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K
Kaabia N. - Extrapulmonary tuberculosis in central Tunisia: a review of 114 cases
Kaase M. - Biofilm formation may be an independent virulence factor in wild-type Staphylococcus saprophyticus strain 7108 in contrast to wild-type strain CCM 883
  - Comparison of methods for penicillinase detection in S. aureus
Kaatz G. - Evaluation of various fluoroquinolones against S. pneumoniae with 1st step mutations of parC
  - Evaluation of daptomycin activity against Staphylococcus aureus following vancomycin exposure in an in vitro pharmacodynamic model with simulated endocardial vegetations
Kabbara S. - Pharmacodynamics of gentamicin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa: modelling bacterial response to drug-selective pressures
Kachanka A. - Prevalence of hepatitis C virus genotypes in chronic infected patients of haemodialysis department
Kaclíkova E. - Comparison of four real-time PCR-based methods for the detection of food-borne Salmonella enterica
Kaclikova E. - Comparison of commercially available methods and in-house real-time PCR-based method for the detection of food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes
Kada E. - Human papillomavirus genotyping by DHPLC and sequencing
Kada H. - Chryseobacterium meningosepticum septicaemia in a N.I.C.U.
Kadanali A. - Antibody response in Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, and association between antibodies and clinical outcome
Kadyrov A. - Reappearance of CCHF and other tick-borne arboviruses in the Syrdarya region of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Kaeser M. - Microarray technology reveals genomic diversity and phylogeny in Mycobacterium ulcerans
Kaewkungwal J. - Associated factors and viral DNA in isolated hepatitis B core antibody group among healthcare workers
Kafkoula-Alevizou H. - Report of the susceptibility pattern and toxigenicity of Clostridium difficile strains isolated from patients in a tertiary hospital in Greece during four years
Kahlmeter G. - A comparison of antimicrobial susceptibility in non-clinical and clinical isolates of Escherichia coli
  - Fluoroquinolone resistance in nalidixic acid-resistant Escherichia coli
  - Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistance rates in association with level of hospital care: data from the EARSS
  - A planned dramatic drop in trimethoprim consumption in a 180,000 population did not result in a related decrease in trimethoprim resistance in Escherichia coli
  - EARSS results: S. pneumoniae resistance related to serogroups?
  - Polyclonal distribution of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Stockholm
  - The impact of a drastic change in selection pressure on trimethoprim resistance genes in clinical Escherichia coli isolates
  - In vitro evaluation of MRSA screening methods
  - Is the ratio of associated Escherichia coli resistance comparable over Europe?
Kahn J. - A decade of levofloxacin: summary of the cumulative clinical trial safety database
  - Once daily, levofloxacin 750 mg for 5 days in the treatment of acute pyelonephritis and associated bacteraemia
Kaijalainen T. - An outbreak of pneumonia caused by S. pneumoniae at a military training facility in Finland in 2006
Kaikhavandi A. - Prevalence of Hymenolepis nana and other intestinal parasites as mixed infection among children in Ilam, and impact of single-dose praziquantel against H. nana
Kaissi E. - The effect of variceal bleeding on T-cell subsets in patients with cirrhosis
Kakai R. - Genotypic analysis of human Salmonella typhimurium strains from western Kenya
Kakarriqi E. - Epidemiological and clinical features of a hepatitis A outbreak among adults in Albania
Kakisi O.K. - Infectious complications of monoclonal antibodies used in cancer therapy
Kalamitsou S. - Study of immunity level to measles and mumps in women of reproductive age in Northern Greece
Kalantar N. - Frequency of proteinuria among HIV-infected patients
Kalapothaki V. - Carbapenemase producing clinical isolates among non-fermenting bacteria from a tertiary hospital
Kalavrytinou E. - Differences in the features of staphylococcal bacteraemias in adults with and without cancer
Kalavsky E. - Clinical symptoms, treatment and outcome of Highlands malaria in Eldoret (2,400 m a.s.l.) and comparison to malaria in hyper-immune population in endemic region of South Sudan
  - Risk factors for voriconazole resistance in non/albicans candida in HIV-positive children
  - Reversibility of antimicrobial resistance in respiratory isolates in HIV-positive Cambodian children after 36 months of HAART
Kalchev A. - Spread of hepatitis B and C viruses among healthy people in Bulgaria
Kalenic S. - Primary and secondary resistance of Helicobacter pylori to metronidazole and azithromycin in the northern part of Croatia
  - Prevalence and molecular epidemiology of CTX-M b-lactamases in Croatia
  - Molecular epidemiology of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in a university hospital, Split, Croatia
Kaleyias J. - Anaerobic microbiology of peritoneal cavity specimens in childhood
  - Enterovirus meningitis in south west Greece: clinical manifestations and CSF laboratory findings
Kalikatzaros D.K. - Frequency of haematogenic contagious infections to blood donors in a general hospital of thoracic diseases in Athens, Greece, 2001–2005
Kalil J. - New antiprotozoal drugs refered as antimicrotubular haloacetamidobenzoates
Kalin M. - Quantitative detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae from sputum samples for diagnosis of community-aquired pneumonia
Kalinowska-Nowak A. - Clinical analysis of tuberculous meningitis cases hospitalised from 1993 to 2006
Kalkani M. - Time-to-positivity of aerobic blood cultures by using BacTec 9120 blood culture system
Kallergi K. - Mixed viral infections in hospitalised children with RSV bronchiolitis
  - Epidemiologic study of paediatric bacterial meningitis in Greece (1998–2006)
Kallfa E. - Prevenar use in children older than five years
Kallinikidis T. - Comparison of phenotypic methods for identification of AmpC b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. clinical isolates
Kallitsis A. - Fatal case of antritis caused by mucormycosis in patient with diabetes mellitus
Kallow W. - Rapid pathogen identification by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry/SARAMIS database in clinical microbiological routine diagnostics
Kalmusova J. - Characterisation of Neisseria meningitidis B causing invasive disease in the Czech Republic
  - Distinct Neisseria meningitidis isolates display different cytokine induction capacities in an ex vivo whole-blood model
Kalogeropoulou H. - Trends in nosocomial bloodstream infections
Kaltoft M.S. - International Circumpolar Surveillance interlaboratory quality control programme, 1999–2004
Kamagiani A. - ESBL-producing Enterobecteriaceae and in vitro evaluation of tigecycline
Kamalinejad M. - Essential oil composition and antibacterial effects of Ziziphora clinopodioides
Kamatsos I.K. - Frequency of haematogenic contagious infections to blood donors in a general hospital of thoracic diseases in Athens, Greece, 2001–2005
Kamihira S. - Efflux pump inhibitors reduce the invasiveness of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Kamoche S. - Spectrum of gastrointestinal infections among 420 cases in population without regular access to drinking water in Kenya
  - Point prevalence study of the spectrum of infectious diseases and antimicrobial drugs use in homogeneous slum population of Mukuru in Nairobi
Kamola R. - Alert pathogens in blood of haematological patients from 2004 through 2005
Kampf G. - Bacterial population kinetics on hands during two consecutive surgical hand disinfection procedures
Kanafani Z. - Comparison of clinical outcomes in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia and endocarditis presenting with or without systemic inflammatory response syndrome
Kanakakis S. - Human papillomavirus genotyping by DHPLC and sequencing
Kanatli A. - The knowledge level of high school students in Antakya city, Turkey about AIDS
Kanavaki S. - S. agalactiae invasive infections in male adults
  - S. pneumoniae resistance patterns in a chest diseases hospital, for the decade 1997–2006
  - Evolution of H. influenzae resistance in a chest diseases hospital, for the period 2001–2006
  - Metallo-b-lactamase producing P. aeruginosa in a tertiary hospital, 2004–2006
  - Evaluation of metallo-b-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae epidemiology in a Greek hospital (2004–2006)
  - Extrapulmonary mycobacteria isolations
  - Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) in Athens
Kanavos K. - Current trends of infective endocarditis caused by Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase negative staphylococci in Greece: results from the Hellenic Endocarditis Study Group, 2000–2004
Kanavou A. - Are procalcitonin and C-reactive protein accurate prognostic markers in sepsis?
