Abstract Index

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A
Achromobacter xylosoxidans from the airway secretions of patients with cystic fibrosis
Alexandrou-Athanasoulis H., Doudounakis S., Sergounioti A., Halmouki K., Pangalis A.
 
Acinetobacter resistance in clinical isolates from the United States evaluated against tigecycline and 10 comparators
Johnson J., Hoban D., Johnson B., Bouchillon S., Stevens T., Dowzicky M.
 
Actinobaculum urinale in a 94-year-old male with sepsis
Hasseltvedt V., Aandahl E., Hesstvedt L., Caugant D., Høiby A.
 
Aspergillus fumigatus infections in patients with chronic granulomatous disease hospitalised in a children's memorial health institute, Warsaw, Poland
Garczewska B., Dzierzanowska D., Jozwiak P.
 
A Chryseobacterium meningosepticum colonisation outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit
Galanakis E., Maraki S., Scoulica E., Manoura A., Giannacopoulou C., Tselentis Y.
 
A Strongyloides stercoralis gastrointestinal infection burdened by an extraordinary treatment resistance, probably supported by an underlying Sjogren's syndrome which required long-term corticosteroid treatment
Manfredi R., Sabbatani S., Baccarini P., Marinacci G., Chiodo F.
 
A 3-year study of resistance of Candida pathogens obtained from patients with fungaemia with emphasis on new antifungal agents
Koutsoukou A., Stylianakis A., Tsiplakou S., Tachtatzis M., Tsakona E., Vourtsi A., Sideri A.
 
A 5-year study of intestinal parasitosis in a general hospital, Piraeus, Greece
Konstantopoulou S., Mourikis A., Karle P., Dimitriou M., Vlachou  E., Vagia F., Karle A.
 
A case of iliopsoas abscess which is due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Ayaz C., Ulug M., Celen M.K., Geyik M.F., Hosoglu S.
 
A case of nonclostridial crepitant cellulitis which is due to Escherichia coli
Ayaz C., Ulug M., Celen M.K., Geyik M.F., Hosoglu S.
 
A clinical and laboratory evaluation of PAR-101 in patients with Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea
Louie T.J., Miller M., Donskey C., Mullane K., Goldstein E.J.C., Citron D.M., Corrado M., Gorbach S.L., Sears P., Shangle S., Walsh B., Shue Y.-K.
 
A clinical prediction rule for a complicated course of urinary tract infections in patients with type 2 diabetes in primary care
Muller L.M.A.J., Gorter K.J., Rutten G.E.H.M., Hoepelman A.I.M., Hak E.
 
A comparative in vitro evaluation of resistance development after exposure to teicoplanin, vancomycin, linezolid and quinupristin/dalfopristin in Staphylococcus spp. and Enterococcus spp.
De Vecchi E., Nicola L., Gismondo M.R., Drago L.
 
A comparative analysis of prescriptions for antibiotics issued by outpatient doctors in urban areas in 1999 and 2005
Drzastwa W., Drzastwa E., Lukas W., Mizgala E., Golczyk G., Trzeciak H.
 
A comparative study of Escherichia coli strains isolated from the intestinal mucosa of Crohn's disease patients and healthy subjects
Martinez-Medina M., Aldeguer X., Gonzalez-Huix F., Acero D., Garcia-Gil L.J.
 
A comparative study of three different PCR assays for detection of Mycoplasma genitalium in genital specimens from men and women
Edberg A., Johansson E., Wikander E., Höög A., Ahlqvist T., Jurstrand  M., Falk L., Jensen J.S., Fredlund H.
 
A comparative study on the cost of new drugs in different therapeutic categories
Falagas M., Fragoulis K., Zouglakis G., Karydis I.
 
A comparison of susceptibility to antibiotics in nosocomial and non-nosocomial infections in a hospital in Israel
Zalounina A., Andreassen S., Paul M., Leibovici L.
 
A comparison study of amoxicillin-clavulanate and azithromycin efficacy in treatment of acute sinusitis
Zangeneh M., Shariati N., Yazdanyar A., Jamshidi Makiani M., Haghighi S.
 
A current perspective on Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae resistance trends in Europe: GLOBAL Surveillance Study, 2005
Jones M., Draghi D., Thornsberry C., Sahm D.
 
A five-day ceftriaxone and levofloxacin regimen plus early sequentation to oral levofloxacin in heart transplantation recipients with community-acquired pneumonia
Quetglas E.G., Azanza J.R., Del Pozo J.L., Yuste J.R., Gil I.
 
A flow cytometric opsonophagocytic assay for measurement of functional antibodies elicited after immunisation with the Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A capsular polysaccharide-serogroup B outer membrane vesicle conjugate vaccine in animal model
Kheirandish M., Siadat S.D., Behzadiyannejad Q., Tabaraiee B., Ahmadi H., Najar Pirayeeh S., Nejati M., Mahmoodi K.
 
A four-year retrospective analysis of infective endocarditis in a Belgian university hospital
de N., Visscher B., Delaere B., Krug Y., Glupczynski  
 
A meta-analysis of the frequency of side effects for HAART drugs
Andreassen S., Vidal L., Pielmeier U.
 
A morbidity and mortality conference to evaluate nosocomial infections and hospital mortality
Demory M., Decoster A.
 
A mortal case of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis with a paravalvular abscess and mediastinitis
Memikoglu O., Yesilkaya A., Özçinar E., Tolunay Kaya C., Eryilmaz S.
 
A multi-centre comparison of nursing staff time required for the preparation and administration of liposomal amphotericin B and amphotericin B deoxycholate to voriconazole
Flynn E., Oppenheim B.A., Ribaud P., Barbabietola G., Démarez V., Marciniak A., Roberts C., Barker K.
 
A multiplex PCR for easy screening of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus SCCmec types I to V
Boye K., Bartels M.D., Larsen A.R., Westh H.
 
A new in vitro kinetic model to study the pharmacodynamics of antifungal agents: Comparison of the activity of voriconazole and amphotericin B administered alone and in combination against Candida albicans
Lignell A., Johansson A., Larsson J., Cars O., Löwdin E., Sjölin J.
 
