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C
Caballero C. - Microorganisms prevalence in urethritis in primary attendance
Cabellos C. - Standarisation of a rabbit model of methicillin-susceptible, methicillin-resistant and glycopeptide intermediate Staphylococcus aureus meningitis
  - Pneumococcal meningitis: is disease severity related to capsular or clonal types?
  - Efficacy of linezolid alone and in combination with rifampin in staphylococcal experimental foreign-body infection
Cabeza-Barrera I. - Three years of universal molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis in Almeria (Spain), a setting with a high proportion of TB in immigrants
Cabezas V. - Utility and clinical impact on the reported aetiology of a urinary antigen-detection test for Streptococcus pneumoniae in community-acquired pneumonia at the emergency department
Cabezas M. - Three years of universal molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis in Almeria (Spain), a setting with a high proportion of TB in immigrants
Cabezas V. - Is there any relation between time to positivity in blood cultures and source of infection in patients with Enterococcus spp. bacteraemia?
  - Epidemiology of Haemophylus influenzae and meningococcal invasive diseases in a Spanish hospital (1987–2006)
  - Time to positivity in blood cultures of patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia: possible correlation with the source of infection
Cabral R. - Rapid variations in the macrolide resistance frequency, phenotypes and clones of group A streptococci from pharyngeal colonisation and infections, 2000 to 2006
Cacho J. - Infections due to non-pigmented rapidly growing mycobacteria in Madrid, 2005
  - Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of extended-spectrum b-lactamases-producing Escherichia coli isolates from community-acquired urinary tract infections in Madrid, Spain
Cacoub on behalf of Mortality 2005 Study group P. - Causes of liver related death in HIV-infected patients in France: mortality 2005 Survey
Cadafalch J. - Mycobacterium tuberculosis disease in HIV-infected patients in HAART era
Cafini F. - Effect of human albumin physiological concentrations on the in vitro bactericidal activity of daptomycin vs. vancomycin Cmax concentrations against Gram-positive isolates exhibiting the main resistance phenotypes
  - Effects of cefditoren, cefuroxime, cefaclor and cefixime on the competitive growth of Streptococcus pneumoniae, as a model approach to selection of populations
  - Dose ranging and fractionation of moxifloxacin against Stenotrophomonas maltophilia using an in vitro pharmacodynamic model
Cafiso V. - Staphylococcus aureus in cystic fibrosis patients: Agr-alleles, resistance and virulence determinants
Cagliano M. - Comparison of three different diagnostic tests for HCV-RNA viral load: Cobas Amplicor Monitor HCV 2.0, Versant b-DNA HCV 3.0, and Cobas TaqMan HCV
Cagnacci S. - Response of Candida albicans biofilms to bacterial factors
Cah D-H. - Antiretroviral drug resistance among drug-naive HIV-infected patients in Korea
Cahill N. - Evaluation of the increase rate of MRSA detection using enrichment
Cai T. - IL-8 and anti-Chlamydia trachomatis specific mucosal IGA as the best marker of Chlamydia trachomatis chronic prostatitis
Caillat-Vallet E. - Changes in healthcare-associated infection rates in French maternity units from 1997 to 2003
Caillaux M. - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clones producing toxic shock syndrome toxin 1: first case of intrafamily transmission
Caillot D. - Liposomal amphotericin B standard dose in combination with caspofungin versus liposomal amphotericin B high dose regimen for the treatment of invasive aspergillosis in immunocompromised patients: randomised pilot study (Combistrat Trial)
Cainarca M. - A six-year surveillance of the epidemiology and aetiology of the bacteriaemias at a Milan hospital. The clinical relevance of haemoculture
Cakir S. - The effectiveness of hand disinfectants in decontaminating Candida hand carriage in volunteer healthcare workers
Çakir T. - Succesful treatment of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii meningitis with colistin and rifampicin
Calabuig E. - Meningitis caused by Candida spp. in a tertiary-care hospital: a 14-year review
  - Ten years of Candida glabrata and C. krusei fungaemia: epidemiology and susceptibility patterns in a tertiary-care hospital
Calandra for the Infectious Diseases Group of the European Organization for Research T. - European survey on the use of antibacterial prophylaxis in neutropenic cancer patients: a joint project of the EORTC and the EBMT
Calatayud L. - Molecular characterisation of Streptococcus pneumoniae strains isolated from children with acute otitis media in Barcelona (1992–2005)
Calbo E. - Risk factors for polymicrobial blood stream infections of biliary origin
  - Risk factors for inadequate antimicrobial treatment in patients with bloodstream infection
  - Systemic TNF-a production and severity of disease in severe pneumococcal pneumonia
  - Systemic inflammatory response and time from onset to hospital admission in severe pneumococcal pneumonia
Caldeira L. - Cardiovascular risk evaluation in HIV-infected adults
Calderaro A. - Performance evaluation of the Vidia™ toxoplasmosis IgG and IgM assays
Calderon E. - Transmission of Pneumocystis jirovecii from the grandparent immunocompetent carriers to his susceptible granddaughter
Calderon E.J. - Pulmonary surfactant-associated protein alterations in subjects colonised by Pneumocystis jirovecii with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia
Calderón E. - Association between systemic inflammation and Pneumocystis jirovecii colonisation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Calès P. - Meta-analysis of blood scores for liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C
Calhoun J. - Comparative efficacies of telavancin, vancomycin and linezolid in a rabbit model of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis
Calì A. - Preventing healthcare-associated infections: the experience of a 3-year educational programme in the nursing homes of Trentino
Calik S. - Moxifloxacin versus ampicillin+gentamicin in the therapy of experimental Listeria monocytogenes meningitis
  - Evaluation of the knowledge of hospital cleaning staff about prevention of nosocomial infections
Caliman-Sturdza O. - Clinical and paraclinical aspects of tuberculous meningitis in a hospital of infectious diseases, Iasi, Romania
Calisher C. - Bats: important hosts of emerging viruses
Calistru P. - Current concepts of malaria in Romania
  - Visceral leishmaniasis cases in Romania
Calum H. - Virulence and biofilm formation of non-mucoid and mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains in cystic fibrosis: an animal study
Calvet E. - Seroprevalence and reservoirs of leptospirosis in Conakry (Guinea)
Calvet L. - In vitro antibacterial activity of tigecycline against anaerobic hospital isolates; comparison of two methods in France: a multicentre study
Calvo F. - Plasmid analysis and location of the OXA-40 carbapenemase gene in multidrug-resistant endemic clones of Acinetobacter baumannii
Calvo J. - Microbiological aspects of a Streptococcus pyogenes outbreak causing invasive disease in children attending a day care centre in Cantabria, Spain
  - Activity of daptomycin against coryneform bacteria isolated from clinical samples
  - Linezolid resistance in clinical isolates of Staphylococcus haemolyticus
Calza L. - HIV infection, HAART, and gynecomastia. Epidemiological, clinical, and potential pathogenetic correlates
  - HIV infection and the immigration phenomenon. Consequences on inpatient hospitalisation in a large Italian hospital, 2000–2006
  - Immune markers of HIV disease progression are not modified by long-term statin administration
  - No re-imbursement for statins, fibrates, and omega-3 derivatives for HIV-infected patients with HAART-related dyslipidaemia in Italy
Camarena J. - Influence of doxycycline resistance on outcome in Acinetobacter baumannii bacteraemia in an intensive care unit
  - Comparative in vitro activity of tigecycline according to carbapenem resistance of different sequential clones of Acinetobacter baumannii in bacteraemic critically ill patients
Cambau E. - Mycobacterium leprae DNA gyrase: expression, purification, inhibition by quinolones and functional analysis of two mutant enzymes
  - Detection by DHPLC of 23S rDNA mutations responsible for clarithromycin resistance in Helicobacter pylori
  - Mode of action and resistance of the new fluoroquinolone BOL-303224-A
Camcioglu Y. - Endemic serogroup W135 meningococcal meningitis possibly originated from 2000 and 2001 Hajj epidemics: a prospective study for the aetiology of childhood acute bacterial meningitis in Turkey
Camenish G. - H5N1 diagnostics: experiences with the NucliSens EasyQ® Influenza H5 and N1 reagents based on a real-time NASBA assay on non-human derived specimens
Camilli R. - Pneumococcal invasive isolates of non-vaccine serotypes in Italy, 1999–2003 (pre-vaccine era)
Campanile F. - PZ-601 antibacterial activity against well-characterised and fresh Enterobacteriaceae isolates
Campanini G. - Comparison of human metapneumovirus strains from Alto Adige with strains from surrounding regions in Italy and Austria
Campbell S. - Bactericidal activity of moxifloxacin against Staphylococcus aureus and S. epidermidis at concentrations simulating bone penetration
Campion M. - Comparison of clinical outcomes in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia and endocarditis presenting with or without systemic inflammatory response syndrome
Campisi A. - Effect of Berberis aetnensis C. Presl extract on tissue transglutaminase expression in primary astroglial cell cultures exposed to glutamate
Campisi D. - Comparison of DiaSorin Liaison® and Architect® immunoassay systems for syphilis screening
Campo-Esquisabel A.B. - Comparison of different culture media and growth conditions for the recognition of Arcanobacterium haemolyticum
  - Arcanobacterium haemolyticum as a cause of pharyngotonsillitis in Santander (Spain): incidence, clinical features and antimicrobial susceptibility
  - Altered outer membrane protein profiles of Pseudomonas aeruginosa highly susceptible to the efflux pump inhibitor Phe-Arg-b-naphthylamide
Campos S. - Exogenous ventilator associated pneumonia incidence in a medical-surgical intensive care unit: a four-year surveillance
  - Wave of undocumented migrants in the Canary Islands: new challenges for European microbiologists
Camps M. - Human immunodeficiency virus infected patients with community-acquired pneumonia: implication of respiratory viruses
Camps K. - A pseudo-outbreak with Mycobacterium intracellulare
Camps M. - Relevance of respiratory viruses among adult immunocompromised patients with community-acquired pneumonia