Kanazawa K. - PZ-601 is active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial pathogens causative for complicated skin and skin structure infections, and community-acquired pneumonia
Kandrava K. - Point prevalence study of the spectrum of infectious diseases and antimicrobial drugs use in homogeneous slum population of Mukuru in Nairobi
Kandyla B.D. - Physician adherence to pneumonia guidelines regarding initial regimen choice
Kaneko-Hirano I. - Detection and characterisation of enterotoxigenic Clostridium perfringens type A isolates in Japanese retail meats
Kanellopoulou M. - Pulmonary nocardiosis in a tertiary care hospital: 8-year experience (1999–2006)
  - Trichosporon asahii in hospitalised patients
  - Broth microdilution, Etest and disk diffusion methods for Trichosporon asahii susceptibility testing against established and new antifungal agents
  - The panhellenic study on the antimicrobial susceptibility of community-acquired uropathogens: preliminary data report
Kanervo-Nordström A. - Antimicrobial susceptibility of Peptostreptococcus anaerobius and Peptostreptococcus stomatis
Kang M.W. - Microbial pathogens and antibiotic susceptibility in community-acquired lower respiratory tract infection in Korea
Kang C-I. - Bacteraemia caused by high-level gentamicin-resistant Enterococcus: risk factors, clinical features and outcomes
Kang M.W. - Comparison between MicroScan system and agar dilution method for quinupristin/dalfopristin susceptibility of Enterococcus faecium
Kaniga K. - Treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections: doripenem versus meropenem
  - Intravenous therapy with doripenem versus levofloxacin with an option for oral step-down therapy in the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections and pyelonephritis
Kannan S. - Alveolar macrophage phagocytosis and respiratory burst activity is regulated by Lyn–PI3Kinase–Akt pathway
Kansouzidou A. - Evaluation of a real-time RT-PCR assay for the diagnosis of measles virus infections during a measles outbreak in Greece
  - Human herpes virus 6 infection in children in Northern Greece
Kantardjiev T. - Bulgarian Surveillance Tracking Antimicrobial Resistance – BulSTAR: bloodstream infections in 2005
  - Occurrence of CTX-M-3 extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Salmonella Brandenburg in Bulgaria
  - High rate of extended-spectrum b-lactamases among Enterobacteriaceae blood-culture isolates from Bulgarian hospitals
  - Touchdown PCR as a tool for improved detection of invasive candidosis
  - Multicentre study of antifungal susceptibility patterns of yeast isolates and their species distributions in Bulgaria
  - Species distribution in bloodstream isolates of Candida species in Bulgaria and their susceptibility to antifungal agents
Kantarjian H. - Safety of high-dose caspofungin in 80 cancer patients and haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients with invasive fungal infections
Kanyilmaz D. - Evaluation of reported percutaneous/mucocutaneous injuries in a tertiary care hospital
Kapadia M. - In vitro activity of daptomycin and linezolid against vancomycin-resistant Gram-positive pathogens from cancer patients
Kaparos G. - Time to positivity of BACTEC blood culture bottles
  - Isolation of Cryptococcus humicolus from an immunocompromised HIV-negative patient
Kapi M. - A cost-effective study of VRE surveillance in a Greek university hospital
Kapisazovic S. - Praziquantel in prevention of complicated echinococcosis relapses
Kaplan N. - Comparative dose studies of API-1252 and linezolid against hospital-acquired and community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a murine thigh model
  - In vitro activity of API-1252, a novel anti-staphylococcal agent, against 100 genotypically unique Staphylococcus aureus strains
Kaplinski L. - Demonstration of the application of the tmRNA transcript of the bacterial ssrA gene as a molecular diagnostic target using a combination of NASBA and BiaCore technologies
Kaporskaja L. - Bacteraemia and fungaemia in haematologic patients
Kapotis C. - S. agalactiae invasive infections in male adults
Kappers D. - QTc measurements during a placebo- and actively controlled multiple dose study of two different dosing regimens of isavuconazole
Kaprelyants A. - The muralitic activity of Rpf proteins and their ability to resuscitate dormant mycobacterial cells
Kaptanis S. - Time-to-positivity of aerobic blood cultures by using BacTec 9120 blood culture system
Kara S. - Seroprevalence of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus in humans at risk group in an endemic area
Karabassi V. - Three-year study of hepatitis A, B and C infection prevalence in a major Greek hospital
  - Tuberculosis among immigrants: our experience
Karabaxoglou D. - Human herpes virus 6 infection in children in Northern Greece
Karabay O. - Coxiella burnetii seroprevalence in the rural part of Bolu, a city located in the western Black Sea region of Turkey
Karabela S. - Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) in Athens
  - Extrapulmonary mycobacteria isolations
  - S. pneumoniae resistance patterns in a chest diseases hospital, for the decade 1997–2006
Karabogia P. - Co-existence of Clostridium difficile and vancomycin-resistant enterococci in stool samples, in a tertiary hospital in Greece, during a one-year period
  - Cases of visceral leishmaniasis in a tertiary hospital in Athens, Greece
Karagianni V. - Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 is involved in the pathogenesis of experimental sepsis by multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Karagoz T. - Evaluation of the BACT/ALERT 3D system for testing susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to first-line antituberculosis agents: comparison with BacTec MGIT 960 and Lowenstein-Jensen proportion method
Karahan Z.C. - Investigation and sequencing of urease gene of H. pylori cocoid forms after exposure to different environmental conditions
Karahan Z. - Resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae to widely used antibiotics in a training hospital in Ankara, Turkey
Karahocagil M. - Increasing ciprofloxacine resistance in the bacteria isolated from urine samples: 1999–2004
Karaiskos E. - The panhellenic study on the antimicrobial susceptibility of community-acquired uropathogens: preliminary data report
Karaitianou A. - Carbapenem consumption and resistance of P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae to carbapenems: results from a 7-year study in a general hospital
Karakantza M. - The effect of variceal bleeding on T-cell subsets in patients with cirrhosis
Karakashev S.V. - Molecular epidemiology of hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Russia
Karakoc E.A. - Hospital-acquired bloodstream infections in a teaching hospital: a five year follow-up
  - Assessment of the risk factors for mortality in hospital-acquired Acinetobacter baumannii infections in a teaching hospital
  - Risk factors of hospital-acquired infections in a neurology-neurosurgery intensive care unit in a tertiary care hospital, Turkey
Karakolios A. - Comparison of phenotypic methods for identification of AmpC b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. clinical isolates
Karakoulaki M. - Human papillomavirus genotyping by DHPLC and sequencing
Karakurt F. - Correlation of C-reactive protein to complications and outcome during the intensive care unit course of sepsis patients
Karaman S. - In vitro activity of tigecycline against the multidrug-resistant bacteria isolated from burn patients
  - In vitro antimicrobial activity of tigecycline against multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains
Karami A. - Outcome of pregnancy in pregnant women vaccinated in the mass campaign against measles/rubella in Tehran, Iran
Karanika M. - Antimicrobial activity of tigecycline and daptomycin against Gram-positive cocci: a multicentre study in Greek hospitals
  - Cases of visceral leishmaniasis in a tertiary hospital in Athens, Greece
  - Co-existence of Clostridium difficile and vancomycin-resistant enterococci in stool samples, in a tertiary hospital in Greece, during a one-year period
Karaoglu T. - Antimicrobial and antioxidant actions of the clubmoss Lycopodium clavatum L.
Karatoka B. - The role of Chlamydophila pneumoniae and human herpes virus 6 in aetiopathogenesis of multiple sclerosis and the relation of multiple sclerosis with apolipoprotein E genotypes
Karatzas A. - Effect of multiple passages of S. typhimurium in the presence of disinfectants on susceptibility to antimicrobials, on persistence in the one-day-old chick model and efflux systems
Karbach J. - Antimicrobial effect of antibacterial essential oils and three common antiseptic products
Karbakhsh M. - Study of epidemiological determinants of occupational exposure to HIV, HBV, HCV in healthcare workers in Iran
Karcher F. - Risk assessment and management of possible transmission of Lassa virus during two flights
Karchmer A. - Comparison of clinical outcomes in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia and endocarditis presenting with or without systemic inflammatory response syndrome
Kardas P. - An open-label, randomised, comparative study of the patient compliance, efficacy and safety of treatment with clarithromycin extended-release versus clarithromycin immediate-release for the treatment of acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
Kardén-Lilja M. - Recent trends in epidemiology of MRSA in Finland
Kardos S. - The impact of multiple-resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus in intensive care units – acquired infection
Kardos G. - Prevalence of thermotolerant Campylobacter species in broilers, eggs, chicken abattoir and human samples in a Hungarian county
Kargar K. - Comparing the immunogenecity of hepatitis B vaccine in two different methods of intramuscular and intradermal injection in infants of Bandar Abbas city, Iran
Kargili A. - Correlation of C-reactive protein to complications and outcome during the intensive care unit course of sepsis patients
Karimi M. - In vitro replication of hepatitis D virus using a new construct containing a dimer of HDV genome
Karimi A. - Herpes simplex encephalitis
Karimi I. - The assessment of knowledge about AIDS and its prevention on Isfahan high school students
Karisik E. - Prevalence of an epidemic ESBL-producing Escherichia coli strain in LTCFs in Belfast
  - Carbapenem resistance in an epidemic CTX-M-15 b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strain in the United Kingdom
  - Complete nucleotide sequence of pEK499, a multidrug-resistance plasmid from the UK's most prevalent Escherichia coli strain with CTX-M-15 b-lactamase
  - Epidemiology of hospital-acquired Klebsiella pneumoniae producing CTX-M b-lactamases in Slovenia
Karki T. - The coexistence of secondary PR mutations M36I, K20I and L63H predominates in CRF06-cpx and its next generation recombinant viruses circulating in Estonian treatment-naïve patients
  - GB virus C infection among HIV-positive patients in Estonia
Karlsson Å. - Validation of Etest for susceptibility testing of moulds with posaconazole
Karnezi K.J. - Trends in antibiotic consumption over a 7-year period in a general hospital, Athens, Greece
Karpanen T.J. - Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of micro-organisms present in excised human skin used for ex vivo assessment of topical antimicrobials
Karpe J. - Serum chemokin RANTES as a immunological indicator of early-onset neonatal sepsis
Karpov I. - Prevalence of hepatitis C virus genotypes in chronic infected patients of haemodialysis department
Kart Yasar K. - Investigation of the gentamicin MIC values by e test method in the Gram-negative bacteria isolated from different clinic samples
Kartal M. - Antimicrobial and antioxidant actions of the clubmoss Lycopodium clavatum L.
Kartal E.D. - Risk of occupational infections due to occupational exposures in healthcare workers
Kartali S. - Isolation of E. coli O157:H7 and non-O157 in the region of Thrace, Greece
  - Isolation EPEC strains in the region of Thrace, Greece
Kartalis G. - Isolation of E. coli O157:H7 and non-O157 in the region of Thrace, Greece
Kartsonis N. - Efficacy and safety of caspofungin in solid organ transplant recipients
Karvaj M. - Risk factors for voriconazole resistance in non/albicans candida in HIV-positive children
  - Nosocomial endocarditis due to Gram-negative bacteria
Karveli E.A. - Clindamycin/aminoglycoside versus b-lactam monotherapy for the treatment of intra-abdominal infections: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
Karveli E. - Acinetobacter infections: a growing threat for critically ill patients
Kasapoglu B. - An unusual presentation of acute brucellosis with thrombocytopenia and maculopapular rash
Kasemnejad A. - Extraction, purification and detoxification of Brucella abortus lipopolysaccharide and biological activity evaluation
  - Expression of human serum albumin–L7/L12 (Brucella abortus ribosomal protein) fusion protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Kasik J. - Molecular characterisation of penicillin non-susceptible invasive strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae prevalent in the Czech Republic
Kasprzykowska U. - Presence of STa, STb and LT enterotoxin genes in Klebsiella strains isolated in different hospitals from gastrointestinal tracts
Kassis I. - First outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in an Israeli university hospital
Kassner J. - Bacterial biofilms in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis
Kaszanyitzky E. - Vancomycin-resistant enterococci still persist in slaughtered poultry in Hungary 8 years after the ban on avoparcin
Katic S. - Molecular epidemiology of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in a university hospital, Split, Croatia
Katicic M. - Primary and secondary resistance of Helicobacter pylori to metronidazole and azithromycin in the northern part of Croatia
Katiska P. - Pulmonary nocardiosis in a tertiary care hospital: 8-year experience (1999–2006)
Kato H. - Study on Clostridiumdifficile-associated diarrhoea in a hospital in Japan
Katona K. - The first isolation of PER-1-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumanii strains in Hungary
  - Prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants: qnrA, qnrB and qnrS in extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae strains in Hungary
Katragkou A. - In vitro activity of newer antifungal agents against Candida albicans biofilms
  - Antifungal activity of human monocytes alone and combined with caspofungin against Candida albicans biofilm and planktonic cells
Katrinaki M. - Serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from ocular infections
Katsandri A. - Epidemiological investigation of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhoea in a tertiary care hospital
  - Epidemiological and clinical investigation of Gram-negative anaerobic infections in Greece
Katsarolis I. - The panhellenic study on the antimicrobial susceptibility of community-acquired uropathogens: preliminary data report
  - In vitro efficacy of cefditoren against recent isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Greece