A new in vitro method for testing antimicrobial properties of volatile phytotherapeutic compounds
Conrad A., Engels I., Daschner F., Frank U.
 
A new in vitro model system to study antimycotic drugs
Cagnacci S., Palenzona A., Debbia E.A., Marchese A., Corvò R., Rossi L.
 
A new approach to laboratory diagnostic of infectious gastroenteritis – a follow-up
Olesen B., Hansen D.S., Tybring H., Hansen A., Olsen K.E.P., Bruun B.G.
 
A new automated method for sample preparation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis respiratory specimens based on magnetic particles
Lysèn J., Engen T., Høidal Berthelsen H.K., Espelund M., Jeansson  S., Refseth U.H.
 
A new computer software for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus typing based on spa-sequencing: comparison to MLST
Boye K., Bartels M.D., Mellmann A., Harmsen D., Westh H.
 
A new mandatory enhanced methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus surveillance system for England. An explanation of the new web-based surveillance system
Pearson A.D., Painter M., Robinson E., Wagner K., Talebi A.
 
A new real-time quantitative TaqMan PCR to detect Chlamydia trachomatis DNA in urine and in urogenital swabs
Jaton K., Bille J., André C., Greub G.
 
A Nordic study exploring the activity of tigecycline against tetracycline-resistant Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria
Nilsson L.E., Koernig T., Frimodt Møller N., Skov Simonsen G., Vaara M.
 
A nosocomial VRE outbreak in the context of regional changes in VRE prevalence
Jonas D., Biehler K., Serr A., Kist M., Fahr A.-M., Dettenkofer M., Hübner J., Bertz H., Daschner F.
 
A novel method for distinguishing between bacterial and viral infections that incorporates standard clinical laboratory data and quantitative analysis of neutrophil complement receptors, CR1 and CR3
Nuutila J., Hohenthal U., Laitinen I., Kotilainen P., Rajamäki A., Nikoskelainen J., Lilius E-M.
 
A novel system for the simultaneous detection of seven respiratory viruses
Canter D., Brigham B., Haigis R., Smith M., Shaw J.
 
A patient-centred approach to a clinical audit of the clinical practice in MRSA control
Guleri A., Roberts J.
 
A pilot study on the efficacy of ertapenem for early-onset ventilator-associated pneumonia
Saballs M., Pujol M., Garcia Huete L., Ballús J., Tubau F., Gudiol F.
 
A pragmatic clinical score to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in children with pharyngitis in developing countries
Smeesters P.R., Campos Junior D., Van Melderen L., Aguiar E., Vanderpas J., Vergison A.
 
A prospective French national survey to evaluate renal function in patients treated with amphotericin B lipid formulations
Faouzi S.
 
A prospective multi-centre study of the value of F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography as part of a structured diagnostic protocol in patients with fever of unknown origin
Hocqueloux L., Bret L., Niang M., Poisson D.M.
 
A prospective study comparing IDI-MRSA real-time PCR assay (SmartCycler) versus chromogenic culture method for detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Ghebremedhin B., König W., König B.
 
A prospective, controlled, randomised, non-blind, comparative study of the efficacy and safety of high-dose single daily ceftriaxone plus ciprofloxacin versus thrice-daily ceftazidime plus amikacin in the empirical therapy of febrile neutropenic patients
Metallidis S., Kollaras P., Tsona A., Giannakakis T., Seitanidis V., Kordosis T., Hatzitolios A., Nikolaidis J., Nikolaidis P.
 
A randomised trial of a short course with isoniazid plus rifampin in front of isoniazid during six months in latent tuberculosis infection
Vañó D., Geijo M.P., Rosa C., Molina A., Pérez M., Dimas  J.F.
 
A randomized study of cefuroxime vs. ampicillin-sulbactam prophylaxis for obstetrical and gynaecological operations: an effect on Gram-negative anaerobic bacteria associated postoperative surgical site infections
Ziogos E., Kanellakopoulou K., Dervisoglou A., Galanakis N., Papadimitriou A., Giamarellou H.
 
A rapid DNA-based assay to detect M. tuberculosis resistance
Nikolaou S., Anagnostou S., Raftopoulou A., Kontos F., Karabela S., Kanavaki S.
 
A real-time PCR assay to detect human cytomegalovirus DNA in whole blood of solid organ transplant patients: optimal threshold for guiding pre-emptive therapy
Lazzarotto T., Vaccari C., Gabrielli L., Monari P., Pop S., Landini  M.P.
 
A real-time PCR for Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Chalker V.J., Pitcher D., Harrison T.G.
 
A recombinant line-blot avidity assay for the detection of Epstein–Barr virus infection
León J.R., Garcia-Valdivia M.S., Rodriguez-Iglesias M.A.
 
A report of Staphylococcusaureus isolates presenting CA-ORSA profile in a Brazilian hospital
Santos K.R.N., Schuenck R.P., Winter C.O., Ferreira A.L.P., Moreira L.F.S., Mascarenhas L.A., Nouér S.A., Rossi F.
 
A risk profile for invasive aspergillosis in liver transplant recipients
Rosenhagen M., Feldhues R., Geiss H.K., Hoppe-Tichy  T.
 
A series of unfortunate events after paronychia due to Staphylococcus aureus: pericarditis, pneumonia, lung abscess, empyema and osteomyelitis
Çiftçi E., Belet N., Öncel S., Uçar T., Ileri M., Kendirli T., Güriz H., Dalgiç N., Fitöz S., Ince E., Tutar E., Atalay S., Dogru Ü.
 
A six-year prospective surveillance study for nosocomial infections in neurology unit
Geyik M.F., Hosoglu S., Aluclu U., Ayaz C., Celen M.K.
 
A study of prescribing patterns and errors of antibiotics in a Saudi hospital
Al-Jamal M., Al-Barrak M.
 
A study on rat's pulmonary inflammatory reaction induced by N-protein of SARS-CoV and effects of glucocorticoids on it
He L., Hao D., Qu J.
 
A view of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae population transmitted in Arkhangelsk, Russia: phenotypic and genetic characteristics
Unemo M., Vorobieva V., Firsova N., Ababkova T., Lenev I., Haldorsen B., Fredlund H., Skogen V.
 