Can F. - Mycological and pathological findings of sinus material from patients with chronic sinusitis
Can R. - The effects of probiotics on allergy
Can F. - Investigation and sequencing of urease gene of H. pylori cocoid forms after exposure to different environmental conditions
Canals M. - Prospective, randomised trial of three antiseptic solutions for prevention of central venous or arterial catheter colonisation in intensive care unit patients
Canarelli B. - Occurrence of AmpC chromosomally b-lactamase ACT-1 and extended spectrum b-lactamases type TEM, SHV and CTX-M in clinical isolates of Enterobacter cloacae
Cancer Treatment of - European survey on the use of antibacterial prophylaxis in neutropenic cancer patients: a joint project of the EORTC and the EBMT
Cancrini G. - Dirofilaria and Wolbachia antigens to detect naturally acquired dirofilariosis in usual and occasional hosts
Cander B. - Comparison of the effects of erdosteine and n-acetylcysteine on the levels of glutathione, myeloperoxidase, plasma and tissue malondialdehyde in experimental sepsis model
Candevir A. - One-year follow-up of adefovir dipivoxil treatment in chronic hepatitis B patients
  - The trend of screening tests from 2000 to 2006 and the relationship of these with age, gender, occupation and education of healthy blood donors in Turkey
  - The relationship between serum fibrosis markers and fibrosis in liver tissue in patients with chronic viral hepatitis
Cangussu A. - Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium emergence during a nosocomial outbreak of Clostridium difficile diarrhoea
Caniça M. - Spread of extended-spectrum b-lactamases among clinical Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from an Algerian hospital
  - Evolution of bla genes from SHV family
Caniça on behalf of the Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Program in Portugal M. - Characterisation of the genetic structure of the invasive macrolide-resistant pneumococci in Portugal
  - Beta-lactam resistance mechanisms in clinical isolates of Proteus spp. in Portugal: plasmid-mediated inhibitor resistant TEM and extended-spectrum b-lactamases
  - Spread of clinical extended-spectrum b-lactamase (CTX-M)-producing Escherichia coli in Portugal
Canitano A. - Rapid insurgence of a viral-resistant mutant in WHV chronically infected woodchucks treated with lamivudine and a PRE-S/S CHO-derived hepatitis B virus vaccine
Cano M. - Microbiological aspects of a Streptococcus pyogenes outbreak causing invasive disease in children attending a day care centre in Cantabria, Spain
  - Linezolid resistance in clinical isolates of Staphylococcus haemolyticus
Cano M.E. - Invasive cryptococcosis associated with treatment with adalimumab, a tumour necrosis factor alpha-antagonist agent
Cantón R. - Ceftazidime resistance evolution in ESBLs belonging to CTX-M-1 cluster (CTX-M-1, CTX-M-3, CTX-M-10) in a hypermutator background
Canton R. - Genetic diversity of SHV-12 producing isolates from the community and nosocomial settings (Madrid, Spain)
  - Trends in bacteraemia due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa: comparison between oncohaematologic and non-oncohaematologic patients
Cantón R. - Single-step selection of double mutations leading to high antibiotic-resistance in hyper-mutable Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Canton R. - Prevalence of faecal carriage of metallo-b-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae in a Spanish hospital
Cantón R. - Population structure of Spanish mef-PCR positive Streptococcus pneumoniae clinical isolates
  - Marked tigecycline and colistin synergistic bactericidal effect against a nosocomial epidemic carbapenemase (VIM-1) producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clone
Canton R. - Susceptibility of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strains causing nosocomially- and community-acquired bacteraemia
Cantón R. - Risk factors for ciprofloxacin resistance among ESBL-producing Escherichia coli isolated from non-hospitalised patients in Spain
  - Natural variation within Staphylococcus aureus populations determines concentration and time-dependent phenotypic daptomycin resistance
  - International dissemination of extended-spectrum b-lactamase TEM-24 among Enterobacteriaceae species is caused by spread of both epidemic IncA/C2 plasmid and strains
Cantón E. - In vitro activity of amphotericin B and anidulafungin against Candida albicans biofilms
Cantón R. - Learning from mistakes: Taq-polymerase contaminated with b-lactamase sequences provides false findings of Streptococcus pneumoniae containing TEM
  - ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae from non-human sources (poultry and swine) in Portugal
Cantón E. - Killing kinetics of caspofungin and anidulafungin against Candidakrusei
Cantón R. - Assessment of cefoxitin MICs with the BD Phoenix® system to detect methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates
Cantón E. - Ten years of Candida glabrata and C. krusei fungaemia: epidemiology and susceptibility patterns in a tertiary-care hospital
Cantón R. - The fate of antibiotic resistance genes in cooked meat
  - Prevention of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation with antibiotics used in cystic fibrosis patients during early broncopulmonary colonisation
  - Evaluation by molecular tools of Brucella persistence in soil
Canuti M. - Reappraisal of the Berg method to assess viral contamination of the soil
  - Biological risk stemming from the long-term burial of NDV vaccinal strains
  - Strategies for containment of biological risk in reclaiming a large urban area used as a waste pit by a serum and vaccine factory
Caola I. - Preventing healthcare-associated infections: the experience of a 3-year educational programme in the nursing homes of Trentino
Capó V. - Distinct genotypic distribution of cytomegalovirus (CMV) envelope glycoprotein B in a Cuban cohort of patients with different CMV diseases
Capobianchi M. - The evolution of the avidity of HIV-1-specific antibodies is prevented by early treatment started during primary HIV-1 infection
  - Evaluation of an automated sample preparation system (MDx) in combination with affigene CMV trender
  - Cross-subtype immunity against avian influenza in humans recently vaccinated for the influenza season
  - Comparison of real-time PCR with conventional bDNA based assay for quantification of HBV, HCV and HIV-1: possible clinical implications
Capolupo S. - Microbiological epidemiology of infections related to pace-makers and indwelling cardiac defibrillator
Capone A. - Susceptibility to tigecycline among multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates
Carattoli A. - Epidemiology and molecular characterisation of clinical isolates of Escherichia coli producing extended-spectrum b-lactamases from Rome, Italy
  - Plasmids in clinically-significant Gram-negative bacteria
  - INCF-replicon typing: a study on a widely spread group of plasmids carrying both virulence and resistance genetic determinants
  - Worldwide dissemination of expanded-spectrum b-lactamase VEB-1 and quinolone resistance determinant QnrA1 through acquisition of IncA/C2 plasmids
Carbonne A. - Emergence of PCR-ribotype 027 Clostridium difficile-associated disease, Northern France, 2006
  - Are recommendations for antibiotic use related to antibiotic consumption in hospital? Results from a French surveillance network
  - Multidrug-resistant bacteria surveillance, France, 2002–2005
Carcanague D. - Novel acyclic substituted (pyridin-3-yl)phenyl oxazolidinones: antibacterial agents with reduced activity against monoamine oxidase A and improved solubility
  - Synthesis and evaluation of novel (pyridin-3-yl) phenyl oxazolidinones with improved physicochemical properties
Carcopino X. - Efficacy of long-term co-trimoxazole in Q fever during pregnancy
Cardellá L. - Distinct genotypic distribution of cytomegalovirus (CMV) envelope glycoprotein B in a Cuban cohort of patients with different CMV diseases
Cardenas R. - Impact of climate variability in the occurrence of leishmaniasis in Southern departments of Colombia
Cardeñoso L. - Quantitative CMV PCR in allogenic stem-cell transplant patients
Cardines R. - First detection of invasive non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae strains with heterogeneous resistance to imipenem in Italy
Cardoso C. - Rapid variations in the macrolide resistance frequency, phenotypes and clones of group A streptococci from pharyngeal colonisation and infections, 2000 to 2006
Cargill J.S. - Community coliforms in Cambridgeshire: resistance patterns in urinary isolates from 1997 to 2006
  - The effect of Staphylococcus epidermidis culture supernatants on the biofilm density of other S. epidermidis strains
Carlos A. - Description of blaTEM-48 ESBL gene carried in addition to blaSHV-5 gene within the same megaplasmid of nosocomial Klebsiella pneumoniae strains
Carmeli Y. - Cost-effectiveness of ertapenem vs. piperacillin/tazobactam in the treatment of diabetic foot infections in the United Kingdom accounting for development of antibiotic resistance
  - Pharmaco-economic impact accounting for future resistance of ertapenam vs. piperacillin/tazobactam in the treatment of community-acquired complicated intra-abdominal infections in the Netherlands
Carneiro A. - Comparative incidence of fungal and bacterial infections in haematological patients occurring before, during and after the installation of HEPA filters in individual patient rooms
Carneiro C. - In vitro biofilm-forming ability and antimicrobial resistance of enterococci from intensive and extensive farming boilers
Carnevale G. - Topical treatment with mupirocine/chlorexydine and long-term risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection
Carney J. - Rapid, sensitive and specific lateral-flow immunochromatographic device to measure antibodies to HSV-2 in serum and whole blood
Carnie J. - Low mannose-binding lectin complement activation function is associated with predisposition to Legionnaires' disease
Caroff N. - Most Escherichia coli strains overproducing AmpC b-lactamase belong to phylogroup A
Carolo G. - Comamonas testosteroni spondylodiscitis
Carosi G. - Topical treatment with mupirocine/chlorexydine and long-term risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection
  - Pharmacokinetics of atazanavir in HIV-HCV co-infected patients with or without cirrhosis
  - Potential role of TDM in dosing protease inhibtors in HIV-HCV co-infected patients with or without cirrhosis
Carpenter C. - Evaluation of daptomycin activity against Staphylococcus aureus following vancomycin exposure in an in vitro pharmacodynamic model with simulated endocardial vegetations
Carr J. - HIV prevalence and risk behaviours among international truck drivers in Azerbaijan