Katsiki-Divari E. - Carbapenem consumption and resistance of P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae to carbapenems: results from a 7-year study in a general hospital
  - Use of intravenous catheters in a general hospital: results of a day-prevalence survey
Katsimpris K. - Trends in antibiotic consumption in 5 Hellenic hospitals over a three-year period: results of the Hellenic Network for Nosocomial Antibiotic Consumption for the years 2003–2004–2005
Katz D. - Daptomycin is clinically more rapidly effective than comparator for treatment of complicated skin and skin-structure infections
Kaufmann S. - Immune reactions to Mycobacterium tuberculosis – implications for new vaccines
Kaul S. - Once daily, levofloxacin 750 mg for 5 days in the treatment of acute pyelonephritis and associated bacteraemia
Kaur B. - FKS mutation in echinocandin-resistant C. glabrata
Kaur A. - In vitro activity of daptomycin and linezolid against vancomycin-resistant Gram-positive pathogens from cancer patients
Kavatha D. - In vitro interaction of imipenem, sulbactam, colistin and rifampin on 18 imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates
Kavcic M. - Respiratory tract isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae – susceptibility to antimicrobial agents in Slovenia, 2002 and 2004
Kaya O. - In vitro activity of tigecycline and linezolid against nosocomial MRSA strains
Kaya A. - Correlation of C-reactive protein to complications and outcome during the intensive care unit course of sepsis patients
Kaya D. - Prevalence and epidemiology of onychomychosis in diabetic patients in Duzce, Turkey
Kayabas U. - The evaluation of 23 anthrax patients: dilemmas in diagnosis and our experiences from 2004 to 2006
Käyhty H. - The added value of measuring function of antibodies in conjugate vaccine trials
Kaylá J.A. - Tuberculosis in the area of Barcelona: the increasing influence of immigration
Kaymaz P. - Questionnaire results of a survey on health workers' knowledge and attitudes to nosocomial infections
Kazakos E. - Identification of a Pseudomonas putida isolate harbouring blaVIM metallo-beta lactamase gene on the hands of an intensive care unit healthcare worker
  - Surveillance of azole resistance among Candida non-albicans clinical isolates from patients with invasive fungal infections
  - Activity of human b-defensin 3 against metallo-b-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains
Kazakov S.V. - Use of avian influenza genodiagnostics in the Republic of Kazakhstan
Kazantzi M. - Prevalence of genotypic resistance to nucleoside analogues, non-nucleoside analogues and protease inhibitors in HIV-infected persons in Athens, Greece
Kazeeva T. - Expression of IgA-specific endopeptidases from Neisseria meningitidis in E. coli
Kazemi B. - Molecular analysis of Clostridiumdifficile by PCR-ribotyping
Kazemnejad A. - Evaluation of a competitive quantitative RT-PCR-ELISA system for quantification of HIV-1 RNA in plasma: comparison with COBAS Amplicor HIV-1 monitor test
Keady D. - Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in the south-east of Ireland 2002–2006
Kearns A.M. - Community-associated MRSA ST8-SCCmecIVa (USA-300): experience in England and Wales
  - The ACME-associated arcA gene occurs in diverse strain types of MRSA in England and Wales
  - Community-associated MRSA clone encoding toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 (TSST-1) in England
Kearns A. - Who's carrying MRSA? Prevalence of MRSA amongst staff at a district general hospital and associated risk factors
  - Control of an outbreak of an unusual ciprofloxacin-susceptible variant of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus EMRSA-15 on a neonatal unit
Keber R. - Prevalence of low-level quinolone resistance mediating genes in extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Klebsiella spp. and Escherichia coli strains from Slovenia
Kecelj P. - The microbiological isolates in patients with non-CF bronchiectasis in stable clinical situation and in disease exacerbation
Kees F. - Concentrations of moxifloxacin (400 mg) in prostatic secretions and ejaculate after a single oral dose in healthy volunteers
Keim P. - Molecular diversity of Bacillus anthracis in Kazakhstan
Keiss J. - Current trends in echinococcosis in Latvia
Kelley W. - A teicoplanin-resistant mutant of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus exhibits increased uptake and improved survival in non-professional phagocytes
Kemp M. - Clinical features of Clostridium difficile-associated disease and molecular characterisation of the isolated strains in a cohort of Danish hospitalised patients
Kempley S. - Intensity of care is the major determinant of coagulase-negative staphylococcal bacteraemia in NICU: implications for risk adjusted surveillance of hospital-acquired infections
Kempter N. - Species identification with the BD Phoenix® System at low and high inoculum in a routine laboratory
Kendroy N.K. - Frequency of haematogenic contagious infections to blood donors in a general hospital of thoracic diseases in Athens, Greece, 2001–2005
Kennedy H. - Infection risk for filamentous fungi in water in a paediatric haematology/oncology ward
Kenny D. - Spread of a vancomycin-intermediate, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus caprae in a neonatal intensive care unit
Kentrou N. - Evaluation of metallo-b-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae epidemiology in a Greek hospital (2004–2006)
  - Metallo-b-lactamase producing P. aeruginosa in a tertiary hospital, 2004–2006
  - Evolution of H. influenzae resistance in a chest diseases hospital, for the period 2001–2006
  - S. agalactiae invasive infections in male adults
Kereselidze M. - Antimicrobial activity of polymyxin B against non-fermentative Gram-negative bacteria in Georgia
Kern W.V. - Relapses versus reactions in multibacillary leprosy: proposal of new relapse criteria
Kern P. - Current trends in echinococcal diseases
Kern on behalf of the EORTC Infectious Disease Group W.V. - Serum levels of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 at fever onset in neutropenic patients: a rapid test for the prediction of Gram-negative bacteraemia? Results of an EORTC Infectious Disease Group multicentre study
Kerr K.G. - Development of a multiplex PCR assay for enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis and detection of this emerging pathogen in cases of community-acquired diarrhoea in the UK
Kervegant C. - Adverse events and b-lactam trough plasma concentrations during the treatment of endocarditis
Kerzner B. - Concomitant administration of Zostavax® and influenza vaccine in adults ≥50 years old
Keshtkar Jahromi M. - Clinico-epidemiologic feature and outcome analysis of Crimean-Congo haemorraghic fever in Iran (1999–2006)
Keskil Z. - The effect of endocannabinoids on apoptosis in ''experimental sepsis model'' on mice
Kessler H.H. - Performance of a new molecular assay for detection and differentiation of Bordetella spp. DNA
Keuleyan E. - Emergence of carbepenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in a Bulgarian university hospital
  - Countrywide spread of CTX-M-3 and CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum b-lactamases among Enterobacteriaceae in Bulgaria
  - High rate of extended-spectrum b-lactamases among Enterobacteriaceae blood-culture isolates from Bulgarian hospitals
  - New VIM-2-like metallo-b-lactamases in Pseudomonas aeruginosa from Germany and Bulgaria
Khabiri A. - Immunisation of mice with HCV core protein formulated in montanide-ISA720 and CpG primes CD+8 CTLs and elicits Th1-Th2 responses
Khairandish P. - Clinical and paraclinical manifestations of thyroid dysfunction among patients with HIV/AIDS Tehran, Iran (2004–2005)
  - Transfusion-transmitted virus, injection drug users, hepatitis
  - Outcome of pregnancy in pregnant women vaccinated in the mass campaign against measles/rubella in Tehran, Iran
Khalifa M. - Extrapulmonary tuberculosis in central Tunisia: a review of 114 cases
Khalil E. - Rapid epidemiological assessment of Leishmania donovani infection in eastern Sudan: immune surveillance and application of GIS
Khamiankou V. - Expression of IgA-specific endopeptidases from Neisseria meningitidis in E. coli
Khan A. - Permanent pacemaker and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator-related infective endocarditis
Khan Z. - An outbreak of fungaemia in a neonatal intensive care unit in Kuwait caused by Candida haemulonii resistant to amphotericin B, itraconazole and fluconazole
Khan S. - An outbreak of fungaemia in a neonatal intensive care unit in Kuwait caused by Candida haemulonii resistant to amphotericin B, itraconazole and fluconazole
Khan M. - Impact of pneumonia in pregnancy on maternal and neonatal outcomes in Durban, South Africa
Khan A.U. - Epidemiology and mechanism of resistance of an outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii at in a Lebanese hospital
Khan Z. - Comparative evaluation of Aspergillus terreus DNA and galactomannan in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage of intravenously infected mice
Khan E. - Significant increase in isolation of ESBL-producing and ciprofloxacin-resistant non-typhoidal Salmonellae from Pakistan
Khan Z.U. - Detection of Fusarium oxysporum DNA and (1-3)-b-D-glucan in serum specimens of experimentally infected mice
Khanna N. - Stratified treatment of respiratory syncycital virus in haematopoetic stem cell transplanted patients
Khanna P. - Activity of tigecycline versus carbapenem-resistant strains of Acinetobacter spp.
Kharaziha P. - Distribution of Ure C, cagA and vacA genes in Helicobacter pylori isolated from patients with gastroduodenal disease in Tehran, Iran
Kharazmi A. - Rapid epidemiological assessment of Leishmania donovani infection in eastern Sudan: immune surveillance and application of GIS
Kharazmi K. - Effectiveness of the lysis centrifugation method isolator 10 system compared to BacT/Alert 3D in detecting bacteraemia
Khardori N. - Management of pegylated interferon alpha and ribavirin induced neutropenia and thrombocytopenia in patients with chronic hepatitis C
Khashab M. - A decade of levofloxacin: summary of the cumulative clinical trial safety database
  - Once daily, levofloxacin 750 mg for 5 days in the treatment of acute pyelonephritis and associated bacteraemia
Khoo S. - No evidence for hypoadrenalism as a cause of early mortality in a high HIV/TB prevalence population starting anti-tuberculosis treatment in Malawi
Khoosal M. - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from the lower respiratory tract: a cause for concern?
Khorshidi A. - Evaluation of nosocomial infections in the hospitalised patients of intensive care unit of a university hospital, Kashan, Iran
Khorvash F. - Can we use erythromycin or clindamycin in penicillin-allergic patients with vaginal and anorectal carriage of Streptococcus agalactiae in late pregnancy?
  - Susceptibility pattern of Escherichia coli associated urinary tract infection: a comparison between spinal cord and nosocomial induced UTIs
  - Sero epidemiology of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in domestic animals in central area of Iran
  - Brucella multi-organ involvement in a patient with negative serologic tests: case report
Khosravi A. - Evaluation of malaria status and immune response to Plasmodium falciparum MSP-2
  - Prevalence of Hymenolepis nana and other intestinal parasites as mixed infection among children in Ilam, and impact of single-dose praziquantel against H. nana
Khryanin A. - Comparison of ornidazole and metronidazole in the treatment of trichomoniasis in men
  - Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae among female university students in Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
  - Trends in HIV incidence in Siberia, Russian Federation (1987–2005)
Kibbler C.C. - Improving the evidence base for the effectiveness of Staphylococcal healthcare-associated infection interventions
Kick A. - Low specificity of GenoType® MRSA Direct test when result interpretation is restricted to hybridisation of PCR products
  - Community rather than hospital factors promote increase of Clostridium difficile associated diseases in Northern Bavaria
Kidd S. - Clinical and epidemiological aspects of locally-acquired Cryptococcus gattii human infections, an emerging fungal pathogen in British Columbia, Canada
Kiertiburanakul S. - Genotypic drug resistance mutations among HIV-1-infected patients failing an initial non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based antiretroviral regimen in a resource-limited setting
Kiffer C. - Pharmacodynamic comparison of linezolid, teicoplanin, and vancomycin against clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase negative staphylococci collected from hospitals in Brazil
Kiffer on behalf of the MYSTIC Group Brazil C. - Antimicrobial resistance comparisons amongst extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Klebsiella spp. phenotypes collected from Brazilian hospitals in 2003 and 2006
Kilic A. - Nosocomial outbreak of Sphingomonas paucimobilis bacteraemia in an oncology and haematology unit
Kilic D. - The effect of endocannabinoids on apoptosis in ''experimental sepsis model'' on mice
Kilic N.B. - The trend of screening tests from 2000 to 2006 and the relationship of these with age, gender, occupation and education of healthy blood donors in Turkey
Kilic A. - StaphPlex System for rapid and simultaneous identification, antibiotic resistance determination and Panton-Valentine leukocidin detection of staphylococci from positive blood cultures
Kilicarslan N. - Questionnaire results of a survey on health workers' knowledge and attitudes to nosocomial infections
Kilpatrick D. - Mannan-binding lectin in neonates
Kim K.S. - Streptococcus agalactiae invasion of human brain microvascular endothelial cells is promoted by the laminin-binding protein
Kim K-H. - Comparison of immunogenecity of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine with protein conjugate vaccine in Korean adults
Kim Y.K. - Factors associated with the level of HIV-1 proviral DNA in HIV-infected persons
Kim M.S. - Factors associated with the level of HIV-1 proviral DNA in HIV-infected persons
Kim Y.H. - Factors associated with the level of HIV-1 proviral DNA in HIV-infected persons
Kim J.M. - Factors associated with the level of HIV-1 proviral DNA in HIV-infected persons
Kim D.M. - Preferential sites of eschar for scrub typhus
Kim S. - In vitro activity of tigecycline against multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii and enhanced susceptibility to amikacin selected by exposure to tigecycline
Kim H. - Efficacy of linezolid in the treatment of biofilm-associated infection using a rabbit model of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus catheter biofilm
Kim Y.K. - The influence of antimicrobial resistance on mortality in critically ill patients with bacteraemia
Kim M.S. - The influence of antimicrobial resistance on mortality in critically ill patients with bacteraemia
Kim J.M. - The influence of antimicrobial resistance on mortality in critically ill patients with bacteraemia
Kim H-H. - Antiretroviral drug resistance among drug-naive HIV-infected patients in Korea
Kim J. - Mumps outbreak in a highly vaccinated school population: a question of vaccine failure?