Ability of Spanish clinical laboratories in diagnosing Candida krusei infections and in monitoring susceptibility testing. Results of the SEIMC Quality Control Program
Guna R., Pérez J.L., Orta N., Gimeno  C., for the Programa de Control de Calidad SEIMC, Spain 
 
Acanthamoeba cornal ulcer as a complication of orthokeratology
Kowalewska-Grochowska K., Carson J., Underhill J., Tomlin P.
 
Acceptability of self-taken vaginal swabs and first-catch urine samples for the diagnosis of urogenital Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae with an amplified DNA assay in young women attending a public health STD clinic
Hoebe C.J.P.A., Rademaker C.W., Brouwers E.E.H.G., Ter Waarbeek H.L.G.
 
Accuracy of surveillance blood culture to identify patients with low response to treatment and high 30-days mortality risk in MRSA bacteraemia: comparison to a standard clinical and biological follow-up
Forestier E., Hansmann Y., Remy V., Mosheni M., Lefebvre N., Lesens O., Christmann D.
 
Accuracy of the MicroScan WalkAway system to identify coagulase-negative staphylococci
Sáez A., Ruiz B., Martínez-Martínez L.
 
Accurate and rapid antibiotic susceptibility testing of Haemophilus influenzae by flow cytometry
O'Donoghue M., Pong W.L., Boost M.V.
 
Achievements of the first European project on severe group A streptococcal disease
Jasir A., Schalen C.
 
Acquired b-lactam resistance in three Escherichia coli strains due to overexpression of AcrAB, TolC and PBP3
Tavío M.M., Aquili V., Antunes N.T., Sánchez-Cespedes J., González-Lama Z., Vila J.
 
Activity of Thymus vulgaris L. essential oil against potential causative agents of premature delivery
Suvajdzic L., Bogavac M., Bozin B., Mimica-Dukic N., Mikov M., Simin N.
 
Activity of beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations against ESBL producing Enterobacteriaceae
Rybak B., Naumiuk L., Bronk M., Samet A.
 
Activity of different antimicrobials against nosocomial cefotaxime-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae
Ryabkova E., Reshedko G., Khaykina E.
 
Activity of different antimicrobials against nosocomial ciprofloxacin-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii
Farashchuk A., Reshedko G., Ryabkova  E.
 
Activity of ertapenem and metronidazole against Bacteroides fragilis and Escherichia coli in an in vitro pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model employing pure and mixed cultures
Schaumann R., Vorwerk C., Habt R., Forberg J., Rodloff A.
 
Activity of ertapenem and tigecycline against recent isolates from community-acquired lower respiratory infections in the UK and Ireland
Reynolds R., Felmingham D.
 
Activity of moxifloxacin against Mycoplasma genitalium
Bebear C.M., Renaudin H., Jensen J.S., Bebear Ch.
 
Activity of moxifloxacin against community-acquired MRSA and other quinolone-susceptible MRSA isolates
von Freyberg J., Scherpe S., Horstkotte M.A., Knobloch J.K.
 
Activity of moxifloxacin against the urogenital mycoplasmas Ureaplasma spp. and Mycoplasma hominis
Bebear C.M., Renaudin H., Planty C., Pereyre S., Bebear  Ch.
 
Activity of moxifloxacin and comparators against isolates of Chlamydia trachomatis from the UK
Williams L., Northwood J., Morrissey I.
 
Activity of moxifloxacin, levofloxacin and azithromycin physiological concentrations in serum and epithelial lining fluid against in vivo selected Streptococcus pneumoniae mutants and its parental strain
Sevillano D., Aguilar L., Alou L., Giménez M.J., Cafini F., Echeverría O., Pérez-Trallero E., Prieto J.
 
Activity of telithromycin against Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates resistant to other antibacterials: PROTEKT Year 5
Schito G.C., Farrell D.J., Ramirez J.A.
 
Activity of tigecycline against well-characterised multi-resistant Gram-positive strains
Cascone C., Lupo A., Borbone S., Mezzatesta M., Santagati M., Stefani S.
 
Activity of tigecycline tested against an international collection (2000–2004) of AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae
Fritsche T., Sader H., Jones R.
 
Acute Brucella hepatitis: two case reports
Celen M.K., Ayaz C., Geyik M.F., Hosoglu S., Ulug M.
 
Acute reactivation of a severe pulmonary tuberculosis during associated interferon pegylate-ribavirin treatment carried out for a known chronic hepatitis C
Manfredi R., Sabbatani S., Chiodo F.
 
Acute/recent HCV infection in seronegative blood donors and IDUs, viral replication kinetics, immune response and disease outcome
Tsertsvadze T., Sharvadze L., Dzigua L., Chkhartishvili  N.
 
Adherence to hand hygiene in an Italian hospital
Pan A., Posfay-Barbre K., Catenazzi P., Poli N., Grandi A., Lorenzotti S., Magri S., Soavi L., Mondello P., Carnevale G.
 
Adjustment of antibiotic treatment according to the results of blood cultures leads to decreased antibiotic use and costs
Berild D., Mohseni A., Diep L.M., Jensenius M., Ringertz S.H.
 
Administration of antibiotics via the respiratory tract for the prevention of ICU-acquired pneumonia: a meta-analysis of comparative trials
Falagas M., Siempos I., Bliziotis I., Rellos K., Michalopoulos  A.
 
Advanced, lethal acute myelogenous leukaemia during HIV disease favourably managed with HAART
Manfredi R., Sabbatani S., Chiodo F.
 
Advances in diagnostic testing of Chlamydia trachomatis
Eickhoff M., Cramer S., Grewing T.
 
Advances in PCR detection of Pneumocystis jiroveci in immunocompromised patients: count seems to be important
Lochmanova J., Racil Z., Lengerova M., Minarikova D., Volfova  P., Dvorakova D., Mayer J.
 
Adverse effects of rabies postexposure prophylaxis
Mattner F., Kuhn S., Bitz F., Goedecke M., Becker S., Radsack K., Jansen B., Viertel A., Gastmeier P., Biertz F., Heim A., Henke-Gendo C., Martens A., Schulz T., Strueber M.
 