Carracedo R. - Non-tuberculous mycobacteria in a Spanish teaching hospital during a five-year period
Carratalà J. - Community-acquired pneumonia caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa: incidence, risk factors, and outcome
  - Legionnaires' disease in solid-organ transplant recipients revisited
Carret G. - pncA and rpoB mutations in Mycobacteriumtuberculosis, a 3-year experiment in Lyon, France
Carricajo A. - Value of early serum assay for dosage adjustment of vancomycin in continuous infusion
Carriço J. - clfB typing in Staphylococcus aureus: online database for display, clustering analysis and storage of clfB DNA sequences
Carrico J.A. - Correspondence between typing methods results: a web-based quantitative analysis tool
Carril J.M. - 111-indium labelled leukocyte renal scintigraphy in patients with candiduria: preliminary results of a prospective study
Cars H. - A planned dramatic drop in trimethoprim consumption in a 180,000 population did not result in a related decrease in trimethoprim resistance in Escherichia coli
Cars O. - A planned dramatic drop in trimethoprim consumption in a 180,000 population did not result in a related decrease in trimethoprim resistance in Escherichia coli
  - Sustained reduction of antibiotic use and low bacterial resistance. A ten-year follow-up of the Swedish Strama programme
Carson K.C. - In vitro activity against Staphylococcus aureus, including MRSA, of soluble copper silicate, a new topical antimicrobial
Carstina D. - Unusual association of tuberculous meningitis and cerebral toxoplasmosis in a HIV-negative patient. Case report
Cartlich K. - Duration of exposure to a case of smear positive tuberculosis and rates of positive whole-blood interferon gamma test and tuberculin skin testing
Cartón J. - Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii prosthetic joint infection treated with colistin
Cartón Sánchez J.A. - Cysticercosis: correlation between serological and radiological diagnosis
Cartón Sánchez J. - Fasciolosis in Spain. Review of ten years
Cartony J. - A quantitative analysis of clincal nasal swab samples testing positive for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Cartuyvels R. - Emergence of Klebsiella pneumoniae with an AmpC and blaSHV-11 in a Belgian hospital
  - Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with reduced susceptibility to glycopeptides in Belgian hospitals: results of a multicentre survey
Caruso M. - Role of exposure to HPV infection and genetic susceptibility for cervical neoplasia in Italy
Carvalho S. - Epidemiology of multiresistant Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium collected during 2004 to 2006 in a Lisbon hospital
Casal J. - A real-time PCR assay for typing emerging pneumococcal serotypes
Casas S. - Assessment and management of tuberculosis infection in patients due to start anti-TNF-a treatment
Cascio A. - Isolation of a canine-like human rotavirus strain G3P[3] from a child with acute gastroenteritis hospitalised in Palermo, Italy
  - Outbreak of Corynebacterium striatum infection in an Italian general intensive care unit
Case C. - Epidemiology of Haemophilus influenzae serotype A from 2000–2005, an emerging pathogen in Northern Canada and Alaska
Casey P. - Reduction of pathogen shedding and alleviation of disease signs in pigs challenged with Salmonella Typhimurium by the application of a five-strain probiotic combination
Casini M. - Comparison of human metapneumovirus strains from Alto Adige with strains from surrounding regions in Italy and Austria
Cassanelli C. - Bactericidal effect and diminution of biofilm using Endox endodontic system
  - Persistent suppression of bacterial growth after exposure to high-frequency alternated current
Cassone A. - In vitro activity of tigecycline and comparators against Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from severe infections in Italy
Castaing N. - Efficacy of tigecycline versus levofloxacin in patients hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia: analysis of risk factors
  - Efficacy of tigecycline (TGC) compared with levofloxacin (LEV) for treating Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteraemia in patients (pts) hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)
Castany-Prado R. - High frequency of CTX-M genes among ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in a university hospital in Belgium
Castellá M. - Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium emergence during a nosocomial outbreak of Clostridium difficile diarrhoea
Castellares C. - Assessment of liver cirrhosis by elastography in HCV/HIV co-infected patients
Castiglione M.G. - Role of exposure to HPV infection and genetic susceptibility for cervical neoplasia in Italy
Castilletti C. - Cross-subtype immunity against avian influenza in humans recently vaccinated for the influenza season
Castillo M. - Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii prosthetic joint infection treated with colistin
Castriciano S. - Flocked swabs and UTM-RT are pre-analytical tools suitable for rapid antigen kits, direct immunofluorescence, culture and PCR diagnostics assay for viral infections
  - Sampling respiratory epithelial cells by nasal or nasopharyngeal flocked swabs
Castro A. - Inhibitory effect of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil) on influenza A/PR/8 virus replication
Castro B. - Exogenous ventilator associated pneumonia incidence in a medical-surgical intensive care unit: a four-year surveillance
Castro C. - Detection and identification of Aspergillus spp. and Candida spp. by real-time PCR in clinical samples
Castro B. - Emergence of EMRSA-15 in a university hospital, Canary Islands
Catalan P. - Community-acquired Listeria monocytogenes meningitis in adults
  - Host susceptibility to accute community-acquired bacterial meningitis: multicentre study of genetic markers
Catania A. - Fusobacterium necrophorum severe sepsis associated with Lemierre's syndrome and pulmonary metastatic septic embolisation
Cateau E. - In vitro activity of essential oils and their major components against Candida albicans yeasts growing planktonically and as biofilms
  - Production of an anti-biofilm molecule by Candida albicans yeasts growing as a biofilm
Catenazzi P. - Topical treatment with mupirocine/chlorexydine and long-term risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection
Catone S. - Rapid insurgence of a viral-resistant mutant in WHV chronically infected woodchucks treated with lamivudine and a PRE-S/S CHO-derived hepatitis B virus vaccine
Cattoir V. - Updated qnr multiplex PCR-based technique: epidemiological survey of Qnr determinants in a collection of ESBL-producing enterobacterial isolates from Kuwait
Cauchemez S. - The role of mathematical modelling in pandemic preparedness
Cauda R. - Beta-lactam alone compared to b-lactam-macrolide combination therapy for community-acquired pneumonia: prospective, observational study using a propensity score
Caugant D. - Characterisation of Neisseria meningitidis B causing invasive disease in the Czech Republic
Cavaco L.M. - First cases of infection with Escherichia coli containing plasmid-mediated fluoroquinolone resistance (qnrA and qnrS) in Scandinavia
  - Antimicrobial resistance patterns and genotypes of Streptococcus agalactiae and Streptococcus dysgalactiae ssp. dysgalactiae from bovine mastitis in Portuguese dairy farms
Cavaleiro C. - Anti-giardial activity of phenolic essential oils
Cavallaro A. - Evaluation of a new rapid method for microbial growth analysis and antimicrobial susceptibility test in human biological fluids
Cavallo J. - In vitro antibacterial activity of tigecycline against anaerobic hospital isolates; comparison of two methods in France: a multicentre study
Cavallo J.D. - In vitro antibacterial activity of tigecycline against hospital isolates: comparison of two methods and proposal for zone diameter breakpoints in France: a multicentre study
Cavasin J. - Oral manifestations of lichen planus in patients with hepatitis C virus and HIV/AIDS
Cavattoni I. - Comparison of human metapneumovirus strains from Alto Adige with strains from surrounding regions in Italy and Austria
Caviglia F. - Comparison of three different diagnostic tests for HCV-RNA viral load: Cobas Amplicor Monitor HCV 2.0, Versant b-DNA HCV 3.0, and Cobas TaqMan HCV
Cavrini F. - Comparison of real-time PCR and blood culture for the diagnosis of bloodstream infections in onco-haematologic patients: microbiological and clinical assessment
Çaydere M. - Aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index for the evaluation of fibrosis in chronic viral hepatitis
Caylan R. - The aetiological agents in adult patients with community-acquired lower respiratory tract infections in Turkey
Cazali I. - Clinical correlates of Mortality Probability Model MPM II and the outcome of a Burkholderia cepacia bacteraemia outbreak in an intensive care unit in Guatemala, Central America
Cazorla A. - Prospective, randomised trial of three antiseptic solutions for prevention of central venous or arterial catheter colonisation in intensive care unit patients
Cazzaro R. - Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage in Italian long-term care facilities
Ceausu E. - Current concepts of malaria in Romania
  - Visceral leishmaniasis cases in Romania
Ceballos B. - Time to positivity of blood cultures in patients Escherichia coli bacteraemia
  - Trends in pneumococcal bacteraemia in adults after the beginning of a pneumococcal vaccination programme
  - Predictors of positive blood culture in an emergency service. A prospective study
Ceccarelli G. - Choleracafe: an e-learning instrument for professionals involved in international health promotion in the fields of communicable disease prevention, surveillance and treatment
Cederberg C. - In vitro and in vivo pharmacokinetics of 2-methylamino-benzodiazepines to treat Helicobacter pylori infections
Cedzynski M. - Mannan-binding lectin in neonates
Cek M. - Nosocomial urinary tract infections in urology sections. Data from the PEP and PEAP-studies
Cekanova L. - First report of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strain of animal provenience in the Czech Republic
Cekovska Z. - Differences in antibiotic resistance between MRSA and MSSA strains isolated in Hungary, Austria and Macedonia
  - A comparative study on the frequency of genes encoding cytotoxins in Austrian, Hungarian and Macedonian methicillin-resistant and sensitive Staphylococcus aureus strains
Celano G.V. - Occurrence and enterotoxic characterisation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from raw milk in southern Italy
Çelebi S. - Elimination of false negativity of internal amplification control in PCR assay
Celebi S. - Endemic serogroup W135 meningococcal meningitis possibly originated from 2000 and 2001 Hajj epidemics: a prospective study for the aetiology of childhood acute bacterial meningitis in Turkey