Kim H. - Mumps outbreak in a highly vaccinated school population: a question of vaccine failure?
Kim M. - Mumps outbreak in a highly vaccinated school population: a question of vaccine failure?
Kim K.-H. - Immune response to serotype 19A induced by serotype 19F in pneumococcal protein conjugate vaccine
Kim Y-R. - Comparison between MicroScan system and agar dilution method for quinupristin/dalfopristin susceptibility of Enterococcus faecium
Kim Y.J. - Comparison between MicroScan system and agar dilution method for quinupristin/dalfopristin susceptibility of Enterococcus faecium
Kim S.I. - Comparison between MicroScan system and agar dilution method for quinupristin/dalfopristin susceptibility of Enterococcus faecium
Kim M. - Efficacy and safety of gatifloxacin for chronic prostatitis (NIH category II or IIIa) in Korea
Kim C. - Efficacy and safety of gatifloxacin for chronic prostatitis (NIH category II or IIIa) in Korea
Kim D. - Efficacy and safety of gatifloxacin for chronic prostatitis (NIH category II or IIIa) in Korea
Kim M.S. - Mannose-binding lectin promoter gene variants in Korean patient with bacteraemia
Kim Y.H. - Mannose-binding lectin promoter gene variants in Korean patient with bacteraemia
Kim J.M. - Mannose-binding lectin promoter gene variants in Korean patient with bacteraemia
Kim A. - Optimal piperacillin/tazobactam dosing against Pseudomonas aeruginosa: prolonged or continuous infusion?
Kim H-J. - Microbial pathogens and antibiotic susceptibility in community-acquired lower respiratory tract infection in Korea
Kim C.K. - Increasing diversity of metallo-b-lactamases produced by Gram-negative bacilli at a Korean hospital in 2006
Kim S. - Bacteraemia caused by high-level gentamicin-resistant Enterococcus: risk factors, clinical features and outcomes
Kim E. - Bacteraemia caused by high-level gentamicin-resistant Enterococcus: risk factors, clinical features and outcomes
Kim H-B. - Bacteraemia caused by high-level gentamicin-resistant Enterococcus: risk factors, clinical features and outcomes
Kim N-J. - Bacteraemia caused by high-level gentamicin-resistant Enterococcus: risk factors, clinical features and outcomes
Kim E-C. - Bacteraemia caused by high-level gentamicin-resistant Enterococcus: risk factors, clinical features and outcomes
Kim J.S. - Epidemiology and genotypes of plasmid-mediated AmpC b-lactamase produced by clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae in Korea
Kim H.S. - Epidemiology and genotypes of plasmid-mediated AmpC b-lactamase produced by clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae in Korea
Kim H. - Toxigenic status of Korean Clostridium difficile isolates
Kim M. - Toxigenic status of Korean Clostridium difficile isolates
Kim C-K. - Toxigenic status of Korean Clostridium difficile isolates
Kim D.M. - Diagnosis of scrub typhus by immunohistochemical staining of Orientia tsutsugamushi in cutaneous lesions
Kim E.S. - Molecular characterisation of community-associated and healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Korea
Kim H.B. - Molecular characterisation of community-associated and healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Korea
Kim D.M. - Molecular characterisation of community-associated and healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Korea
Kim N.J. - Molecular characterisation of community-associated and healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Korea
Kim E.C. - Molecular characterisation of community-associated and healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Korea
Kinikli S. - The eradication of MRSA nasal carrier status by mupirocin pomadeand the effect of eradication on the prevelance of MRSA infection
  - Assessment of risk factors in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis attacks
  - Aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index for the evaluation of fibrosis in chronic viral hepatitis
  - Evaluation of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis attacks in Ankara
  - Cytokine levels in patients with chronic hepatitis B infection
Kinnari T.J. - Differences in biofilm development by non-pigmented rapidly growing mycobacteria using different culture media
Kintzoglanakis K. - Patient demand for antibiotic prescription. An often-neglected cause of antibiotic resistance in the community
Kiran B. - Repeated prevalence surveys of surgical site infections in a Turkish university hospital
Kirby J. - Update on potency and spectrum of activity of meropenem and selected broad-spectrum agents: testing results from the USA MYSTIC Program (2006)
Kirikou E. - High prevalence and persistence of the Streptococcus pneumoniae Taiwan19F-14 clone among children in Greece
Kirillov M. - New emerging human infection caused by Bartonella vinsonii ssp. arupensis in Russia
Kirkby N. - Enterococcus bacteraemia: striking high mortality
Kirkland P. - Epidemiology and diagnosis of epidemic and avian influenza in Australia
Kirkpatrick W.R. - Efficacy of voriconazole versus anidulafungin alone and in combination in a guinea pig model of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis
Kirpatovski V. - Morphological substantiation of antibacterial therapy in acute cystitis
Kirschner for the Working Group on Mycobacteria P. - Recommendations for the use of interferon-gamma assays for the diagnosis of tuberculous infection
Kirstahler M. - Evaluation of a rapid molecular dipstick assay for the direct detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in clinical specimens
Kisac P. - Point prevalence study of the spectrum of infectious diseases and antimicrobial drugs use in homogeneous slum population of Mukuru in Nairobi
  - Persistent bacteraemic infective endocarditis
  - Clinical symptoms, treatment and outcome of Highlands malaria in Eldoret (2,400 m a.s.l.) and comparison to malaria in hyper-immune population in endemic region of South Sudan
  - Risk factors for voriconazole resistance in non/albicans candida in HIV-positive children
Kiss I. - Prevalence of thermotolerant Campylobacter species in broilers, eggs, chicken abattoir and human samples in a Hungarian county
Kitazawa T. - Serum total cholesterol as a predictor for clinical outcome of bacteraemia
Kitt M.M. - Baseline characteristics of patients, with or without MRSA, in two double-blind, randomised, multinational, Phase 3 studies comparing telavancin with vancomycin for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections
  - ATLAS 1: the first Phase 3 study evaluating the new lipoglycopeptide, telavancin, for the treatment of patients with complicated skin and skin structure infections
  - ATLAS 2: a double-blind, randomised, active controlled, multinational Phase 3 study comparing telavancin with vancomycin for the treatment of patients with complicated skin and skin structure infections
  - Activity of telavancin against Staphylococcus aureus isolates carrying the Panton-Valentine leukocidin gene in the ATLAS studies
  - The ATLAS studies: double-blind, randomised, active controlled, multinational Phase 3 trials comparing telavancin with vancomycin for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections
Kitt M. - Penetration of telavancin into pulmonary epithelial lining fluid and alveolar macrophages
Kitzis M.D. - In vitro antibacterial activity of tigecycline against hospital isolates: comparison of two methods and proposal for zone diameter breakpoints in France: a multicentre study
Kitzis M. - In vitro antibacterial activity of tigecycline against anaerobic hospital isolates; comparison of two methods in France: a multicentre study
Kiwanuka G. - Dynamics of Plasmodium falciparum alleles in children with normal haemoglobin and with sickle cell trait in western Uganda
Kiwou M. - Point prevalence study of the spectrum of infectious diseases and antimicrobial drugs use in homogeneous slum population of Mukuru in Nairobi
  - Spectrum of gastrointestinal infections among 420 cases in population without regular access to drinking water in Kenya
  - Clinical symptoms, treatment and outcome of Highlands malaria in Eldoret (2,400 m a.s.l.) and comparison to malaria in hyper-immune population in endemic region of South Sudan
Kiyota H. - Enhancement of antimicrobial activities of cefteram or clavulanic acid/amoxicillin against cefixime-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the presence of clarithromycin or azithromycin
Klaassen C. - Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in veterinarians: an international view
Klaassen C.H. - Evaluation of cefoxitin disks to detect methicillin-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci
Klapsa D. - Evidence for the role of Haemophilus influenzae in the pathogenesis of recurrent tonsillitis
Klare I. - Detection of resistance to linezolid in Enterococcus spp. by fluorescence in situ hybridisation using locked nucleic acid probes
  - Molecular characterisation of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium isolated from German hospitals between 1991 and 2006 reveals differences in emergence and spread
Klastersky J. - Usefulness of a general chemotherapy myelotoxicity score to predict febrile neutropenia in haematological cancers
Klatser P.R. - Development of a low-cost and robust assay for the screening of multiple genetic loci in Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Klatt M. - Molecular analysis of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates collected from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in central Poland
Klein J. - Control of an outbreak of an unusual ciprofloxacin-susceptible variant of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus EMRSA-15 on a neonatal unit
Klein U. - European Antimicrobial Susceptibility Surveillance in Animals (EASSA): Results (2002/2003) for enteric bacteria from healthy cattle, pigs and chickens from 8 countries
Klein J. - Aspergillus endophthalmitis in an immunocompetent woman: intra-ocular penetration of oral voriconazole
Klemm A. - CMV reactivation and antiviral immune response in patients with septic shock
Kliasova G. - Bacteraemia and fungaemia in haematologic patients
  - Clonal dissemination of Gram-negative bacteria causing bloodstream infections in patients with haematological malignancies
  - Comparison of antibiotics susceptibility of different vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium clones
  - Clonal dissemination of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium isolates in two Russian centres over a 3-year period
Klik S. - MRSA spa-typing reveals a newly imported hospital endemic strain
Klimashevskaya S. - Immunoreactivity studies on synthetic peptides deriving from variable domain IV of Chlamydia trachomatis major outer membrane protein
Klimko N. - Antifungal chemoprophylaxis in the very low birth weight neonates: a prospective randomised controlled study
  - Mycotic peritonitis in Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Klimpfinger M. - Effectiveness of the lysis centrifugation method isolator 10 system compared to BacT/Alert 3D in detecting bacteraemia
Klingenberg C. - Febrile neutropenia in children with cancer; a retrospective Norwegian multicentre study
Klinger J. - Tolevamer, a novel toxin-binding polymer, neutralises the large clostridial toxins from the B1/027 epidemic strain of Clostridium difficile
Klinker H. - Comparison of plasma trough concentrations of voriconazole in patients with or without comedication of ranitidine or pantoprazole
Kloeser C. - Comparison of plasma trough concentrations of voriconazole in patients with or without comedication of ranitidine or pantoprazole
Klont R.R. - A child with endocarditis due to Enterobacter cloacae responded to long-term antibiotic treatment without cardiac surgery
Kloudova A. - Lamivudin treatment in patients with acute severe hepatitis B
Klugman K. - Recent discoveries in prevention of pneumococcal disease
Kluytmans J. - Staphylococcus aureus: effect of perioperative eradication of carriage
  - Increase of pig- and calf-related MRSA in a Dutch hospital
Kluytmans J.A.J.W. - Evaluation of the 3M Rapid Detect Staph aureus: an in vitro diagnostic device for direct detection of Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonisation
  - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains from animal origin are recognized by IDI-MRSA PCR
Kluytmans J. - SCCmec type and epidemiological characteristics of MRSA isolates in the Netherlands
  - Incidence density of highly resistant Gram-negative bacteria in a Dutch hospital
  - Comparative evaluation of the VITEK 2, disk diffusion, E-test, and agar dilution susceptibility testing methods for colistin in clinical isolates (including heteroresistant E. cloacae and A. baumannii strains)