Aetiologic structure of catheter-associated bloodstream infections in a cancer hospital
Volkova Z.V., Petukhova I.N., Dmitrieva N.V.
 
Aetiological role of Chlamydia pneumoniae in chronic adenotonsillitis
Gerceker D., Genc O., Sahin F., Saatci M., Tezcaner C., Dizbay Sak S., Ozturk S.
 
Aetiologies and antimicrobial resistance profiles of purulent meningitis study carried out in a hospital of infectious diseases, Algiers
Mohammedi D., Ouar-korichi M., Kerrad N., Ouerdane D., Mechouet F., Khaled S.
 
Aetiology and antimicrobial resistance of community-acquired urinary tract infections in childhood in Turkey
Erdogan H., Arslan H.
 
Aetiology and timing of bloodstream infections in a liver intensive care unit
Pink F., Sizer E., Bernal W., Auzinger G., Wendon J., Eltringham  I.
 
Aetiology of infections and antimicrobial resistance in patients treated for cancer at a cancer institute in Slovakia. Results from June 1999 to May 2003
Babelova O., Babela R., Krcmery V.
 
Aetiology of lower respiratory tract infections among primary care patients of family physicians in Silesian province in the 2000–2005 period
Szymczyk I., Lukas W., Skorupka J., Józwiak J.
 
AFLP analysis of international Clostridium difficile strains of different toxin type reveals major toxin-dependent clonal clusters
Pituch H., van Leeuwen W., Obuch-Woszczatynski P., Wultanska D., Kato H., Meisel-Mikolajczyk F., Luczak M., van Belkum A.
 
Agreement of QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube and T Spot-TB in HIV-infected patients from Sub-Saharan Africa in Switzerland
Reichmuth M., Thurnherr C., Suter-Riniker F., Vernazza P., Furrer  H., Bodmer T., for the Swiss HIV Cohort Study 
 
AGR-genotyping of biofilm producing Staphylococcus aureus
Cafiso V., Bertuccio T., Santagati M., Demelio V., Spina D., Stefani S.
 
AIDS indicative diseases across Europe
Likatavicius G., Devaux I., Alix J., Nardone  A., on behalf of EuroHIV 
 
AIDS-associated Cryptococcus laurentii meningoencephalitis resistant to amphotericin B, apparently prompted by a cured Cryptococcus neoformans disease
Manfredi R., Fulgaro C., Legnani G., Sabbatani S.
 
AIDS-defining fungal opportunism in the HAART era. Trend of frequency and reduced incidence when HIV protease inhibitors are administered
Manfredi R., Calza L., Chiodo F.
 
Airborne fungal contamination in the operating rooms of medical university hospitals, Yazd
Jafari A.A., Rajabion H., Amrolahi M., Karimi M.A.
 
Alanine esters of enterococcal lipoteichoic acid have a role in biofilm formation and resistance to antimicrobial peptides
Fabretti F., Theilacker C., Kropec A., Koch S., Huebner J.
 
Alcoholic hand disinfectant use in a general hospital: impact of an intervention
Divari-Katsiki E., Loupa C, Antonopoulou H., Karnezi K.J, Tsolaki V., Lelekis M.
 
Alkhurma haemorrhagic fever virus, an emerging tick-borne flavivirus with high fatality rate in Saudi Arabia
Charrel R.N., Fagbo S., Temmam S., Zaki A.M., de Lamballerie X.
 
Alteration in virulence characteristics of plank tonic and bio film cells of Pseudomonas aeruginosa following exposure to macrophage secretory products
Mittal R., Sharma S., Chhibber S., Harjai K.
 
Ambulatory treatment with telithromycin versus clarithromycin of community-acquired pneumonia in Spain
Puchades B.
 
Amoxicillin early and delayed treatment of serotype 6 pneumococcal acute otitis media in previously immunised vs. non-immunised gerbils
Martínez-Marín C., del Prado G., Huelves L., Gracia M., Ponte  C., Cenjor C., Giménez M.J., Aguilar L., Soriano F.
 
An analysis of the factors effecting the prognose of tetanus in a university hospital between 1991 and 2005
Aydin K., Yilmaz G., Aksoy F., Koksal I., Caylan R.
 
An antibiotic sensitivity of Escherichia coli strains in nosocomial surgical site infections
Pertseva T., Bontsevych R., Bogats'ka K., Bratus' O.
 
An audit of linezolid use in a university teaching hospital, Galway, Ireland
Mcnicholas S., Barber A., Corbett-Feeney G., Cormican M.
 
An audit of sputum requisition practices
Lal P., Balakrishnan I.
 
An educational web portal on febrile neutropenia: www.febrilnotropeni.net
Akan H., Akova M., Çalikoglu T., Gülkesen  K.H.
 
An enzyme immunoassay for anti-diphtheria antibodies: a practical alternative to the Vero cell assay
Budd R., Harley E., George R., Efstratiou A., Broughton K., Bradwell A.
 
An epidemic of hospital-acquired bacteraemia due to Alcaligenes denitrificans: true threat or fighting windmills?
Moraitou H., Makarona M., Gioga A., Kousseris I., Galani E., Makrygiannis N., Triantafyllou S., Pefanis A., Kanavaki S.
 
An epidemiological study regarding knowledge, attitude and source of information on HIV-AIDS among the teachers of secondary and higher secondary schools of Ahmedabad City, India
Patel R.
 
An evaluation of the predictive value of HPV testing and genotyping in the mass-screening against cervical cancer in Norway
Nguyen T., Jonassen T.Ø., Lauvrak V., Westerhagen U., Trope A., Thoresen S., Steinbakk M., Lie A.K.
 
An extremely rare location of cardiac hydatid cyst: interventricular septum
Erayman I., Turk Aribas E., Avcu S., Bitirgen M.
 
An improved protocol for the serological diagnosis of atypical pneumonia
Jenkins C., Balakrishnan I.
 
An independent review of computerised systems for alert organism and alert condition surveillance
Jones M., Pearson A., Hanratty S.
 
