacter baumannii N. - Susceptibility to tigecycline among multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates
Petrou G. - Use of intravenous catheters in a general hospital: results of a day-prevalence survey
Petrov P. - Occurrence of CTX-M-3 extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Salmonella Brandenburg in Bulgaria
Petrov M. - Bulgarian Surveillance Tracking Antimicrobial Resistance – BulSTAR: bloodstream infections in 2005
  - Species distribution in bloodstream isolates of Candida species in Bulgaria and their susceptibility to antifungal agents
Petrovic J. - Efficacy and safety of caspofungin in solid organ transplant recipients
Petrovici C. - Clinical and paraclinical aspects of tuberculous meningitis in a hospital of infectious diseases, Iasi, Romania
Petrzelova J. - First report of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strain of animal provenience in the Czech Republic
Petters C. - Comparison of human metapneumovirus strains from Alto Adige with strains from surrounding regions in Italy and Austria
Peyramond D. - Usefulness of analysis of the Vbeta repertoire of T cells for the early diagnosis of staphylococcal and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome
Peyron F. - Delayed maturation of toxoplasma immunoglobulin G avidity in pregnant women: impact of spiramycin treatment and gestational age
Pfaller M.A. - FKS mutation in echinocandin-resistant C. glabrata
Pfaller M. - Activity of posaconazole against clinical isolates of Candida albicans with decreased sensitivity to fluconazole from autoimmune polyendocrinopathy–candidiasis–ectodermal dystrophy patients
  - Decreased sensitivity of Candida albicans for azole antifungals – a complication of long-term prophylaxis in APECED patients
Pfalzer M. - Broad spectrum anti-Candida activities of a new indolyl-triazole, NL114
Pfau R.K.M. - Relapses versus reactions in multibacillary leprosy: proposal of new relapse criteria
Pfeffer M. - Seroprevalence of IgG antibodies against flaviviruses in German soldiers
Pfeil K. - Susceptibility patterns to oral antimicrobials of PVL+ MRSA from Austria
  - Resistance to tigecycline and other non b-lactam antimicrobials of MRSA strains collected in Austria in 2005/2006
Pfister K. - Epidemiological aspects of Borrelia spielmanii from Germany with special respect to its genetic heterogeneity
Pfister W. - Phenotypical expression of extended spectrum b-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae: prevalence in 3 university hospitals in Germany, 2003–2006 and implications for screening
Pfrepper K. - A comparative study for the determination of IgG avidity during a toxoplasmosis infection in pregnancy
Pfyffer G.E. - Evaluation of the IDI-MRSA assay for detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from clinical specimens
Phan T. - In vitro–in vivo clearance correlation of EDP-420, clarithromycin and telithromycin
Phan L. - Preclinical pharmacokinetics and interspecies scaling of EDP-420, a first-in-class bicyclolide
Phillipart I. - Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with reduced susceptibility to glycopeptides in Belgian hospitals: results of a multicentre survey
Phillips P.H. - Intensity of care is the major determinant of coagulase-negative staphylococcal bacteraemia in NICU: implications for risk adjusted surveillance of hospital-acquired infections
Phillips R. - First reported case of human infection with Psychrobacter submarinus
Phillips A.D. - Detection of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli in faecal samples from patients in the community with diarrhoea
Piacentini P. - Cross-subtype immunity against avian influenza in humans recently vaccinated for the influenza season
Picard J. - New perspectives on the bacteriology and antimicrobial susceptibility of dog bite wounds
Picazo J. - Hepatitis C virus genotypes distribution in infected patients
  - Ten years of surveillance on antimicrobial resistance in non-typhoidal Salmonella from humans in a Spanish hospital: 1996–2005
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline and other antimicrobial agents against extended-spectrum b-lactamase E. coli producers
  - Macrolide resistance in Streptococcus spp. and Enterococcus spp. clinical isolates: phenotypic and genotypic analysis
Piccoli L. - IgG IgM Western Blot in early diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis
Piccolo G. - Performance evaluation of the Vidia™ toxoplasmosis IgG and IgM assays
Pich J. - Immunological reconstitution in severely immunosuppressed antiretroviral-naïve patients (<100 CD4+ T cells/mm3) using a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based or boosted protease inhibitor-based ART regimen: 3-year results