Kluytmans J.A.J.W. - Low prevalence of non-typable methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in meat products in the Netherlands
Kluytmans J. - Strong association between ciprofloxacin use and ciprofloxacin resistance within a hospital
  - A surgeons perspective on staphylococcal infection
  - Decolonisation strategies
  - Successful reduction of the use of intravenous ciprofloxacin using a simple protocol
Kluytmans J.A.J.W. - Performance of the GeneXpert® system for detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus including the non-typeable clone from animal origin
Kluytmans J. - Uniformity of antibiotic prophylaxis in surgical procedures is associated with improvement of timing
Knaust A. - Epidemiology of MRSA colonisation in a university hospital and a cardiosurgical hospital in Hessen, Germany
  - Impact of pretravel medical consultation on behaviour and health status of travellers
  - A practical approach to post-discharge surveillance of surgical site infections
Kne[zcaron]evic I. - Activity of moxifloxacin and cefuroxime against MSSA in time-kill and in vitro PK/PD studies
Knezevic I. - QRDR mutations and efflux activity of 87 clinical S. pneumoniae isolates collected during the MOTIV Study (2004–2005)
Kniehl E. - Streptobacillus moniliformis endocarditis diagnosed by 16S rRNA gene PCR and direct sequencing applied to a resected heart valve
Kniezova Z. - Spectrum of gastrointestinal infections among 420 cases in population without regular access to drinking water in Kenya
Knobloch J. - Recurrent pyoderma caused by Staphylococcus aureus with Panton-Valentine leukocidin production in a young, male traveller who infected his non-travelling partner and in a young, female traveller returned from a tropical country
Knoke M. - Growth inhibition of biofilm-associated Candida albicans by voriconazole in long-term continuous flow cultures
Knowles S. - Evaluation of the increase rate of MRSA detection using enrichment
  - Comparison of chromogenic agar in the detection of MRSA
Knudsen J. - Ongoing semi-national surveillance of fungaemia in Denmark: species distribution and antifungal susceptibility
Knudsen J.D. - The impact of empiric antimicrobial treatment and the clinical microbiological guidance in sepsis
Ko W. - Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants, QnrA, QnrB, and QnrS, among clinical isolates of Enterobacter cloacae in a Taiwanese hospital
Ko E.M. - Increasing diversity of metallo-b-lactamases produced by Gram-negative bacilli at a Korean hospital in 2006
Ko D. - Comparison of antibiotic susceptibilities of Staphylococcus aureus and S. intermedius isolates from dog owners and their dogs
Ko K.S. - Comparison of enterotoxin genes in Staphylococcus aureus from nasal carriage and bacteraemia
Ko D. - Risk factors for nasal carriage of Staphylococcus intermedius in dog owners and their pets
Kobayashi H. - Study of oral garenoxacin against respiratory tract infection and otrhinolaryngological infection caused by multidrug-resistant S. pneumoniae
Kobayashi T. - Nosocomial outbreak of telithromycin- and fluoroquinolone-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae in a Japanese hospital
Kobayashi H. - Study of oral Garenoxacin in Japanese patients with secondary infection of chronic respiratory diseases and penetration into sputum
  - Comparative study of garenoxacin vs levofloxacin on bacterial pneumonia
Kobayashi Y. - Ceftazidime vs cefepime: comparison of two drugs as empirical therapeutic drugs for febrile neutropenia by Monte Carlo simulation method
Kobbe R. - Sociodemographic and spatial influences on the malaria incidence of infants in the Ashanti Region/Ghana
  - Effects of intermittent preventive anti-malarial treatment of infants in a holoendemic area
  - Spatiotemporal variations of malaria incidence and protective efficacy of intermittent preventive antimalarial treatment of infants
Koberidze T. - Comparative in vitro susceptibility of bacterial isolates from Tbilisi maternity hospitals to antibiotics, specific bacteriophages and plant antibacterials
Koblinger S. - Efficacy of micafungin in patients with deep, invasive Candida infections
  - Micafungin versus liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome®) in paediatric patients with invasive candidiasis or candidaemia
Koc Y. - Possible BK virus outbreak in haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients
Kocagoz T. - Possible BK virus outbreak in haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients
Kocazeybek B. - The role of Chlamydophila pneumoniae and human herpes virus 6 in aetiopathogenesis of multiple sclerosis and the relation of multiple sclerosis with apolipoprotein E genotypes
Koch S. - Impact of an infectious disease service on the quality of the management of infections and the usage of antimicrobials
  - MRSA spa-typing reveals a newly imported hospital endemic strain
Kochan P. - Infections in pregnant women caused by Streptococcus agalactiae and problems with growing MLSB-type resistance
Kocic B. - Identification of Helicobacter pylori in gastric biopsy and resection specimens
  - Antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae strains to penicillin and ceftriaxone, isolated in the Ni[scaron] district, Romania during 1999–2006
  - Antimicrobial susceptibility to third and fourth generation cephalosporins and the prevalence of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing isolates among Enterobacteriaceae from different clinical specimens
Köck R. - Differences in the molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus within the Dutch–German EUREGIO MRSA-net Twente/Münsterland
Kocmanova I. - Biofilm formation in non-C. albicans yeasts isolated from blood cultures
Kocoglu E. - Coxiella burnetii seroprevalence in the rural part of Bolu, a city located in the western Black Sea region of Turkey
Kocsis E. - A comparative study on the frequency of genes encoding cytotoxins in Austrian, Hungarian and Macedonian methicillin-resistant and sensitive Staphylococcus aureus strains
Kocsubé S. - Aspergillus keratomycosis at an eye hospital in south India: a retrospective study
Koessler T. - Comparative genome hybridisation of epidemic and sporadic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains did not reveal a specific genetic factor
  - Genome variability of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as revealed by comparative genome hybridisation with a multi-strain microarray
Koeth L. - Moxifloxacin MIC results for Neisseria gonorrhoeae (ATCC 49226) for an eight lab study by CLSI agar dilution methodology
Kofler B. - Galanin-message-associated peptide suppresses hyphal growth of Candida albicans
Kofteridis D. - Antimicrobial susceptibility among clinical isolates of Haemophilus influenzae in a tertiary hospital in Greece
  - Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in HIV-negative patients
Koga P. - Antimicrobial resistance comparisons amongst extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Klebsiella spp. phenotypes collected from Brazilian hospitals in 2003 and 2006
  - Pharmacodynamic comparison of linezolid, teicoplanin, and vancomycin against clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase negative staphylococci collected from hospitals in Brazil
Kohi F. - Effects of education on the importance of blood cultures by an infection control team: experience in two community hospitals, Kyoto, Japan
Kohlmann T. - Bacterial population kinetics on hands during two consecutive surgical hand disinfection procedures
Kohno S. - The first nationwide surveillance of bacterial respiratory pathogens conducted by the Japanese Society of Chemotherapy
  - Efflux pump inhibitors reduce the invasiveness of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Kohno Y. - Comparison of sulbactam/ampicillin and tazobactam/piperacillin for the treatment of lower respiratory tract infection in paediatric patients
Kohno S. - Study of oral garenoxacin against respiratory tract infection and otrhinolaryngological infection caused by multidrug-resistant S. pneumoniae
Koidl C. - Performance of a new molecular assay for detection and differentiation of Bordetella spp. DNA
Koike K. - Serum total cholesterol as a predictor for clinical outcome of bacteraemia
Koirala J. - Management of pegylated interferon alpha and ribavirin induced neutropenia and thrombocytopenia in patients with chronic hepatitis C
Koivogui L. - Seroprevalence and reservoirs of leptospirosis in Conakry (Guinea)
Kokashvili T. - Detection of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1 from a freshwater lake near Tbilisi, Georgia: a potential source for disease
Köken Z. - Succesful treatment of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii meningitis with colistin and rifampicin
Kokotas S. - Evaluation of a real-time RT-PCR assay for the diagnosis of measles virus infections during a measles outbreak in Greece
Koksal V. - The role of Chlamydophila pneumoniae and human herpes virus 6 in aetiopathogenesis of multiple sclerosis and the relation of multiple sclerosis with apolipoprotein E genotypes
Köksal D. - Diagnostic value of neopterin in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis and relation with CRP
Koksal I. - The aetiological agents in adult patients with community-acquired lower respiratory tract infections in Turkey
Kola A. - Increase of VRE in a German university hospital
Kolar M. - First report of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strain of animal provenience in the Czech Republic
  - Cultivation versus PCR analysis of joint fluid samples in prosthetic joint infection
Kolbin A. - Antifungal chemoprophylaxis in the very low birth weight neonates: a prospective randomised controlled study
Kolenova A. - Clinical symptoms, treatment and outcome of Highlands malaria in Eldoret (2,400 m a.s.l.) and comparison to malaria in hyper-immune population in endemic region of South Sudan
  - Point prevalence study of the spectrum of infectious diseases and antimicrobial drugs use in homogeneous slum population of Mukuru in Nairobi
Koletou M. - Extrapulmonary mycobacteria isolations
Kolias A. - Compliance of healthcare workers with hand hygiene rules in the emergency room of two tertiary hospitals in the area of Athens
  - Comparative evaluation of internists' behaviour regarding hand hygiene in the emergency room and in the wards of a tertiary university hospital in Greece
Koliou M. - Risk factors for invasive group A streptococcal infections in Europe
Koliouskas D. - Evidence of Epstein-Barr and cytomegalovirus co-infection in ulcerative colitis
Koljalg S. - Clonality and presence of antibiotic resistance genes of E. coli isolated in recurrent urinary tract infections
Kolliou V. - Genetic basis of macrolide and lincosamide resistance among staphylococcal clinical isolates in a cancer centre
  - Emergence of metallo-b-lactamase-producing Proteus mirabilis in the community setting
  - Comparison of phenotypic methods for identification of AmpC b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. clinical isolates
Kolmos H.J. - Recurrent cases of Escherichia coli bacteraemia in the county of Funen, Denmark in 1996–2001
Kolodjieva V. - Prevalence and clinical impact of Enterococcus spp. in gynaecological department
Koloka E. - Epidemiology of urinary pathogens in adults during 2005–2006
Kolokouri A. - In vitro activity of tigecycline against multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates
Kolonitsiou F. - Antimicrobial activity of tigecycline and daptomycin against Gram-positive cocci: a multicentre study in Greek hospitals
  - Tracking the epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains producing Panton-Valentine leukocidin in Greece
Kolpus T.E. - A new automated magnetic bead based nucleic acid sample preparation directly from nasal swabs for MRSA diagnostics
Koluder N. - Praziquantel in prevention of complicated echinococcosis relapses
Kolve H. - Liposomal amphotericin B followed by voriconazole for secondary antifungal prophylaxis in paediatric allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell recipients
Komarnicka J. - Catheter-related bacteraemia in intensive care unit patients
  - Tigecycline in vitro activity against carbapenem-non-susceptible Acinetobacter baumannii
  - Molecular typing of clinical isolates of Escherichia coli by a new PCR MP method
Komarov R. - Penetration of moxifloxacin and lomefloxacin into the prostatic tissue and fluid
Kometiani I. - Risk factors for community-acquired urinary tract infection due to quinolone-resistant uropathogens
Komilov N. - Reappearance of CCHF and other tick-borne arboviruses in the Syrdarya region of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Komitopoulos N. - Are procalcitonin and C-reactive protein accurate prognostic markers in sepsis?
