Acta Physiologica 2009; Volume 195, Supplement 669
The 88th Annual Meeting of The German Physiological Society
EFFECT OF DIFFERENT REST INTERVALS DURING RESISTANCE TRAINING ON GROWTH HORMONE, TESTOSTERONE AND BLOOD LACTATE
Abstract number: O75
Rahimi1 R., Qaderi1 M., Faraji2 H., Boroujerdi3 S. S.
1Physical Education & Sport, Azad University branch of Mahabad, Mahabad, Iran
2Department of Physical Education and Sport Science,, Giulan University, Rash, Iran
3Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
Aim of the present study was a comparison among three different rest intervals on growth hormone (GH), testosterone (TS) and blood lactate and training volume. Therefore ten male athletes (Mean SD, age=20.37 2.24 years, body mass= 65.5 26.70 kg) voluntarily participated in four sessions with 48 h rest interval who were performing different resistance trainings (RT). At the first session, one repetition maximum (1RM) of participants evaluated. The subjects from the second session up to the fourth, each session, performed four sets of squat and bench press until exhausted with 85% of 1RM and one of rest intervals of 60s, 90s and 120s between the sets used randomly and then the number of repetitions in each set was recorded. Also, there were taken three blood samples from the subjects before (T0), immediately after (T1) and 30 min after (T3), to determine the GH, TS and blood lactate serum concentrations. Based of the results, there wouldn't observe a significant difference in GH, TS and blood lactate serum concentrations in T0. It was observed a significant increment of 64 percent in GH concentration through using the 60s rest intervals in comparison with 120s rest between sets in T1. Besides, there was observed a significant increment of 65 and 67 percent in TS concentration through using the rest intervals of 90s and 120s compared to the 60s rest interval in T1. It wasn't observed a significant difference among the three programs in lactate concentration. Although, the ability of keeping the repetition (training volume) by using 90s and 120s rest intervals has been more than that of 60s, but statistically it wasn't observed a significant difference in training volume. The results of the present study support rest period in RT sets as an important variable to increase the anabolic hormone concentrations and it should be mentioned that 60s rest interval has caused more increase in GH concentration compared with 120s rest. But TS response has been larger in the program with 120s rest interval between sets. In summary, the results of this investigation indicate that serum GH and TS concentrations were dependent to the length of the rest interval between sets in heavy RT program. The primary finding of this study was that the patterns of GH and TS responses were dramatically different to the length of rest interval between sets in heavy resistance training. Heavy resistance training with short (60 s) rest interval between sets resulted in greater acute GH responses than long (120 s) rest interval between sets. But acute TS responses after heavy resistance training with long rest (120 s) showed great increase than heavy resistance training with short (60 s) rest interval between sets.
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Acta Physiologica 2009; Volume 195, Supplement 669 :O75