  - Efficacy and safety of tenofovir, abacavir and efavirenz in treatment-naïve patients: 48-week results (The ABATE Trial)
Picha D. - Proof of specific DNA using nested-PCR in patiens with different clinical form of Lyme borreliosis
  - Neuroborreliosis and tick-borne encephalitis – same vector, but different clinical course
Piche J. - Performance evaluation of VIDIA HIV DUO, a new automated immunoassay test for the qualitative HIV antigen/antibodies detection in serum and plasma human samples
Pickbrenner A. - Activity of moxifloxacin and cefuroxime against MSSA in time-kill and in vitro PK/PD studies
Picon E. - Susceptibility of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strains causing nosocomially- and community-acquired bacteraemia
Piddock L. - Effect of multiple passages of S. typhimurium in the presence of disinfectants on susceptibility to antimicrobials, on persistence in the one-day-old chick model and efflux systems
  - Development of a rapid fluorescence assay in 96 well plate assay for multiple antibiotic resistant Salmonella typhimurium
Pierangeli A. - Recently identified viruses contribute significantly to acute respiratory infections in children
Pierard D. - Prevalence of Mex-mediated resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia in 4 Belgian hospitals
Piérard D. - Imported cases of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii producing OXA-23 carbapenemase in Belgium: characterisation and unusual loss of resistance
  - Discrepant antimicrobial susceptibility data: an important quality tool for the microbiological laboratory?
  - Isolation of Microbacterium species in a case of dialysis-associated peritonitis
Pierard D. - In vitro activity of temocillin and other antimicrobial agents against extended-spectrum-b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from patients hospitalised in Belgian intensive care units
Piérard D. - Impact on viral pathogen yield of the absence of cells in nasopharyngeal aspirate specimens
Piessens J. - Fluoroquinolone-resistant group A Streptococcus in Belgium: first report of an emergence of high-level FQ resistance in Emm6 GAS
Piette A. - Prevalence of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriacae isolates at two Belgian hospitals: a descriptive study
Pietzcker T. - Evaluation of the Merlin MICRONAUT system for rapid direct susceptibility testing of Gram-positive cocci and Gram-negative bacilli from positive blood cultures
Pietzka A. - Comparative molecular analysis of veterinary, dairy, and clinical Staphylococcus aureus isolates by spa typing and amplification of the mecA and the PVL genes
Pigneux A. - Liposomal amphotericin B standard dose in combination with caspofungin versus liposomal amphotericin B high dose regimen for the treatment of invasive aspergillosis in immunocompromised patients: randomised pilot study (Combistrat Trial)
Pike R. - Antimicrobial susceptibility of Nocardia spp. – experience in England and Wales
  - Carbapenem resistance in an epidemic CTX-M-15 b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strain in the United Kingdom
Pillai A. - Brodies abscess: a diagnostic dilemma
Pimenov V. - Differences of immunoreactivity of selected antigenic epitope of tick-borne encephalitis virus envelope protein gE modelled by different variants of recombinant fusion proteins
Pimenta A. - From insects to man: identification of virulence factors involved in the adaptation of the emerging pathogen Photorhabdus asymbiotica to human hosts
Pina T. - Invasive cryptococcosis associated with treatment with adalimumab, a tumour necrosis factor alpha-antagonist agent
Pina-Vaz C. - Optimisation of a flow cytometry protocol for detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in hospital tap water and human stools
  - Effects of vasoactive amines and albumin upon yeast susceptibility to antifungals
Pinedo A. - Multiresistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa serogroup O:12 outbreak in an intensive care unit
  - Epidemiology of infections caused by extended-spectrum b-lactamases producing Escherichia coli for a three-year period
Piñeiro C. - HIV infection in an intensive care unit
Pinho M.D. - Presence of family phage-like elements conferring efflux-mediated macrolide resistance in group G streptococci
Pini B. - Activity of tigecycline against ESBL-producing enterobacteria spreading in Italy
Pinke M. - Clonal spread of Staphylococcus aureus among soldiers in Latvian contingent in Iraq
Piñón A. - Myocarditis heart failure associated with Adenovirus infection
Pintado V. - Marked tigecycline and colistin synergistic bactericidal effect against a nosocomial epidemic carbapenemase (VIM-1) producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clone
  - Nosocomial meningitis