Celenza G. - A new metallo-b-lactamase gene (blaIMP-22) harboured in class 1 integron from Pseudomonas fluorescens
Celik U. - Endemic serogroup W135 meningococcal meningitis possibly originated from 2000 and 2001 Hajj epidemics: a prospective study for the aetiology of childhood acute bacterial meningitis in Turkey
Celikbas A. - Comparison of oral ribavirin treatment in Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever: a historical cohort study in Turkey
  - Screening for MRSA at hospital admission in Turkey
Cercenado E. - Present situation of antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus in Spain: Sixth Nationwide Prevalence Study and the in vitro activity of new antimicrobial agents
  - Comparative in vitro activity of dalbavancin against clinical isolates of vanA, vanB, and vanC enterococci
  - Linezolid resistance in clinical isolates of Staphylococcus haemolyticus
  - Effect of the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on invasive disease produced by Streptococcus pneumoniae
  - Emergence of linezolid-resistant Enterococcus faecalis in Spain and rapid characterisation by real-time PCR
  - Molecular identification of Streptococcus bovis group isolates causing bacteraemia by sodA gene (superoxide dismutase gene) PCR and sequencing
Cernat R. - Mechanisms of resistance in multiple-antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli strains isolated from drinking and recreational, salmaster waters
  - Investigation of the antimicrobial activity of different antibiotics on monospecific biofilms developed in vitro by microbial strains isolated from cardiovascular devices associated infections
  - Extended-spectrum b-lactamases and plasmid-mediated AmpC enzymes among Enterobactercloacae strains isolated from cardiovascular prosthetic devices associated infections
  - Genetic characterisation of highly prevalent MBLs and OXA carbapenemases in multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains in a Romanian hospital
  - Virulence, pathogenicity, antibiotic resistance and plasmid profile of Escherichia coli strains isolated from drinking and recreational waters
Cernicka J. - Enhancement of yeast susceptibility to antifungals
Cernusenko A. - Current trends in echinococcosis in Latvia
Cerquetti M. - First detection of invasive non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae strains with heterogeneous resistance to imipenem in Italy
Cerutti F. - Whole blood real-time PCR for cytomegalovirus DNA quantification: analysis of PCR data and pp65 antigen test in a cohort of solid-organ transplant recipients
Cervantes C. - Detection of total anti-hepatitis A antibodies by the Immulite® systems compared to Abbott HAVAB® EIA
  - Detection of anti-hepatitis A IgM antibodies by the Immulite® systems compared to Abbott HAVAB-M® EIA
Cervera C. - HHV-7 primary infection in solid organ transplant recipients
  - Human immunodeficiency virus infected patients with community-acquired pneumonia: implication of respiratory viruses
  - Relevance of respiratory viruses among adult immunocompromised patients with community-acquired pneumonia
  - Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium emergence during a nosocomial outbreak of Clostridium difficile diarrhoea
Cestari T. - Mucocutaneous manifestations of disseminated histoplasmosis in AIDS patients: special aspects in a Latin American population
Cesur S. - The eradication of MRSA nasal carrier status by mupirocin pomadeand the effect of eradication on the prevelance of MRSA infection
Cetin Akhan S.S. - Periorbital cellulitis: two-year review of eleven hospitalised patients
Cevenini R. - Comparison between Enzygnost® Lyme link VlsE/IgG and LIAISON® Borrelia IgG for the laboratory diagnosis of Lyme disease
Cevik M.A. - Comparison of oral ribavirin treatment in Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever: a historical cohort study in Turkey
  - Enteric fever due to Brucella melitensis: a case report
  - Clinical and laboratory features of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever: predictors of fatality
Ceyhan M. - First detection of VIM-1 type metallo-b-lactamase in a multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolate from Turkey also producing the CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum b-lactamase
  - Serum bactericidal antibody titres against serogroup C meningococci in Turkish children: serological basis of the need for conjugated meningococcal vaccine
  - Endemic serogroup W135 meningococcal meningitis possibly originated from 2000 and 2001 Hajj epidemics: a prospective study for the aetiology of childhood acute bacterial meningitis in Turkey
Chabani M. - Antimicrobial resistance profiles of Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated in intensive care units
Chaberny I. - Increase of VRE in a German university hospital
  - The MRSA point-prevalence: an important tool in the infection control programme
  - Risk factor analysis for surgical site infections following vascular surgery
  - Surveillance of nosocomial sepsis and identifcation of relevant risk factors in neutropenic haematology-oncology patients
Chacón R. - KAP evaluation about travel medicine in international travellers and medical students in Chile
Chacón E. - Prospective, randomised trial of three antiseptic solutions for prevention of central venous or arterial catheter colonisation in intensive care unit patients
Chadwick P.R. - Bacteraemia due to extended-spectrum b-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae in a tertiary care hospital in Salford, UK: one-year retrospective study
Chaker W. - Prevention of perinatal GBS infections: impact of ChromID® StreptoB, a new chromogenic medium on suscpetibility testing
Chambers H. - Comparison of clinical outcomes in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia and endocarditis presenting with or without systemic inflammatory response syndrome
Champlin R. - Safety of high-dose caspofungin in 80 cancer patients and haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients with invasive fungal infections
Chan Y.-J. - Evaluation of the antibody responses induced by the 2006–2007 influenza vaccine
Chan K.H. - Human bocavirus infections in children in Hong Kong
Chan I. - Concomitant administration of Zostavax® and influenza vaccine in adults ≥50 years old
Chan L-K. - In vitro activity of fluconazole and voriconazole against invasive Candida parapsilosis, Candidatropicalis and Candidaglabrata isolates in patients with candidaemia from 2001–2005 in Hong Kong
Chan C-Y. - In vitro activity of fluconazole and voriconazole against invasive Candida parapsilosis, Candidatropicalis and Candidaglabrata isolates in patients with candidaemia from 2001–2005 in Hong Kong
Chan K.H. - Molecular epidemiology, genotypes and recombination of coronavirus HKU1, a novel human coronavirus associated with respiratory tract infections
Chandy R. - An outbreak of fungaemia in a neonatal intensive care unit in Kuwait caused by Candida haemulonii resistant to amphotericin B, itraconazole and fluconazole
Chang Y-J. - Seventy Enterobacter cloacae bloodstream infections in central Taiwan during 2001 and 2003: evaluation of the roles of extended-spectrum b-lactamases and class 1 integron
Chang S-C. - Risk of recurrent non-typhoid Salmonella bacteraemia in HIV-infected patients in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy and increasing trends of quinolone resistance
Chang I. - Pharmacokinetics of ceftobiprole following single and multiple intravenous infusions administered to healthy subjects
Chang T.C. - Identification of dermatophytes by using in-house databases of sequences of the ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers
Chang B. - Clostridium difficile in Australia
Chang S.-C. - Comparisons of Aspergillus galactomannan antigen levels in human immnunodeficiency virus-infected patients with Penicillium marneffei infection and cryptococcosis
Chang S-G.C. - Efficacy and safety of Uro-vaxom treatment for patients with recurrent cystitis: open multicentre study
Chang S.-C. - Predictive value of C-reactive protein and procalcitonin for bacteraemia in adult community-acquired infection
Chang K.T. - Susceptibility of various b-lactams to the inoculum effect
Chang S-C. - Invasive fungal infection as the most common cause of cavitary lung lesions in HIV-infected patients in Taiwan
Chaniotaki S. - Retrospective analysis of Staphylococcus lugdunensis isolates
Chantratita W. - Genotypic drug resistance mutations among HIV-1-infected patients failing an initial non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based antiretroviral regimen in a resource-limited setting
Chaovavanich A. - Incidence and risk factors of nevirapine-associated skin rashes and hepatitis among naïve HIV-infected patients with CD4 cell counts <250 cells/mL
  - Incidence and risk factor of major opportunistic infections after initiation of antiretroviral therapy between HIV-infected patients with baseline CD4 cell counts ≤50 cells/mm3 and >50 cells/mm3
Chapelle S. - Fluoroquinolone-resistant group A Streptococcus in Belgium: first report of an emergence of high-level FQ resistance in Emm6 GAS
Chapplain J. - A retrospective study of 230 consecutive patients hospitalised after transcontinental travel
  - Adverse events and b-lactam trough plasma concentrations during the treatment of endocarditis
Chapuis C. - Changes in healthcare-associated infection rates in French maternity units from 1997 to 2003
Charalambakis N. - A cost-effective study of VRE surveillance in a Greek university hospital
Charalampaki N. - Serologic diagnosis of human brucellosis using Wright, Rose Bengal, Brucellacapt and Elisa tests in a nonendemic area in Greece
Charalampopoulou A. - Molecular methodologies in identifing mycobacteria isolates and detecting Mycobacteria spp. directly in clinical samples
  - Comparison of Gen-Probe A-MTD test and GenoType Mycobacteria Direct 3.0 test in detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and four nontuberculous mycobacteria in clinical samples
Charatsis G. - Prevalence of genotypic resistance to nucleoside analogues, non-nucleoside analogues and protease inhibitors in HIV-infected persons in Athens, Greece
  - Helicobacter pylori infection in symptomatic HIV-seropositive and seronegative patients: a case-control study
Chardaloubas D. - Pharmacokinetic study of ertapenem in the biliary tract
Charisiadou A. - High prevalence and persistence of the Streptococcus pneumoniae Taiwan19F-14 clone among children in Greece
Charissiadou A. - Disseminated infection with Fusarium solani in an infant with congenital acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
Charitos D. - Are procalcitonin and C-reactive protein accurate prognostic markers in sepsis?
