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Depression and social support in asymptomatic hepatitis B carriers

Abstract number: r2198

Hizel  K., Kockar  A., Yetkin  F.

Objective: 

To understand the effects of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection on the psychological status of these patients. The second aim is to investigate the effect of perceived social support on depression in CHB patients.

Methods: 

Recently diagnosed (<6 months) 110 chronic hepatitis B (HBV) patients with normal liver enzymes level have been included to the study. Patients were investigated for depression, social support and attribution variables. Socio-demographic variables of the patients including gender, age, family status, having children, education level, income was recorded. their illness was discovered.

Results: 

In the total sample mean depression scores were 7.28 ± 7.93. 72.7% had scores less than 9. 20% of the patients had scores between 10 and 18 indicating mild to moderate depression; 4.6% of the patients had scores between 19 and 29 indicating moderate to severe depression; and 2.7% of the patients received scores of more than 30 indicating severe depression. Thus a total of 27.3% of the patients had depression ranging from mild to severe. There was no significant effect of Socio-demographic variables and age on depression scores. Patients who had mentioned that their families had pulled away from them had significantly higher depression scores than patients whose families had supported them (6.75 ± 6.96 vs. 21.67 ± 21.01; p = .002). Similar to this result was that patients, whose friends had pulled away, had significantly higher depression scores than patients whose friends had supported them (6.65 ± 6.57 vs. 18.17 ± 17.81; p = 0.001). Social support was a negative predictor of depression.

Conclusion: 

Although physical harm was not present in the patients, depression can be a common psychological symptom. Providing sufficient information about the disease to the patients and their families may help in changing their attributions, thus decreasing depressive symptomatology as well as increasing support provided to the patients by their families and friends. Social support mechanisms prove to be a positive aspect in relation to the psychological functioning of patients in coping with a chronic illness.

Session Details

Date: 01/08/2007
Time: 00:00-00:00
Session name: XXIst ISTH Congress
Subject:
Location: Oxford, UK
Presentation type:
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