Komitopoulou A. - Are procalcitonin and C-reactive protein accurate prognostic markers in sepsis?
Komori S. - The utility of vitamin K3 for local injection therapy against advanced pancreas cancer
Kompoti M. - The impact of insulin therapy on inflammatory markers in critically ill patients with sepsis
  - Serum procalcitonin and organ failure in critically ill patients with sepsis
Koncan R. - Evaluation by molecular tools of Brucella persistence in soil
  - Biological risk stemming from the long-term burial of NDV vaccinal strains
  - Reappraisal of the Berg method to assess viral contamination of the soil
  - The fate of antibiotic resistance genes in cooked meat
  - Linezolid resistance in a Staphylococcus haemolyticus strain isolated in an intensive care unit
  - Learning from mistakes: Taq-polymerase contaminated with b-lactamase sequences provides false findings of Streptococcus pneumoniae containing TEM
  - Strategies for containment of biological risk in reclaiming a large urban area used as a waste pit by a serum and vaccine factory
Kondili L. - Rapid insurgence of a viral-resistant mutant in WHV chronically infected woodchucks treated with lamivudine and a PRE-S/S CHO-derived hepatitis B virus vaccine
Kondo A. - Efflux pump inhibitors reduce the invasiveness of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Kondratenko A. - Effectiveness and tolerability of amoxycillin and azithromycin in treatment of patients with mild-to-moderate community-acquired pneumonias in outpatient settings
Konig W. - Genotypic analysis of human Salmonella typhimurium strains from western Kenya
Konig B. - Genotypic analysis of human Salmonella typhimurium strains from western Kenya
Königkamp S. - Antimicrobial effect of antibacterial essential oils and three common antiseptic products
Konigsberger H. - Risk factors and outcomes for persistent bacteraemia caused by Staphylococcus aureus
  - Effect of adequate empiric antibiotic therapy on survival of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia
Koningstein M. - Risk factors, including antibiotic use, at hospital level for outbreaks with Clostridium difficile PCR ribotype 027
Könönen E. - Antimicrobial susceptibility of Peptostreptococcus anaerobius and Peptostreptococcus stomatis
Konorev M. - Urease-like IgG activity in H. pylori-positive patients with duodenal ulcer
Konradsen H.B. - Potential impact of pneumococcal vaccination in Denmark
Konstantopoulos P. - Fatal case of antritis caused by mucormycosis in patient with diabetes mellitus
Kontekaki E. - Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria: frequency of isolation and antimicrobial resistance pattern
  - Quantitative cultures of endotracheal aspirate in the diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia
Kontogeorgakos V. - Pyomyositis in children
Kontopidou F. - Sensitivity to colistin: evaluation of available interpretive criteria of disc diffusion test
Kontopidou F.V. - Emerging colimycin resistance in Gram-negative strains isolated from intensive care unit patients
  - Reduced rates of vancomycin-resistant enterococci colonisation after implementation of infection control measures
  - The panhellenic study on the antimicrobial susceptibility of community-acquired uropathogens: preliminary data report
Kontopoulou K. - Detection of low-level resistance to carbapenems using the VITEK 2 and the advanced expert system
Kontoyiannis D. - Candida lusitaniae fungaemia in cancer patients: risk factors, amphotericin B-mutational frequency and killing and outcome
  - Safety of high-dose caspofungin in 80 cancer patients and haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients with invasive fungal infections
  - Tigecycline usage in cancer patients with refractory pneumonia: a report on 38 cases. A single-institution study
Konyalioglu S. - Coxiella burnetii seroprevalence in the rural part of Bolu, a city located in the western Black Sea region of Turkey
Kooistra-Smid A.M.D. - Elimination of Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage in healthcare workers of a burn centre: effect on incidence of S. aureus of burn wound colonisation
Kooistra-Smid M. - Quantification of Streptococcus pneumoniae DNA in blood samples from patients with invasive pneumococcal infection
Kooistra-Smid A.M.D. - Rapid and sensitive detection of 5 gastro-intestinal pathogens using 2 internally controlled Multiplex real-time PCRs
Kooistra-Smid M. - Comparison of PCR-Reverse Line Blot analysis and traditional culture of dermatophytes in clinical samples
  - Comparison of a molecular screening method with traditional culture for the detection of Salmonella spp. and Campylobacter jejuni in faeces
Kooistra-Smid A.M.D. - Highly efficient extraction of pathogen DNA from stool using the NucliSENS easyMAGTM specific A 1.0.2 protocol
  - Direct detection of bacterial DNA in clinical samples; evaluating a 4½ year period of sample collection and analysis
Kopaczewska A. - Prevalence of MRSA in a population of ambulatory patients
Kopp P. - Streptococcus pneumoniae strains isolated from laboratory animals and pets
Kopron K. - Molecular epidemiology of Gram-negative rods isolated from neonatology ward
  - Comparison of coagulase-positive and coagulase-negative variants of MRSA strains isolated from hospital specimens
Kopsari K. - Antifungal susceptibility patterns of Candida isolates recovered from bloodstream infections: a 3-year study
Koratzanis G. - Factors correlated with adherence to HAART: a multicentre study from an HIV-infected Greek population
  - The panhellenic study on the antimicrobial susceptibility of community-acquired uropathogens: preliminary data report
Korbila I. - Comparison of macrolides, quinolones, and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid for the treatment of patients with acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
Korbila I.P. - Comparison of first with second-line antibiotics for acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
Kordalis N. - Pyomyositis in children
Kordosis T. - Factors correlated with adherence to HAART: a multicentre study from an HIV-infected Greek population
Koren S. - Epidemiology of hospital-acquired Klebsiella pneumoniae producing CTX-M b-lactamases in Slovenia
Korkolainen T. - The effect of Ipsat P1A, a novel drug for prevention of antibiotic-induced intestinal pathogenic colonisation, on the gut antibiotic levels after intravenous administration of b-lactam antibiotic/b-lactamase inhibitors in the dog
Korkut O. - The effect of endocannabinoids on apoptosis in ''experimental sepsis model'' on mice
Kornum J.B. - Pre-admission use of statins and mortality within 90 days after hospitalisation with pneumonia: population-based cohort study of 29,900 adult patients
Korobova O. - Comparative study for conjugative plasmids carrying CTX-M genes in Escherichia coli nosocomial isolates
Koroleva I. - Development of novel recombinant group B streptococcal vaccine based on surface expressed polypeptides
Korsak D. - Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among Polish Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli strains isolated from humans and chicken meat
Korten V. - In vitro activity of tigecycline against pathogens from Turkey – T.E.S.T. Program 2006
  - Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever infection among children
  - High-level multidrug-resistance among viridians group streptococci isolated from Turkey: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program
  - Molecular characterisation of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolated in two Turkish medical centres in 2006: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program
Korycka-Machala M. - Evaluation of NAD+-dependent DNA ligase of mycobacteria as a potential target for antibiotics
Kosar A. - An unusual presentation of acute brucellosis with thrombocytopenia and maculopapular rash
  - Correlation of C-reactive protein to complications and outcome during the intensive care unit course of sepsis patients
Kosciow K. - Outbreaks of invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis group C in two regions of southern Poland
Koshin A. - Management of community-acquired bacterial meningitis
Koskela M. - Diagnostics of fungal infections in the Nordic countries: we still need to improve!
Koskinen J. - New immunometric concept for rapid MRSA screening without pure-culture
Kosmopoulou A. - Comparison of Gen-Probe A-MTD test and GenoType Mycobacteria Direct 3.0 test in detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and four nontuberculous mycobacteria in clinical samples
Kosnik M. - The microbiological isolates in patients with non-CF bronchiectasis in stable clinical situation and in disease exacerbation
Kosoy M. - New emerging human infection caused by Bartonella vinsonii ssp. arupensis in Russia
Kossivakis A. - Mixed viral infections in hospitalised children with RSV bronchiolitis
Koster-Rasmussen R. - Management of community-acquired bacterial meningitis
Kösters K. - Low prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with reduced susceptibility to glycopeptides in two West German hospitals
Kostkova P. - School education in Europe: what are children being taught about antibiotic use and hygiene?
  - National Resource for Infection Control (www.nric.org.uk): meeting a need?