An integrated safety analysis of faropenem medoxomil: results of 5,023 subjects from phase II/III clinical trials
Echols R., Tosiello R.
 
An intervention to reduce irrational surgical antibiotic prophylaxis by evidence-based guidelines, education and feedback
Wibowo B., Parathon H., Gyssens I.C., Duerink O., Soejoenoes  A., on behalf of the AMRIN Study Group 
 
An observational study of subcutaneous multiple lipomatosis in patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Possible correlations with metabolic abnormalities and pathogenetic insights
Manfredi R., Calza L., Chiodo F.
 
An open-label study of anidulafungin in invasive candidiasis and candidaemia
Betts R., Kett D., Clark K., Schlamm H.T., Krause D.S.
 
An outbreak of group G streptococcal pharyngitis among hospital personnel considered to be food-borne
Karabiber N., Gurbuz Ertas A., Karahan M., Aykut Arca E., Karahan Z.C., Tekeli A.
 
An outbreak of VIM-4 producing multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from three different towns in Hungary
Libisch B., Muzslay M., Knausz M., Gacs M., Rókusz L., Minárovits  J., Kustos I., Füzi M.
 
An overview of transmission of BBV in healthcare facilities
Mehtar S.
 
An unusual phenotype of Enterococcus faecalis in Greece expressing low-level resistance to clindamycin and dalfopristin but susceptibility to quinupristin-dalfopristin
Maniati M., Kontos F., Liakos P., Petinaki E., Spiliopoulou I., Maniatis A.
 
An urban case of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus encephalitis and hydrocephaly due to a new variant strain traced back to infected wild Mus musculus colony
Emonet S., Retornaz K., de X., Lamballerie R.N., Charrel 
 
Anaerobic bacteraemia due to Fusobacterium necrophorum and Clostiridium cadaveris: a case report
Panopoulou M., Alepopoulou E., Chrisafidou E., Tsaroucha A., Simopoulos C., Kartali S.
 
Anaerobic bacteraemia in patients with leukaemia and lymphoma. Oropharyngeal mucositis and status of haematologic disease are the most important predisposing conditions
Candoni A., Buttignol S., Simeone E., Fanin R.
 
Anaerobic meningitis due to Peptostreptococcus anaerobius diagnosed by broad-range PCR. Case report
Freiberger T., Freibergerova M., Parizkova R., Slany M.
 
Analysis of 6871 infectious disease consultations
Wiener-Well Y., Schlesinger Y., Raveh D., Yinnon A.M.
 
Analysis of mortality in septic shock patients
Martinez Alario J., Villegas J., Huidobro S., Christophe Henry C., Santacreu R., Mora M.L.
 
Analysis of polymorphisms within mid-region inserts of vacuolating cytotoxin alleles of Helicobacter pylori to identify genotypic markers of geographic adaptation
Owen R.J.
 
Analysis of skin and soft tissue infections in European medical centres: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (1998–2005)
Moet G., Strabala P., Sader H., Fritsche T., Jones R.
 
Analysis of the changes in the tetanus course during the last 40 years – own observations
Kalinowska-Nowak A., Garlicki A., Bocizga-Jasik M., Mach T.
 
Analysis of the comparative workflow and accuracy of two automated identification and susceptibility testing systems
Gil Y., García M.G., Barreda B., Gómez-Garcés J.L.
 
Analysis of the mechanism of Acinetobacter baumannii resistance to carbapenems in Jinan
Wu D., Geng Z., Yu X., Hong J.
 
Analysis of the promoter/attenuator region of the ampC gene in clinical isolates of Escherichia coli with "AmpC phenotype"
Conejo M.C., Amblar G., Fernández-Cuenca F., Pascual A., Perea E.J., Martínez-Martínez L.
 
Analysis of the risk factors for brucellosis in an endemic region
Ergonul O., Deniz S., Baykam N., Celikbas A., Dokuzoguz  B.
 
Analysis of trends for susceptibility of the B. fragilis group from 1997–2004, a US survey
Snydman D.R., Jacobus N.V., McDermott L.A., Ruthazer R., Golan Y., Hecht D.W., Finegold S.M., Goldstein E.J.C., Harrell L., Jenkins S., Pierson C.L., Rihs J., Venezia R., Yu V.L., Gorbach S.L.
 
Animal-associated injuries and related diseases among travellers
Gautret P., Gazin P., Soula G., Delmont J., Brouqui P., Parola P., Pandey P., Kraklau D., Shaw M., Brown G., Torresi J., Schwartz  E., for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network 
 
Anti-Acanthamoeba activity of caspofungin
Bouyer S., Imbert C., Kauffmann-Lacroix C., Daniault G., Rodier  M-H.
 
Antibacterial activity of fractions of Quercus infectoria (nut galls) against enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli
Voravuthikunchai S.P., Suwalak S., Supawita T.
 
Antibacterial effect of moxifloxacin and ceftriaxone, first doses, on Streptococcus pneumoniae studied in an in vitro model
Bowker K., Noel A., MacGowan A.
 
Antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral activities of the lipophylic extracts of Pistacia vera
Özçelik B., Aslan M., Orhan I., Karaoglu T.
 
Antibiotic consumption in ambulatory care in Latvia, 2004
Berzina S., Ferech M., Ozolins G., Goosens H.
 
Antibiotic consumption in German acute care hospitals
Steib-Bauert M., With K., Meyer E., Straach P., Kern W.V.
 
Antibiotic cross-resistance for Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus spp. among tigecycline and 10 comparator antimicrobial agents - T.E.S.T. Program in Europe 2006
Bouchillon S., Stevens T., Johnson J., Hoban D., Johnson B., Dowzicky M.
 
Antibiotic management of acute lower respiratory tract infections among Dutch elderly patients in primary care
Bont J., Birkhoff C., Verheij T., Hak  E.
 
Antibiotic prescribing practices at two linked London teaching hospitals
Panesar P., Scott G., Wilson P., Kibbler C., Balakrishnan I.
 
Antibiotic resistance and mortality in patients with severe pneumonia
Erbes R., Raffenberg M., Mauch H., Wagner S., Schmidt-Ioanas M., Lode H.
 