Pintens V. - Presence of a pneumococcus-like capsulation locus in viridans group streptococci
  - Effect of Fe and glucose on the glycolysis and gluconeogenesis in biofilm-associated Staphylococcus epidermidis
  - Influence of mutations in genes of the sigma B operon on Staphylococcus epidermidis in vitro and in vivo biofilm formation
Pinto F.R. - Correspondence between typing methods results: a web-based quantitative analysis tool
Pinto E. - The importance of signal recognition particle for viability of Streptococcus pneumoniae
Pires R. - Rapid variations in the macrolide resistance frequency, phenotypes and clones of group A streptococci from pharyngeal colonisation and infections, 2000 to 2006
  - Epidemiology of multiresistant Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium collected during 2004 to 2006 in a Lisbon hospital
Pirnay J. - Prevalence of Mex-mediated resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia in 4 Belgian hospitals
Pirpiris P. - Gastric juice urease test for Helicobacter pylori detection
Pirzadeh A. - Microbial and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns from patients with chronic otitis media in Ardebil, Iran
Pisaturo M. - Relationship between virological evolution and acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis C (A-E-CHC) and during the natural history of infection
Piskun D. - Some aspects of treatment of pneumonia complicated with the development of septic shock
Piskunová N. - Helcococcus kunzii isolation from prosthetic joint infection
Pissard S. - Detection by DHPLC of 23S rDNA mutations responsible for clarithromycin resistance in Helicobacter pylori
Pissarra C. - Characterisation of the genetic structure of the invasive macrolide-resistant pneumococci in Portugal
Pistella E. - Teicoplanin versus cefuroxime as prophylaxis in prosthetic joint implant surgery
Pisula A. - Outbreaks of invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis group C in two regions of southern Poland
Pitlik S. - Appropriateness of antibiotic therapy on weekends vs weekdays
  - Mortality of patients with antibiotic-associated diarrhoea – the impact of Clostridium difficile
  - Predicting Clostridium difficile toxin in hospitalised patients with antibiotic-associated diarrhoea
Pitout J. - Worldwide dissemination of expanded-spectrum b-lactamase VEB-1 and quinolone resistance determinant QnrA1 through acquisition of IncA/C2 plasmids
Pitsouni E. - Temporal trends in the methodological quality of randomised controlled trials of antimicrobial agents
Pitsounis N. - Factors correlated with adherence to HAART: a multicentre study from an HIV-infected Greek population
Pitt T.L. - The activity of five commonly used topical antiseptic agents on epidemic and sporadic strains of Acinetobacter baumannii
Pittaluga F. - Whole blood real-time PCR for cytomegalovirus DNA quantification: analysis of PCR data and pp65 antigen test in a cohort of solid-organ transplant recipients
Pittet D. - A low nurse-to-patient ratio is an independent risk factor for late-onset VAP
  - WHO first Global Patient Safety Challenge: current achievements
  - Molecular epidemiology of non-multiresistant and community-associated MRSA in Geneva, Switzerland, over a 13-year period
  - Reduction of healthcare-associated infection rates in a Swiss university hospital following hand hygiene promotion
Pituch H. - Emergence of a new epidemic Clostridium difficile strain (ribotype 017) resistant to newer fluoroquinolones in Poland
  - Survey of Clostridium difficile infection and faecal lactoferrin in Polish paediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease
  - Clostridium difficile in Europe: results of the 2005 European-wide survey
Piu S. - Development of glycopeptide-intermediate resistance by Staphylococcus aureus leads to attenuated infectivity in a rat model of endocarditis
Pivarnik M. - Clinical symptoms, treatment and outcome of Highlands malaria in Eldoret (2,400 m a.s.l.) and comparison to malaria in hyper-immune population in endemic region of South Sudan
  - Point prevalence study of the spectrum of infectious diseases and antimicrobial drugs use in homogeneous slum population of Mukuru in Nairobi
Pivert A. - Multi-centre evaluation of a new hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) assay on the family of Access® immunoassay systems
Pizzigallo E. - Incidence of double positive amplifications from immunocompetent patients screened for active human herpesvirus replication
Plachouras D. - Trends in nosocomial bloodstream infections
Plahotnyuk L. - Mycotic peritonitis in Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Plana M. - Immunological reconstitution in severely immunosuppressed antiretroviral-naïve patients (<100 CD4+ T cells/mm3) using a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based or boosted protease inhibitor-based ART regimen: 3-year results