Charlett A. - Mandatory strain sampling programme for Clostridium difficile in English NHS acute hospitals: experience from surveillance in 2005 and options for future implementation
  - Community-onset MRSA bacteraemia: characteristics of patients presenting to hospital
Charlton K.A. - Development of recombinant antibody therapeutics for the treatment of bacterial infections
Chart H. - Detection of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli in faecal samples from patients in the community with diarrhoea
Chaton-Schaffner M. - European Antimicrobial Susceptibility Surveillance in Animals (EASSA): Results (2002/2003) for enteric bacteria from healthy cattle, pigs and chickens from 8 countries
Chatzigeorgiou K. - Retrospective analysis of Staphylococcus lugdunensis isolates
  - A cost-effective study of VRE surveillance in a Greek university hospital
Chatzimichail A. - Isolation EPEC strains in the region of Thrace, Greece
Chatzipanagiotou S. - Evolution of antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter jejuni strains isolated from hospitalised children in Athens, Greece
Chauffour A. - Emergence of fluoroquinolone resistance in the murine model of tuberculosis
Chavez M. - Control programme of an outbreak of pneumococcal pneumonia among residents of a rest home in southern Spain
Chazan B. - Ten-year surveillance of antimicrobial susceptibility of community-acquired uropathogens in northern Israel
  - Risk factors for community-acquired urinary tract infection due to quinolone-resistant uropathogens
Cheasty T. - Detection of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli in faecal samples from patients in the community with diarrhoea
  - Outbreaks of shigellosis in England and Wales, 2004: use of phenotypic and molecular typing for strain differentiation
Chebotkevich V. - Community respiratory virus infections in patients with haematological malignancies
Cheesbrough J.S. - Carbapenem resistance in an epidemic CTX-M-15 b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strain in the United Kingdom
Chemaly R. - Tigecycline usage in cancer patients with refractory pneumonia: a report on 38 cases. A single-institution study
Chen S.H. - Pneumococcal meningitis in Taiwanese children: emphasis on clinical outcomes and prognostic factors
Chen H. - Inducible clindamycin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus isolates causing bacteraemia at a university hospital in southern Taiwan
Chen C. - Seventy Enterobacter cloacae bloodstream infections in central Taiwan during 2001 and 2003: evaluation of the roles of extended-spectrum b-lactamases and class 1 integron
Chen M-Y. - Risk of recurrent non-typhoid Salmonella bacteraemia in HIV-infected patients in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy and increasing trends of quinolone resistance
Chen S-Y. - Predicting sepsis mortality in the emergency department: a comparison among mortality in emergency department sepsis (MEDS) score, procalcitonin, and C-reactive protein
Chen Y.-C. - Comparisons of Aspergillus galactomannan antigen levels in human immnunodeficiency virus-infected patients with Penicillium marneffei infection and cryptococcosis
Chen T.H.-H. - Predictive value of C-reactive protein and procalcitonin for bacteraemia in adult community-acquired infection
Chen S.-Y. - Predictive value of C-reactive protein and procalcitonin for bacteraemia in adult community-acquired infection
Chen C-J. - Epidemiology of invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae in Taiwan, 2001–2003
Chen M-Y. - Invasive fungal infection as the most common cause of cavitary lung lesions in HIV-infected patients in Taiwan
Chêne G. - Causes of liver related death in HIV-infected patients in France: mortality 2005 Survey
Cheng E. - Concomitant administration of Zostavax® and influenza vaccine in adults ≥50 years old
Cherkashyn E. - VIM-2 metallo-b-lactamases genes found in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp. from Russia and associated with unusual integrons
Chernesky M. - Flocked swabs and UTM-RT are pre-analytical tools suitable for rapid antigen kits, direct immunofluorescence, culture and PCR diagnostics assay for viral infections
Chezzi C. - Evaluation of Rubella IgG and IgM assays on the new Vidia® instrument
  - Performance evaluation of the Vidia™ toxoplasmosis IgG and IgM assays
Chhatwal G.S. - Pathogenicity of viridans streptococci in three murine in vivo models
Chhatwal S. - Identification and antimicrobial susceptibility of viridans streptococci isolated from blood cultures in Leipzig, Germany
Chia J.H. - Molecular epidemiology of pandrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection at a university hospital in Taiwan
Chiang W.-C. - Predictive value of C-reactive protein and procalcitonin for bacteraemia in adult community-acquired infection
Chiang P.C. - Antimicrobial susceptibility testing for Mycobacterium kansasii in Taiwan
Chiappini R. - Cross-subtype immunity against avian influenza in humans recently vaccinated for the influenza season
Chiarakul S. - Associated factors and viral DNA in isolated hepatitis B core antibody group among healthcare workers
Chiarelli C. - Reduction in the incidence of staphylococcal infections in hospital environment after the starting of the guideline of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis. Confirmation of the decrease in 2006
Chiarenza S. - Staphylococcus aureus in cystic fibrosis patients: Agr-alleles, resistance and virulence determinants
Chiche Manian R. - A risk of tuberculosis persists in patients treated with anti TNF-a antagonist therapy despite prophylactic guidelines: identification of main risk factors
Chin J. - Increasing prevalence of glycopeptide hetero-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from the Detroit Metropolitan Area over a 20-year period (1986–2006)
Chin M-L. - In vitro activity of fluconazole and voriconazole against invasive Candida parapsilosis, Candidatropicalis and Candidaglabrata isolates in patients with candidaemia from 2001–2005 in Hong Kong
Chin J. - Evaluation of various fluoroquinolones against S. pneumoniae with 1st step mutations of parC
Chini M. - Factors correlated with adherence to HAART: a multicentre study from an HIV-infected Greek population
Chini V. - Expression of icaA and icaD genes by quantitative real-time PCR in correlation to biofilm synthesis among methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci
  - Tracking the epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains producing Panton-Valentine leukocidin in Greece
  - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus producing Panton-Valentine leukocidin: a cause of acute osteomyelitis in children
  - Clonal types and serotypes of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates spread in a university hospital in Greece
Chinikar S. - Sero epidemiology of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in domestic animals in central area of Iran
  - Serology and immunological study on the infectivity of host animals and ticks (Ixodidae, Argasidae) to CCHF virus in Ardabil Province, Iran
  - The situation of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in the last years in Iran
  - Study of infectivity of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever cases in Sistan va Baluchestan province of Iran, 2003–2004
Chinou E. - ESBL-producing Enterobecteriaceae and in vitro evaluation of tigecycline
  - Procalcitonin as a parameter for the early recognition of severe bacterial infections
  - Natural coumarins from the plants Seseli devenyense and Peucedanum luxurians as in vitro antibacterial agents
Chinou I. - Natural coumarins from the plants Seseli devenyense and Peucedanum luxurians as in vitro antibacterial agents
Chisholm S.A. - Characterisation of multi-resistant Helicobacter pylori emerging in the UK
Chitsaz M. - Essential oil composition and antibacterial effects of Ziziphora clinopodioides
  - Do enterotoxins and toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 of Staphylococcus aureus contribute in the pathogenesis of septic arthritis?
Chiu C.H. - Antimicrobial susceptibility testing for Mycobacterium kansasii in Taiwan
Chiu C.Y. - Association of proinflammatory cytokines with fibrinolytic enzymes and biochemical parameters in childhood infectious parapneumonic effusions
Chiu C.H. - Pneumococcal meningitis in Taiwanese children: emphasis on clinical outcomes and prognostic factors
Chlopicki S. - Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria induce neutrophil oxygen burst augmented by platelets; role of platelet-derived TXA2 in cellular host response
Chmielewska-Badora J. - Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected from the Lublin region (eastern Poland)
  - Detection of antibodies to Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Lyme disease patients
Chmielewski T. - Existence of Bartonella henselae reservoir in Poland
Cho G-J. - Antiretroviral drug resistance among drug-naive HIV-infected patients in Korea
Cho Y-H. - Efficacy and safety of Uro-vaxom treatment for patients with recurrent cystitis: open multicentre study
Cho D.T. - Clonal diversity of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium isolated from three university hospitals in Daegu, Korea
Cho Y. - Efficacy and safety of gatifloxacin for chronic prostatitis (NIH category II or IIIa) in Korea
Chodnicka J. - Analysis of plasmids from multi-resistant and multi-plasmid clinical E. coli strain CZD1527
Choe K-W. - Bacteraemia caused by high-level gentamicin-resistant Enterococcus: risk factors, clinical features and outcomes
Choe K.W. - Molecular characterisation of community-associated and healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Korea
Choengwiwatkit H. - Diverse dermatologic manifestations in HIV-infected patients after highly active antiretroviral therapy
Choi S-M. - The genetic organisation of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type IVA from invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in Korea
Choi J-H. - The genetic organisation of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type IVA from invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in Korea
Choi J.Y. - Factors associated with the level of HIV-1 proviral DNA in HIV-infected persons
Choi H.J. - Molecular characterisation of community-associated and healthcare-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Korea
Choi J.Y. - Mannose-binding lectin promoter gene variants in Korean patient with bacteraemia
  - The influence of antimicrobial resistance on mortality in critically ill patients with bacteraemia
Choisy P. - Incidence, reasons, and risk factors for hospital admissions in patients starting their clinical management in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy
Chomarat M. - pncA and rpoB mutations in Mycobacteriumtuberculosis, a 3-year experiment in Lyon, France
  - In vitro antibacterial activity of tigecycline against hospital isolates: comparison of two methods and proposal for zone diameter breakpoints in France: a multicentre study
  - In vitro antibacterial activity of tigecycline against anaerobic hospital isolates; comparison of two methods in France: a multicentre study
Chonan O. - Comparison of selective media for the detection and enumeration of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria from human faecal samples
Chondrothanassi A. - Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria: frequency of isolation and antimicrobial resistance pattern
  - Quantitative cultures of endotracheal aspirate in the diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia
Chondrou M. - Use of an AFLP technique for the discrimination of source (human or animal) of E. coli
Chong S. - Clinical evaluation of a new ID-Tag RVP assay for the detection of 20 respiratory viruses
Chong Y. - Increasing diversity of metallo-b-lactamases produced by Gram-negative bacilli at a Korean hospital in 2006
  - Toxigenic status of Korean Clostridium difficile isolates
Chongtrakool P. - Evaluation of various carbon sources on conidia production among clinical isolated moulds
Chopra I. - The mode of action of daptomycin against Staphylococcus aureus
Choroszy-Król I. - Bacterial biofilms in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis
  - The role of Chlamydophilapneumoniae in pathogenesis of adenoiditis in children
Chosidow O. - Clinical efficacy of retapamulin, 1% ointment, in subjects with antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: pooled Phase III results from Europe, Costa Rica, India, Mexico, Peru, Russia and South Africa
Chottanapund S. - Incidence and risk factors of nevirapine-associated skin rashes and hepatitis among naïve HIV-infected patients with CD4 cell counts <250 cells/mL
  - Incidence and risk factor of major opportunistic infections after initiation of antiretroviral therapy between HIV-infected patients with baseline CD4 cell counts ≤50 cells/mm3 and >50 cells/mm3
Chouaibou M. - Trend in malaria vector resistance or susceptibility to insecticides in Cameroon
Choudhary M. - Antimicrobial and antioxidant actions of the clubmoss Lycopodium clavatum L.
Choudhri S.H. - Clinical and bacteriological efficacy of sequential intravenous to oral moxifloxacin in hospitalised patients with severe complicated skin and skin structure infections due to Enterobacteriaceae
Choudhri S. - Relationship of plasma concentration and changes in the QTc interval in hospitalised patients receiving intravenous moxifloxacin for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia
  - Clinical and bacteriological efficacy of sequential intravenous to oral moxifloxacin in hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia and pneumococcal bacteraemia
  - Clinical and bacteriological efficacy of sequential intravenous to oral moxifloxacin in hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia due to Enterobacteriaceae
Choudhri S.H. - QRDR mutations and efflux activity of 87 clinical S. pneumoniae isolates collected during the MOTIV Study (2004–2005)
Chowdhury R. - Detection of three Candida albicans virulence genes in a C. krusei isolate from Nigeria
Chowers M. - Efficacy and safety of colistin
Christen S. - Hippocampal apoptosis in pneumococcal meningitis: contribution of decreased cellular NAD+ levels?