Antibiotic resistance and plasmid profiles of Acinetobacter spp. isolated from three hospitals in Tehran, Iran
Zaeimi Yazdi J., Sadeghifard N., Ranjbar R., Badami N.
 
Antibiotic resistance does not impede persistence of Escherichia coli in the infantile intestinal microbiota
Karami N., Lindberg E., Wold A., Adlerberth I., Nowrouzian F.L.
 
Antibiotic resistance for Streptococcuspneumoniae isolated from otitis media and invasive infections in children between 2001 and 2004 in Iasi, Romania
Coman G.V., Filip R., Petrariu E., Dahorea C., Cirlan M.
 
Antibiotic resistance in the community environment: a regional epidemic survey in the Pays de la Loire region by MedQual
Thibaut S., Drugeon H., Potel G., Lombrail P., Ballereau F.
 
Antibiotic resistance of Staphylococcus aureus: a multicentre study 2002–2005 in a paediatric general hospital, Greece
Garantziotou D., Vlachou M., Koureli O., Paratiras S., Rouli V., Gatopoulou A., Spiliopoulou A.
 
Antibiotic resistance of Gram-positive bacteria that cause severe skin and soft tissue infections in a Turkish university hospital
Gündes S., Özkan F., Akhan S.
 
Antibiotic resistance of staphylococci isolated from bloodstream infections
Koutsoukou A., Tsiplakou S., Stylianakis A., Tachtatzis M., Tsakona E., Vourtsi A., Ntouroupi A.
 
Antibiotic resistance patterns among respiratory pathogens isolated during 2003–2005 at a Turkish tertiary hospital
Gülay Z., Özkul H.
 
Antibiotic susceptibilities of group A beta-haemolytic streptococci clinical isolates
Bayraktar B., Basari F., Borsa B.A., Bulut E.
 
Antibiotic susceptibility among invasive and non-invasive Streptococcus pyogenes isolates in Sweden; 2002–2004
Luca B., Darenberg J., Henriques Normark B., Norrby-Teglund A., Schalen C., Jasir A.
 
Antibiotic susceptibility of Campylobacter species isolated in West-Tallinn Central hospital in 2000–2004
Zolotuhhina I., Kirs K.
 
Antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria isolated from hospitalised patients in Mauritius
Issack M.I.
 
Antibiotic susceptibility of vancomycin-resistant enterococci isolated in Greek hospitals
Christidou A., Gikas A., Scoulica E., Roumpelaki M., Georgiladakis A., Kritsotakis E.I., Haliotis G., Levidiotou S., Kioumis J., Skoutelis A., Nikolaidis P., Tselentis Y.
 
Antibiotic susceptibility pattern of nosocomial Gram-negative pathogens: results from MYSTIC study in a university hospital, Ankara, Turkey (2000–2004)
Zarakolu P., Hascelik G., Unal S.
 
Antibiotic therapy of acute lower respiratory tract infections within Slovakia
Gashi L., Ramadani N., Dedushaj I., Kalaveshi A., Humolli  I.
 
Antibiotic treatment of infective endocarditis due to antibiotic resistant bacteria
Miro J.
 
Antibiotic use in two cohorts of German intensive care units, 2001–2002
de K., With E., Meyer M., Steib-Bauert F., Schwab F.D., Daschner W.V., Kern 
 
Antibiotic use profile and temporal trends during a 5-year period at a Greek university hospital: implications for antibiotic policy changes
Kritsotakis E.I., Assithianakis P., Kanellos P., Tzagarakis N., Ioannides M.C., Gikas A.
 
Antibiotic utilisation in Croatia, 2004
[Scaron]timac D., Vuku[scaron]ic I., Culig J., [Scaron]ostar Z., Tomic S.
 
Antibiotics cycling in the intensive care unit: next stage – cefoperazone/sulbactam
Protsenko D., Yakovlev S., Gelfand B., Romashov O., Yaroshetskiy A., Ignatenko O.
 
Antibodies against Bordetella pertussis detected by slow agglutination test and ELISA in two age-related groups of vaccinated people suspected of acute pertussis: a comparative study
Medkova Z., Stepanikova O.
 
Antifungal prophylaxis with caspofungin in high-risk liver transplant recipients: a non-comparative, open-label prospective clinical trial
Fortun J., Muñoz P., Cisneros J.M., Montejo M., Ramos A., Sanz-Rodriguez   C., on behalf of GESITRA 
 
Antifungal resistance patterns among oral Candida species from patients receiving head and neck radiotherapy
Glazar I., Abram M., Pezelj-Ribaric S., Muhvic-Urek M., Matica B.
 
Antifungal susceptibility of Candida guilliermondii isolated from blood cultures
Bosch M., Cantón E., Pemán J., Viudes A., Colombo E., Frasquet J., Pérez-Bellés C., Gobernado M.
 
Antifungal susceptibility testing of dermatophytes isolated from a worldwide Tinea capitis clinical trial
Ghannoum M.A., Matevish J., Cirino A., Isham N.
 
Antigenic properties of new recombinant polypeptide from TBEV IgE protein
Pimenov V., Plokhov R., Savelieva N., Zagriadskaya J., Puzyrev V., Ulanova T., Obriadina A.
 
Anti-HCV IgG Avidity Index in acute hepatitis C and chronic hepatitis C
Coppola N., Pisapia R., Martini S., Marrocco C., Vatiero L.M., Pisaturo  M., Tonziello G., Filippini P., Piccinino F., Sagnelli E.
 
Antimicrobial activity of cefepime tested against ceftazidime-resistant Gram-negative clinical strains from North American hospitals: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program, 1998–2004
Sader H., Fritsche T., Jones R.
 
Antimicrobial activity of daptomycin tested against Gram-positive strains collected from European medical centres in 2005: results of the Daptomycin Surveillance Programme
Sader H., Streit J., Fritsche T., Jones R.
 
Antimicrobial activity of linezolid and other agents against nosocomial pneumonia Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates
Ijzerman M.M., Cohen M.A., Huband M.D., Pagano P.J., Tack K.J.
 
