Arthritis & Rheumatism, Volume 62,
November 2010 Abstract Supplement
Abstracts of the American College of
Rheumatology/Association of Rheumatology Health Professionals
Annual Scientific Meeting
Atlanta, Georgia November 6-11, 2010.
Tocilizumab (TCZ) Plus Methotrexate (MTX) in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Patients (pts) Who Increased TCZ Dose from 4 mg/kg to 8 mg/kg: LITHE Radiographic and Safety Data.
Fleischmann4, Roy M., Blanco2, Ricardo, Castelar-Pinheiro3, Geraldo, Vernon5, Emma, Mela5, Christopher, Kremer1, Joel M.
Albany Medical College, Albany, NY
Hospital Marqués de Valdecilla Cantabria
Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Metroplex Clinical Research Center, Dallas, TX
Roche, Welwyn, United Kingdom
Results of the TCZ clinical development program have shown that for most endpoints, the 8 mg/kg dose is more effective than the 4 mg/kg dose. In the US, TCZ 4 mg/kg has been approved as the starting dose with a subsequent escalation to 8 mg/kg based on clinical response. This analysis evaluated the effect of increasing the TCZ dose from 4 to 8 mg/kg on inhibition of radiographic progression and safety in the LITHE study.
RA pts with inadequate responses to MTX were randomly assigned to TCZ 4 or 8 mg/kg (TCZ4 or TCZ8) or placebo Q4W + MTX. From wk 16, blinded first-step rescue was allowed if pts had <20% improvement in SJC and TJC (eg, pts on placebo went to TCZ4, pts on TCZ4 or TCZ8 went to TCZ8). If <20% improvement persisted after 3 doses of blinded first-step rescue, pts received second-step rescue with TCZ8. At wk 52, pts were treated with open-label (OL) TCZ8 except those with >=70% improvement in SJC and TJC, who could continue blinded therapy to wk 104. X-rays were performed at baseline and wks 24, 52, 80, and 104. Data were analyzed in pts whose dose increased from TCZ4 to TCZ8. Data from this TCZ dose-escalation analysis must be interpreted with caution because 78 pts who withdrew (44 for safety, 8 for insufficient response, 26 for other reasons) from the study before dose escalation are not included. In addition, criteria for dose escalation and/or dose continuation were based on efficacy results that were predetermined per study protocol. Safety data are provided for all randomly assigned pts who received >=1 TCZ dose and who had at least 1 post-randomization safety assessment.
Of 1190 pts (393, 399, and 398 randomly assigned to placebo, TCZ4, and TCZ8, plus MTX, respectively), 451 pts increased their dose from TCZ4 to TCZ8. In these 451 pts, annualized rate of progression of Genant-modified Total Sharp Score, erosion, and joint space narrowing slowed after the dose increased from TCZ4 to TCZ8 (Table A). Rates/100 patient-years (PY) of serious adverse events (AEs) and serious infections were lower than previously reported (Kremer et al, EULAR 2010) before dose escalation but increased to rates comparable to those of the TCZ pooled groups (TCZ4, n =597, includes pts who received TCZ4 as initial or rescue therapy; TCZ8, n=983 pts, includes those who received TCZ8 as initial and/or rescue and/or OL therapy) after dose escalation (Table B). The low predose escalation event rates for the TCZ4 group are influenced by a selection biasie, pts who withdrew while on TCZ4 do not contribute safety data to the analysis of the switching group but continue to contribute to the rates in the TCZ4 pooled analysis.
For this analysis of pts who increased dose, the annualized rate of progression was reduced after pts increased their TCZ dose from 4 to 8 mg/kg; safety in these pts after dose escalation was comparable to that in the TCZ pooled groups.
Table A. Mean (SD) Annualized Rate of Radiographic Progression by Treatment Increase up to Week 104 (n = 451)
|Predose increase (TCZ4) n = 451||Postdose increase (TCZ8) n = 451|
|Genant-modified Total Sharp Score||0.31 (1.07)||0.10 (0.52)|
|Erosion||0.20 (0.83)||0.04 (0.36)|
|Joint space narrowing||0.11 (0.53)||0.06 (0.36)|
|Data collected after study withdrawal are excluded|
Table B. Safety up to Week 104 Before and After TCZ Dose Increase and by Pooled Treatment Groups
To cite this abstract, please use the following information:
Fleischmann, Roy M., Blanco, Ricardo, Castelar-Pinheiro, Geraldo, Vernon, Emma, Mela, Christopher, Kremer, Joel M.; Tocilizumab (TCZ) Plus Methotrexate (MTX) in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Patients (pts) Who Increased TCZ Dose from 4 mg/kg to 8 mg/kg: LITHE Radiographic and Safety Data. [abstract]. Arthritis Rheum 2010;62 Suppl 10 :2262