  - Assessment of tryptophan metabolism and cytokine profile in cerebrospinal fluid samples from patients with bacterial meningitis
Christensen S. - Pre-admission use of statins and mortality within 90 days after hospitalisation with pneumonia: population-based cohort study of 29,900 adult patients
Christensen J. - Ongoing semi-national surveillance of fungaemia in Denmark: species distribution and antifungal susceptibility
Christensen J.J. - Potential impact of pneumococcal vaccination in Denmark
Christensen J. - Antimicrobial effects of non-antibiotics on resistant Gram-positive bacteria
Christiansen K. - How, when and whom to screen
Christidou A. - Molecular typing and pathogenic potential of Listeria monocytogenes isolates from food and clinical origin
  - Differences in the features of staphylococcal bacteraemias in adults with and without cancer
Christodoulou G. - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus producing Panton-Valentine leukocidin: a cause of acute osteomyelitis in children
Christofidou M. - Clonal types and serotypes of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates spread in a university hospital in Greece
Christova I. - Serologic and molecular-genetic data for infection with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Francisella tularensis in wild rodents
  - Epidemiological, clinical and serological features of human leptospirosis in Bulgaria in 2005
Chrysos G. - Antifungal susceptibility patterns of Candida isolates recovered from bloodstream infections: a 3-year study
  - Factors correlated with adherence to HAART: a multicentre study from an HIV-infected Greek population
Chryssaki K. - Disseminated infection with Fusarium solani in an infant with congenital acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
Chryssanthou E. - Diagnostics of fungal infections in the Nordic countries: we still need to improve!
Chryssouli Z. - Occurrence of OXA-58 and an OXA-58 variant in Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from blood cultures in a university hospital in Athens, Greece
  - In vitro interaction of imipenem, sulbactam, colistin and rifampin on 18 imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates
Chu M. - Is Echinococcus multilocularis increasing in prevalence in the Western European border line?
Chu K-C. - In vitro activity of fluconazole and voriconazole against invasive Candida parapsilosis, Candidatropicalis and Candidaglabrata isolates in patients with candidaemia from 2001–2005 in Hong Kong
Chua A. - PZ-601 is active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial pathogens causative for complicated skin and skin structure infections, and community-acquired pneumonia
Chudnicka A. - Prevalence of MRSA in a population of ambulatory patients
Chun H-S. - The genetic organisation of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type IVA from invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in Korea
Chung M. - Concomitant administration of Zostavax® and influenza vaccine in adults ≥50 years old
Chung G.T. - Investigation of autolysin and autolysis of glycopeptide-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus induced from methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  - Characterisation of insertion sequence, conjugative transferase gene and mupA gene of mupR plasmid from MuH methicillin-resistant staphylococci
Cianchetta M. - Increase in prevalence of primary mutations in naive HIV patients in Spain
Cias R. - Infections due to non-pigmented rapidly growing mycobacteria in Madrid, 2005
Cibrelus L. - Primary and secondary resistance to metronidazole and clarithromycin in Spanish Helicobacter pylori clinical isolates obtained from children
Ciccaglione A. - Microarray analysis of liver cells containing a full-length hepatitis C virus replicon
Cieloch A. - GES-1 and TEM-1-like b-lactamases of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from patients in two Warsaw hospitals
Çiftçi E. - Varicella-related hospitalisation in children: a seven-year retrospective study in the pre-vaccine era, in Ankara, Turkey
  - Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis associated with visceral leishmaniasis
Cilli F. - In vitro activity of fosfomycin tromethamine and linezolid against clinical vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium isolates
Cimdins R. - Bacterial colonisation of original synthesized biomaterials in in vivo examinations
Ciobanca P. - Surveillance Programme in Echinococcosis and importance in the prophylaxis and therapy of human infection
Ciofi degli Atti on behalf of the Micronet Group M.L. - Micronet: an Italian automatised laboratory based surveillance and early warning system for infectious diseases
Ciofu O. - Virulence and biofilm formation of non-mucoid and mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains in cystic fibrosis: an animal study
Ciontea S. - Genetic profiles of intestinal Escherichia coli isolates from Romanian subjects
Cipresso R. - Role of exposure to HPV infection and genetic susceptibility for cervical neoplasia in Italy
  - Epidemiologic surveillance of nosocomial infections in the intensive care unit: role of risk factors, emerging pathogens and cross-transmission
Cirino A. - Efficacy of linezolid in the treatment of biofilm-associated infection using a rabbit model of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus catheter biofilm
Cirkin T. - Screening for MRSA at hospital admission in Turkey
Cirkovic I. - Influence of organic and inorganic acids on biofilm formation by Salmonella spp.
Cisak E. - Detection of antibodies to Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Lyme disease patients
  - Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia microti in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected from the Lublin region (eastern Poland)
Cismaru C. - Resistance dynamics and multidrug resistance among Klebsiella spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in severe sepsis
Cisneros J.M. - Detection and identification of Aspergillus spp. and Candida spp. by real-time PCR in clinical samples
  - Prospective, multicentre study of caspofungin for prophylaxis in high-risk liver transplantation
Cisneros J. - Risk factors for ciprofloxacin resistance among ESBL-producing Escherichia coli isolated from non-hospitalised patients in Spain
Cisterna R. - Utility and clinical impact on the reported aetiology of a urinary antigen-detection test for Streptococcus pneumoniae in community-acquired pneumonia at the emergency department
  - Is there any relation between time to positivity in blood cultures and source of infection in patients with Enterococcus spp. bacteraemia?
  - Genotype MTBDR assay for rapid detection of rifampin and isoniazid resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates
  - Time to positivity in blood cultures of patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia: possible correlation with the source of infection
  - Epidemiology of Haemophylus influenzae and meningococcal invasive diseases in a Spanish hospital (1987–2006)
  - Susceptibilities of different clinical isolates of Candida spp. to voriconazole, itraconazole and fluconazole
  - Changing of hepatitis C virus genotypes patterns in HIV-positive and -negative patients in Northern Spain
Ciubotariu D. - Adverse reactions to imipenem therapy in adult patients with sepsis
Cizman on behalf of the Slovenian ESAC group M. - Hospital consumption of antibacterials for systemic use in Slovenia in 2005
Ciznar I. - Production of biofilm and response to oxidative stress in Pseudomonas aeruginosa in dependence on culture media
Claeys G. - In vitro activity of temocillin and other antimicrobial agents against extended-spectrum-b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from patients hospitalised in Belgian intensive care units
  - Prevalence of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriacae isolates at two Belgian hospitals: a descriptive study
Clark B.M. - A case of Ralstonia paucula septicaemia in an intensive care patient following blood transfusion via a level-1 fast flow fluid warmer, successfully treated with meropenem
Clark J. - Who's carrying MRSA? Prevalence of MRSA amongst staff at a district general hospital and associated risk factors
Clarke J. - Pandemic flu preparedness – role of antibiotics
Claro R. - Comparison of Etest and microdilution method for antifungal susceptibility testing of C. neoformans to four azoles
Claus P. - Risk factors for infective endocarditis and outcome of patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia
Cleeve V. - Routine use of blood culture bottles can reduce detection time in PD peritonitis
Clément A. - A comparative study of the new Access® HBs Ag assay and the HBs Ag confirmatory assay from Beckman Coulter
  - Sensitivity studies of the new Access® HBs Ag and HBs Ag confirmatory assays from Beckman Coulter
Clement A. - Detection of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) subtypes, genotypes, mutants and evaluation of potential hook effect using the new Access® HBsAg and confirmatory assays
Clément A. - Specificity studies of the new Access® HBs Ag and HBs Ag confirmatory assays from Beckman Coulter
Clesse F. - Ciprofloxacin and doxorubicin are substrates of different multidrug resistance-related proteins efflux transporters in J774 macrophages
Cobeljic M. - The risks of reintroduction of malaria into Belgrade area, Serbia
Cobo J. - Marked tigecycline and colistin synergistic bactericidal effect against a nosocomial epidemic carbapenemase (VIM-1) producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clone
Cocchi S. - Bloodstream infections complicating orthotopic liver transplant: comparison between the recipients from cadaver and living donors
Codeluppi M. - Bloodstream infections complicating orthotopic liver transplant: comparison between the recipients from cadaver and living donors
Codita I. - Antimicrobial resistance in strains isolated in 2005 by Romanian National Sentinel System for Nosocomial Infections Surveillance
  - Antimicrobial resistance of S. aureus strains isolated in 2005 from nosocomial infections in Romania
Coen M. - Identification of Chlamydophilapneumoniae heat shock protein 60 on atherosclerotic carotid plaque by RT-PCR
Coenen S. - Variability in the number and pattern of the most frequently used antibiotics to treat outpatients in 28 European countries
Coffey A. - Deletion analysis of LysK, a bacteriophage-derived protein with anti-MRSA activity
Cohen D. - Carriage of quinolone-resistant Escherichia coli among healthy Israeli Arab children attending daycare centres in northern Israel
Coignard B. - Surgical site infection surveillance in France: the first 1999–2004 trend analysis
  - Multidrug-resistant bacteria surveillance, France, 2002–2005
  - Emergence of PCR-ribotype 027 Clostridium difficile-associated disease, Northern France, 2006
  - Surveillance of occupational blood and body fluids exposures
Coignard on behalf of the National Nosocomial Infection Alert B. - REA-RAISIN: microbiology of national surveillance network of ICU-acquired infections, France, 2005
  - REA-RAISIN: National surveillance network of ICU-acquired infections, France, 2005
Coimbra R.S. - Assessment of tryptophan metabolism and cytokine profile in cerebrospinal fluid samples from patients with bacterial meningitis
Coimbra R. - Vitamin B6 attenuates cellular energy depletion and hippocampal apoptosis in experimental pneumococcal meningitis
Coimbra R.S. - Hippocampal apoptosis in pneumococcal meningitis: contribution of decreased cellular NAD+ levels?