Plata A. - Differences between early and late prosthetic valve endocarditis in a series of 169 cases
Platsouka E. - Molecular study of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in a tertiary care hospital
  - Molecular epidemiology of VIM-1 producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates
  - Risk factors and outcome of critical ill patients with candidaemia
Plecko V. - Primary and secondary resistance of Helicobacter pylori to metronidazole and azithromycin in the northern part of Croatia
Pleijster J. - The distribution of human papillomavirus infection in the male urogenital tract in Russian urological patients
Plésiat P. - Relationship between antibiotic exposure and overproduction of MexXY efflux pump in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Plettenberg A. - Heterogeneity of Chlamydia trachomatis L2 strains involved in the current outbreak of Lymphogranuloma venereum
Pletz M.W. - Biological fitness of fluoroquinolone-resistant invasive clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae
Plucienniczak A. - Analysis of plasmids from multi-resistant and multi-plasmid clinical E. coli strain CZD1527
Plum G. - Cytokine secretion, phagosomal maturation and killing capacity of human neutrophils is differentially influenced by virulent and avirulent strains of Mycobacterium avium
Plussind P. - Diverse dermatologic manifestations in HIV-infected patients after highly active antiretroviral therapy
Poblet-Mas N. - High prevalence of Legionella pneumophila in severe community-acquired pneumonia, as determined by a commercially available PCR assay
Poccia F. - Cross-subtype immunity against avian influenza in humans recently vaccinated for the influenza season
Podojilova M. - Neuroborreliosis and tick-borne encephalitis – same vector, but different clinical course
Podojilová M. - Implementation of national guidelines for good antibiotic policy of respiratory tract infection in hospitalised children with community-acquired pneumonia
Podolskaya S. - Risk factors in the development of latent forms of intrauterine infections in neonates with perinatal pathologies
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Podschun R. - Antimicrobial effects of non-antibiotics on resistant Gram-positive bacteria
Podsiadly E. - Existence of Bartonella henselae reservoir in Poland
Podzamczer D. - Efficacy and safety of tenofovir, abacavir and efavirenz in treatment-naïve patients: 48-week results (The ABATE Trial)
  - Immunological reconstitution in severely immunosuppressed antiretroviral-naïve patients (<100 CD4+ T cells/mm3) using a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based or boosted protease inhibitor-based ART regimen: 3-year results
Poga V. - Mixed viral infections in hospitalised children with RSV bronchiolitis
Pogue Y. - Analysis of AtheNA Multi-Lyte HIV-1 Test for confirmation of HIV-1 infection
Poiares da Silva J. - Experimental studies with T. pallidum Nichols strain – Efficacy of treatment in late infection
Poiares-da-Silva J. - Anti-giardial activity of phenolic essential oils
Poiata A. - Modification of cephalexin serum concentration by grapefruit juice co-administration in rats
Poirel L. - Explosive emergence of CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum b-lactamase in Enterobacteriaceae in Kuwait
  - Outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates producing the carbapenem-hydrolysing oxacillinase OXA-97 (OXA-58-like) in a university hospital in Tunisia
  - Worldwide dissemination of expanded-spectrum b-lactamase VEB-1 and quinolone resistance determinant QnrA1 through acquisition of IncA/C2 plasmids
  - Updated qnr multiplex PCR-based technique: epidemiological survey of Qnr determinants in a collection of ESBL-producing enterobacterial isolates from Kuwait
  - Emerging broad-spectrum b-lactamases in Escherichia coli: latest ESBLs and carbapenemases
Polard E. - Adverse events and b-lactam trough plasma concentrations during the treatment of endocarditis
Polemis M. - Antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli urinary isolates from primary care patients in Greece
  - Study of an outbreak of imipenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae infections in the intensive care unit of a Greek hospital
Politi K. - Human herpes virus 6 infection in children in Northern Greece
Politou A. - Hepatitis C virus kinetics during the acute phase of infection after occupational exposure in healthcare workers
Pollock K. - Microbiology of thrombotic microangiopathies in Scotland, 2003–2006
Poluga J. - Visceral leishmaniasis – does antimony loose its efficiency?