Antimicrobial activity of novel N1-benzylidene-pyridine-4-carboxamidrazones against Clostridium difficile
Wheeldon L.J., Worthington T., Rathbone D.L., Hilton A.C., Lambert P.A., Elliott T.S.J.
 
Antimicrobial activity of some new thioureides of 2-(4-chlorophenoxy)-benzoic acid
Limban C., Balotescu M.C., Missir V., Chirita I., Mihaescu G., Israil A.
 
Antimicrobial activity of tigecycline against CTX-M extended-spectrum betalactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from Austrian patients
Eisner A., Feierl G., Masoud L., Grisold A., Marth E.
 
Antimicrobial activity of tigecycline, a glycylcycline, tested against carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae
Sader H., Fritsche T., Deshpande L., Jones R.
 
Antimicrobial activity of Unisepta quick and Deconex solarsept on the surface contamination and dental instrument in dental clinics in Iran
Shahcheraghi F.
 
Antimicrobial intelligence: how eukaryotes combat the quorum sensing strategy
Sbarbati A.
 
Antimicrobial potency and spectrum of activity for meropenem: report from the USA MYSTIC Programme (2005)
Rhomberg P., Fritsche T., Sader H., Jones R.
 
Antimicrobial prescribing practices by physician specialty in the United States
Suda K.J., Garey K.W., Bertram C.T., Danziger L.H.
 
Antimicrobial resistance and ESBLs production among Salmonella enterica non-typhi clinical isolates in Plovdiv region, Southern Bulgaria
Murdjeva M., Stoycheva-Vartigova M.
 
Antimicrobial resistance and serotype distribution of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from patients with community-acquired pneumonia in Crete, Greece
Maraki S., Nioti E., Georgiladakis A., Neonakis I., Gitti Z., Tselentis Y.
 
Antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the northeast Romania
Badescu A., Enache A., Petrescu Z., Buiuc D.
 
Antimicrobial resistance of Enterobacteriaceae isolated from patients in Austrian intensive care units
Jebelean C., Mittermayer H.
 
Antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli and Proteus mirabilis isolated in bacteraemia in a tertiary care hospital
Papadopoulou C., Sikalidou P., Tsivitanidou M., Karampa S., Sofianou D.
 
Antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae in Lithuania
Narkeviciute I., Bernatoniene G.
 
Antimicrobial resistance of Gram-negative pathogens isolated from intensive care unit and non-intensive care unit patients with bacteraemia
Mylona-Petropoulou D., Ganteris G., Kyratsa A., Vassalos K., Kontekaki E., Malamou-Lada H.
 
Antimicrobial resistance of major Gram-negative bacterial pathogens during a 7-year period
Slavcovici A., Lupse M., Flonta M., Zanc V., Tatulescu D., Almas A., Carstina D.
 
Antimicrobial resistance patterns in 14 neonatal intensive care units in Bogota, Colombia 2001–2004
Buitrago G., Contreras G.A., Leal A.L., Alvarez C.A.
 
Antimicrobial resistance patterns of Acinetobacter baumannii in clinical isolates
Tsilika G.T., Pliatsika V.P., Tsivitanidou M.T., Sofianou D.S.
 
Antimicrobial resistance patterns of Escherichia coli isolates
Karapavlidou P., Koraki K., Sofianou D.
 
Antimicrobial resistance patterns of Gram-negative bacteria isolated from intensive care unit in a Greek hospital
Sikalidou P., Karampa S., Papadopoulou C., Kythreotou G., Sofianou  D.
 
Antimicrobial resistance surveillance in 2004 in Korea: further increase of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium, expanded-spectrum beta-lactam-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp.
Lee K., Rhim C.H., Cho J.H., Lee W.G., Uh Y., Kim H.J., Yong D., Chong  Y.
 
Antimicrobial resistance trends in invasive strains of S. aureus, E. coli, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Enterococcus spp. in Romania – a 4-year participation in the EARSS
Codita I., Balotescu M.C., Israil A., Popa M., Tatu-Chitoiu D., Ungureanu V., Pana M., Ghita M.
 
Antimicrobial susceptibilities and epidemiological analysis of Salmonella typhimurium human isolates in Slovakia by phage typing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis
Majtán V., Majtánova L., Szabóová M.
 
Antimicrobial susceptibility among Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated in an infectious disease hospital in Bucharest
Nae D., Hristea A., Arama V., Negoita A., Sandu R., Molagic V., Moroti R., Botea S.
 
Antimicrobial susceptibility and serotyping of pneumococci in a Tunisian paediatric hospital
Smaoui H., El Amri J., Kechrid A.
 
Antimicrobial susceptibility as a complementary diagnostic tool for the identification of rarely encountered non-fermenting Gram-negative bacteria
Glupczynski Y., Detry G., Berhin C., Janssens M., Wauters G.
 
Antimicrobial susceptibility of Haemophilus influenzae ocular isolates collected from outpatients in paediatric hospital
Makri A., Guajardo T., Papavasileiou H., Iliadis H., Varzakakos  I., Manios N., Voyatzi A.
 
Antimicrobial susceptibility of enterococcal strains isolated from slaughter animals in Hungary from 2001 to 2004
Kaszanyitzky É.J., Tenk M., Ghidán Á., Fehérvári G., Papp M.
 
Antimicrobial susceptibility of Gram-negative anaerobic bacteria from two hospitals in Smolensk, Russia
Galkin D., Kretchikova O., Sukhorukova M., Kozlov R.
 
Antimicrobial susceptibility of pneumococcal isolates causing bacteraemic community-acquired pneumonia in the public and private sectors in Gauteng, South Africa
Feldman C., Brink A., von Gottberg A., de L., Gouviea O., Perovic K., Klugman 
 
Antimicrobial susceptibility of respiratory Haemophilus influenzae strains in northern Greece
Koraki K., Karapavlidou P., Sofianou D.
 
Antimicrobial susceptibility of six members of the family Enterobacteriaceae collected from 28 centres in a Central European area, 2004
Kresken K., Hafner D.
 
Antimicrobial susceptibility of urinary pathogens in children from two tertiary care Greek hospitals
Vasilaki O., Sikalidou P., Karampa S., Tzanakari A., Alexiou-Daniel  S., Sofianou D.
 
Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns correlate with staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec types for hospital- and community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Kilic A., Li H.J., Sefers S.E., Stratton C.W., Tang Y.W.
 
Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in different European countries
Nagy E.
 
Antimicrobial susceptibility rates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis against first-line drugs
Azap Ö.K., Arslan H., Timurkaynak F., Oruç E., Togan T., Yapar G.
 
Anti-rabies vaccine and its application for predator rabies prevention in Ukraine
Fedchuk A.S., Grigorasheva I.N., Lozitsky V.P., Gridina T.L., Boschenko Y.
 
Anti-staphylococcal activity of ceftobiprole in recent clinical trial isolates
Bush K., Strauss R., Amsler K., Heep M., Bajaksouzian S., Windau A., Jacobs M.
 
Anti-staphylococcal effects of telavancin in an in vitro dynamic model: impact of different half-lives and initial concentrations
Lubenko I., Smirnova M., Strukova E., Vostrov S., Zinner S., Firsov A.
 
Antituberculotic chemotherapy selects methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in HIV-positive Cambodian children
Doczeova A., Kalavsky E., Liskova A., Krcmery V., Augustinova A.
 
Anti-Yersinia antibodies in patients with Behçet's disease
Yesilkaya A., Altintai L., Polat H., Memikoglu O., Çokça F.
 
Applicability of a clinical prediction rule for lower respiratory tract infections in elderly patients with diabetes mellitus: a subgroup analysis
Muller L.M.A.J., Bont J., Gorter K.J., Rutten G.E.H.M., Verheij T.J.M., Hak E.
 
Application of amplified fragment length polymorphism as an epidemiological tool for infections due to Mycobacterium haemophilum
Bruijnesteijn van Coppenraet L.E.S., Buffing N., van der Bijl M.W., Lindeboom J.A., Savelkoul P.H., Kuijper E.J.
 
Application of fluorescent in situ hybridization for detection of Helicobacter pylori
Samarbaf-Zadeh A.R., Tajbakhsh S., Moosavian S.M.
 
Application of minimal sequence quality values prevents misidentification of blashv type in single bacterial isolates carrying different SHV extended-spectrum beta-lactamase genes
Al Naiemi N, Duim B, Schipper K, Vandenbroucke-Grauls C.M, Bart A.
 
Appropriate use of aminoglycosides: the impact of an antibiotic control team
Rioux C., Lesprit P., Zahar J.R., Hulin A., Bernier-Combes A., Brun-Buisson C., Girou E.
 
Appropriateness of rabies post-exposure treatment received by patients presenting to an anti-rabies treatment unit
Pinidiyapathirage M.J., Wimalaratne O.
 
Are blood cultures necessary in the management of women with complicated pyelonephritis?
Chen Y., Nitzan O., Saliba W., Chazan B., Colodner R., Raz  R.
 
Are Pneumonia Severity Index and CURB-65 useful for prediction of 30-day mortality in community-acquired pneumonia?
Strålin K., Holmberg H.
 
Are target gene mutations the major mechanisms of fluoroquinolone-resistance in salmonellae?
Jin Y., Ling J.M.
 
Aseptic meningitis: aetiologic diagnosis
Santos L., Simões J., Conde S., Costa R.
 
Asia and Pacific Rim community vs. hospital-acquired infections: in vitro activity against tigecycline and comparators
Stevens T., Johnson J., Hoban D., Johnson B., Bouchillon S., Dowzicky M.
 
Assessment of Staphylococcus aureus colonisation post lung transplantation
Archer L., Fisher A., Botha P., Gould K.
 
Assessment of monocytic function in patients with septic syndrome induced by ventilator-associated pneumonia
Tsaganos T., Raftogiannis M., Zervakis D., Plachouras D., Skalioti  C., Kollias S., Giamarellos-Bourboulis E.J., Roussos C., Giamarellou H.
 
Assessment of reovirus epidemiology in dogs
Elia G., Lucente M.S., Bellacicco A.L., Camero M., Cavaliere N., Decaro N., Martella V.
 
Assessment of the delay in reporting blood culture results – development of a method to identify defects in quality
Saarela U., Kärpänoja P., Sarkkinen H.
 
Association between antimicrobial resistance and virulence in Escherichia coli blood and faeces isolates from humans in Denmark
Bagger-Skjøt L., Sandvang D., Lester C.H., Porsbo L.J., Monnet D.L., Frimodt-Møller N., Hammerum A.M.
 
Association of polymorphism in genes encoding human innate immunity factors and persistent nasal Staphylococcus aureus colonisation
van Belkum A., Wertheim H., Jongh C., Emonts M., Nouwen J.L., Cole A., Cole A.L., Boelens H.A.M., Snijders S., Verbrugh H., van Leeuwen W.B.
 
Asymptomatic bacteriuria prevalence among pregnant women in a university hospital, Aydin, Turkey
Kirdar S., Bozdogan B., Demircan S., Yaman-Karadam S., Odabasi A.R., Yuksel H., Baz A., Erkan P., Aydin N.
 
Asymptomatic bacteriuria, a lasting or fluctuating condition among elderly living in the community?
Rodhe N., André M., Englund L., Mölstad S.
 
Attitudes of population to antibiotic use in country with high self-medication: analysis of 103 face-to-face interviews
 
Audit of sputum samples before and after a national smoking ban
Fennell J., Cryan B., Corcoran G.
 
Autoantibodies to cytokines in patients with mycobacterial infections
Fernandez-Ramirez G.A., Rosales M.E., Avila-Miyazawa I., Ceron-Gutierrez L., Espitia Pinzon C., Cabiedes J., Sada E., Montaraz-Crespo J.A., Doffinger R., Barcenas-Morales G.
 
Automated fractal microscope for virus-cell monitoring
Fedchuk O.P., Fedchuk A.O., Fedchuk A.S.
 
Automation for generic nucleic acid sample prep in a routine diagnostic laboratory
Schutzbank T.E., Kahmann N., Jarvis C., Weimer M., Yount A., Lopez K.