Cojocaru M. - The value of interleukin-6 as a predictor of tissue injury due to hepatitis B virus replication
Cojocaru I. - The value of interleukin-6 as a predictor of tissue injury due to hepatitis B virus replication
Çokça F. - In vitro activity of tigecycline against multidrug resistant A. baumannii isolates
Colak D. - Nosocomial outbreak of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium at a Turkish University Hospital
  - Possible BK virus outbreak in haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients
Colakoglu S. - Performance of MRSA ID chromogenic medium for detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus directly from blood cultures and clinical specimens
Colclough A. - Comparative activity of telavancin against Gram-positive pathogens using European and CLSI susceptibility testing methods
  - A comparison of the CLSI (formerly NCCLS), EUCAST and various EU country standard methods for the susceptibility testing of retapamulin, a novel pleuromutilin
Coldham N. - Development of a rapid fluorescence assay in 96 well plate assay for multiple antibiotic resistant Salmonella typhimurium
  - Effect of multiple passages of S. typhimurium in the presence of disinfectants on susceptibility to antimicrobials, on persistence in the one-day-old chick model and efflux systems
Coldham N.G. - Denaturing high pressure liquid chromatography to detect changes in faecal flora of chickens
Coleman K. - Microbiological activity and efficacy of novel (pyridin-3-yl) phenyl oxazolidinones
Coley M. - Macrolide efflux pumps mef(E) and mef(I) detected in clinical isolates of S. pyogenes isolated from PROTEKT 1999–2005 and PROTEKT US 1999–2004
Coll P. - Evaluation of the BacT/Alert PZA test for susceptibility testing of Mycobacteriumtuberculosis to pyrazinamide in comparison with BacTec 460TB
Collaborators ARMed Project - Ambulatory care self-medication with antibiotics within countries in the south-eastern Mediterranean region: results from the ARMed project
  - Antimicrobial resistance within Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from eastern and southern Mediterranean countries
  - Prevalence of multiple-resistant Escherichia coli strains in southern and eastern Mediterranean countries
  - Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the southern and eastern Mediterranean – final results from the ARMed project
Collin I. - VIM-2 metallo-b-lactamases genes found in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp. from Russia and associated with unusual integrons
Collini P. - Community-acquired pneumonia: doctors do not follow guidelines
Collins E. - Evaluation of the increase rate of MRSA detection using enrichment
Colmenero for the Andalusian Group for the Study of Cardiovascular Infections J.D. - Differences between early and late prosthetic valve endocarditis in a series of 169 cases
Colodner R. - Ten-year surveillance of antimicrobial susceptibility of community-acquired uropathogens in northern Israel
  - Risk factors for community-acquired urinary tract infection due to quinolone-resistant uropathogens
Coloma A. - Susceptibility of extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli strains causing nosocomially- and community-acquired bacteraemia
  - Host susceptibility to accute community-acquired bacterial meningitis: multicentre study of genetic markers
  - Community-acquired Listeria monocytogenes meningitis in adults
Colombo Gainza E. - Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in a surgical intensive care unit
Colomina J. - Nosocomial meningitis
Colotti G. - Characterisation of the soluble domain of nitrite reductase from Neisseria meningitidis strains
Colwell R.R. - Detection of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1 from a freshwater lake near Tbilisi, Georgia: a potential source for disease
Combalia N. - Utility of the Gen-Probe amplified MTD test for the tuberculosis diagnosis in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded histologic specimens
Commiskey M. - Comparison of culture and real-time PCR for point prevalence surveillance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a large public teaching hospital
Condarelli G. - Teicoplanin versus cefuroxime as prophylaxis in prosthetic joint implant surgery
Conde-Estévez D. - Mortality risk factors in patients admitted to an emergency unit with severe infection treated with imipenem
Conejo M. - Comparative activity of tigecycline, cefepime and imipenem against clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae producing extended spectrum b-lactamases, plasmid-mediated AmpC-type b-lactamases or both, associated or not with porin deficiency
Conejo M.C. - Enterobacter aerogenes strains misidentified as Klebsiella pneumoniae and correct identification by sequencing of the QRDR region of the gyrA gene
Conejo M. - Role of the pentapeptidic proteins from Gram-positive bacteria as a possible source of Qnr-like quinolone resistance determinants
  - Mutators are not responsible for the association between b-lactam and quinolone resistance in Escherichia coli with AmpC hyperproduction phenotype
Constantea N. - Surveillance Programme in Echinococcosis and importance in the prophylaxis and therapy of human infection
Conte M. - Pneumococcal meningitis is a cause of death in patients with severe liver cirrhosis
Conti I. - Different frequency of N-myc2 activation in liver tumours from male and female woodchucks chronically infected by WHV
Contini C. - Identification of Chlamydophilapneumoniae heat shock protein 60 on atherosclerotic carotid plaque by RT-PCR
Contreras G. - Antimicrobial susceptibility of the pathogens of bacteraemia in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit in Bogota, Colombia, 2001–2006
Conway B. - Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of micro-organisms present in excised human skin used for ex vivo assessment of topical antimicrobials
Cooke J. - Pandemic flu preparedness – role of antibiotics
Cookson B. - Improving the evidence base for the effectiveness of Staphylococcal healthcare-associated infection interventions
  - The HARMONY antibiotic policy and process tools and SWAB collaboration
Cooper B.S. - Improving the evidence base for the effectiveness of Staphylococcal healthcare-associated infection interventions
Cooper C.A. - Efficacy of tigecycline (TGC) compared with levofloxacin (LEV) for treating Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteraemia in patients (pts) hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)
Cooper C. - Efficacy of tigecycline versus levofloxacin in patients hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia: analysis of risk factors
Cooper D. - The activity of NXL101 against community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Coppola N. - Relationship between virological evolution and acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis C (A-E-CHC) and during the natural history of infection
Coque T.M. - Interhospital dissemination of glycopeptide resistance among enterococcal clinical isolates from Portugal is associated to spread of epidemic pMG1-like plasmids carrying diverse Tn1546 variants
Coque T. - ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae from non-human sources (poultry and swine) in Portugal
Coque T.M. - Multi-drug resistant enterococci among Portuguese swine after growth promoter ban
  - International dissemination of extended-spectrum b-lactamase TEM-24 among Enterobacteriaceae species is caused by spread of both epidemic IncA/C2 plasmid and strains
Coque T. - Genetic diversity of SHV-12 producing isolates from the community and nosocomial settings (Madrid, Spain)
Coque T.M. - Ceftazidime resistance evolution in ESBLs belonging to CTX-M-1 cluster (CTX-M-1, CTX-M-3, CTX-M-10) in a hypermutator background
  - Prevalence of faecal carriage of metallo-b-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae in a Spanish hospital
Corbel C. - Mode of action and resistance of the new fluoroquinolone BOL-303224-A
Corbellino M. - PCR with universal primers targeting the small ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene of bacteria as a diagnostic tool in 15 hospitalised patients with infectious diseases
Corbett-Feeney G. - Identification of CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum b-lactamase in a clinical isolate of Shigella sonnei in Ireland
Cordeiro M. - Role of an interferon-gamma based assay (T-SPOT®.TB) for the diagnosis of tuberculosis in routine clinical practice
Cordoba J. - Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in a surgical intensive care unit
Cordonnier C. - European survey on the use of antibacterial prophylaxis in neutropenic cancer patients: a joint project of the EORTC and the EBMT
Corey G.R. - Baseline characteristics of patients, with or without MRSA, in two double-blind, randomised, multinational, Phase 3 studies comparing telavancin with vancomycin for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections
Corey R. - Treatment options for infective endocarditis: new drugs for bad bugs?