  - The risks of reintroduction of malaria into Belgrade area, Serbia
Polyakova E. - Molecular epidemiology of bacteriophages in group A streptococcal strains belonging to serotype M49
Pongkumpai M. - A randomised trial of 2% chlorhexidine in 70% alcohol compared with 10% povidone-iodine for venipuncture site disinfection: effects on blood culture contamination rates
  - Significance of Streptococcusbovis biotype II/2 bacteraemia in patients with chronic liver diseases
Poole T. - Routine use of blood culture bottles can reduce detection time in PD peritonitis
Poon R.W.S. - Molecular epidemiology, genotypes and recombination of coronavirus HKU1, a novel human coronavirus associated with respiratory tract infections
Poor Mirza Gholi F. - Immunological evaluation of Vi-CPS-BSA conjugate of Salmonella typhi
Poorpak Z. - Administration of DNA vaccine containing E6 gene of HPV16 in order to evaluate cellular immunity
Poovorawan Y. - Associated factors and viral DNA in isolated hepatitis B core antibody group among healthcare workers
Popescu C. - Current concepts of malaria in Romania
  - Antimicrobial susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from lower respiratory tract infections – Therapeutic consequences
Popescu G.A. - Antimicrobial susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from lower respiratory tract infections – Therapeutic consequences
Popescu C. - Visceral leishmaniasis cases in Romania
Popoff M. - Emergence of PCR-ribotype 027 Clostridium difficile-associated disease, Northern France, 2006
Popoiu M. - Antimicrobial susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from lower respiratory tract infections – Therapeutic consequences
Popova V. - Susceptibility of Acinetobacter spp. to antimicrobial agents with respect to their susceptibility to carbapenems
Popovici N. - Genetic profiles of intestinal Escherichia coli isolates from Romanian subjects
Poppert S. - Detection of resistance to linezolid in Enterococcus spp. by fluorescence in situ hybridisation using locked nucleic acid probes
  - Evaluation of the Merlin MICRONAUT system for rapid direct susceptibility testing of Gram-positive cocci and Gram-negative bacilli from positive blood cultures
  - Evaluation of fluorescence in situ hybridisation for the identification of clinically relevant Candida species
Porter A.J.R. - Development of recombinant antibody therapeutics for the treatment of bacterial infections
Portillo M. - Nosocomial meningitis
Portocarrero N. - Quantitative CMV PCR in allogenic stem-cell transplant patients
  - Prevalence of antibodies to Trypanosoma cruzi in Latin American immigrants in Spain
Porzionato A. - Detection of polyomaviruses and herperviruses in human adrenal tumours
Posmyk U. - Outbreaks of invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis group C in two regions of southern Poland
Pospelova T. - Bacteraemia and fungaemia in haematologic patients
Potier Rodeia S. - Food safety and monitoring of foodborne infections
Potz N.A.C. - Mortality following invasive MRSA infection in England, 2004–5
Poujioyka M. - Three-year study of hepatitis A, B and C infection prevalence in a major Greek hospital
Poulakou G. - The panhellenic study on the antimicrobial susceptibility of community-acquired uropathogens: preliminary data report
  - In vitro efficacy of cefditoren against recent isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Greece
  - Emerging colimycin resistance in Gram-negative strains isolated from intensive care unit patients
Poulou A. - Emergence of metallo-b-lactamase-producing Proteus mirabilis in the community setting
  - Comparison of phenotypic methods for identification of AmpC b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. clinical isolates
  - Influx of metallo-b-lactamase- and AmpC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates in a regional hospital
Poupard J. - Streptococcus pneumoniae clonal relationships over time in isolates from Belgian provinces bordering countries with low and high levels of antibiotic resistance
  - Clonal relationships of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates harbouring multiple antibiotic resistance from Belgium