Kostopoulos C. - Serum procalcitonin and organ failure in critically ill patients with sepsis
  - The impact of insulin therapy on inflammatory markers in critically ill patients with sepsis
Kostoula A. - Alterations of serum lipoproteins in patients with acute brucellosis
Kostrzewa M. - A new mass-spectrometric approach to antibacterial susceptibility testing
Kostyanev T. - Countrywide spread of CTX-M-3 and CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum b-lactamases among Enterobacteriaceae in Bulgaria
Kotanidou A. - A proposed mechanism of action of glucocorticosteroids in severe sepsis
Kotey P. - Intravenous therapy with doripenem versus levofloxacin with an option for oral step-down therapy in the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections and pyelonephritis
Kothari A. - Controlling costs in the intensive care unit: role of daily microbiology rounds
Kotolácsi G. - Differences in antibiotic resistance between MRSA and MSSA strains isolated in Hungary, Austria and Macedonia
Kotulova D. - Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus biofilms to vancomycin and gentamicin
Koufakos K. - Bloodstream infections due to Klebsiella pneumoniae in an intensive care unit in Greece: susceptibility patterns and clinical characteristics
Koukalova D. - Cultivation versus PCR analysis of joint fluid samples in prosthetic joint infection
  - First report of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strain of animal provenience in the Czech Republic
Koukila-Kähkölä P. - Activity of posaconazole against clinical isolates of Candida albicans with decreased sensitivity to fluconazole from autoimmune polyendocrinopathy–candidiasis–ectodermal dystrophy patients
  - Decreased sensitivity of Candida albicans for azole antifungals – a complication of long-term prophylaxis in APECED patients
Koukou P. - Resistance pattern of community-acquired S. aureus infections in children
Koulouri O. - Comparative evaluation of internists' behaviour regarding hand hygiene in the emergency room and in the wards of a tertiary university hospital in Greece
  - Compliance of healthcare workers with hand hygiene rules in the emergency room of two tertiary hospitals in the area of Athens
Koulourida V. - Comparative results of the in vitro efficacy of colistin and carbapenems against multidrug-resistant strains of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from clinical specimens
  - Molecular differentiation of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clinical strains in a Greek hospital
Kouppari G. - Carbapenem consumption and resistance of P. aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae to carbapenems: results from a 7-year study in a general hospital
  - Epidemiology of urinary pathogens in adults during 2005–2006
Kourbeti I. - Differences in the features of staphylococcal bacteraemias in adults with and without cancer
Koureli O. - Anaerobic microbiology of peritoneal cavity specimens in childhood
Kouri V. - Distinct genotypic distribution of cytomegalovirus (CMV) envelope glycoprotein B in a Cuban cohort of patients with different CMV diseases
  - Myocarditis heart failure associated with Adenovirus infection
Kouri-Bairaktari E. - Human papillomavirus genotyping by DHPLC and sequencing
Kourtis A. - Human papillomavirus genotyping by DHPLC and sequencing
Kouseris I. - S. pneumoniae resistance patterns in a chest diseases hospital, for the decade 1997–2006
  - Extrapulmonary mycobacteria isolations
  - Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) in Athens
Kouskouni E. - Isolation of Cryptococcus humicolus from an immunocompromised HIV-negative patient
  - Time to positivity of BACTEC blood culture bottles
Koutsia-Karouzou C. - Antimicrobial activity of tigecycline and daptomycin against Gram-positive cocci: a multicentre study in Greek hospitals
Koutsoukou A. - In vitro activity of tigecycline against multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates
  - Evaluation of tigecycline in vitro activity against panresistant Klebsiellapneumoniae clinical isolates
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline against linezolid-resistant Staphylococcus cohnii ssp. urealiticum clinical isolates
Koutsounaki E. - Differences in the features of staphylococcal bacteraemias in adults with and without cancer
Kouvardas S. - Serologic diagnosis of human brucellosis using Wright, Rose Bengal, Brucellacapt and Elisa tests in a nonendemic area in Greece
  - Retrospective analysis of Staphylococcus lugdunensis isolates
Kouvelas K. - Trends in nosocomial bloodstream infections
Kouzmanov A. - Species distribution in bloodstream isolates of Candida species in Bulgaria and their susceptibility to antifungal agents
  - Multicentre study of antifungal susceptibility patterns of yeast isolates and their species distributions in Bulgaria
Kovanda L. - Efficacy of micafungin in patients with deep, invasive Candida infections
  - Micafungin versus caspofungin in patients with invasive candidiasis or candidaemia: a Phase III, randomised, double-blind, parallel group, non-inferiority study
  - An analysis of the efficacy of micafungin in Candida infections caused by non-albicansCandida species in phase III trials
Kozachenko M. - Prevalence of hepatitis C virus genotypes in chronic infected patients of haemodialysis department
Kozinska M. - Molecular analysis of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates collected from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in central Poland
Koziol-Montewka M. - Colonisation by resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis strains in patients qualified for routine vascular reconstructions
Kozlov S.N. - Main trends of outpatient antimicrobial consumption in Russia, 2000–2005
Kozlov R. - Antimicrobial resistance of S. pyogenes in Russia: results of prospective multicentre study PEHASus
Kozlov I. - Antimicrobial biodegradable composition based on high-molecular weight polyvinylpyrrolidone for the prophylaxis of experimental osteomyelitis
Kozovska Z. - Enhancement of yeast susceptibility to antifungals
Krahe D. - Activity of tigecycline versus carbapenem-resistant strains of Acinetobacter spp.
Krainova L. - Bacteraemia and fungaemia in haematologic patients
Kraja D. - Epidemiological and clinical features of a hepatitis A outbreak among adults in Albania
Krajiw S. - Survival of dengue virus in the urine of acutely-infected patients – implications for pathogenesis and for a possible unrecognized mode of transmission for an arthropod-borne virus
  - Presence of dengue virus genome in the bone marrow of asymptomatic adults in a dengue-hyperendemic country: implication for complicated dengue pathogenesis
Kralova J. - Clinical symptoms, treatment and outcome of Highlands malaria in Eldoret (2,400 m a.s.l.) and comparison to malaria in hyper-immune population in endemic region of South Sudan
Kranidioti C. - Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 is involved in the pathogenesis of experimental sepsis by multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Kraniotaki E. - Molecular study of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in a tertiary care hospital
  - Molecular epidemiology of VIM-1 producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates
Krascsenicsova K. - Comparison of four real-time PCR-based methods for the detection of food-borne Salmonella enterica
Krasniqi F. - Initial experience with ertapenem in clinical practice: treatment of twenty patients with chemotherapy-induced low-risk febrile neutropenia in an outpatient setting
Krasnova M. - Antimicrobial biodegradable composition based on high-molecular weight polyvinylpyrrolidone for the prophylaxis of experimental osteomyelitis
Kratzer C. - Effect of disinfectants and caspofungin against planktonic and sessile cells of Candida spp.
  - Effectiveness of the lysis centrifugation method isolator 10 system compared to BacT/Alert 3D in detecting bacteraemia
  - Induction of resistance and cross-resistance of fluconazole, voriconazole, caspofungin and cationic antimicrobials against Candida species
Krause G. - Risk assessment and management of possible transmission of Lassa virus during two flights
Krause K. - Europe surveillance initiative profiling the activity of telavancin against streptococci by specimen source from 2004 to 2005
  - Europe surveillance initiative profiling the anti-staphylococcal activity of telavancin by specimen source from 2004 to 2005
Krause G. - Phenotypical expression of extended spectrum b-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae: prevalence in 3 university hospitals in Germany, 2003–2006 and implications for screening
Krause K. - Europe surveillance initiative profiling the anti-enterococcal activity of telavancin by specimen source from 2004 to 2005
Krausse R. - Evaluation of a rapid new stool antigen test for diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection in adult patients
Krawczyk B. - Molecular typing of clinical isolates of Escherichia coli by a new PCR MP method
Krcmery V. - Point prevalence study of the spectrum of infectious diseases and antimicrobial drugs use in homogeneous slum population of Mukuru in Nairobi
  - Clinical symptoms, treatment and outcome of Highlands malaria in Eldoret (2,400 m a.s.l.) and comparison to malaria in hyper-immune population in endemic region of South Sudan
  - Persistent bacteraemic infective endocarditis
  - Spectrum of gastrointestinal infections among 420 cases in population without regular access to drinking water in Kenya
  - Risk factors for voriconazole resistance in non/albicans candida in HIV-positive children
  - Nosocomial endocarditis due to Gram-negative bacteria
  - Reversibility of antimicrobial resistance in respiratory isolates in HIV-positive Cambodian children after 36 months of HAART
Kredics L. - Aspergillus keratomycosis at an eye hospital in south India: a retrospective study
Kremastinou T. - Community-acquired meningococcal pneumonia and empyema: case report
Kremastinou E. - The panhellenic study on the antimicrobial susceptibility of community-acquired uropathogens: preliminary data report
Kremastinou J. - Antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli urinary isolates from primary care patients in Greece
Kremer K. - VNTR typing as the next gold standard in the molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis
Kresken M. - Comparative in vitro activity of tigecycline against staphylococci and enterococci from patients on ICU- and non-ICU wards: results of the German T.E.S.T. Surveillance Program 2005
  - Comparative in vitro activity of tigecycline against ICU- and non-ICU isolates of five clinically important Gram-negative pathogens: results of the German T.E.S.T. Surveillance Programme 2005
  - Susceptibility of Gram-positive pathogens to daptomycin and other antimicrobial agents: first results from the DAPTOGERM Surveillance Study
  - In vitro activity of tigecycline against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria cultured from blood samples, wound swabs and intra-abdominal specimens: results of the German T.E.S.T. Surveillance Program 2005
Kretchikova O. - Gram-positive bacteraemia due to Enterococcus spp. in Russian intensive care units: results of a 2-year surveillance
  - Antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus aureus nosocomial blood isolates in Russian intensive care units
Kreuels B. - Spatiotemporal variations of malaria incidence and protective efficacy of intermittent preventive antimalarial treatment of infants
  - Sociodemographic and spatial influences on the malaria incidence of infants in the Ashanti Region/Ghana
Kriaras I. - Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii susceptible only to colistin outbreak in a cardiac surgical intensive care unit
Krige J. - Daptomycin is clinically more rapidly effective than comparator for treatment of complicated skin and skin-structure infections
Krishna G. - Assessment of electrocardiograms and garenoxacin plasma concentrations from subjects with acute bacterial infections
Krispenz U. - A comparative study for the determination of IgG avidity during a toxoplasmosis infection in pregnancy
Krispin T. - GB virus C infection among HIV-positive patients in Estonia
  - The coexistence of secondary PR mutations M36I, K20I and L63H predominates in CRF06-cpx and its next generation recombinant viruses circulating in Estonian treatment-naïve patients
Kristensen L.H. - Phenotypic characteristics of 357 consecutively collected human isolates of Fusobacterium necrophorum ssp. funduliforme from Denmark
  - Fusobacterium necrophorum infections in Denmark from 1998 to 2001 – a prospective epidemiological and clinical survey
Kristiansen J. - Antimicrobial effects of non-antibiotics on resistant Gram-positive bacteria
Kristóf K. - Differences in antibiotic resistance between MRSA and MSSA strains isolated in Hungary, Austria and Macedonia
  - A comparative study on the frequency of genes encoding cytotoxins in Austrian, Hungarian and Macedonian methicillin-resistant and sensitive Staphylococcus aureus strains
  - Prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants: qnrA, qnrB and qnrS in extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae strains in Hungary