  - Comparison of clinical outcomes in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia and endocarditis presenting with or without systemic inflammatory response syndrome
Corey G.R. - ATLAS 1: the first Phase 3 study evaluating the new lipoglycopeptide, telavancin, for the treatment of patients with complicated skin and skin structure infections
  - ATLAS 2: a double-blind, randomised, active controlled, multinational Phase 3 study comparing telavancin with vancomycin for the treatment of patients with complicated skin and skin structure infections
  - Activity of telavancin against Staphylococcus aureus isolates carrying the Panton-Valentine leukocidin gene in the ATLAS studies
  - The ATLAS studies: double-blind, randomised, active controlled, multinational Phase 3 trials comparing telavancin with vancomycin for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections
Cormican M. - Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in non-typhi serotypes of Salmonella enterica in Ireland in 2001–May 2006
  - Variable number of tandem repeats of S. typhimurium in Ireland
  - Occurrence of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli in outflow from a wastewater treatment plant
  - Identification of CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum b-lactamase in a clinical isolate of Shigella sonnei in Ireland
Cornaglia G. - Strategies for containment of biological risk in reclaiming a large urban area used as a waste pit by a serum and vaccine factory
  - Linezolid resistance in a Staphylococcus haemolyticus strain isolated in an intensive care unit
  - Evaluation by molecular tools of Brucella persistence in soil
  - Reappraisal of the Berg method to assess viral contamination of the soil
  - Biological risk stemming from the long-term burial of NDV vaccinal strains
  - The fate of antibiotic resistance genes in cooked meat
  - Learning from mistakes: Taq-polymerase contaminated with b-lactamase sequences provides false findings of Streptococcus pneumoniae containing TEM
Cornely O. - Prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III trial on voriconazole as primary antifungal prophylaxis during induction chemotherapy for acute myelogenous leukaemia
Cornely O.A. - A review of the safety of micafungin compared with liposomal amphotericin B in a large, phase III trial in patients with invasive candidiasis and candidaemia
  - An analysis of the efficacy of micafungin in Candida infections caused by non-albicansCandida species in phase III trials
  - Efficacy of micafungin in patients with deep, invasive Candida infections
Cornillet A. - Recurrent cutaneous leishmaniasis due to Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis after treatment with pentamidine: a study of 7 cases and analysis of this nosological entity
Coronel P. - Activity of cefditoren versus seven other antimicrobials against amoxicillin non-susceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae
  - Effects of cefditoren, cefuroxime, cefaclor and cefixime on the competitive growth of Streptococcus pneumoniae, as a model approach to selection of populations
  - Bactericidal activity of simulated serum concentrations of bid regimens of 400 mg cefditoren and 2000/125 mg amoxicillin/clavunanic acid against ampicillin susceptible and resistant H. influenzae: an in vitro pharmacodynamic model
Corpolongo A. - The evolution of the avidity of HIV-1-specific antibodies is prevented by early treatment started during primary HIV-1 infection
Corrah T. - Using ELISPOT to expose false positive skin test conversion in tuberculosis contacts
Corrente M. - Occurrence and enterotoxic characterisation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from raw milk in southern Italy
Corriveau A. - Epidemiology of Haemophilus influenzae serotype A from 2000–2005, an emerging pathogen in Northern Canada and Alaska
Cortes J.A. - Antiretrovirals adverse reactions from a prospective HIV/AIDS cohort study in Bogotá, Colombia
Corti G. - Mixed infection of the lower limb caused by rare bacterial and fungal pathogens in a patient with multiple traumatic injuries
Cortina Borja M. - Intensity of care is the major determinant of coagulase-negative staphylococcal bacteraemia in NICU: implications for risk adjusted surveillance of hospital-acquired infections
Cortizo S. - Fungal keratitis in healthcare area of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, NW Spain)
  - Drug resistance of Mycobacteriumtuberculosis in Santiago de Compostela, Spain (2002–2005)
  - Candidaemia in an intensive care unit
  - Septicaemia secondary to Vibrio vulnificus
  - Emergence of linezolid resistance of S. epidermidis in a critical care unit
Cortizo-Vidal S. - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in a community hospital and the impact of a nursing home opening in its influence area
Corvec S. - Most Escherichia coli strains overproducing AmpC b-lactamase belong to phylogroup A
Corvò R. - Response of Candida albicans biofilms to bacterial factors
Coscia M.F. - Molecular diagnostics of noroviruses detected in Apulia, Italy
Cosgrove S. - Optimisation of control strategies and treatment
Coskun Y. - Endemic serogroup W135 meningococcal meningitis possibly originated from 2000 and 2001 Hajj epidemics: a prospective study for the aetiology of childhood acute bacterial meningitis in Turkey
Cossins L.R. - Macrolide resistance by ribosomal mutation detected in clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from PROTEKT, 2000–2005
Cossins L. - High prevalence of inducible clindamycin resistance among community-associated methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Europe
  - Macrolide efflux pumps mef(E) and mef(I) detected in clinical isolates of S. pyogenes isolated from PROTEKT 1999–2005 and PROTEKT US 1999–2004
Costa G.B. - Outbreak of Corynebacterium striatum infection in an Italian general intensive care unit
Costa-de-Oliveira S. - Optimisation of a flow cytometry protocol for detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in hospital tap water and human stools
  - Effects of vasoactive amines and albumin upon yeast susceptibility to antifungals
Costagliola D. - Causes of liver related death in HIV-infected patients in France: mortality 2005 Survey
Costantino A. - Microarray analysis of liver cells containing a full-length hepatitis C virus replicon
Cotiga M. - Current concepts of malaria in Romania
  - Visceral leishmaniasis cases in Romania
Cottle T. - Epidemiology of Haemophilus influenzae serotype A from 2000–2005, an emerging pathogen in Northern Canada and Alaska
Coulombier D. - Risk assessment and management of possible transmission of Lassa virus during two flights
Coulon C. - Detection by DHPLC of 23S rDNA mutations responsible for clarithromycin resistance in Helicobacter pylori
Courby S. - Fatal viral opportunistic infections and Epstein-Barr virus positive large B-cell lymphoma after alemtuzumab treatment for a refractory Sezary syndrome
Courvalin P. - The concept of interpretative reading of the antibiogramme
Coutinho L.G. - Assessment of tryptophan metabolism and cytokine profile in cerebrospinal fluid samples from patients with bacterial meningitis
Couturier C. - Demography and antibacterial susceptibility of community-acquired respiratory tract infection pathogens in Year 6 vs Year 5 of the PROTEKT surveillance programme
Cowden J. - Microbiology of thrombotic microangiopathies in Scotland, 2003–2006
Cox S. - A multiplex microsphere-based assay for the simultaneous detection of C. parvum, E. histolytica and G. lamblia antigen in human faecal sample
Coyle E. - In vitro activity of daptomycin and linezolid against vancomycin-resistant Gram-positive pathogens from cancer patients
Coyle P. - A real-time PCR assay for detection of six common species of Candida from blood, validated in adult critically ill patients
Cozon F. - Delayed maturation of toxoplasma immunoglobulin G avidity in pregnant women: impact of spiramycin treatment and gestational age
Craft D. - In vitro activity of tigecycline against multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii and enhanced susceptibility to amikacin selected by exposure to tigecycline
Craikou K. - Natural coumarins from the plants Seseli devenyense and Peucedanum luxurians as in vitro antibacterial agents
Cramer J.P. - TLR-cascade in malaria: role in antiparasitic clearance
Crapanzano Minichello V. - Identification of Chlamydophilapneumoniae heat shock protein 60 on atherosclerotic carotid plaque by RT-PCR
Creti R. - Risk factors for invasive group A streptococcal infections in Europe
  - Effect of antibiotics at subMIC concentration on biofilm formation by Streptococcus pyogenes
Crevecoeur S. - In vitro activity of ceftobiprole, dalbavancin and tigecycline against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains from hospitalised patients in Belgium
Crevits J.H.G. - PET-CT scan in patients with infective endocarditis for early detection of embolisation and metastatic infection
Cristovão P. - XDR tuberculosis in Lisbon health region
Crobu M. - Comparison of three different diagnostic tests for HCV-RNA viral load: Cobas Amplicor Monitor HCV 2.0, Versant b-DNA HCV 3.0, and Cobas TaqMan HCV
Crowhurst N. - In vitro activity of retapamulin, a novel pleuromutilin, against Staphylococcus spp. (n = 1413) and Streptococcus pyogenes (n = 503) from 26 European centres
Crownover P. - Pharmacokinetic interaction and dose adjustment for combined use of voriconazole and efavirenz
Cser V. - The impact of multiple-resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus in intensive care units – acquired infection
Cuadrado J.M. - Effects on quality prescription of a prospective interventional study based on a restrictive antibiotic policy
Cuadros J. - Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of extended-spectrum b-lactamases-producing Escherichia coli isolates from community-acquired urinary tract infections in Madrid, Spain
Cuchi E. - Systemic TNF-a production and severity of disease in severe pneumococcal pneumonia
  - Systemic inflammatory response and time from onset to hospital admission in severe pneumococcal pneumonia
Cuciureanu M. - Modification of cephalexin serum concentration by grapefruit juice co-administration in rats
Cuciureanu R. - Modification of cephalexin serum concentration by grapefruit juice co-administration in rats
Cuenca M. - Risk factors for ciprofloxacin resistance among ESBL-producing Escherichia coli isolated from non-hospitalised patients in Spain
Cuenca-Estrella M. - In vitro susceptibility of clinical isolates of Cryptococcus gattii
Cuervo M. - Emergence of EMRSA-15 in a university hospital, Canary Islands
Cuesta M. - Evaluation of two new tests for the detection of Helicobacter pylori in stool specimens
Cuevas O. - Present situation of antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus in Spain: Sixth Nationwide Prevalence Study and the in vitro activity of new antimicrobial agents
  - Emergence of linezolid-resistant Enterococcus faecalis in Spain and rapid characterisation by real-time PCR
  - Effect of the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on invasive disease produced by Streptococcus pneumoniae
  - Comparative in vitro activity of dalbavancin against clinical isolates of vanA, vanB, and vanC enterococci
Cui H. - Comparison of culture and real-time PCR for point prevalence surveillance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a large public teaching hospital
  - Pharmacokinetics of teicoplanin in Chinese patients undergoing CAPD
Culebras E. - Macrolide resistance in Streptococcus spp. and Enterococcus spp. clinical isolates: phenotypic and genotypic analysis
Culig J. - Outpatient antibiotic utilisation in the city of Zagreb in 2005
Cultrera R. - Identification of Chlamydophilapneumoniae heat shock protein 60 on atherosclerotic carotid plaque by RT-PCR
Cultrera M. - Role of exposure to HPV infection and genetic susceptibility for cervical neoplasia in Italy
Cummins M. - Assessing the biological efficacy and rate of recontamination following hydrogen peroxide vapour decontamination
Cunha V. - Mucocutaneous manifestations of disseminated histoplasmosis in AIDS patients: special aspects in a Latin American population
Cuny C. - Community MRSA ST8 (``USA300'') has arrived in Central Europe
  - Spa sequence-based typing of MRSA starting directly from multiplex PCR for grouping of SCCmec elements
Cupane L. - Clonal spread of Staphylococcus aureus among soldiers in Latvian contingent in Iraq
Curcio D. - Use of clustering techniques for the prediction of microbiologic breakpoints, in well established bacteria-antibiotic pairs and in the Acinetobacter spp.–tigecycline combination
Curfs-Breuker I. - In vitro activity of isavuconazole (BAL4815) compared with seven other antifungal agents against 309 prospectively collected clinical Candida isolates from the Netherlands
  - In vitro activity of isavuconazole (BAL4815/8557) compared with six other antifungal agents against 180 Cryptococcus neoformans meningitis isolates from the Netherlands
Curiao T. - Prevalence of faecal carriage of metallo-b-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae in a Spanish hospital
Curiel Quesada E. - Detection of class I integrons of Aeromonas ssp. strains isolated from diarrhogenic disease
Curry A. - Identification of hsp90 in Cryptococcus neoformans and examination of the effect of Mycograb® on hsp90 gene expression in cells exposed to various stress factors
  - Comparison of chromogenic agar in the detection of MRSA
  - Evaluation of the increase rate of MRSA detection using enrichment
Cusaro C. - Comparison of three different diagnostic tests for HCV-RNA viral load: Cobas Amplicor Monitor HCV 2.0, Versant b-DNA HCV 3.0, and Cobas TaqMan HCV
Custódio S. - Rapid variations in the macrolide resistance frequency, phenotypes and clones of group A streptococci from pharyngeal colonisation and infections, 2000 to 2006
Cuteri V. - Preliminary evaluation of a PCR protocol to directly detect Streptococcus equi ssp. zooepidemicus in equine specimens
Cuzon G. - A novel chromogenic medium for vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis detection
Czaika V. - Growth inhibition of biofilm-associated Candida albicans by voriconazole in long-term continuous flow cultures
Czajka U. - Immunogenicity of tetanus component in monovalent and combined vaccines
Czajkowska M. - Antimicrobial activity of ozonised water and 0.9% NaCl
Czaplewski L. - Novel small-molecule inhibitors of gyrase B: antibacterial activity in vitro and in murine models of infection
Czihal P. - Antimicrobial activity of apidaecin peptides