Pournaras S. - Pseudomonas aeruginosa with a novel blaVIM-4/blaP1b and a second class-1 integron, efflux pumps overexpression and repressed porin OprD
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  - Influx of metallo-b-lactamase- and AmpC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates in a regional hospital
Pourshafie M.R. - Diversity in the content and arrangement of CTX genetic element among toxigenic Vibrio cholerae strains isolated during 2004–2006 in Iran
Pourshafie M. - Genotypic characterisation by PFGE and ribotyping of clinical isolates of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in Iran
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Pouyiouka M. - Tuberculosis among immigrants: our experience
Pouzet A. - Specificity studies of the new Access® HBs Ag and HBs Ag confirmatory assays from Beckman Coulter
  - A comparative study of the new Access® HBs Ag assay and the HBs Ag confirmatory assay from Beckman Coulter
  - Sensitivity studies of the new Access® HBs Ag and HBs Ag confirmatory assays from Beckman Coulter
Poveda J.B. - Multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli mutants selected with diazepam or lomefloxacin overexpressing soxS, sdiA, acrAB, TolC and PBP3
Powell D. - Mortality following invasive MRSA infection in England, 2004–5
Poxton for the European Study Group on Clostridium difficile I. - Clostridium difficile in Europe: results of the 2005 European-wide survey
Pozhar V. - Effectiveness and tolerability of amoxycillin and azithromycin in treatment of patients with mild-to-moderate community-acquired pneumonias in outpatient settings
Pozzi T. - Hepatitis A infection in central Tuscany in children and youths
Prada J.L. - Diarrhoea by Clostridium difficile toxin
  - Joint implant infections in a general hospital
  - Clinical features of acute Q fever in a southern area of Spain
Prag J. - Phenotypic characteristics of 357 consecutively collected human isolates of Fusobacterium necrophorum ssp. funduliforme from Denmark
  - Nineteen cases of Actinobaculum schaalii identified in Viborg County, Denmark
  - Fusobacterium necrophorum infections in Denmark from 1998 to 2001 – a prospective epidemiological and clinical survey
Prasithsirikul W. - Incidence and risk factors of nevirapine-associated skin rashes and hepatitis among naïve HIV-infected patients with CD4 cell counts <250 cells/mL
Prat C. - Utility of the IFN-g assays using Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific antigens for the diagnosis of latent infection in contacts of people with sputum smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis
  - Evaluation of two new tests for the detection of Helicobacter pylori in stool specimens
Prati F. - Bloodstream infections complicating orthotopic liver transplant: comparison between the recipients from cadaver and living donors
Pratikaki M. - Risk factors and outcome of critical ill patients with candidaemia
Pratlong F. - Recurrent cutaneous leishmaniasis due to Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis after treatment with pentamidine: a study of 7 cases and analysis of this nosological entity
Prats G. - Community-acquired Listeria monocytogenes meningitis in adults
  - Host susceptibility to accute community-acquired bacterial meningitis: multicentre study of genetic markers
  - Nosocomial meningitis
Pratti A. - Antimicrobial activity of tigecycline and daptomycin against Gram-positive cocci: a multicentre study in Greek hospitals
Prause C. - Two immunological test to diagnostic Carrion's disease (bartonellosis) in patients of endemic areas in Peru
Preikschat P. - Effect of intrahepatic hepatitis C virus internal ribosomal entry site activity on the outcome of infection
Prenna M. - Detection of phage-associated virulence/resistance genes in induced prophages of Streptococcuspyogenes clinical isolates
  - Characterisation of unusual patterns of MLS resistance among Streptococcus pyogenes clinical isolates
Preoteasa E. - Beta-lactamase production and antibiotic susceptibility testing of anaerobic Gram-negative bacilli isolated from oral and maxillofacial infections
Presecki Stanko A. - Primary and secondary resistance of Helicobacter pylori to metronidazole and azithromycin in the northern part of Croatia