  - Controlling an outbreak of Staphylococcus aureus in a vascular and cardiac surgery ward
  - The impact of multiple-resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus in intensive care units – acquired infection
Kriz P. - Characterisation of Neisseria meningitidis B causing invasive disease in the Czech Republic
  - Distinct Neisseria meningitidis isolates display different cytokine induction capacities in an ex vivo whole-blood model
Kri[zcaron]an-Hergouth V. - Epidemiology of hospital-acquired Klebsiella pneumoniae producing CTX-M b-lactamases in Slovenia
Krizanovic V. - MRSA spa-typing reveals a newly imported hospital endemic strain
Kroese T. - Early effective treatment of cutaneous infection with Mycobacterium chelonae complex after rapid molecular identification
Kröger N. - Successful treatment of a linezolid- and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium sepsis with daptomycin plus doxycycline in an allogenic stem cell transplant recipient
Krogfelt K. - Antibody decay profiles during Yersinia enterocolitica O:3 infections: a follow-up study of 94 patients
Kroica J. - Bacterial colonisation of original synthesized biomaterials in in vivo examinations
  - Periodontal pathogenic bacteria in oral microflora of halitosis patients in Latvia
Krolak-Olejnik B. - Serum chemokin RANTES as a immunological indicator of early-onset neonatal sepsis
  - Nosocomial meningitis in the NICU population: perinatal risk factors, aetiology and outcome
Krönke M. - Rapid pathogen identification by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry/SARAMIS database in clinical microbiological routine diagnostics
Kronvall G. - Increasing resistance to quinolones and expanded-spectrum cephalosporins in commensal Escherichia coli from children living in urban areas of Latin America: a report from the ANTRES research project
Kropatsch R. - Quantification of Clostridium difficile by real-time PCR in hospital environmental samples
Kropec A. - Antibodies against LTA isolated from E. faecalis 12030 recognize LTA from heterologous enterococcal strains but mediate opsonophagocytic killing only to CPS-A and CPS-B strains
Kroupa T. - Group G beta-haemolytic streptococci of human and animal origin
Krrh N. - Fluoroquinolone resistance in nalidixic acid-resistant Escherichia coli
Krucso B. - Characterisation of PER-1 extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing P. aeruginosa clinical isolates from Hungary and Serbia
Kruglov A. - New emerging human infection caused by Bartonella vinsonii ssp. arupensis in Russia
  - Comparative study for conjugative plasmids carrying CTX-M genes in Escherichia coli nosocomial isolates
Krumpolcova M. - Spectrum of gastrointestinal infections among 420 cases in population without regular access to drinking water in Kenya
  - Point prevalence study of the spectrum of infectious diseases and antimicrobial drugs use in homogeneous slum population of Mukuru in Nairobi
Krut O. - Rapid pathogen identification by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry/SARAMIS database in clinical microbiological routine diagnostics
Kuak E-Y. - Epidemiologic characteristics of Clostridium difficile infection in a tertiary hospital in Korea
Kubanova A.A. - Antimicrobial resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the Russian Federation in 2006
Kubar A. - Clinical and laboratory features of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever: predictors of fatality
Kuchta T. - Comparison of four real-time PCR-based methods for the detection of food-borne Salmonella enterica
Kucukbayrak A. - The effectiveness of hand disinfectants in decontaminating Candida hand carriage in volunteer healthcare workers
Kudrjavtcev J. - Morphological substantiation of antibacterial therapy in acute cystitis
Kühn I. - Polyclonal distribution of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Stockholm
Kuhn G. - Double locus sequence typing a new high through put typing method for MRSA. Results from a 1.5-year surveillance in a university hospital
  - Genome variability of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as revealed by comparative genome hybridisation with a multi-strain microarray
  - Double digest selective label: a fast and discriminatory molecular typing technique for clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  - Double locus sequence typing, a new fast and unambiguous typing method to study the epidemiology of MRSA at a regional level
  - Comparative genome hybridisation of epidemic and sporadic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains did not reveal a specific genetic factor
Kuijper E.J. - Risk factors, including antibiotic use, at hospital level for outbreaks with Clostridium difficile PCR ribotype 027
Kuijper E. - Clostridium difficile in Europe: results of the 2005 European-wide survey
  - Special challenges in C. difficile infection control
  - Characterisation and management of healthcare onset Clostridiumdifficile associated diarrhoea in a hyperendemic region in Germany
Kuijper E.J. - Succesful control of Clostridium difficile type 027 outbreak by cohort isolation of infected patients
  - Tenosynovitis caused by Mycobacterium haemophilum in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis
  - High incidence of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhoea with a community onset in a hyperendemic region in Germany
Kuijper E. - Successful combat against Clostridium difficile PCR-ribotype 027 at a regional outbreak from 2003–2006 in the Netherlands
Kuiken T. - Emerging pathogens and host species barriers
Kuipers S. - Low functional levels of mannose-binding lectin despite normal genotypes in Legionella pneumophila pneumonia
Kuli-Lito G. - Prevenar use in children older than five years
Kulisic Z. - The risks of reintroduction of malaria into Belgrade area, Serbia
Kullberg B.J. - Safety and tolerability of voriconazole compared to amphotericin B followed by fluconazole in patients with candidaemia and baseline renal insufficiency
Kullberg J. - The HARMONY antibiotic policy and process tools and SWAB collaboration
Kulwichit W. - A comparative study of treatment outcome in cryptococcal meningitis in HIV-infected patients during period before versus after implementation of treatment guidelines for management of increased intracranial pressure
  - Presence of dengue virus genome in the bone marrow of asymptomatic adults in a dengue-hyperendemic country: implication for complicated dengue pathogenesis
  - A randomised trial of 2% chlorhexidine in 70% alcohol compared with 10% povidone-iodine for venipuncture site disinfection: effects on blood culture contamination rates
  - Brucellosis in Thailand: emerging and enigmatic
  - Significance of Streptococcusbovis biotype II/2 bacteraemia in patients with chronic liver diseases
  - Survival of dengue virus in the urine of acutely-infected patients – implications for pathogenesis and for a possible unrecognized mode of transmission for an arthropod-borne virus
Kumar R. - Pharmaco-economic impact accounting for future resistance of ertapenam vs. piperacillin/tazobactam in the treatment of community-acquired complicated intra-abdominal infections in the Netherlands
Kumar A. - C-reactive protein in community-acquired pneumonia among adults in India: association with aetiology, severity, treatment and outcome
Kumar R. - Cost-effectiveness of ertapenem vs. piperacillin/tazobactam in the treatment of diabetic foot infections in the United Kingdom accounting for development of antibiotic resistance
Kumbasar Ö. - Antifungal utilisation in a haematology unit in Turkey: a part of the FUNGOBASE Study
Kummerlen C. - Strongyloidiasis hyperinfection: diagnosis problems and management in an intensive care unit
Kundu M. - Characterisation of polyphosphate kinase 1 of mycobacteria and its role in persistence
  - Execution of macrophage apoptosis by PE_PGRS33 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Kuo A.J. - Molecular epidemiology of pandrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection at a university hospital in Taiwan
Kuper K. - Performance evaluation of the QIAGEN EZ1 DSP virus kit with Abbott RealTime HIV-1, HCV and HBV assays
Kupfer C. - The EZ1 DSP Virus Kit for use in molecular viral diagnostics: performance verification of kit and instrument
Kur J. - Molecular typing of clinical isolates of Escherichia coli by a new PCR MP method
Kurekci A. - Nosocomial outbreak of Sphingomonas paucimobilis bacteraemia in an oncology and haematology unit
Kurihara S. - Efflux pump inhibitors reduce the invasiveness of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Kurt H. - The effect of efflux pump inhibitor on MIC values of nalidixic acit, flouroquinolones and macrolide of multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli
Kurt N. - Serum bactericidal antibody titres against serogroup C meningococci in Turkish children: serological basis of the need for conjugated meningococcal vaccine
  - Endemic serogroup W135 meningococcal meningitis possibly originated from 2000 and 2001 Hajj epidemics: a prospective study for the aetiology of childhood acute bacterial meningitis in Turkey
Kurt Azap O. - Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis in a Turkish university hospital
  - Epidemiology of candidaemia and antifungal susceptibility patterns in a Turkish university hospital
Kurt Azap Ö. - In vitro activity of tigecycline against the multidrug-resistant bacteria isolated from burn patients
  - In vitro antimicrobial activity of tigecycline against multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains
Kurtaran B. - The trend of screening tests from 2000 to 2006 and the relationship of these with age, gender, occupation and education of healthy blood donors in Turkey
  - The relationship between serum fibrosis markers and fibrosis in liver tissue in patients with chronic viral hepatitis
  - One-year follow-up of adefovir dipivoxil treatment in chronic hepatitis B patients
Kurti A. - Seroprevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C among intravenous drug users, men who have sex with men and commercial sex workers in Kosova
  - Antimicrobial resistance of Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum among women with vaginal discharge
Kurzatkowski W. - Susceptibility of Candida spp. clinical isolates to antifungal drugs
  - A novel not b-lactam inhibitor of DD-peptidase 64–575
Kurzova Z. - Molecular and serologic evidence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in dogs in the Czech Republic
Kuti J. - Pharmacodynamic comparison of linezolid, teicoplanin, and vancomycin against clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase negative staphylococci collected from hospitals in Brazil
  - Optimal piperacillin/tazobactam dosing against Pseudomonas aeruginosa: prolonged or continuous infusion?
Kuti J.L. - Pharmacodynamic evaluation of 7 antimicrobials recommended for secondary peritonitis, including the novel agent tigecycline, using global resistance data
Kutlu H. - In vitro activity of tigecycline against multidrug resistant A. baumannii isolates
Kutna K. - Point prevalence study of the spectrum of infectious diseases and antimicrobial drugs use in homogeneous slum population of Mukuru in Nairobi
  - Clinical symptoms, treatment and outcome of Highlands malaria in Eldoret (2,400 m a.s.l.) and comparison to malaria in hyper-immune population in endemic region of South Sudan
Kutschke A. - In vitro and in vivo pharmacokinetics of 2-methylamino-benzodiazepines to treat Helicobacter pylori infections
Kutuzova A. - Some aspects of treatment of pneumonia complicated with the development of septic shock
Kuusi M. - Majority of the clinical Yersinia enterocolitica isolates in Finland belong to biotype 1A
Kuzmanovska S. - Chlamydial infections of non-pregnant women in a gypsy population
Kuznecova V. - Bacterial colonisation of original synthesized biomaterials in in vivo examinations
  - Periodontal pathogenic bacteria in oral microflora of halitosis patients in Latvia
Kuznecovs I. - Host defence control in children with chronic sinusitis: recolonisation of nasal microflora
Kuznik A. - Evaluation of expected clinical success of tigecycline and other commonly used antimicrobials for empiric treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections in Germany, Spain and the United States
  - Pandemic flu preparedness – role of antibiotics
Kwak E. - Risk factors for Nocardia infection in organ transplant recipients: a matched case-control study over an 11-year period
Kybicova K. - Molecular and serologic evidence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in dogs in the Czech Republic
Kyi M.S. - Do antibiotic ward rounds improve antibiotic prescribing?
Kyi M. - Who's carrying MRSA? Prevalence of MRSA amongst staff at a district general hospital and associated risk factors
Kyratsa A. - Quantitative cultures of endotracheal aspirate in the diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia
  - Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria: frequency of isolation and antimicrobial resistance pattern
  - Community-acquired meningococcal pneumonia and empyema: case report
Kyriakis K. - Antimicrobial susceptibility of gonococci isolated in Greece in 2005. Dramatic increase in quinolone resistance rate due to a single serovar