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Seroprevalence of blood-borne infections among blood donors in Boushehr, Iran

Abstract number: 1733_725

Esmaeili Hossein, Hamidiya Z., Mirlatifi S., Mankhian A., Hajiyani G., Esmaeili Hassan, Azizzadeh M.

Background and Objectives: In recent years there have been special interest in the donor selection strategies in blood banks in order to provide safer blood supply. Important steps are exclusion of paid and replacement donation and increase in the number of regular donors. In this survey the seroprevalence of blood-borne infections among regular, sporadic (lapsed) and first-time blood donors were compared (from March 2005 to February 2005).

Materials and Methods: In a retrospective study the prevalence of transfusion transmitted infections was compared among regular, sporadic (lapsed) and first-time blood donors of Boushehr city. The total of 19,627 blood donors donated blood during March 2005 to February 2005 in Boushehr; out of this number, 7,282 were regular donors (37.1%), 728 sporadic donors (3.7%), and 11,617 first-time donors (59.18%). Data were collected from the computerised data source of Boushehr Blood Transfusion Center and were then compared by the Chi-square statistical test.

Results: Out of 7,282 regular donors, 6 (0.082%) were HBsAg positive, 6 (0.08%) were HCV-Ab reactive, and all were HIV-Ab negative. Whereas, out of 728 sporadic donors one (0.13%) was HBsAg positive, and all were HCV-Ab and HIV-Ab negative. Out of 11,617 first-time blood donors, 65 (0.55%) were HBsAg positive, 41 (0.35%) HCV-Ab reactive. and 3 (0.02%) were HIV-Ab reactive. The prevalence of blood-borne infections (hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV) was less in regular than sporadic and first-time blood donors. P value of HBsAg factor was p = 0.0000 for regular and first-time donors, also P value of HCV-Ab factor was p = 0.0004 for regular and first-time donors that these difference were significant.

Conclusions: Regular blood donation is one of the important steps in blood safety; hence, retention of regular donors, and awareness-raising and recruitment of sporadic and first-time donors can increase the rate of regular donation leading in turn to higher blood safety.

Session Details

Date: 31/03/2007
Time: 00:00-00:00
Session name: European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Subject:
Location: ICC, Munich, Germany
Presentation type:
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