Presnova S. - Comparison of quality of drug susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by absolute concentration method and BACTEC 460
Presterl E. - Changing pattern of candidaemia 2001–2005 and consumption of antifungal agents at a university hospital, Vienna
  - In vitro activity of daptomycin and tigecycline against Staphylococcus epidermidis blood isolates from bone marrow transplant patients
Prestini K. - Potential role of TDM in dosing protease inhibtors in HIV-HCV co-infected patients with or without cirrhosis
  - Pharmacokinetics of atazanavir in HIV-HCV co-infected patients with or without cirrhosis
Preziuso S. - Preliminary evaluation of a PCR protocol to directly detect Streptococcus equi ssp. zooepidemicus in equine specimens
Priadko A. - Mycotic peritonitis in Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Priavali E. - Application of hybridisation probe-based real-time PCR assay to monitor the Brucella DNA load in patients with brucellosis throughout different stages of the disease
Prieto J. - Effects of cefditoren, cefuroxime, cefaclor and cefixime on the competitive growth of Streptococcus pneumoniae, as a model approach to selection of populations
  - Bactericidal activity of simulated serum concentrations of bid regimens of 400 mg cefditoren and 2000/125 mg amoxicillin/clavunanic acid against ampicillin susceptible and resistant H. influenzae: an in vitro pharmacodynamic model
  - Dose ranging and fractionation of moxifloxacin against Stenotrophomonas maltophilia using an in vitro pharmacodynamic model
  - Effect of human albumin physiological concentrations on the in vitro bactericidal activity of daptomycin vs. vancomycin Cmax concentrations against Gram-positive isolates exhibiting the main resistance phenotypes
  - A semi-automated procedure for monitoring of cytomegalovirus
Prieto R. - Antimicrobial susceptibility of the pathogens of bacteraemia in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit in Bogota, Colombia, 2001–2006
Prieto J. - Initial hospital management at emergency departments of community-acquired pneumonia in Spain
  - Predictive risk factors for amputation in diabetic fetid foot infections
Prihodova J. - Treatment outcomes in adult purulent meningitis: a specialised centre experience in the Czech Republic
Prince R. - In vitro activity of daptomycin and linezolid against vancomycin-resistant Gram-positive pathogens from cancer patients
Principi M. - CMV reactivation and antiviral immune response in patients with septic shock
Prins J. - The HARMONY antibiotic policy and process tools and SWAB collaboration
Priovolos A. - Risk factors and outcome of critical ill patients with candidaemia
Priputnevich T.V. - Antimicrobial resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the Russian Federation in 2006
Procopio A. - Invasive infections due to Haemophilus influenzae in paediatrics
Prodhomme A. - Most Escherichia coli strains overproducing AmpC b-lactamase belong to phylogroup A
Prokop M. - Clinical implications of chest radiographic resolution in hospitalised adults with severe community-acquired pneumonia
Prostko J. - Improved performance of the automated toxoplasmosis IgG, IgM & IgG avidity assays on the Abbott ARCHITECT Instrument
Protonotariou E. - Epidemiology of evolution and antibiotic resistance profile of Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a Greek tertiary care hospital
  - Occurrence of metallo-b-lactamases in Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates resistant to carbapenems
Provis A. - Trends in antibiotic consumption in 5 Hellenic hospitals over a three-year period: results of the Hellenic Network for Nosocomial Antibiotic Consumption for the years 2003–2004–2005
Prugh K. - Comparison of culture and real-time PCR for point prevalence surveillance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a large public teaching hospital
Pryamchuk S. - Comparative study for conjugative plasmids carrying CTX-M genes in Escherichia coli nosocomial isolates
Przondo-Mordarska A. - Analysis of the effect of selected antiseptics and antibiotics on the survival of planktonic celles and biofilm cells
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Psaroudaki Z. - Molecular epidemiology of VIM-1 producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates
Psaroulaki A. - A proteomics approach to understanding the pathogenesis mechanisms of the obligate intracellular pathogen Coxiella burnetii
Pucci D. - Improved performance of the automated toxoplasmosis IgG, IgM & IgG avidity assays on the Abbott ARCHITECT Instrument
Pue H. - An investigation of a cluster of parapoxvirus cases in Missouri, February–May 2006
Puente S. - Traveller diarrhoea. Aetiological study in a tropical medicine unit
Puerta-Louro R. - Pyomyositis. A current review
Puerto J. - Arthritis and chronic hepatitis C virus infection
Puerto J.L. - HIV-related morbidity in the HAART era
  - Neoplasia in patients with HIV infection: effect of HAART
  - Expression of phagocyte Fcg receptors during anti-tuberculous treatment
Puglisi S. - Antimicrobial susceptibility of anaerobic and facultative aerobic bacteria isolated from pus specimens of orofacial infections and b-lactamase production
  - Effect of Berberis aetnensis C. Presl extract on tissue transglutaminase expression in primary astroglial cell cultures exposed to glutamate
Pujate E. - Clonal spread of Staphylococcus aureus among soldiers in Latvian contingent in Iraq
  - Association between antibiotic use and incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in general intensive care unit
Pullukcu H. - Moxifloxacin versus ampicillin+gentamicin in the therapy of experimental Listeria monocytogenes meningitis
  - Changes in antibacterial resistance patterns in Staphylococcus aureus strains which are related to microbiologically confirmed nosocomial bacteraemia in a tertiary care educational hospital in Turkey
  - Evaluation of the knowledge of hospital cleaning staff about prevention of nosocomial infections
  - In vitro activity of fosfomycin tromethamine and linezolid against clinical vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium isolates
Pulvirenti R. - Hepatitis C virus genotyping: correlation between real-time PCR and probe hybridisation assays
Pumarola T. - Relevance of respiratory viruses among adult immunocompromised patients with community-acquired pneumonia
  - HHV-7 primary infection in solid organ transplant recipients
Punda-Polic V. - Molecular epidemiology of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in a university hospital, Split, Croatia
Puoti M. - Potential role of TDM in dosing protease inhibtors in HIV-HCV co-infected patients with or without cirrhosis
  - Pharmacokinetics of atazanavir in HIV-HCV co-infected patients with or without cirrhosis
Pupaibool J. - Survival of dengue virus in the urine of acutely-infected patients – implications for pathogenesis and for a possible unrecognized mode of transmission for an arthropod-borne virus
Pustowoit B. - Evaluation of an automated chemiluminescent immunoassay for the detection of anti-rubella virus IgM antibodies
Putcharoen O. - Significance of Streptococcusbovis biotype II/2 bacteraemia in patients with chronic liver diseases
  - Brucellosis in Thailand: emerging and enigmatic
  - A comparative study of treatment outcome in cryptococcal meningitis in HIV-infected patients during period before versus after implementation of treatment guidelines for management of increased intracranial pressure
  - Presence of dengue virus genome in the bone marrow of asymptomatic adults in a dengue-hyperendemic country: implication for complicated dengue pathogenesis
Puvaneswaren P.S. - Looking for evidence of Chlamydia pneumoniae presence in atherosclerotic and non-atherosclerotic segments of arteries obtained from autopsies at a forensic unit in a Kuala Lumpur hospital, by both rtPCR to detect omp A VD4 base sequences and immunohistoch
Puyol L. - Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium DT104 as a cause of infantile bacteraemia in Southern Mozambique
Puz P. - Pandemic flu preparedness – role of antibiotics
Puzyrev V. - Differences of immunoreactivity of selected antigenic epitope of tick-borne encephalitis virus envelope protein gE modelled by different variants of recombinant fusion proteins